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Eberhard Hillemann (d. 1490)

Eberhard Runge (fl. ca. 1535)

Edmund Baumann (1645-1731)

Egidius, see: Aegidius (Letter A)

Eleazar Horn (ca. 1690-1744)

Elemosina Gualdensis (Johannes Elemosina, ca. 1280 - 1339)

Electus Betsch (Electus von Laufenburg, 1600-1672)

Electus Zwinner (fl. 17th cent.)

Eleuterius Albergoni (Eleuterio Albergoni, c. 1560-1636)

Elias de Bourdeilles (ca. 1410-1484, Artannes, near Tours)

Elias de Cortona (ca. 1180 - 1253, Cortona)

Elias de Nabinal (d. 1348)

Eligius Bassaei (Eloi de la Bassée, fl. mid 17th cent.)

Eliodorus Parisiensis, see: Heliodorus Parisiensis

Elisius Bellagranda (Eliseo di Bellagrande, 1608-1672)

Elisius Bergomensis (Eliseo da Bergamo, d. 1637)

Eloisius Harduinus (Eloy Herdouin de Saint-Jacques, 1612?-1699)

Emanuel, see also under Manuel (letter M), if friars are not found here.

Emanuel de Domodossola (Emanuele Princisecchi/da Domodossola, 1710-1802)

Emanuel de Francavilla (Emanuele Martina/da Francavilla, fl. 18th cent.)

Emanuel de Jaen (Emmanuel de Jaén, 1676-1739)

>>>> check: Emmanuel de Neapoli>> Fiorenzo Ferdinando Mastroianni (ed.), ‘Le ‘Memorie storiche’ di Emmanuele da Napoli’, Studi e ricerche francescane 15 (1986), 3-212 & 16 (1987-1988), 3-546

Emanuel de Vivario (Emanuele de Viviers, d. 1738)

Emanuele Orchi (Emanuele da Como, fl. mid 17th cent.)

Emericus Hallensis (Emericus von Hall, 1685-1760)

Emilius, see Aemilius (Letter A)

Emmanuele de Como, see: Emanuele Orchi

Engelbertus de Colonia (?)

Ephrem of Nevers († after 1693)

Epiphanius de Moirano (Epiphanus, Epifano de Moirans, d. 1689)

Epiphanius Lindsay (d. 1650)

Erardus Radkersburgensis (Erard von Radkersburg, fl. late 18th cent.)

Erasmus Baumgartner (Erasmus von Bernhardzell, 1751-1827)

Erasmus Schaltdorfer (1440-1536)

Ermannus Etzen, see Hermannus Etzen (Letter H)

Esprit de Balma, see: Spiritus de Balma (letter S)

Esprit de Blois, see: Spiritus de Blois (letter S)

Esprit de Bosroger, see: Spiritus de Bossorogerio (letter S)

Esprit Sabbathier (fl. 17th cent.)

For Esprit, see also: Spiritus (letter S)

Esteban, see: Stephanus (Letter S)

Etienne, see: Stephanus (Letter S)

Eugenius de Sancto Josepho (Eugenio de San José, fl. c. 1700)

Eugenius Roger (Eugene Roger , fl. 17th cent.)

Eulogius Schneider (1756-1794)

Eusebius de Ancona (Fardini, d. 1569)

Eusebius González de Torres (fl. ca. 1725)

Eustachius Atrebatensis (de Arras [frater Huttacius/Huitacius]) (ca. 1225, Arras - 7, 08, 1291)

Eustachius de Curia (d. 1488)

Eustachius de Normanville (floruit ca. 1260)

Eustochia Calafato (Smeralda Calafato Colonna, 1434-1486) beata

Evangelista de Caunobio (Evangelista da Cannobio/Ferratina, 1511-1595)

Evangelista de Perusia

Evangelista Marcellino (1530-1593)






Eberhard Hillemann (d. 1490)

Franciscan friar and theologian from the Saxony province. Matriculated at Greifswald university in 1437 (where at that moment the University of Rostock had moved to, due to a conflict with the Council of Basel). In 1470, he issued the Tractatus de Justitia, written at the instigation of Nikolaus Lakmann, then provincial minister to overcome a personal and religious crisis (Kannemann named in the text as: 'provincie Saxonie minister meritissimus sacre theologie doctor egregius.'). The text also suggests that Eberhard had been or was at Erfurt at the time of the work's creation. A number of other texts in the same Rostock manuscript give an indication of Hillemann's disputation activities.

Later in life Eberhard was the successor of Nikolaus Lakmann as provincial minister and kept that position for ten years (1480-1490). He was involved with the reform of the Greifswald Franciscan friary, and led the provincial chapters of Bautzen (1482) and Stendal (1485). He was too ill to lead the provincial chapter of Breslau (1488), which was led by his representatives Nikolaus? and Johannes Roethaw. Hillemann weas a proponent of Observant reforms among Martinian lines, in line with the ideas of the late Matthias Döring and Nikolaus Lakmann.


Tractatus de Justitia: Rostock, Universitätsbibliothek, MS theol. 44, ff. 1ra-87rb (inc. Ego vere elongatus racionis a regula dimissis vijs salutaribus, heu ideo latorem legis eterne meritorie amare nequeo uti debeo, cum iusticias mandatorum divinorum non custodientes eiusdem dilectionis neque sunt... The work itself is divided into three themes (Justice of God, Derived Justice and Human Justice, spread over 7 sermones, each of which is again divided into three articuli: Justitia Dei, Sermo 1 (iustitia essentialis); Justitia Derivativa, Sermo 2 (justitia generalis), Sermo 3 (justitia legalis), Sermo 4 (justitia particularis); Justitia hominis, Sermo 5 (justitia regum et principum), Sermo 6 (justitia aulicorum et curiarum), Sermo 7 (jus dicere). Cf.

Quaestio (disputata) de eucharistia (a disputation from 1470, which dealt with a theme that kept theologians busy, witness the controvery on the Wilsnacker Wunderblut): Rostock, Universitätsbibliothek, MS theol. 44, ff. 97ra-101ra.

Quaestio (disputata) de circumcisione et baptismo: Rostock, Universitätsbibliothek, MS theol. 44, ff. 101r1-103vb.

Quaestio (disputata) de spiritibus angelicis: Rostock, Universitätsbibliothek, MS theol. 44, ff. 103vb-106ra.

Quaestio (disputata) de lege evangelica: Rostock, Universitätsbibliothek, MS theol. 44, ff. 106ra-107ra.

