this site is a co-production of Maarten van der Heijden and Bert Roest. ©

 

 

Octavianus Preconius (Ottaviano Preconio, 1502-1568)

Octavius Worst (d. 1671)

Oddo Truncheti (Odet du Tronchet, d. 1502)

Odo de Bueriis (second half 13th century)

Odoricus de Portunaono (de Pordenone/de Foroiulli, ca. 1265-1331) Beatus (since 1755)

Odo de Rosny (Roini, de Renoniaco/fl. 13th cent.)

Odo Rigaldi (Eudes Rigaud/1205-1275)

Oliverius Maillard (d. 1502, Toulouse)

Onesimus de Kien (Onésime de Kien, d. 1654)

Orazio da Castorano (Carlo Orazio da Castorano/K'ang Ho-chih, 1673, Castorano (Ancona) - 1755, Castorano)

Orpheus de Cancellariis (fl. 15th cent.)

Osvaldus de Lasko (Láskai Oswaldus, d. 1511)

Osvaldus Wessobrunnensis (Oswald von Wesselbrunn/Hueter, d. 1660)

Ottavianus Strambiatus de Ravenna (Ottaviano Strambiati da Ravenna, fl. early 17th cent.)

Otto Commendus (Otho Commendes, fl. late 15th cent.)

Otto de Passau (ca. 1386-1396)

  


 


 

Octavianus Preconius (Ottaviano Preconio/Ottaviano Precone/Octavianus Praeconius Siculus, 1502-1568)

OFMConv. Born at Castroreale (Palermo) in 1502. Joined the order in the Conventual Messina custody. In the course of his career, he developed close connections with Emperor Charles V and his son Philip II of Spain. Provincial of Sicily between 1534 and 1541. Bishop of Monopoli (nominated in 1546 by Paul II), then bishop of Ariano Irpino (June 1561) and subsequently Archibishop of Palermo (March 1562), where he died the 18th of July 1568. At the invitation of Philip II, he took an active part in the Council of Trent, and many of his writings are arguably written to implement in his diocese the Council's pastoral and doctrinal program.

editions

Decreta habita et acceptata in congregatione dioecesana in cathedrali ecclesia huius felicis vrbis Panormi per illustriss. & reuerendiss. dominum fratrem Octauianum de Precone archiepiscopum dictae dioecesanae congregationis (Palermo 1565).

Discorso del santo sacramento della estrema unzione (Naples, 1567).

Espositione, o diremo breue trattatello del responsorio maggiore delli defonti: cioè Libera me domine de morte aeterna (Palermo, 1566).

Historia sacrae imaginis Dei genetricis a Scalis (Palermo, 1565 and 1566).

Meditatione del peccatore ridotto a guisa del figliol prodigo à misero e calamitoso stato il quale ricerca contritione per vigore della passione di Christo afflitto et morto per gli peccati suoi (Naples: Giovanni De Boy, 1567).

Officium gloriosae Virginis, et Martyris [...] ex verissima eius historia selectum compositumque secundum ritum monasticum (Naples, 1557).

Officium septem principum angelorum ante tronum Dei assistentium (Palermo 1564).

Praeconium sacramenti, hoc est dispositio et praeparatio ad altissimum Eucharistiae sacramentum (Naples, 1556 and Palermo, 1566).

Summa de sacramentis (Palermo, 1565).

Transunto al possibile breuissimo delli decreti della reformatione cosi del clero come del populo, del sacro santo Tridentino concilio (Palermo, 1565).

literature

Giovanni Odoardi, 'Serie completa dei padri e teologi francescani Minori Conventuali al Concilio di Trento', Miscellanea Francescana 47 (1947), 347-349; Michele Granà, 'L’attività politica di Ottaviano Preconio O.F.M.Conv., padre conciliare a Trento e arcivescovo di Palermo (1502-1568)', in: I francescani e la politica. Atti del convegno internazionale di studio Palermo 3-7 Dicembre 2002, ed. A. Musco (Palermo: Biblioteca francescana, 2007), 561-577.

With thanks to Pietro Delcorno.

 

 

 

 

Octavius Worst (d. 1671)

OFMCap. Friar from Amsterdam. Theologian

literature

Hildebrand van Hooglede, ‘Een vergeten theologant. Octavius Worst van Amsterdam’ [cap. † 1671], in: Idem, Miscellanea II, 1071-1089.

 

 

 

 

Oddo Truncheti (Odet du Tronchet, d. 1502)

Franciscan theologian and doctor of theology. Member of the convent of Gray, and for this friary he bought in Paris at the end of the fifteenth century a series of theological works, including the 1493 edition of the Sentence commentary of Scotus, the Summa theologica of Antoninus, a Manipulus curatorum and a Confessionale, as well as classical works.

literature

H. Lippens, ‘Oddo Truncheti, O.F.M. bibliophilus ac suffraganeus Bisuntinus’ AFH 31 (1938), 550-554; Pierre Aquilon, ‘Petites et moyennes bibliothèques 1480-1520‘, in: Histoire des bibliothèques françaises, vol. 1: Les Bibliothèques médiévales, du VIe siècle à 1530, ed. André Vernet (Paris: Éditions du Cercle de la Librairie/Promodis, 1989), 290.

 

 

 

 

Odo de Bueriis (second half 13th century)

Preached in Paris ca. 1282/83

manuscripts

Sermones de S. & de T.: Paris BN Lat 14947 & 15005 (only a few sermons spread in the mss)

literature

Zawart, 300; AFH, 5 (1912), 437; Schneyer, IV, 391

 

 

 

 

Odoricus de Portunaono (Odorico da Pordenone/de Foroiulli, ca. 1265-1331) Beatus (since 1755) 

Italian friar and missionary. Foremost known for his travels, and more in particular for his long journey through the far East and China (until Bejing) between 1314/18 and 1331, and his missionary activities along the way in the diocese of the Franciscan bishop John of Montecorvino. He related his travel experiences in his Itinerarium, or the Historia suae peregrinationis sexdecim annorum/Librum de mirabilibus mundi. After his return to Italy (in Udine, where he died), he dictated his experiences to Guilelmus de Solagna (autograph manuscript found in Assisi, Conventus S. Francisci). Previous bibliographers attributed to Odorico also a Chronica compendiosa a mundi exordio usque ad an. 1331. Yet this seems to be a forgery of the Chronicle of Elemosina of Gualdo.

editions

Ernest Leroux (ed.) Les voyages en Asie au xive siècle du bienheureux Frère Odoric de Pordenone religieux de Saint François (Paris, 1891); A. van den Wijngaert (ed.) in: Sinica Franciscana I (Quaracchi, 1929), 413-495; Cathay and the Way Thither. Being a Collection of Medieval Notices of China, transl. & ed. Henry Yule. New edition, revised by Henri Cordier. Vol. II, Works Issued by the Hakiuyt Society II, 33 (London, 1913); Relazione del viaggio in Oriente e in China (1314?-1330), édition des textes latin et italien (Pordenone, 1982); Die Reise des seligen Odoricos von Pordenone nach Indien und China (1314/18-1330), trans. Folker Reichert (1987); The Travels of Friar Odoric. A 14th-Century Journal of the Blessed Odoric of Pordenone, trans. Henry Yule, Introd. Paolo Chiesa, Italian Texts & Studies on Religion & Society (Grand Rapids MI – Cambridge: Eerdmans, 2001); In the past scholars attributed to him a Chronica compendiosa a mundi exordio usque ad an. 1331, but that is a forgery, or an abbreviation of Elemosina’s chronicle; Vita Thomae Martyris et al., AF, 3 (1897), 474-479, 597-604, 474-479; AF, 4 (1906), 323-334; BBb, II, 70-71, 110-112, III, 211-213; Memoriale Toscano. Viaggio in India e Cina (1318-1330), ed. Lucio Monaco (Alessandria, 1990)[?]

Libro delle nuove e strane e meravigliose cose. Volgarizzamento italiano del secolo XIV dell’“Itinerarium” di Odorico da Pordenone, ed. Alvise Andreose, Centro Studi Antoniani, 33 (Padova, Centro Studi Antoniani, 2000). [cf. review in Collectanea Franciscana 71 (2001), 237f.]

Konrad Steckels deutsche Uebertragung der Reise nach China des Odorico de Pordenone, ed. Gilbert Strasmann, Texte des späten Mittelalters und der frühen Neuzeit, 20 (Berlin, 1968).