De matrimonio: Rostock, Universitätsbibliothek, MS theol. 44, ff. 107ra-vb.

Quaestio quodlibetalis de potentia intellectiva: Rostock, Universitätsbibliothek, MS theol. 44, ff. 108ra-vb.

Virtus omnium virtutum/Speculum humane fragilitatis: ?


Kurt Heydeck, Die mittelalterlichen Handschriften der Universitätsbibliothek Rostock (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2001), 235; Volker Honemann, ‘Die Reformbewegungen des 15. und frühen 16. Jahrhunderts in der Saxonia’, Geschichte der Sächsischen Franziskanerprovinz, 1: Von den Anfängen bis zur Reformation, ed. Volker Honemann (Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2015), 129-130 & passim; Volker Honemann, ‘Das mittelalterliche Schrifttum der Franziskaner der Sächsischen Ordensprovinz unter besonderer Berücksichtigung deutschsprachiger Zeugnisse’, in: Geschichte der Sächsischen Franziskanerprovinz, 1: Von den Anfängen bis zur Reformation, ed. Volker Honemann (Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2015), 663-664.





Eberhard Runge (fl. ca. 1530)

OFM. He joined the order in his adolescence and was immatriculated at Rostock University in 1518 as a member of the Hannover friary. He reached the magisterium and taught for a while theology at Rostock University before he was appointed provincial minister of the newly created Saxonia Sanctae Crucis province in 1524, after the division of the medieval Saxonia province. Following his three-year stint as provincial minister, he was active as a preacher. In that capacity he was in Hannover, as preacher at the Franciscan friary, which by then had already be secularised. Runge ridiculed reformatory preachers and partisans, apparently with permisson of the city council. Yet this drew out the ire of reformatory parties. Runge and all other Franciscan friars were forced to leave town. He transferred to Hildesheim, where he was at least active until the early to mid 1540s.


Karl Ernst Hermann Krause, ' Runge, Eberhard', Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie XXIX (1889), 682 f. & XXXIII (1891), 798; G. Gutowski, ‘Die Minderbrüder in Hannover’, in: Franziskanisches Leben im Mittelalter. Studien zur Geschichte der rheinischen und sächsischen Ordensprovinzen, ed. Dieter Berg, Saxonia Franciscana 3 (Werl, 1994), 93-110 (94); Klaus Mlynek,. 'Minoriten', Stadtlexikon Hannover: Von den Anfängen bis in die Gegenwart, ed. Klaus Mlynek & Waldemar R. Röhrbein (Hannover: Schlütersche, 2010), 444; Wer war wer in Mecklenburg und Vorpommern. Das Personenlexikon, ed. Grete Grewolls (Rostock: Hinstorff Verlag, 2011), 8411.





Edmund Baumann (1645-1731)

Controversy theologian, known for his battle with Adolf Frohne from Mulhausen concerning the nature of the Mass.


Ewald Müller, ‘Die literarische Fehde zwischen dem Franziskaner P. Edmund Baumann (1645-1731) und dem Superintendenten D. Johann Adolph Frohne zu Mühlhausen in Thüringen (1652-1713)’, Franziskanische Studien 10 (1923), 199-223.





Eleazar Horn (ca. 1690-1744)

OFM. German friar. Entered the Franciscan Recollects in the Sank Elisabet province of Thüringen. He finished his theological education by 1716. Eight years later, in 1724, he departed for Palestine. Following a short sojourn on Cyprus, he arrived in Jerusalem by October of that year. Between May and August 1725, he was the guardian of the Holy Sepulcre monastery. Then, in January 1726, he became the organist of the Ain Karem community. In 1727, he returned to Jerusalem, where he stayed for more or less a decade, aside from a short stay at Belen in 1731-1732. After another stint at Ain Karem, Eleazea returned for a while to Germany, but he was back in Palestine a few years later. In 1743, he could be found in Gallilea and especiall at Nazareth, where he measured and drew medieval monuments. In 1744, while at St. John of Acre, he had a stroke and died on 28 November. Known for his Ichnographiae, locorum et monumentorum veterum Terrae Sanctae, which depicts many old monuments and which itself was partly based on and inspired by the two-volume Historica, theologica et moralis Terrae Sanctae Elucidatio, compied by his fellow Franciscan Franciscus Quaresimi. (Antwerp, 1634-1639). Counter to Quaresimi’s work, Eleazar’s Ichnographiae remained unpublished until the 1902 edition made by Golubovich.


Ichnographiae, locorum et monumentorum veterum Terrae Sanctae, ed. H. Golubovich (Rome: Typis Sallustianis, 1902). This edition was re-issued with an English translation in Jerusalem, 1962.


See, aside from the information given in the introduction in Golubovich edition of the Ichnographiae especially LThK, 1st ed. V, 146; A. Aros, ‘Carta inédita de Elzeario Horn, O.F.M. (1737)’, AFH 68 (1975), 207-215; R. Aubert, ‘Horn’, DHGE XXIV, 1126-1127; Ely Schiller, Jerusalem in the Eighteenth Century in the Account of Eleazar Horn, 1724-1744 (Jerusalem: Ariel, 1988).





Elemosina Gualdensis (Johannes Elemosina, ca. 1280-1339)

Italian Friar Minor from Umbria. Member of the Gualdo friary around 1330. He also lived for some time in Assisi and might heve sojourned in the Holy Land province. He is the author of a rather peculiar regional world chronicle, with a specific emphasis on Umbria. The chronicle starts with the creation but only starts to provide more detailed information when it deals with the Roman Empire. The author uses a wealth of sources (chronicles travel stories, theological treatises), among which figure a series of specific works of Franciscan and non-Franciscan long distance travelleres, such as Marco Polo, Orderico of Pordenone, John of Montecorvino and Andreas of Perugia). Elemosina's chronicle is organized around a large number of 'key figures' who carry the historical narrative. The chronicle is also interesting for the way it presents events from different perspectives. It is spare in its use of dates and it repeatedly looks backwards or forwards in time. Elimosina's text shares this rather innovative or in any case not very common way of organizing its materials with the Franciscan chronicle of Paolo of Gualdo/Anonymus Umber (cf. Vauchez, `Fratri Minori, eremitismo e santità laica, 274-5), yet another Franciscan chronicler from Umbria, who seemingly was a major source of inspiration for Elemisina. However, Elemosina's chronicle is far more erudite, more latinate, and covers a larger geographical area (including Palestine). In that sense, Elemosina's chronicle is much more a world chronicle than the far more regional chronicle of Paolo/Anonymus Umber. Elimosina's chronicle has survived in two autograph manuscripts, and in a rather strange sixteenth-century forgery surviving in two texts and ascribed to Giovanni di Capistrano (MS Rome, Bibl. Vat. Fonds Chigi I, VII, 262; MS Rome, Bibl. Corsini, 776 (39 G2)). Thus far, Elimosina's text has not been edited in full. It has received soms serious scholarly attention from Ruggero Guerrieri, François Fossier and Isabelle Heullant-Donat.


Cronica: MS Assisi, Bibl. Comunale. 341; MS Paris Bibl. Nat. fonds latin 5006 [A thorough reworking by the author himself.]


Fragments of the work have been included in Girolamo Golubovich (ed.), Biblioteca bio-bibliografica della Terra Santa e dell'Oriente Francescano, I & II (1906, 1913) passim; F. Antonelli, `Elogium S. Antonii de Padua, auctore frate Elemosina (circa an. 1336)’, Antonianum, 6 (1931), 383; Vauchez, `Frati minori...', 303-304 (on St. Maio and St. Marzio). I. Heullant-Donat gives several passages her doctoral dissertation Ab Origine Mundi and in other studies mentioned below.


Sbaralea, Supplementum, I, 60-61 (Anonymus Italus XV); Ruggero Guerrieri, 'Le cronache e le agiografie francescane medioevali Gualdesi ed i loro rapporti con altre cronache et leggende agiografiche umbre’, Miscellanea Francescana 33 (1933) 198-241; François Fossier, 'Les chroniques de fra Paolo da Gualdo et de fra Elemosina. Premières tentatives historiographiques en Ombrie’, Mélanges de l'école française de Rome. Moyen Age-Temps Modernes. 89 (1977) 411-483; G. Mazzatinti (ed.), Inventari dei manoscritti delle biblioteche d'Italia, IV, Forlì 1894, 77-78, no. 341; André Vauchez, `Frati minori, eremitismo e santità laica: Le `vite' dei santi Maio (m. 1270 ca.) e Marzio (m. 1301) di Gualdo Tadino', in: Idem, Ordini mendicanti e società italiana xiii-xv secolo (Milan, 1990), 274-305; C. Manetti, `Acri 1291', Quaderni Medioevali, 33 (1992), 163-172; I. Heullant-Donat, Ab Origine Mundi. Fra Elemosina e Paolino da Venezia. Deux Franciscains Italiens et l'histoire universelle au xive siècle, Thèse pour le doctorat ès-lettres, 3 Vols. (Paris, 1994)>>>; Enzo Coli, `Perdita della Terrasanta e abolizione dell'Ordine Templare nella Cronaca di fra Elemosina ofm', in: La fine della presenza degli Ordini militari in Terra Santa e i nuovi orientamenti nel XIV secolo. Atti del II Convegno Internazionale di Studi di Perugia-Magione, ottobre 1991, ed. F. Tommasi, Biblioteca di Militia Sacra 1 (Ponte San Giovnni-Perugia, 1996), 181-193; Roger Aubert, ‘Johannes Elemosina’, DHGE XXVII, 1370; Isabelle Heullant-Donat, ‘Livres et éctrits de mémoire du premier XIV siècle: Le cas des autographes de Fra Elemosina’, in: Libro, scrittura, documento della civiltà monastica e conventuale nel Basso Medioevo (secoli XIII-XV). Atti del Convegno dell’Associazione italiana dei paleografi e dei diplomatisti, ed. Giuseppe Avarucci -Rosa Maria Borraccini verducci - Giammario Borri (Spoleto, 1999), 239-262>> `sono ricondotti a Elemosinaa vari manoscritti legati da diverso rapporto alla figura del francescanesimo: Assisi Biblioteca Comunale 341 & 427; Parigi BNF lat. 5006; Vat.Lat. 5417 & 7853. I primi tre recano esplicite formule di ex-dono; inoltre il ms. 341 di Assisi, i due esemplari vaticano e quello paarigino conservano testi di cui Elemosina pare essere l’autore o il compilatore…; Andrea Sommerlechner, ‘Kaiser Friedrich II. in der Weltkronik des umbrischen Minoriten Fra Elemosina (1335/1336)’, Römische Historische Mitteilungen 39 (1997), 197-275; Isabelle Heullant-Donat, ‘Livres et écrits de mémoire du premier XIVe siècle: Le cas des autographes de fra Elemonisa’, in: Libro, scrittura, documento della civiltà monastica e conventuale nel basso medioevo (secoli XIII-XV). Atti del Convegno di studio Fermo (17-19 settembre 1997), ed. G. Avarucci, R.M. Borraccini Verducci & G. Borri (Spoleto: Centro Italiano di Studi sull’Alto Medioevo, 1999), 239-262+ XXVI tables; Repertorium fontium historiae medii aevi primum ab Augusto Potthast digestum, nunc cura collegii historicum e pluribus nationibus emendatum et auctum, XI Vols (Rome: Istituto Storico Italiano per il Medio Evo, 1962-2007) XI/3-4, 441f.; Isabelle Heullant-Donat, ‘L'historiographe, le faussaire et la truffe: Les falsifications d'Alfonso Ceccarelli sur les chroniques de fra Elemosina’, in: Écritures de l'histoire: (XIVe - XVIe siècle). Actes du colloque Centre Montaigne Bordeaux, 19 - 21 septembre 2002, ed. Danielle Bohler & Catherine Magnien-Simonin, Travaux d'humanisme et renaissance, 406 (Geneva, 2005), 219-237.





Electus Betsch (Electus von Laufenburg, 1600-1672)

OFMCap. Swiss friar. Entered the order in 1618. Active as preacher among Venetian troops in Candia and Crete between 1655 and 1656. Also active as a missionary in Asia Minor? Guardian of Laufenburg around 1668? Together with Ambrosius Rein von Altheim (d. 1663), he composed on request of the provincial authorities the first official annals of the Swiss Capuchin province, from its beginnings until 1650. Several continuations followed.


Annalium Capuccinorum Provinciae Helveticae brevis Series a Elektus Betsch von Laufenburg: Provinzarchiv Schweizer Kapuziner Luzern, MS 116.


Provinz-Annalen von P. Electus von Laufenburg, in: Collectanea Helvetico-Franciscana (1940)? Needs to be checked.

Cf. Chronicon Provinciae Helveticae O.S.P. Francisci Capucinorum ex annalibus eiusem Provinciae manuscriptis (Solodor: Schwendimann Verlag).