Odorico delle meraviglie. Il viaggio in Asia di Odorico da Pordenone nel manoscritto BNF 2810, ed. Paolo Cicconofri, Giulio C. Testa & Carlo Vurachi (Pordenone: Associazione Cintamani di Pordenone, 2015). A facsimile edition and Italian translation of a French version of Odorico of Pordenone’s travel account in MS BNF 2810. This manuscript now also available in a digital format at http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b52000858n/

Sermones:>>?

literature

Wadding, Scriptores, 181; Sbaralea, Supplementum II. 296-298; Teofilo Domenichelli, Sopra la vita e i viaggi del Beato Odorico da Pordenone dell'ordine de'minori. Studi con documenti rari ed inedite (Prato 1881); Henri Cordier, Les voyages en Asien au XIVe siècle du B. Fr. Odorico de Pordenone (Paris, 1891); Berthold Laufer, ‘Was Odoric of Pordenone ever in Tibet ?’, T’oung Pao 15 (1914), 405-418; G. Golubovich, ‘II B. Fr. O. da P., OFM’, AFH 10 (1917), 17-46; Anastasius Van den Wyngaert, Sinica Franciscana I (Rome, 1929), 381-412; C. Petrocchi, ‘Il b. Odorico de Pordenone e il suo ‘Itinerario’’,  Le Venezie francescane 1 (1932), 195-214; 2 (1933), 3-19, 70-84, 194-205; 3 (1934), 3-17; H. Matrod, L'itinéraire en Extrême-Orient du b. Ordoric de Pordenone (Paris, 1936); Dorotheus Schilling, ‘War der selige O. v. P. in Japan?’, AFH 35 (1942), 153-176; Luigia Galliani, ‘L’etnologia dei popoli asiatici nelle relazioni di viaggio dei missionari francescani dei secoli XIII e XIV’, Studi francescani 3rd ser. 22 (1950), 73-90; A. Bomb, Mission to Cathay. The Biography of Blessed Odoric of Pordenone (Paterson, 1956); Antonio Sartori, ‘Odoriciana. Vita e memorie’, Il Santo. Rivista Antoniniana di storia, dottrina, arte 6 (1966), 7-65; Paolo Lino Zovatto, ‘Il beato Odorico da Pordenone e il sarcofago di Filippo De Sanctis’, Memorie storiche Forogiulese 47 (1966), 119-128; Christian W. Troll, ‘Die Chinamission im Mittelalter’, Franziskanische Studien 48 (1966), 109-150; 49 (1967), 22-79; Agostino Lotti, ‘Dal viaggio missionario di Odorico da Pordenone nel Tibet: la spiegazione di ‘Pape Satan Aleppe’’,  Palestra del Clero 52 (1973), 746-756; Lucio Monaco, ‘I volgarizzamenti italiani delia relazione di Odorico da Pordenone’, Studi mediolatini e volgari 26 (1978-79), 179-220; Luciano Petech, ‘I francescani nell'Asia centrale e orientale nel XIII e XIV secolo’, in: Espansione del francescanesimo tra Occidente e Oriente nel secolo XIII. Atti del VI convegno internazionale, Assisi 1978 (Assisi, 1979), 213-240; Clément Schmitt, ‘Odoric de Pordenone’, Catholicisme hier-aujourd'hui-demain IX (Paris, 1982), 1498-1500; Odorico da P. e la Cina, Convegno Storico Internazionale (Pordenone, 1982) (with articles by a.o G. Bertuccioli, P. Corradini, L. Petech, P. P. Pang, L. Monaco, G. C. Testa, C. Schmitt, B. H. Willeke, G. Hamann, Yang Na, O. Baldacci, G. Melis, A. Freschi); Giovanni Battista Ramusio, Navigazioni e viaggi, ed. Marica Milanesi (Torino, 1983) IV, 265-318; Donald F. Lach, ‘Die Entdeckung von Cathay (1240-1350), in: Europa und die Kaiser von China, Berliner Festspiele (Berlin, 1985), 17-37; Reinhold Jandesek, Der Bericht des O.P. über seine Reise nach Asien, Bamberger Schriften zur Kulturgeschichte, Reihe A, Heft 1 (1987); Folker Reichert, ‘Eine unbekannte Version der Asienreise Odorico’s von Pordenone’, Deutsches Archiv für Erforschung des Mittelalters 43 (1987), 513-573; Folker E. Reichert, Begegnungen mit China. Die Entdeckung Ostasiens im Mittelalter, Beiträge zur Geschichte und Quellenkunde des Mittelalters, Bd. 15 (Sigmaringen: Thorbecke 1992), 65-135; F. Reichert, ‘Chinas Beitrag zum Weltbild der Europäer. Zur Rezeption der Fernostkenntnisse im 13. und 14. Jahrhundert’, in: Das geographische Weltbild um 1300, ed. P. Moraw, Reisen und Reiseliteratur, 33-57; A.-D. von den Brincken, ‘Odorich von Pordenone’, LThK VII3, 980; Enrico Menestò, ‘Odorico da Pordenone’, in: Il grande libro dei Santi III, 1512-1516; Alvise Andreose, ‘‘Lo libro dele nove e stranie meravioxe cose.’ Ricerche sui volgarizzamenti italiani dell’ ‘Itinerarium’ del beato Odorico da Pordenone’, Il Santo 38 (1998), 31-67; Folker E. Reichert, ‘Wirklichkeit und ihre Wahrnehmung im Itinerar Odoricos da Pordenone’, in: Überseegeschichte. Beiträge der Jüng Heren Forschung. Festschrift anlässlich der Gründung der Forschungsstiftung für vergleichende europäische Überseegeschichte 1999 in Bamberg, ed. Thomas Beck et al., Beiträge zur Kolonial- und Überseegeschichte, 75 (Stuttgart, Steiner, 1999), 42-55; Antonio García Espada, ‘Fray Odorico y el Karmapa. El Tibet de los viajeros medievales’, Medievalismo 9 (Madrid, 1999), 83-103;  Paolo Chiesa, ‘Per un riordino della tradizione manoscritta della “Relatio” di Odorico da Pordenone’, Filologia mediolatina 6-7 (1999-2000), 311-350; Alvise Andreose, ‘Fra Veneto e Toscana: vicende di un volgarizzamento trecentesco dell’Itinerarium’ di Odorico da Pordenone’, Filologia Veneta. Lingua, letteratura, tradizioni 6 (2000); Luigi Bressan, ‘Odorico da Pordenone (1265-1331). La sua visione della Cina e del sud-est asiatico e il suo contributo ai rapporti tra Asia ed Europa’, Il Santo 40 (2000), 71-98; Giordano Brunettin, ‘Odorico da Pordenone e il francescanesimo in Friuli. Una modesta proposta d’interpretazione’, Memorie Storiche Forogiuliesi 82 (2002), 11-45; Giancarlo Stival, Frate Odorico del Friuli. Da Pordenone all Cina per ‘guadagnare anime’, Orientamenti formativi francescani (Padua: Edizioni Messagero, 2002); Paolo Chiesa, ‘Scelta di un testo base e conseguenze traduttive nella ‘Relatio’ di Odorico da Pordenone’, in: Tradurre testi medievali: obiettivi, pubblico, strategie. Bergamo, 12-13 ottobre 2001, ed. Maria Grazias Cammarota & Maria Vittoria Molinari (Bergamo: Bergamo UP – Edizioni Sestante, 2002), 229-247; Luigi Malamocco, A piedi scalzi. In cammino con frate Odorico del Friuli (Tavagnacco (Udine): Segno, 2002); Antonio De Biasio, ‘Odorico e il bestiario cinese’,  Memorie Storiche Forogiuliesi 82 (2002), 47-74; Paolo Chiesa, ‘Una forma redazionale sconosciuta della ‘Relatio’ latina di Odorico da Pordenone’, Itineraria 2 (2003), 137-164; Il Santo 44, 2-3 (2004) [thematic issue on the body of Odorico da Pordenone, entitled Il beato Odorico da Pordenone: Vita e Miracula, Atti della ricognizione medico scientifica, Miscellanea di studi in memoria di Mons. Padre Antonio Vitale Bommarco OFMConv (1923-2004). Also contains interesting essays on Odorico’s life and canonisation]; Andrea Tilatti, Odorico da Pordenone. Vita e miracula, Centro Studi Antoniani, 41 (Padua: Centro Studi Antoniani, 2004); Christine Bousquet-Labouerie, ‘Un franciscain en Chine: Odéric de Pordenone’, Pecia 4 (2004), 7-17; Philippe Ménard, ‘Réflexion sur les manuscrits du ‘Livre de peregrinacion et de voiage’ d’Oderic de Pordenone (version de Jean Le Long)’, in: Famille, violence et christianisation au Moyen Age. Mélanges offerts à Michel Rouche, ed. Martin Aurell & Thomas Deswarte, Cultures et civilisations médiévales, 31 (Paris: Presses de l’Université Paris-Sorbonne, 2005), 265-274; Marina Münkler, ‘Reisen, Wahrnehmen, Erinnern. Zur Funktion der Memoria für die Konstitution von Erfahrungswissen am Beispiel der ‘Historia Mongolarum’ des Johannes de Plano Carpini’, in: Memoria. Ricordare e dimenticare nella cultura del medioevo. Memoria. Erinnern und Vergessen in der Kultur des Mittelalters. Trento, 4-6 aprile 2002, ed. Michael Borgolte et al. (Bologna-Berlin: Il Mulino-Duncker & Humblot, 2005), 77-98; Alvise Andreose, ‘Tra ricezione e riscrittura: la fortuna romanza della ‘Relatio’ di Odorico da Pordenone’, in: Medioevo romanzo e orientale. Il viaggio nelle letterature romanze e orientali. V Colloquio Internazionale. VII Convegno della Società Italiana di Filologia Romanza (Catania-Ragusa 24-27 settembre 2003), ed. Giovanna Carbonaro et al. (Soveria Mannelli (Catanzaro), 2006), 5-21; Alvise Andreose, ‘Ego frater Odoricus de Foro Julii de Ordine fratrum Minorum’: forme dell’autodiegesi nell’Itinerarium di Odorico da Pordenone’, Quaderni di storia religiosa 13 (2006), 217-235; Odoric of Pordenone: From Venice to Peking and Back. Meetings on the roads of the Old World in the 13th-14th centuries, ed. Petr Sommer & Vladimir Liscak (Prague, 2008); Antonio García Espada, ‘Marco Polo, Odorico of Pordenone, the crusades, and the role of the vernacular in the first descriptions of the Indies', Viator 40:1 (2009), 201-222; Vladimir Liscak, ‘Odorik z Pordenone: ‘De mirabilibus orientalium”, in: Frantis kanstvi v ko kaktechs jinym a cizim, ed. Petr Regalat Benes et al., Europaeana Pragensia, 1: Historia Franciscana 3 (Prague: Univerzita karloba v Praze, 2009), 110-124; Richard Maber & Angela Tregoning, ‘Conveying the Unimaginable: Odoric of Pordenone’s Travels and Their Vernacular Translations’, in: Travels and Travelogues in the Middle Ages, ed. Jean-François Kosta-Théfaine, AMS Studies in the Middle Ages, 28 (AMS Press, 2009), 95-134; Marianne O’Doherty, ‘The ‘Viaggio in Inghilterra’ of a ‘Viaggio in Oriente’: Odorico da Pordenone’s ‘Itinerarium; from Italy to England’, Italian Studies 64 (2009), 198-220; Annalia Marchisio, ‘Il volgarizzamento tedesco della ‘Relatio‘ di Odorico da Pordenone e il suo modello latino‘, Filologia mediolatina. Rivista della Fondazione Ezio Franceschini 18 (2011), 305-358; Giancarlo Stival, Frate Odorico del Friuli: da Pordenone alla Cina per guadagnare anime (Padua, 2012); Alvise Andreose, La strada, la Cina, il cielo: studi sulla Relatio di Odorico da Pordenone e sulla sua fortuna romanza (Soveria Mannelli (Catanzaro), 2012); I Francescani e la Cina. Un’opera di oltro sette secoli. Atti del X Convegno storico di Greccio, ed. Alvaro Cacciotto & Maria Melli (Rome: Centro Culturale Aracoeli, 2012). Signalled AFH 106:3-4 (2013), 659-660 & lengthy review in Il Santo. Rivista Francescana di storia, dottrina, arte 54:1 (2014), 191-195 [info on Giovanni da Pian Carpine, William of Rubruck, Giovanni da Montecorvino, Peregrino da Castello, Andrea da Perugia, Odorico da Pordenone, Giovanni de Marignolli]; Andrea Tilatti, 'Odorico da Pordenone, viaggiatore', Dizionario biografico degli italiani 79 (2013) [https://www.academia.edu/9794546]; Antonio De Basio, Odorico da Pordenone in Cina. Rilettura dei capitoli cinesi della «Relatio» (Vatican City: Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2013) [positive review in Il Santo. Rivista Francescana di storia, dottrina, arte 54:1 (2014), 195-196]; Folker Reichert, 'Goldlilien. Odorico da Pordenone und die Entdeckung chinesischer Schönheit', in: Idem, Asien und Europa im Mittelalter: Studien zur Geschichte des Reisens (Göttingen, 2014), 273-292 [reprint older article]; Folker Reichert, 'Odorico da Pordenone über Tibet', in: Idem, Asien und Europa im Mittelalter: Studien zur Geschichte des Reisens (Göttingen, 2014), 377-386 [reprint older article].