Bernardus de Bononia, Bibliotheca Scriptorum OFMCap, 77; Rocco da Cesinale, Storia delle missioni OOO, 124-126; Die schweizerische Kapuzinerprovinz. Ihr Werden und Wirken (Einsiedeln, 1928), 275, 344, 377, 390; DHE VIII, 1261; Lexicon Capuccinum, 528.





Electus Zwinner (fl. 17th cent.)

Author of a Blumenbuch des H. Lands (Munich: Wilhelm Schell, 1661). It is a geography and history of the Holy Land and the role of the Franciscan order there.





Eleuterius Albergoni (Eleuterio Albergoni, c. 1560-1636)

OFMConv. Italian friar from Milan and famous preacher. Provincial minister of Lombardy, counsellor of the Inquisition, advisor of Cardinal Conti, regent of the Milan San Francesco theological gymnasium, and penitentiary of Milan Cathedral. Was appointed bishop of Monte-Marano (Kingdom of Naples) by Pope Paul V on 29 Oct. 1611, a position that he kept for 25 years. Theological author.


Resolutio doctrinae scoticae, in qua Doctor Subtilis circa singulas, quas exagitat quaestiones sentiat, et si oppositum alii opinentur, brevibus ostenditur (...) (Padua: Paulus Meiettus, 1593; Lyon: Jean Amati Candy, 1643). [short manual for the students of the Milan gymnasium, produced when Eleuterio was regent of that institution. Highly pedagogical] The 1593 and 1643 editions are available via Google Books.

Concordanza de gli Euangelii correnti nelle cinque domeniche di Quadragesima con il cantico della Beata Vergine, esposto in cinque Lettioni (...) (Milan: Pacifico Pontio, 1594). Available via Google Books.

Commentarium in Psalmos>>>

Commentarium super Magnificat (Milan, 1598; Rome, 1631).

Sermoni fatti all'occasione delle Quaranta Hore (Milan: Pacifico Pontio, 1598). This edition is available via Google Books [under the title Tre trattati della gratitudine, et ingratitudine; dell'allegrezza]

Connexio evangeliorum quadragesimalium et psalmorum F. Eleuterii Albergoni (...) Additis concionibus sabbathorum de excellentiis B. Mariae ex evangeliis, et cantico virginali (...) (Rome: Guglielmo Faciotti, 1631). Available via Google Books.

Predica del modo di lodare et essaltare Dio nella catedra sopra l'Evangelo (...) (Milan, 1594-1598/Rome: Stefano Paolini, 1606/Rome, 1631). The 1606 edition is available via Google Books.

Discorso di Fra Eleuterio Albergoni (...) L'Eclissato Innominato sopir'Igiorno della Pasqua Rosata (Parma: Viviani, 1604).

Prediche per le domeniche dell'Avento, e per le feste del Sagro Natale del Signore. Composte, e dette in S. Pietro di Roma, & in altri luoghi (Naples, Dominico Roncagliolo, ?/Naples: Francesco Savio, 1631). The 1631 edition is available via Google Books.


Giovanni Franchini, Bibliosofia e memorie letterarie di scrittori Francescani conventuali Ch'hanno scritto dopo 'Anno 1585 (Modena: Eredi Soliani Stampatori, 1693), 165-166; Hurter, Nomenclator III, 645; Argellati, Bibliotheca Scriptorum Mediolanensium I, 16 & II, 1934; Mazzucchelli, Gli scrittori d’Italia I, i, 284-285; P. Arcari, ‘Albergoni’, DHGE I (1912), 1399; DThC I (1902), 660.





Elias de Bourdeilles (ca.1410-1484, Artannes, near Tours)

Born at Agonac, at the castle of Bourdeilles, as the fifth son of the royal Seneschal of Périgord, Arnaud de Bourdeille, he entered the Franciscan order at Périgueux and studied theology, first at the studium of Périgueux, and subsequently at Toulouse. Became doctor in theology at Toulouse University. Taught Sacred Scripture at the Franciscan convent of Mirepoix. He became bishop of Périgueux in 1437 [1447?], more or less against his will, but at the outright request of Eugenius IV (who therewith confirmed the wishes of the Périgueux canons). He remained bishop there until 1468. Active at the council of Basel. Archbishop of Tours between 1468 and 1484. He helped enlarge and embellish the Cathedral and created the St. Gatien library. Also involved with the construction of the church of Ste Catherine de Fierbois. Because of his blameles conduct, he counted as a model prelate, who succeeded to keep on good friends with royal and papal authorities even when the pragmatic sanction of Bourges caused great conflicts between the crown and the papacy. Elias defended papal and anticonciliar positions, which shows in his work (such as his treatise Pro Pragmaticæ Sanctionis Abrogatione (Rome, 1486)), but was also active in the rehabilitation process of Jeanne d'Arc, which helped to deserve the esteem of King Charles VII and Louis XI of France. The latter made him into his confessor and chaplain, a position which he kept even when the conflict around the sanction of Bourges was renewed. Made Cardinal on 15 November 1483. Shortly after his death, on 5 July 1484, Elias was already regarded a saint and he received a life by a secretary and confessor Peter of Bois-Morrin (1485/1490). Yet he was never canonized, not withstanding serious efforts to this effect in the sixteenth century.


Contra Pragmaticam Gallorum Sanctionem/Pro Pragmaticae Sanctionis Abrogatione (Rome: Eucharius Silber, before 1486/Toulouse, 1518). The 1486 edition is available via the digital collections of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Munich.

Defensorium Concordatorum Subtilis (...) Tractatus (...) nusquam cis Alpes caracteribus impresoriis antehac redaetus (Paris: Durand Gerlier, circa 1520/Paris: Durand Gerlier & François Regnault, s.d.[between 1520 and 1529]/ Paris: [Guillaume de Bossozel]-Jean Petit, circa 1530). This work was repeatedly reprinted with the concordats of Leon X and King François I of France.

Considération sur la Pucelle de France>>> a plea for the canonisation of Jeanne d’Arc, written after he was asked by the French King Charles VII to join a committee that was to re-evaluate the process of Jeanne d’Arc. Elias’ Consideration later became a basis for papal investigations that would eventually lead to Jeanne’s sanctification.