There is also an Italian website devoted to Odorico on url http://www.odorichus.it/ (progetto di divulgazione e disseminazione sul Beato Odorico da Pordenone), but it remains a bit unclear what is the academic status of this website.

 

 

 

 

Odo de Rosny (Roini, de Renoniaco/Eudes de Rosny, fl. 13th cent.)

Studied at Paris under Alexander of Hales (fellow scholar of odo Rigaldi). Baccalaureus Sententiarum around 1244/45. His introitus on the first Book of the Sentences, as well as his first lecture on the Third Book of the Sentences. In 1248, he is mentioned among those consulted in the Talmud affair. During that year he also preached the crusade. Magister regens in Paris possibly in 1254 and at the latest before 1260. Famous preacher and confessor of the sister of Saint Louis, Isabelle.

manuscripts

In III Sent.: Troyes 15011, 1862, 1245, 1862; Brussels 1542

Sermones: Paris BN Lat 16481 nos. 6 & 48 [collection compiled by Raoul de Châteauroux. Cf. Bériou (1998)]; Paris BN Lat 15971 f. 162vb [reportatio by Pierre de Limoges]. See AFH, 5 (1912), 437; Zawart, 300; Bériou (1998), 762-3.

editions

See Louis-Jacques Bataillon, 'Fragments de sermons de Gérard d'Abbeville, Eudes de Rosny et Thomas d'Aquin', in: Idem, La prédication au XIIIe siècle en France et Italie: etudes et documents (Aldershot: Variorum, 1993), 257-268 [previously issued in Archives d'Histoire Doctrinale et Littéraire du Moyen Âge 51 (1984), 257-268]

literature

Sbaralea, Suppl., I, 569; Histoire Littéraire de la France 26, 403; AFH 33 (1940), 3-54; Glorieux, Répertorium II nos. 307; Doucet, AFH, 47 (1954), 113; F. Henquinet, `Eudes de Rosny OFM, Eudes Rigaud et la somme d'Alexander de Hales', AFH, 33 (1940), 3-54; K.F. Lynch, Franciscan Studies, 9 (1949), 138f.; Nicole Bériou, L’Avènement des maîtres de la parole. La prédication à Paris au XIIIe siècle, Collection des Études Augustiniennes. Série Moyen Âge et Temps Modernes, 31, 2 Vols (Turnhout: Brepols, 1998) II, 762-3.