Jean Louis Chalmel, Histoire de Touraine jusqu'à l'année 1790 (Paris-Tours: Fournier-Mame, 1828) III, 461; B.Th. Poüan, Le saint cardinal Hélie de Bourdeille, 2 Vols. (Neuville-sous-Montreuil, 1900); Gesamtkatalog der Wiegendrucke IV, no. 4966; P. Calendini, ‘Bourdeille’, DHGE X, 148-149; Robert-Henri Bautier, 'Bourdeille, Élie de, Erzbischof von Tours (1468 /um 1410/13-1484)', Lexikon des Mittelalters II (1983), 509; H. Müller, Die Franzosen, Frankreich und das Basler Konzil (Paderborn, 1990), 683.





Elias de Cortona (Elia da Cortona, ca. 1180-1253, Cortona)

Disciple of Francis and second minister general of the order. Was a missionary and later provincial minister in the new province of Syria. Accompagnied Francis back to Italy and became his vicarius. Was important for the organization of the order, in close cooperation with cardinal Hugolino (for instance in the proces leading to the Regula Bullata). Played an important role in the creation of a messianistic image of Francis (letters, creation of the basilica in Assisi). As a minister general he became a controversial figure. Though he was not without education himself, and promoted the education of Franciscan friars, he represented the lay element in the order. This, as well as his behavior as minister general (arrogance, transgressions of the rule (poverty), at least if we can believe the biassed sources from later date), created much antagonist feelings, especially among the clerical friars. Became active in the peace talks between Frederick II and Gregory IX, but was soon accused of sympathizing with the emperor. He was deposed in 1239, and, after his flight to Frederick's court, excommunicated. He reconciled himself with Church and order shortly before his death.



>>alchemical works??


Paul Sabatier, ‘Examen de la Vie de frère Elie du Speculum Vitae, suivi de trois fragments inédits’, in: Idem, Opuscules de critique historique II, 165-209; Daniele Primo Dallari, Il dramma di Frate Elia (Milan, 1974); G. Barone, `Frate Elia', BISI, 85 (1974/75); Dieter Berg, `Elias von Cortona', Wissenschaft und Weisheit, 41 (1978), 102-126; Daniele Dallari, ‘Le relazioni di Frate Elia con s. Antonio di Padova’, Il Santo 19 (1979), 57-66; J. Wiener, Bauskulptur von S. Francesco, Franziskanische Forschungen, 37 (Werl, 1991); Helmut Feld, ‘Elias von Cortona’, in: Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart II (4th ed.), 1215; Felice Accrocca, ‘Un apocrifo la ‘Lettera enciclica di frate Elia sul transito di S. Francesco’?’, Collectanea Franciscana 65 (1995), 473-509; Giulia Barone, ‘Brother Elias revisited’, Greyfriars Review 13 (1999), Suppl. 1-18; Vincenzo Granata, San Francesco d’ Assisi nel suo ideale, nel suo stile , nei sui eredi. Frate Elia suo vicario per venti anni, guida del Movimento del Santo Patriarca (Marigliano (Naples): Edizioni L.E.R., 1999); Giulia Barone, Da Frate Elia agli spirituali, Fonti e ricerche 12 (Milan, 1999); Filippo Venuti, Vita di Frate Elia da Cortona, ed. Edoardo Mori, Accademia Etrusca, Cortona, Fonti e testi, 7 (Florence: Leo S. Olschki, 2002) [cf. review in Frate Francesco n.s. 70 (2004), 240f]; Pietro Messa, Frate Elia da Assisi a Cortona. Storia di un passaggio, Cortona Francescana, 2 (Cortona: Academia Etrusca, 2005) [cf. review in CF 77 (2007), 416-418]; Giulia Barone, ‘Elias von Cortona und Franziskus’, in: Franziskus von Assisi: Das Bild des Heiligen aus neuer Sicht, ed. Dieter R. Bauer, Helmut Feld & Ulrich Köpf, Beihefte zum Archiv für Kulturgeschichte, heft 54 (Cologne-Weimar-Vienna: Böhlau Verlag, 2005), 183-194; Franco Prosperi, Gioacchino da Fiore e frate Elia. Dalle sculture simboliche del Duomo di Assisi ai primi dipinti della Basilica di San Francesco (Spello: Dimensione grafica, 2007); Marco Bartoli, ‘Da frate Elia a Giovanni da Parma’, in: Giovanni da Parma e la grande speranza. Atti del III Convegno storico di Greccio, 3-4 dicembre 2004, ed. Alvaro Cacciotti & Maria Melli, Biblioteca di Frate Francesco, 5 (Rome: Centro Culturale Aracoelo - Milan, Edizioni Biblioteca Francescana, 2008); Franziskus-Quellen. Die Schriften des Heiligen Franziskus, Lebensbeschreibungen, Chroniken und Zeugnisse über ihn und seinen Orden, ed. Dieter Berg, Leonhard Lehmann et al., Zeugnisse des 13. und 14. Jahrhunderts zur Franziskanischen Bewegung, Band 1 (Kevelaer: Butzon & Bercker, Ed. T. Coelde, 2009), notably J. Schlageter, ‘Rundschreiben des Br. Elias’, 180-186; Frate Egidio d'Assisi: atti dell'Incontro di studio in occasione del 750o anniversario della morte (1262-2012): Perugia, 30 giugno 2012, Figure e temi francescani, 1 (Spoleto: CISAM, 2014); Elia di Cortona tra realtà e mito: atti dell'Incontro di studio: Cortona, 12-13 luglio 2013, Figure e temi francescani, 2 (Spoleto: CISAM, 2014) [with a number of interesting essays by Giulia Barone, Jacques Dalarun, Felice Accrocca, Maria Pia Alberzoni, Filippo Sedda, Claudia Sebastiana Nobili, Paolo Capitanucci, Michele Pellegrini, Fulvio Cervini and Antonio Rigon]; Salvatore Attal, Frate Elia compagno di San Francesco, ed. (Rome: Edizoni Mediterranee, 2016) [which also includes an essay by Anna Maria Partini on the alchemical interests of Elias].





Eligius Bassaei (Eloi de la Bassée/Facon, fl. mid 17th cent.)

OFMCap. Belgian friar from Artois. Born around 1585/1590. First joined the regular canons of Cifoin but later transferred to the Capuchins (French-Belgian province), where he made his profession late November 1630. Subsequently active as a theology lector at several Capuchin study house of Belgium/Northern France. Died in 1670 in the friary of Lille at the age of 85. Know for his theological summa, the Flores Theologiæ practicæ, tum Sacramentalis, tum Moralis.