 

 

 

 

Odo Rigaldi (Eudes Rigaud, 1205-1275)

French friar from the Ile-de-France region, probably born in Brie-Comte-Robert. Entered the order between 1231 and 1236. Studied in Paris under Alexander of Hales. One of the friars taking part in the composition of the Expositio Quatuor Magistrorum (together with Alexander of Hales, John of La Rochelle, and Robert de la Bassée). Read the Sentences probably between 1243 and 1245. Succeeded John of Rupella as magister regens (sept. 1245) One of the theologians who finished Alexander of Hales Summa. Was appointed guardian of Rouen in 1247/1248. Shortly therafter appointed Archbishop of Rouen (April 1248). Took his archepiscopal apostolate very seriously (witness his Regestrum, a long journal of his work in the diocese and the church province, and his journeys to Rome and London for episcopal matters). Active as counsellor of king Louis IX of France. Fulfilled several ambassadorial missions and accompanied the King on his crusade to Tunis (1267-70), and was present at the king’s deathbed. In 1274, he was asked, like Bonaventure, to come to the second council of Lyon. Odo died at Gaillon-sur-Seine on 2 July 1275. On Odo Rigaldus’ theological positions, see the literature mentioned below, as well as the quick characterisation by Leonardo Sileo, in DSpir XIII, 671-674.

manuscripts and editions

In I-IV Sent.: a.o. Troyes 824 (thirteenth century); Vat.Lat., 5982;>Trier>see also Doucet & Lechner. Book II.ii.dist. 26-29 have been edited in J. Bouvy, ‘Les questions sur la grâce dans le Commentaire des Sentences d’Odon Rigaud’, Revue de théologie anciénne et médiévale 27 (1960), 290-343 & 28 (1961), 59-96; J. Bouvy, ‘La necessité de la grâce dans le commentaire des Sentences d’Odon Rigaud’, Revue de théologie anciénne et médiévale 28 (1961), 59-96; K.F. Lynch, ‘The Alleged Fourth Book on the Sentences of Odo Rigaud’, Franciscan Studies 9 (1949), 87-145.

In III Sent.: Naples, Naz. >>Cenci no. 650 (=manuscript no.?). Leonardo Sileo, ‘Virtù ‘naturales’ e giustizie. La Q. 1 della dist. 33 del III libro della ‘Lectura super sententias’, di Odo Rigaldi’, Antonianum 80 (2005), 661-677.

In I. Sent.: Bruges Royal Library 208; Paris, BN 14910. See also: L. Sileo, Teoria della scienza teologica. Quaestio de Scientia Theologicae di Odo Rigaldi e altri testi inediti (1230-1250), 2 vols., Studia Antoniana, 27 (Rome, 1984) II, 77-112 [edition of the Prologue and Book I.i.dist.1]; In I Sent., dist. 35, 36, 39 have been edited in Leonardo Sileo, De rerum ideis. Dio e le cose nel dibattito universitario del Tredicesimo secolo, I. Editio textuum Odonis Rigaldi et aliorum, Saperi testi contesti, 1 (Città del Vaticano: Urbaniana University Press, 2011). This includes Dictinctions 35, 36, 38, q. 1 and 39 of In I Sent. And the Quaestio de exsistentia rerum in Deo of Odo Regaldi, several anonymous questions, and Richard of Mediavilla, Quaestiones disputatae de Deo, de angelis et de homine, q. 1. [cf. review in CF 82 (2012), 414-416 & AFH 106:1-2 (2013), 212-215]

Sermones de S. & de T: a.o. Bologna Archigin A. 715; Troyes 816, 1760 & 1965; Arras, 759

Sermones in Synodi Rothomagensi: MS Troyes 816, 1760, 1965. Edited by L. Duval-Arnould, in AFH 69 (1976), 336-400 & AFH 70 (1977), 35-71.

Sermones Quadragesimales: Naples, Naz. VIII.A.30 ff. 132a-206d

Sermones>> J.G. Bougerol, ‘Un sermon inédit d’Eudes Rigaud’, Ad’HDLMA 62 (1995), 343-358.

See on his sermons esp. Schneyer, Repertorium der Lateinischen Sermones IV, 510-517 [listing 91 sermons, the attribution of 71 of these is uncertain].

Registrum Visitationum, Journal des visites pastorales, ed. Th. Bonnin (Paris, 1852). [Cf. P. Andrieu-Guitrancourt, L’archevêque Eudes Rigaud et la vie de l’Église au 13e siècle (Paris, 1938).]. The register was also edited as: The Register of Eudes of Rouen ed. J. F. O'Sullivan and trans. S. M. Brown, Records of Civilization Sources and Studies 72 (New York: Columbia University Press, 1964).

Sixteen of Odo Rigaldus’ Quaestiones Disputatae have survived, namely:

1 Quaestiones de Modo Essendi Dei in Creaturis et Rerum in Deo: Toulouse 737 ff. 167ra-172vb; Klosterneuburg, Bibl. Can. Reg. S. August. 309 ff. 35ra-43ra.

2 Quaestio de Existenta rerum in Deo: Toulouse, Bibliothèque Municipale 737 ff. 172vb-178va; Klosterneuburg, Augustiner-Chorherrenstift 309 ff. 43ra-49rb. This text has been edited in Leonardo Sileo, De rerum ideis. Dio e le cose nel dibattito universitario del Tredicesimo secolo, I. Editio textuum Odonis Rigaldi et aliorum, Saperi testi contesti, 1 (Città del Vaticano: Urbaniana University Press, 2011) [cf. review in CF 82 (2012), 414-416 & AFH 106:1-2 (2013), 212-215]

3 Quaestio de Ideis:>>>>

4 Quaestio de Voluntate Dei: Toulouse 737 ff. 178va-188va; Klosterneuburg 309 ff. 49rb-59vb.

5 Quaestio de Poenis Parvulorum Decedentium sine Baptismo:>>>>

6 Quaestio de Peccato Veniali:>>>>

7 Quaestio de Gratia:>>>>

8 Quaestio de Contritione:>>>>

9 Quaestio de Libero Arbitrio:>>>>

10 Quaestio de Dotibus Corporum Glorificatorum:>>>>

11 Quaestio de Angelis Lapsis:>>>>

12 Quaestio de Eo quod est Psallere sive de Psalmo:>>>>

13 Quaestio de Providentia:>>>>

14 Quaestio de Effectibus Divinae Providentiae:>>>>

15 Quaestio de Creatione:>>>>

16 Quaestio de Scientia Theologiae:>>>>

Long excerpts of several of these questions have been published in L. Sileo, `Dalla lectio alla disputatio. Le Questioni De Modo Essendi Dei in Creaturis, De Existentia Rerum in Deo e De Voluntate Dei di Odi Rigaldi', in: Editori di Quaracchi, 100 anni dopo. Bilancio e prospettive, ed. A. Cacciotti & B. Faes de Mottoni, Medioevo, 3 (Rome, 1997), 109-131. On p. 120, Sileo remarks that the questions do not reflect acual university disputations:: `...si è propensi a credere invece che le tre quaestioni [De Modo Essendi Dei in Creaturis; De Existentia Rerum in Deo and De Voluntate Dei] siano il frutto di disputazioni in scholis, svolte nello studium dei Minori nell'ambito della cattedra di cui Rigaldi è regente. In questa luce il testo trasmesso potrebbe essere il risultato di un suo minimale lavoro redazionale, basato forse su reportationes.’ The Quaestio de Gratia has been edited by B. Pergamo, ‘Il desiderio innato del sopranaturale nelle questioni inedite di Oddone Rigaldi O.F.M., Arcivescovo di Rouen (d. 1275)’, Studi francescani 7 (1935), 414-417 & 8 (1936), 308-349. The Quaestio de Libero Arbitrio has been edited by O. Lottin, in Revue Thomiste 36 (1931), 886-895. The Quaestio de Eo quod est Psallere sive de Psalmo has been edited by A. Van Dijk, in Ephemerides Liturgicae 56 (1942), 20-42. The Quaestio de Scientia Theologiae has been edited by L. Sileo, in: L. Sileo, Teoria della scienza teologica. Quaestio de Scientia Theologicae di Odo Rigaldi e altri testi inediti (1230-1250), 2 vols., Studia Antoniana, 27 (Rome, 1984) II, 5-74. See also: B. Pergamo, ‘De quaestionibus ineditis fr. O. Rigaudi, fr. Guillelmi de Meliona ed. Cod. Vat.lat. 782 circa naturam theologiae deque earum relatione ad Summam theologicam fr. Alexandri Halensis', AFH 29 (1936), 3-54, 308-364.

Expositio Quattuor Magistrorum Regulae Fratrum Minorum, ed. L. Oliger (Rome, 1950).

literature

R. Ménindès, ‘Eudes Rigaud, Frère Mineur. Sa famille, ses années de formation, ses premièrs travaux’, Revue d’Histoire de France 8 (1931), 157-178; F. Pelster, ‘Beiräge zur Erforschung des schriftlichen Nachlasses Odo Rigaldis’, Scholastik 6 (1931), 321-353; Brown, ‘Note biographique sur Eudes Rigaud’, Le Moyen Age 41 (1931), 167-194; O. Lottin, in: Recherches de théologie ancienne et médiévale 4 (1932), 7-92; E. Joven, Eudes Rigaud archevêque de Rouen (Rouen, 1932); O. Lottin, ‘Un commentaire dur les Sentences attribués d’Odon Rigaud’, RThAM, 7 (1935), 402ff; P. Andrieu-Guitrancourt, L’archevêque Eudes Rigaud et la vie de l'église au 13e siècle (Paris, 1938); J. Lechner, ‘Ein Trierer Handschrift mit dem 2. und 3. Buch des Sentenzenkommentars von Odo Rigaldi O.F.M.’, Franz. Stud., 23 (1936), 201-207; F. Henquinet, ‘Les manuscrits et l’influence des écrits theologiques d’Eudes Rigaud’, Recherches de Théologie Ancienne et Médiévale, 11 (1939), 323-350; Idem, AFH, 33 (1940), 3-54; K. Lynch, Franciscan Studies 9 (1949), 87-145; E. Lio, Franz. Stud., 33 (1951), 385-420; Schneyer,IV, 510-517; Doucet, AFH, 47 (1954), 149; J. Bouvy, ‘Les questions sur la grâce dans le commentaire des Sentences d'Odon Rigaud', Recherches de Théologie Ancienne et Médiévale 27 (1960), 290-343; J. Bouvy, ‘La necessité de la grâce dans le Commentaire des Sentences d’Odon Rigaud’, Recherches de Théologie Ancienne et Médiévale 28 (1961), 59-96; W.H. Principe, ‘Odo Rigaldus, a Precursor of St. Bonaventure on the Holy Spirit as Effectus Formalis in the mutual love of the Father and the Son’, Mediaeval Studies 39 (1977), 498-505; Francisco Martínez Fresneda, 'La plenitud de gracia en Jesucristo según Odón Rigaldo', Carthaginensia 4 (1988), 45-77; Rega Wood, ‘Distinct Ideas and Perfect Solitude: Alexander of Hales, Richard Rufus and Odo Rigaldus’, Franciscan Studies 53 (1993), 7-46 (with partial edition of text from Odo); J. Bouvy, La nécessité de la grâce dans le commentaire des Sentences d'Odon Rigaud', RThAM, 28 (1961), 59-96; J.G. Bougerol, ‘Odo Rigaldi teologo della speranza’, in: La Speranza. Studi biblio-teologici e apporti del pensiero francescano (Rome, 1984), 297-335; See also Sileo under mss and editions; L. Sileo, DSpir XIII, 670-674; F. Martínez Fresneda, ‘La ciencia humana de Jesucristo según Odón Rigaldo', Recherches de Théologie et de Philosophie Médiévales 62 (1995), 157-181; F. de A. Chavero Blanco, ‘Homo, imago Dei. En torno a un texto de Odón Rigaldi’, in: El pensament antropologic medieval: Actes del Simposi Internacional de Filosofia de l'Edat Mitjana, Vic-Girona, 11-16 d'abril de 1993, ed. P. Llorente et.al. (Vic, 1996), 228-238; Adam J. Davis, ‘The formation of a thirteenth-century ecclesiastical reformer: Eudes Rigaud and the Franciscan ‘Studium’ in Paris’, Revue Mabillon 12 (2001), 45-63; Italo Moretti, ‘Itineraria’, in: Arti e storia nel Medioevo, 349-368; Phyllis E. Pobst, ‘Visitation of religious and clergy by Archbishop Eudes Rigaud of Rouen’, in: Religion, Text, and Society in Medieval Spain and Northern Europe. Essays in Honor of J.N. Hillgarth, ed. Thomas E. Burman, Mark D. Meyerson & Leah Shopkow (Toronto: PIMS, 2002), 223-249; William Chester Jordan, ‘Archbishop Eudes Rigaud and the Jews of Normany, 1248-1275’, in: Friars and Jews in the Middle Ages and Renaissance, ed. Steven J. McMichael & Susan E. Myers, The Medieval Franciscans, 2 (Leiden-Boston, 2004), 39-52; Adam J. Davis, ‘The formation of a thirteenth-century ecclesiastical reformer at the Franciscan studium in Paris: the case of Eudes Rigaud’, in: Medieval Education, ed. Ronald B. Begley & Joseph W. Koterski, Fordham Series in Medieval Studies, 4 (New York: Fordham UP, 2005), 99-120; Adam J. Davis, ‘A thirteenth-century Franciscan money manager. Archbishop Eudes Rigaud of Rouen, 1248-1275’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History 56:3 (2005), 431-455; Susan M. Carroll-Clark, ‘Bad habits: clothing and textile references in the register of Eudes Rigaud, Archbishop of Rouen’, Medieval Clothing and Textiles 1 (2005), 81-103; Leonardo Sileo, “Utrum Deus sit nominabilis’. Da Guglielmo d’Auxerre a odo Rigaldo’, in: “Ad Ingenii Acuitionem”. Studies in Honour of Alfonso Maierù, ed. S. Caroti, R. Imbach, Z. Kaluza, G. Stabile, L. Sturlese (Louvain-la-Neuve: FIDEM – Turnhout: Brepols, 2006), 981-991; Adam J. Davis, The Holy Bureaucrat: Eudes Rigaud and Religious Reform in Thirteenth-Century Normandy (Ithaca, NY & London: Cornell University Press, 2006) [cf. Review by Michael Cusato in Speculum 82 (2007), 976-978]; Leonie V. Hicks, Religious Life in Normandy, 1050-1300: Space, Gender and Social Pressure (Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell & Brewer, 2007) [work itself seems to be flawed yet it exploits Eudes' register quite extensively]; Leonardo Sileo, ‘Virtù ‘naturales’ e giustizie. La q. 1 della dist. 33 del III libro della ‘Lectura super Sententas’ di Odo Rigaldi’, in: I Francescani e la politica. Atti del Convegno internazionale di studio, Palermo 3-7 Dicembre 2002, Tomi I-II, ed. Alessandro Musco (Palermo: Officina di Studi Medievali 2007), 1035-1050; Aleksander Horowski, ‘Il concetto di ‘fructus’ (spirituali) nei maestri di san Bonaventura’, Miscellanea Francescana 109 (2009), 439-469 [Alexander of Hales, Johannes Rupella, Odo Rigaldus]; Eva Schlotheuber, ‘Der Erzbischof Eudes Rigaud, die Nonnen und das Ringen um die Klosterreform im 13. Jahrhundert’, in: Institution und Charisma. Festschrift für Gert Melville zum 65. Geburtstag, ed. Franz J. Felten, Annette Kehnel & Stefan Weinfurter (Köln-Weimar-Wien, 2009), 99-110; A. Hennetier, ‘Les visites pastorales de Eudes Rigaud (…)’, L’art réligieux en Seine-Maritime (2009), 36-45; Carlos Mateo Martínez Ruiz, ‘Odón Rigaud y la cuestión del poder: Lectura super II Librum Sententiarum, d. 44’, AFH 103 (2010), 339-358; Sophie Delmas, ‘Eudes Rigaud prédicateur’, Collectanea Franciscana 83:1-2 (2013), 107-118; Élisabeth Lalou, ‘Eudes Rigaud en son temps. Compte rendu du colloque international, Université de Rouen, 30-31 mai 2013’, Études Franciscaines n.s. 7:1 (2014), >>.