P.F. Eligii Bassaei ordinis FF. Minorum S. Francisci Capucinorum ... Flores totius theologiae practicae tum sacramentalis, tum moralis (Douai, 1639/Antwerp: Petrus Bellerius, 1643/Antwerp: Petrus Bellerius, 1648/Antwerp: apud Hieronymum & Ioan. Bapt. Verdussen, 1659). The Antwerp editions are available via Google Books

Flores Theologiæ practicæ, tum Sacramentalis, tum Moralis: in dvos tomos distributi. Tomus secundus incipiens a litera I usque ad X, Editio ultima novissimè recognitâ, & in meliorem, ac faciliorem usum redacta (...) (Lyon: Jerome de la Garde, 1663). Available via Google Books.

Supplementum ad Flores flores theologiae practicae tum sacraementalis tum moralis (...), 2 Vols. (Lyon: Laurent Anisson-Jean-Baptiste Devenet, 1658/Lyon, 1663/Venice, 1690). At least in part available via Google Books.

An abbreviation of the Flores Theologiæ practicæ was made by the Capuchin friar Gregorio de Salamanca: Compendium Summae R.P. Eligii Bassaei (...) (Lyon, 1674).


Bernardinus de Bononia, Bibliotheca Scriptorum OFMCap, 77; Mémoires pour servir à l'histoire littéraire des dix-sept provinces des Pays-Bas de la principaut de Liege et de quelques contrées voisines (Louvain: Imprimerie Academique, 1767) X, 182; Sbaralea, Supplementum I, 240; DThCat IV, 2349; Hildebrand van Hooglede, De Kapucijnen in de Nederlanden en het prinsbisdom Luik, 10 Vols. (Antwerpen: Archief der Kapucijnen, 1945-1956) IV, 132; Lexicon Capuccinum, 528





Elisius Bergomensis (Eliseo da Bergamo/Pesenti/Pesanti/Elisius Pesentius, 1564-1637)

OFMCap. Member of the Bergamo province. Joined the order after he had already been ordained priest. Taught Hebrew at university (?) for thirty years and was a productive preacher (also involved with conversionary preaching towards Jews). Left behind several works on Hebrew grammar and lexicography, as well as exegetical works. Unclear as to whether any of these works were ever printed.


Conciones quadragesimalesCopy in the Capuchin library of Brescia?

Sal Elisei viri diuini, sive Dictionarium Hebraicum studio,atg, labore F. Elisei Pesenti Bergomario Capuccini Theologi confectum in quatuor Tomos disectum (1613).

Fauus mellis ex floribus delibatis Horti clausi, seu Grammatica hebraea, Lectore, & opifice F. Eliseo Pesente Bergomate Capuccino Theologo Oratore Ecclesiastico

Cabala Proselyta & Cana

Anatomia alphabeti hebraici, addita Physica pronunciationis, & ratione symbolica litterarum . Present in the archoves of the Capuchin friary of Bergamo?

Lectiones de antiquitate, nobilitate, necessitate, ac facilitate sanctae linguae

Canones Grammaticales una cum Scripturalibus advertentiis ad legitimam S. Scripturae intelligentiam

Tropi, figurae, & Schemata Linguae Sanctae

Phrases communes & vulgares, & Claves sacrorum arcanorum atque mysteriorum

Methodus ad difficultates scripturales dissolvendas, additis variis observationibus

Paraenesis ad Doctores & Discipulos Hebraeorum

Commentaria litteralia super Psalmos

to be continued


Donato Calvi, Scena letteraria degli scrittori Bergamaschi (Bergamo: Per li Figliuoli di Marc' Antonio Rossi, 1664) II, 121ff.; Dionysio Da Genova, Bibliotheca scriptorum ordinis minorum S. Francisci Capuccinorum retexta, 78; Bernardo di Bologna, Bibliotheca Scriptorum Ordinis Minorum Capuccinorum (Venice, 1747), 78 ; Sbaralea, Supplementum I, 242; Juan de San Antonio, Bibliotheca Universa Franciscana I, 326-327; Pellegrino, Annali dell'ordine dei Frati Minori Cappuccini I, 252; Valdemiro, I conventi ed i Cappuccini bergamaschi: memorie storiche (1883), 80-82; Lexicon Capuccinum, 528.





Elisius Bellagranda (Eliseo di Bellagrande/Elisio d'Oriano, 1608-1672)

OFMCap. Italian friar from Oriano. Took the habit in the Brescia province. Already a doctor in utroque jure before his entrance in the order at the age of 17, he received an additional training in philosophy and theology. Active as a theology lector/professor, preacher, guardian, definitor and provincial (1665-1668). He died at the Verolanuova friary, where he was a theology lector, on 19 September, 1672. In the course of his teaching assignments, he wrote various works.


Compendiosa Rerum Criminalium Methodus Theoretice Simul ac Practice Digesta (Venice: Gian Pietro Antonio Bregonzi, 1672).

Quaestiones Criminales in Stylo Scholastico Digestae, 2 Vols. >>never edited?


Bernardo di Bologna, Bibliotheca Scriptorum Ordinis Minorum Capuccinorum (Venice, 1747), 77-78; Sbaralea, Supplementum III, 218; Juan de San Antonio, Bibliotheca Universa Franciscana I, 326; Valdemiro, Cappuccini Bergamaschi, 149; Vincenzo Peroni, Biblioteca bresciana opera postuma di Vincenzo Peroni patrizio, 2 Vols. (Brescia: Bettoni, 1818), 110; V. Bonari, I conventi ed i cappuccini Bresciani (Milan, 1891), 149; A. Teetaert, ‘Bellagrande’, DHGE VII, 795-796; LexCap, 528-529 (with some additional bibliographical references)





Eloisius Harduinus (Eloy Herdouin de Saint-Jacques, 1612?-1699)

OFMRec.French spiritual author.


L'Empire de Jésus-Christ souffrant dans les coeurs, dans toute son estendue (Paris: Florentin Lambert, 1650/E. Couterot, 1654).

Selections of his works have been included in La vie mystique chez les franciscains du dix-septième siècle. Tome I, ed. Dominique Tronc, Collection Sources mystiques (Mers-sur-Indre: Paroisse et Famille-Centre Saint-Jean-de-la-Croix, 2014).