 

 

 

 

Oliverius Maillard (c. 1430-1502, Toulouse)

OFMObs. French friar. Born in Brittanny (at Yvignac?), c. 1430. Entered the order in Aquitaine (according to Wadding), or in Touraine (at Châteauroux or Dinant?), and studied theology at Paris. After his doctorate very active as order administrator and general preacher (after c. 1460, not only in the Aquinaine province, but in many Franciscan continental provinces north of the Alps). Between c. 1475 and 1487, he is active as provincial vicar of the Touraine province (two times) and the Aquitaine province (La France Franciscaine 15 (1932), 114; AF II, 502; AFH 8 (1915), 119-127). In 1490, he becomes provincial vicar of the Parisian province (Revue Hist. Francisc. 6 (1929), 275-276). Three times general of the Ultramontine Observants (1487-1490, 1493-1496, 1499-1502; cf. Wadding, Annales XIV, 487 & XV, 36, 204; AFH 4 (1911), 331-333; AF II, 51-52). Died on 13 June, 1502. During his vicariate charges, he founded several new convents and stimulated the spread of the regular Observance. Also active as papal and royal diplomat. At the same time, he was an indefatigable preacher in the Observant tradition (cf. for instance the testimony of Glassberger, Chronica, AF II, 504-505), as well as a prolific religious author (in French and Latin).

manuscripts/editions

Sermones de Adventu (Paris, 1494 & 1497); Sermones de adue[n]tu: quadragesimales: d[omi]nicales. et de peccati stipe[n]dio et gratie premio vnacu[m] pulcerrimis iuris questionibus quolibet in sermone insertis [et] spiritualiter applicatis (Strasbourg, 1512). [many other editions as well (some of which also contain other sermon collections of Maillard, see for instance Zawart; The 1494 and 1497 editions contain 44 sermons preached at Paris in 1494, in the Church Saint-Jean en Grève] The 1512 Srasbourg edition can be accessed digitally via the website of the Staatsbibliothek of Munich.

Sermones Quadragesimales (70 sermons), edited in Sermones de Adventu/Sermones Variae & Sermones de Stipendio Peccati et Gratiae Proemio (Lyon, 1503/Strasbourg, 1506/Strasbourg, 1512).

Sermones Dominicales (47 sermons), edited in Sermones de Adventu/Sermones Variae & Sermones de Stipendio Peccati et Gratiae Proemio (Lyon, 1503/Strasbourg, 1512)

Sermones Variae & Sermones de Stipendio Peccati et Gratiae Proemio (Lyon, 1498/Paris, 1500/ Lyon, 1503). [The Sermones Variae comprise all materials mentioned above, which apparently were also edited separately. The Sermones de Stipendio Peccati is a collection of 16 sermons]

The 1506 Strasbourg edition of the Sermones de adventu, quadragesimales, dominicales, et de peccati stipendio et gratie premio vnacum pulcerrimis iuris questionibus quolibet in sermone insertis can be read and downloaded from the digital collections of the Munich State Library.Strasbourg, 1512)

Sermones de Sanctis (Paris: Gerlier, 1507/Paris: Bocard, 1507/Strasbourg, 1514) [Seven editions until 1521. 32 or 56 sermons, apparently depending on the edition]. The 1514 Strasbourg edition can be read and downloaded from the digital collections of the Munich State Library.

Sermo de Iustitia & Opus Quadragesimale (Paris, 1498 & 1508/Lyon, 1498) [at least 11 editions in 1520. The Opus Quadragesimale contains 70 sermons preached at Paris in 1498, in the Church Saint-Jean en Grève]

Expositio Epistularum Totius Anni [Totius Quadragesimae ?] (Paris, 1497)

Sermones Domenicales post Pentecosten (Paris, 1498) [at least 10 further editions until 1521. The work contains 47 sermons]

Novum Diversorum Sermonum Opus (Paris, 1502) [4 editions until 1518?. This work contains an Adventuale breve (32 sermons), a Quadragesimale (60 sermons preached during Lent 1501 at Bruges), Sermones de Miseriis Animae (8 sermons), and several sermons for sun- and feastdays). There also are separate editions of these various collections]

Opus Quadragesimale (Paris, 1507/Paris, 1513/Paris, 1518) [Contains 57 sermons preached during Lent before 1470 at Nantes. These sermons are all preached to a fictional audience/auditor, who continually asks his preacher what he should do to obtain eternal life. This collection is followed by a Quadragesimale Criminosi, addressed at a ‘criminal sinner’]

A number of his French sermons were published separately. Most well known in this respect are his passion sermons. See: Histoire de la Passion Douloureuse de Notre Doux Sauveur et Rédempteur Remémorée es Sacrés et Saints Mystères de la Messe (Paris, 1493/>>>>/Paris, 1828-1835). At least seven editions before the 19th century (partial) edition of Peignot. A new edition of these texts appeared as: Istoire de la Passion douloureuse, ed. Tamara Steiner (Pieterlen-Berlin-Brussels-Frankfurt a.M.-NewYork-Vienna: Peter Lang, 2001). See on this the informative review Costanzo Cargnoni in Collectanea Franciscana 73 (2003), 733-734. Also published separately was Maillard’s Sermon de Carême (Antwerp, 1503/>>>>/Paris, 1826) [Sermon preached at Bruges, in 1500]. See also: Oeuvres Françaises d'Olivier Maillard. Sermons et poésies, ed. Arthur de la Borderie (Nantes: Société des Bibliophiles Bretons et de l'Histoire de Bretagne, 1877).

La Confession de frère O. Maillard (Poitiers, 1481/>>>>many more editions)

Le confession générale (Lyon, 1526)/>>>>many more editions) [follows the late medieval confessionalia in its treatment of the essential elements of Christian faith and morals, in line with the penitential insights of other medieval Franciscan theologians. Cf. also F.-M. Delorme, ‘Olivier Maillard et Duns Scot à Toulouse’, La France Franciscaine 17 (1934), 347-365]

L’instruction et consolation de la vie contemplative (Paris, 1499) [Copy in Paris BN, Vélins n. 1769].It also appeared in an incunable edution: Oliverius Maillardus, L'instruction et consolation de la vie contemplative; Sermon du jour de l'Ascension; Sermon pour le jour de la Pentecôte; Traité du conflit des vices et des vertus; Fruits et utilités du Sacrement de l'autel; Le sentier de Paradis; Instruction pour connaitre les instigations de l'ennemi; Contemplation sur les sept heures du jour (Paris: Pierre Le Caron for Antoine Vérard, before 25 Oct. 1499. This Work was written for female religious. Amounts to an amalgam of spiritual councils and sermons, treatises on virtues and vices, instructions on the sacraments, a ‘sentier de paradis,’ prayers, and a ‘contemplation faicte sur les sept heures du jour sur la Passion.’ The incunable edition can be read and downloaded from http://www.gallica.bnf.fr ]

Chanson Piteuse (15 May, 1500) & Chants Royaux en l’Honneur de la Vierge. [See on these and other French works A. De La Borderie, Oeuvres françaises d’Olivier Maillard (Nantes, 1877), 39-43, 46-51.]

Letters and sermon to the Poor Clares of Nürnberg: MS Brixen, Klarissenkloster S 11 ff. 33r-50v (early 16th cent.) [Manuscript in possession of the Poor Clare Justina Plebin, who ended her life (1521) in the Poor Clare convent of Brixen.]; Dresden, Ehemalige Bibliothek des Prinzl. Sekundogenitus 8° 12 f. 172r (c. 1500); Munich cgm 4439 ff. 48v-50v; Prague, University Library cod. XVI G 31 ff. 28v-33v (early 16th cent.) [last three manuscripts only contain one text on the seductions by the Devil]. For en edition of all of these texts, see: M. Straganz, `Ansprachen des Fr. Oliverius Maillard an die Klarissen zu Mürnberg', Franziskanische Studien 4 (1917), 68-85. These letters and the sermon, rendered into German (maybe translated from French or Latin by Stephan Fridolin, confessor of the Poor Clares of Nürnberg) show Maillards extraordinary relationship with the Nürnberg Poor Clares. He visited the convent at least twelve times. See on this also K. Ruh, in; VL² V, 1173-1175 & P. Kesting, in: VL² V, 1258.

literature

Glassberger, Chronica, AF II (1887), 502, 505, 510, 521, 525-530, 535; Wadding-Chiappini, Annales Minorum XIV & XV; Sbaralea, Supplementum II, 298-300; A. De La Borderie, Oeuvres françaises d’Olivier Maillard (Nantes, 1877); A. Samouillan, Étude sur la chaire et la société française au quinzième siècle: Olivier Maillard, sa prédication et son temps (Toulouse-Paris, 1891); A. Stark, ‘Syntaktische Untersuchungen im Anschluss an die Predigten Oliviers Maillard’, Romanische Forschung 15 (1904), 689-773; Zawart, 305; D.H. Carnaham, ‘Some Sources of Olivier Maillard’s Sermon on the Passion’, Romanic Review 7 (1916), 144-169; M. Delorme, ‘Olivier Maillard et Duns Scot à Toulouse’, La France Franciscaine 17 (1934), 347-365; A. Mabille de Poncheville, Beatus Olivier Maillard, le moine au franc parler (Paris, 1946); AF VIII (1946), 819f; M.-Th. Chevreux, Comparaison des principaux thèmes dans la prédication de Gerson et celle de Maillard, Mémoire (Nancy, 1965) [Cf. Revue d’Histoire d’Eglise de France 54 (1968), 500]; M. Piton, ‘L’idéal épiscopal selon les prédicateurs français de la fin du 15e siècle’, Revue d’Histoire Ecclesiastique 61 (1966), 77-118, 393-423; L. Beaumont-Maillet, Le grand couvent des cordeliers de Paris (Paris, 1975), 71-75; DSpir X, 106-109; B. Chevalier, ‘Olivier Maillard et la Réforme des Cordeliers 1482-1502‘, Revue d‘Histoire de l´Église de France 174 (1979), 25-39; H. Dedieu, AFH 77 (1984), 150-158; Kurt Ruh, 'Maillard, Olivier', Die deutsche Literatur des Mittelalters. Verfasserlexikon V (1985), 1173-1175; Hervé, Martin, Le métier de prédicateur, 179, 579-581; Bernard Chevalier, 'Maillard, Olivier (c. 1430-1502)', Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages II (2002), 891; Tamara Steiner, ‘Olivier Maillard (um 1430-1502). Das Evangelium dieser Messe’, in: Franziskanische Stimmen. Zeugnisse aus acht Jahrhunderten, ed. Paul Zahner (Munich-St. Anna: Edition Coelde-Butzon & Bercker, 2002), 96-100; Kurt Ruh, 'Maillard, Olivier', Die deutsche Literatur des Mittelalters. Verfasserlexikon XI (2004), 957; Jean-François Courouau, ‘La prose religieuse en langue occitane au XVIe siècle’, Revue d’histoire de l’Eglise de France 94:232 (2008), 39-61; Pietro Delcorno, In the Mirror of the Prodigal Son: The Pastoral Uses of a Biblical Narrative (ca. 1200-1550), PhD Thesis Radboud University (Nijmegen: Bookbuilders, 2015), 218-225 & passim; Johanneke Uphoff, 'Instruction and Construction: Sermons and the Formation of a Clarissan Identity in Nuremberg', in: Religious Orders and Religious Identity Formation, ca. 1420–1620: Discourses and Strategies of Observance and Pastoral Engagement, ed. Bert Roest & Johanneke Uphoff (Leiden-Boston: Brill, 2016), 48-68.

 

 

 

 

Onesimus de Kien (Onésime de Kien, d. 1654)

OFMCap. Belgian friar from Ypres (Yper). Well-known preacher and definitor of his order province, who died on January 3, 1654. He translated from Spanish into Latin five works by Hieronymus de Lanuza (Geronimo de Lanuza). These Latin translations were published at Antwerp between 1649 and 1660.

literature 

Biogr. Belg. X, 761-762; P. Hildebrand, De Kapucijnen in de Nederlanden en het Prinsbisdom Luik (Antwerp, 1952) VII, 512 (no. 3680).

 

 

 

 

Orazio da Castorano (Carlo Orazio da Castorano/K'ang Ho-chih, 1673, Castorano (Ancona) - 1755, Castorano)

OFM since 1690. Came to China in 1700 and in 1702 to Chantung, where he established several parishes. General vicar of the bishop of Beijing (since 1707). Later Apost. Administrator of the diocese of Beijing (in 1721). Back to Italy, Rome, to enlist papal support for the supression of Chinese rites in the Church. Spent his last years in Castorano.

editions

Dictionarium latino-Italico-Sinicum>>

Vita Confucii>>

Chinese Grammar>>

Versio Monumenti (...) Civitatis Si-ngan-fu>>

literature

Streit, VII, 206-210; K. Menz, Necrologia Fratrum Minorum in Sinis (Peking, 1948), 138f; Sinica Franciscana, V & VI>>

 

 

 

 

Orpheus de Cancellariis (fl. 15th cent.)

>> Franciscan canonist?

literature

See: N. Denholm-Young & H. Kantorowicz, ‘De Ornatu Mulierum: A Consilium of Antonius de Rosselis, with an Introduction on Fifteenth-Century Sumptuary Legislation’, La Bibliofilia 35 (1933), 328-329.

 

 

 

 

Osvaldus de Lasko (Láskai Oswaldus, ca. 1450-1511)

OFMObs. Preacher and provincial vicar of the Franciscan order in Hungary. Probable author of several sermon collections, among which stands out the famous Biga Salutis.

manuscripts

Sermones de Sanctis Perutiles a Quodam Fratre Hungaro Ordinis Minorum de Observantia Comportati Biga Salutis Intitulati (Hagenau, 1497/Hagenau, 1498/Hagenau, 1499/Hagenau, 1506/Hagenau, 1515). The 1499 edition can be found in Paris, Bibl. Nat. Inc. 1028. The 1506 edition is digitized and can be accessed on the website of the Staatsbibliothek Munich. The 1499 edition has been digitized and can be accessed at : http://sermones.elte.hu/szovegkiadasok/latinul/laskaiosvat/. The 1515 edition has been digitized at : http://fulltext.lib.unideb.hu/book.cgi?lf=quadragesimale.lst&pn=298 . Some quotes from sermon 77 (‘Ece constitui te super gentes’ [Jeremiah 1:10] have been printed in Paul Freedman, Images of the Medieval Peasant, Figurae: Reading Medieval Culture (Stanford: Stanford UP, 1999), 395 (Notes to chapter 11): ‘Ve principi qui suos subditos gravat iniustis exactionibus. Ve inquam principi qui contra consuetudinem illegitime vexat suos propinatione sui vini et ceruisse. Ve illis omnibus qui oibagiones [=serfs] suas devorant inordinate dica et angaria.’

Quadragesimale Gemma fidei intitulatum tractas de sacrosancta ortodoxaque fide catholica: compilatum per quendam fratrem Hungarum ordis Minorum de observantia ex conventum Pesthiensis (Hagenau, 1507). See Paris, Bibl. Nat. Inc. 1030. A part of the sermons can be acessed at : http://sermones.elte.hu/szovegkiadasok/latinul/laskaiosvat/index.php?file=os_index .

literature

K. Benedek, ‘‘Exempla sive miracula.’ L’usage des ‘exempla’ dans les ‘Sermones quadragesimales’ d’Osvaldus de Lasko (1498)’, in: Les ‘exempla’ médiévaux, 293-307; Jenö Szücz, ‘A Ferences Obszervancia és az 1514 évi parasztháború. Egy kódex tanúsága’, Levéltári Közlemények 43 (1972), 216-261 [On the Observant Franciscans and the Peasant War of 1514); Jenö Szücz, ‘Die oppositionelle Strömung der Franziskaner im Hintergrund des Bauernkrieges und der Reformation in Ungarn’, in: Études historiques hongroises 1985:2 (Budapest, 1985), 483-513 (esp. 506-512); Katalin Benedek, ‘Exempla sive miracula: L'usage des exempla dans les Sermones quadragesimales d'Osvaldus de Lasko (1498)’, in: Les exempla médiévaux. Nouvelles perspectives. Actes du Colloque du C.N.R.S. et de l'Ecole normale supérieure, Saint-Cloud 27-28 sept. 1994, ed. Jacques Berlioz & Marie-Anne Polo de Beaulieu (Paris: CNRS, 1998), 293-307; Balácz Kertész, ‘Two Hungarian Friars Minor (Franciscian Observants) in the Late Middle Ages: Pelbart de Temesvár and Oswald de Lasko’, in: Infima aetas Pannonica. Studies in late medieval hungarian history, ed. Péter E. Kovács & Kornél Szovák (Budapest, 2009). 60-78; Dávid Falvay & Ezster Konrád, ‘Osservanza francescana e letteratura in volgare dall’Ungheria: ricerche e prospettive’, in: Osservanza francescana e cultura tra Quattrocento e primo Cinquecento: Italia e Ungheria a confronto. Atti del Convegno Macerata-Sarnano, 6-7 november 2013, ed. Francesca Bartolacci & Roberto Lambertini (Rome: Viella, 2014), 161-186.

 

 

 

 

Osvaldus Wessobrunnensis (Oswald von Wesselbrunn/Hueter, d. 1660)

OFMCap. Sculptor.

literature

Lexicon Capuccinum, 132.