Elias de Nabinal (Elias de Nabinaux, ca. 1295-1348)

French friar. Probably born in Nabinaud (Périgueux diocese) around 1295 or shortly thereafter. Entered the Franciscan order in the Aquitaine province. Studied theology within the provincial school network, and became provincial minister of Aquitaine (1325-1328. Cf. also BF V, n. 596, in which pope John XXII thanks him for prayers on his behalve on th 1325 provincial chapter). After 1328, he embarked on his theology degree studies at Paris. He was Baccalaureus Sententiarum when pope John XXII asked his help (6 February 1329, cf. BF V, n. 765) to confine Francis of Ascoli (Francis de Marchia, who was sympathising with Michael of Cesena and Louis of Bavari). On 1 May, 1331, the pope intervened to grant Elias the magisterium (BF V, n. 908), and on 16 November 1332, pope John XXII appointed him to the archepiscopal see of Nicosia, Cyprus (cf. BF V, n. 999). On Cyprus, Elias proved to be an (over?)active prelate, re-inforcing episcopal statutes, and fighting schismatic elements. On 12 July 1342, pope Clement VI bestowed on him patriarchal see of Jerusalem, a position he fulfilled alongside of his epicopal duties in Nicosia (BF VI, n. 141), and on 20 September 1342, pope Clement VI made him titular cardinal of Saint-Vital. In that quality, he attended the Franciscan general chapter of Marseille (June 1343). He also went to Avignon, to assist in the reconciliation of Francis of Ascoli (1 December 1343. Cf. BF VI, 150). He apparently also played a role in the controversy concerning the Beatific Vision. He died at Avignon on 13 January 1348. Aside from a Sentences commentary, Elias wrote several works of moral theology (such as a treatise De Vita Contemplativa), and a commentary on the Apocalypse. It remains unclear as to whether these works have survived.


Wadding, Scriptores. 73; Sbaralea, Supplementum. I. 240; Stegmüller, RB. II. no. 2232; G. Golubovich, Biblioteca bio-bibliografica della Terra Santa III (Quaracchi, 1919), 394-404; U. Betti, I Cardinali dell’Ordine dei Frati Minori (Rome, 1963), 36; H. Dedieu, ‘Les ministres provinciaux d’Aquitaine (…)’, AFH 74 (1981)>>; Clément Schmitt, 'Nabinal (Elie de).' Dict. de Spir..XI. Paris, 1982. 1; Chris Schabel, ‘Elias of Nabinaux, Archbishop of Nicosia, and the Intellectual History of Later Medieval Cyprus’, Cahiers de l'Institut du Moyen Age Grec et Latin 68 (1998), 35-52; Chris Schabel, ‘Archbishop Elias and the Synodicum Nicosiense’, Annuarium Historiae Conciliorum 32 (2000); Chris Schabel, Greeks, Latins, and the Church in Early Frankish Cyprus, Variorum Collected Studies Series, CS949 (Ashgate, 2010) [with several essays on Elias of Nabinal, such as ‘Elias of Nabinaux, archbishop of Nicosia, and the intellectual history of later medieval Cyprus’ VIII, 35-52].

With thanks to Prof.dr. Chris Schabel





Emanuele de Domodossola (Emanuele Princisecchi/Emanuello da Domodossola, 1710-1802)

OFMCap. Member of the Roman province. Held the position of Postulator Generalis pro Causis Sanctorum and as consultant for the Sacred Congregation of Indulgences and Holy Relics. Known for a number of apologetical works.


Dissertazioni in forma di dialoghi intorno a vari dogmi cattolici per dimostrarne la loro verità contro li cosi detti Spiriti Forti e specialmente contro li seguaci degli errori di Voltaire (...), 3 Vols. (Varallo-Rome: Paolo Giunchi, 1780-1784). First two volumes accessible via and via Google Books.

Della Chiesa e della Gerarchia ecclesiastica (Rome, 1788).


Bernardinus de Bononia, Bibliotheca Scriptorum OFMCap Appendix, 19; Valdemiro Bonari, I Cappuccini della Provincia milanese dalla sua fondazione, 2 Vols. (Crema: Tip. S. Pantaleone di Luigi Meleri, 1898) I, 517-520; Emanuel d'Alençon, Bibliotheca Mariana, 21; Italia Francescana 14 (1939), 217; Lexicon Capuccinum (1951), 534-535 (with additional bibliographical references).





Emanuel de Francavilla (Emanuele Martina/da Francavilla Fontana, fl. 18th cent.)

OFMCap. Member of the Puglia province. Order historian.


Istoria cronologica dei Cappuccini della Provincia di Otranto (1730), edited as: Cronaca dei Cappuccini di Puglia, ed. Antonio da Sigliano (Bari, 1941). On pp. xvii-xxiii of the edition more info is found on the author.


Salvatore da Valenzano, I cappuccini nelle Puglie: memorie storiche, 1530-1926 (Bari: La tipografia, 1926), 295, 479; Lexicon Capuccinum, 535.





Emanuel de Jaen (Manuel de Jaén, 1676-1739)

OFMCap. Spanish friar. Popular missionary in the Spanish realm, author. Took the habit in the Alcalá de Henares friary (Madrid) on 4 June 1697 in the Capuchin Castilla province. Was ordained priest in 1704. Fulfilled several charges as guardian, and became heavily involved with preaching, confession and religious instruction rallies in villages around Toledo, León, Valladolid, Castilla la Nueva and Tierra de Campos. Also known for his devotion to prayer and spiritual retreat. He died in Valladolid on November 11, 1739. He wrote a range of confessional, historical, and meditational works that had considerable success.


Instrucción utilísima y fácil para confesar particular y generalmente, y prepararse y recibir la sagrada Comunión (Madrid, 1718). Many more editions followed. See for instance: Instrucción para confesar particular y generalmente, y prepararse a recibir la Sagrada Comunión : se descubren muchos defectos por [los] que se hacen malas confesiones ... con la vida de su autor, el P. fray Manuel de Jaén (Madrid, 1723)/Instrucción para confesar particular y generalmente, y prepararse a recibir la Sagrada Comunión : se descubren muchos defectos por [los] que se hacen malas confesiones ... con la vida de su autor, el P. fray Manuel de Jaén (Madrid: Madrid Imp. de la Compañía de Impresores y Libreros del Reino, 1850).

More info to follow


Bernardus de Bononia, Bibliotheca Scriptorum OFMCap, 79; Juan de San Antonio, Bibliotheca Universa Franciscana I, 330; Andrés de Palazuelo, Vitalidad seráfica. Los franciscanos capuchinos de Castilla. Colección de biografías, 2 Vols. Madrid: Bruno del Amo, 1931), I, 258-261; Lexicon Capuccinum (1951), 535 (with some additional bibliographical references); DSpirX, 233-234.





Emanuel de Vivario (Emanuele de Viviers, d. 1738)

OFMCap. Member of the Toulouse province. Astronomer and member of the Academy of Sciences in Toulouse as well as corresponding member of the Royal Academy of Sciences of Paris.