 

 

 

 

Ottavianus Strambiatus de Ravenna (Ottaviano Strambiati da Ravenna, fl. c. 1620)

OFMConv. Lector of metaphysics ‘in via Scoti’ at the University of Padua between 1607 and 1628.

literature

C. Piana, ‘Il mag. Ottaviano Strambiati da Ravenna O.F.M. Conv. lettore di metafisica ‘in via Scoti’ nell’Università di Padova (1607-1628)’, Studi Francescani 79 (1982), 471-476.

 

 

 

 

Otto Commendus (Otho Commendes, fl. late 15th cent.)

Franciscan friar from the Tours province. Titular bishop (episcopus in partibus infidelium) of Veszprem in Hungary. Would have been the author of the Elucidatorium Franciscanum (…) elucidatio rationalibis separationis Fratrum minorum de observantia a aliis fratribus (Paris, 1499). This is probably the Minorica elucidativa rationalibis separationis fratrum minorum de observantia ab aliis fratribus eiusdem ordinis [a work also attributed to Alessandro Ariosto and to Nicolaus de Lovanio]/Nicholas of Louvain].

editions

Minorica elucidativa rationalibis separationis fratrum minorum de observantia ab aliis fratribus eiusdem ordinis (Paris: Jean Petit pour Jean Alexandre et Charles de Bougne, 1499); Minorica elucidativa: rationabilis separationis FF. Minor. de Observ. ab aliis fratribus eiusd. Ordinis (1505) [the 1505 edition available as digital book via Google Books and the webportal of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek].

literature

Robert Sauzet, Mendiants et réformes. Les réguliers mendiants acteurs du changement religieux dans le royaume de France (1480-1560) (Tours: Publications e l’Université de Tours, 1994), 69.

 

 

 

 

Otto de Passau (Otto von Passau, ca. 1386-1396)

Franciscan theologian. Apparently entered the Franciscan order in the Strasbourg province. Reading master/lector and custos of the Franciscan convent of Basel (1362-85). In 1384 active as visitator and reformer of the Poor Clares in Königsfelden. Finished in Basel, according to his own statements, on 1 February 1386 his edifing work in the German vernacular Die vierundzwanzig Alten oder der goldene Thron der minnenden Seele. It is a compilation, which, on the basis of 104 sources [at least that is the number of sources mentioned by the compilator: church fathers, classical authors, the Victorines, etc.], provides a doctrine of Christian life through 24 chapters, each of which providing a moral/religious theme or road enabling the soul to reach a golden throne that is reserved for it in Paradise. These 24 themes or roads are `delivered' by the subsequent 24 elder of the Apocalypse [apparently a popular group of supernatural figures in late medieval German popular theology. Cf. Schmidt (1938), 6-25]. Many manuscripts provide illustrations of the 24 elder of the Apocalypse. From the very beginning, the work contained registers and cross references, therewith making it suitable for meditative reading and consultation alike. According to Otto’s prologue to Der Gulden Tron, the work was meant as a guide for meditation and contemplation for ‘alle gotz frunde, geistlich und weltlich, edel unde (un)edel, frouwen und man.’ Schnyder, VL², 233, remarks that: ‘Die Textüberlieferung gibt ein abweichendes, spezifischeres Bild. Größte Lesergruppe sind die Nonnen [in the Rhine area]. In Männerklöstern findet das Werk nur als pastorales Hilfsbuch oder für die Laienbrüder Verwendung. Bloß wenige Codd. sind für fürstliche Repräsentation gedacht. So treten unter dem Laienpublikum die gehobenen und mittleren Schichten der Städter hervor.’ Otto argues for frequent communion (Chapter 11), and frequent reading encounters with Scripture (Chapter 14). He also is in support of Mary’s immaculate conception (Chapter 12), and stresses the conversion of the soul via a thorough imitation of the poverty of Christ (cf. Chapters 6 & 20). The work had a thorough influence on fifteenth-century sermon cycles and meditative manuals, and continued to be read until the nineteenth century (Cf in this regard the remarks of Poulenc in DSpir XI, 1066-1067).

>>See also Zawart, 316 for more info on his life and works

manuscripts

Der Gulden Tron [=Die 24 Alten, 1386]: Ghent, Univ. Library 1271 (ca. 1500); Vienna, Österr. Nationalbibl. 2679 (an. 1435); Colmar, Bibl. Publ. 261; Brussels, Bibl. Royale IV, 364 (an. 1432); Karlsruhe, St. Peter im Schwarzwald pap. 26 (15th cent.) Hamburg, Universitätsbibliothek Cod. 9 in scrin (15th cent.); Munich Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Cgm 371 ff. 36r-40v; Munich Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Cgm 488 ff 84v-99r, 129v-160v (fragments); Nürnberg Stadtbibliothek Cent. VI 99 ff. 29v-118r; Nürnberg Stadtbibliothek Amb. 44.4° ff. 85r-107v (incomplete); Prague, Národní Knihovna (Kapucini Litomerice Ms.3=) Cod. XXVII B 10; >>[many more mss, (more than 100?): in any case more than 40 full copies. See Schmidt (1938), Jaspers (1986) and the manuscript listings/corrections in Die deutsche Literatur des Mittelalters. Verfasserlexikon VII, 229ff & XI, 1153]

Die minnende Seele: Sélestat Bibl. Munic. 69 (an. 1430)

editions

Der Guldern Tron (Augsburg, 1480/Augsburg, 1483/Utrecht, 1480 [Dutch version]/Strasbourg, 1483/Strasbourg, 1484/Haarlem, 1484 [Dutch version]/Cologne, 1492/Strasbourg, 1500/Strasbourg, Johannes Knoblauch, 1508 [=Die vier und zwenzig alten]/Dillingen, 1568/Ingolstadt, 1587/Ingolstadt, 1596/Ingolstadt, 1607) [at least 8 incunabula and at least 6 later editions up to the 1836 Regensburg-Landshut edition] Modern edition: Die vierundzwanzig Alten Ottos von Passau, ed. W. Schmidt, Palaestra 212 (Leipzig, 1938). Fragments have been published in an Italian translation in Mistici Francescani. Secolo XIV, 1073-1078.

literature

Sbaralea, Supplementum II, 301-302; K. Eubel, Geschichte der oberdeutschen (Straßburger) Minoriten-Provinz (Wurzburg, 1886), 34-35, 256; R. Wackernagel, ‘Geschichte des Barfüsser Klosters zu Basel’, in: Festbuch zur Eröffnung des historischen Museums (Basel, 1894), 186, 212, 215, 248; Zawart, ‘The History of Franciscan Preaching and Franciscan Preachers (1209-1927)’, 316; W. Schmidt, Die vierundzwanzig Alten Ottos von Passau (Leipzig, 1938), passim and esp. the introduction; Manfred Lemmens, in: Marienlexikon,V, 41a-b; L. Mees, Bio-bibliographia franciscan neerlandica ante saec. XVI (Nieuwkoop, 1974), II, 140-141 & III, 216-221; Jérôme Poulenc, ‘Otton de Passau’, DSpirXI, 1066-1067; André Schnyder, in: Verfasserlexikon² VII, 229-234; G.J. Jaspers, `Otto van Passau in de Nederlandse handschriften', Ons Geestelijk Erf, 60 (1986), 302-347; Irene von Burg, ‘Gestern ein Bestseller - heute vergessen. Mittelalterrezeption der Erbauungsliteratur am Beispiel Die 24 Alten von Otto von Passau‘, in: Mittelalter-Rezeption, Bd. 4: Medien, Politik, Ideologie, Ökonomie. Gesammelte Vorträge des 4. Internationalen Symposions zur Mittelalter-Rezeption an der Universität Lausanne 1989 (Göppingen, 1991), 1-10; Walter Hoffmann, ‘Einige Anmerkungen zur wiederaufgefundenen Otto von Passau-Handschrift aus Trier‘, in: Vielfalt des Deutschen. Festschrift für Werner Besch, ed. K.J. Mattheier et al. (Frankfurt a.M., 1993), 225-240; Norbert H. Otto, ‘Otto von Passau, Franziskaner, Autor eines populärmystischen Erbauungsbuchs, 2. Hälfte des 14. Jahrhunderts‘, in: Neue Deutsche Biographie XIX (1998), 699-700; André Schnyder, ‘Otto von Passau‘, in: Verfasserlexikon XI (2004), 1153.