Cadran astronomique, géographique et lunaire (Toulouse: N. Caranove fils et J. Salabert, 1737). Accessible via

Calendrier perpetuel, plus exact que tous ceux qui ont paru jusqu'à présent. Dans lequel on trouvera les espactes corrigées par des observations très-exactes de lunaisons qu'on a remarquées dans le ciel depuis plusieurs années, souvent differentes de celles qu'on trouve dans les tables astronomiques. (...) Par le P. Emmanuel de Viviers, predicateur capucin & correspondant de l'Academie Royale des Sciences de Paris, 3rd. Ed. (Toulouse: Veuve de F.S. Henault, 1723). This edition is accessible via Google Books.

Extrait du Mercure de France ... du mois d'août 1728. Réponse à la critique du calandrier du P. Emmanuel de Viviers capucin, aux auteurs des Mémoires de Trévoux (Toulouse: Guillaume Cavelier, 1728).

Recueil des Mémoires curieux du P. Emmanuel (...) concernant l'Astronomie, l'Optique (...) (Paris, 1725/Paris, 1728).


Lexicon Capuccinum (1951), 142, 535 (with some additional bibliographical references to older literature); Jean-Michel Faidit, 'Le cadran astronomique, géographique et lunaire du Père Emmanuel de Viviers (1737)', in: Proceedings of the XXth International Congress of History of Science (Liège, 20-26 July 1997)= Theme issue of Scientific Instruments and Museums, 16 (Turnhout: Brepols, 2002), 109-141.





Emmanuele Orchi (Emmanuele da Como, fl. mid 17th cent.)

OFMCap. Member of the Milan province and active as lector, provincial definitor and preacher. Apparently one of the most renowned preachers of his time. Died during one of his preaching journeys on the Island of Procida near Naples, in 1649. His Prediche Quaresimali went through a number of editions, both in Latin and in the vernacular. He also left behind other homiletic, theological and philosophical works, as well as religious poetry. His sermon collections have been studied in the 1954 study of Giovanni Pozzi


Prediche quaresimali del Padre F. Emanuele Orchi da Como Predicatore Capuccino (Venice: Giunti & Baba, 1650/Venice, 1656/Venice: Paolo Baglioni, 1666). The 1650 edition is available via the digital collections of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Munich. The 1666 edition is available via Google Books]

Conciones annuales, sive discursus praedicabiles in omnes dominicas per totum annum et Quadragesimam Nunc linguae Latinae summo studio pulcherrime donati per P.F. Brunonem Neuser (...) (Mainz: Joannis Arnoldus Cholinus, 1568). Available via Google Books.


Bernardus de Bononia, Bibliotheca Scriptorum OFMCap, 79; Sbaralea, Supplementum I, 243; Juan de San Antonio, Bibliotheca Universa Franciscana I, 332; G.B. Giovi, Gli uomini della Comasca diocesi illustri (1784), 161, 413; Valdemiro Bonari, I Cappuccini della Provincia milanese dalla sua fondazione, 2 Vols. (Crema: Tip. S. Pantaleone di Luigi Meleri, 1898) II, 112-114; Francesco Zanotti, Storia della predicazione nei secoli della letteratura italiana (Modena: tip. Pontificia edArcivescovile dell'Imm. Concezione, 1899), 216-220; Ilarono da Milano, Biblioteca dei Frati Minori Cappuccini di Lombardia (1535-1900) (Florence: Olschki, 1937), 100; Lexicon Capuccinum, 534; Giovanni Pozzi, 'Cultura impresistica nel P. Emmanuele Orchi', Paragone 20 (Agosto 1951); Giovanni Pozzi da Locarno, Saggio sul stile dell'oratoria sacra nel Seicento esemplificata sul p. Emanuele Orchi (Rome, 1954).





Emericus Hallensis (Emericus von Hall/Fischer, 1685-1760)

OFMCap. Friar from Tyrol. Joined the order in 1703. Well-respected preacher, lector and provincial definitor. Was the secretary of the Minister General Hartmann and traveled with him during a seven-year visitation journey throughout Europe (1726-1733). Emericus wrote an account of this journey, the so-called Siebenjährige Wanderschaft. He died in Salzburg in 1760. Aside from his travel account, he also left behind works on the Virgin Mary.


Siebenjährige Wanderschaft. Dass ist Visitationsreise des Generals P. Hartmann (Innsbruck, 1753).


Bernardus de Bononia, Bibliotheca Scriptorum OFMCap., 79; Eduard d'Alençon, Bibliotheca Mariana Ordinis FF. Min. Cappucinorum: seu, catalogus scriptorum ejusdem Ordinis (Rome: Apud Curiam Generalitiam, 1910), 20; Agapit Hohenegger, Geschichte der tirolischen Kapuziner-Ordensprovinz (1593-1893) ... fortgesetzt und vollendet von P. Peter Baptist Zierler, 2 Vols. (Innsbruck: Wagner, 1915) II, 705; Cassian Neuner, Literarische Tätigkeit in der Nordtiroler Kapuzinerprovinz: bio-bibliographische Notizen (Innsbruck: St.-Laurentiusdr., 1929), 46; Lexicon Capuccinum, 534.









Engelbertus de Colonia (ca. 1200?-ca. 1250?)



Sermones de Tempore et de Sanctis: Einsiedeln, 755 (Msc. 660); Trient F-78b; Basel/Bâle Universitätsbibliothek (olim Öffentliche Bibliothek der Universität) A X 56; Braunschweig Stadtarchiv und Stadtbibliothek 150; Karlsruhe Badische Landesbibliothek, St. Peter Perg. 3a; Lüneburg Ratsbücherei, Theol. 2° 57; Lüneburg Ratsbücherei, Theol. 2° 105; Lüneburg Ratsbücherei, Theol. 4° 15; Lüneburg Ratsbücherei, Theol. 4° 30; Mainz Wissenschaftliche Stadtbibliothek I 240; München Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Clm 28629; Roma Biblioteca Casanatense 4562; Trento Biblioteca Comunale 1792



Schneyer, II, 33-39





Ephrem of Nevers (Ephrem de Nevers/Etienne Leclerc, ca. 1615?-after 1693)

OFMCap. Born in Auxerre. Joined the Capuchins the Touraine province. Exhibited scientific and mathematical interests. Worked between 1636-39 in Syria, Lebanon and Persia. In 1639 he moved to India (arriving first in Surat). Established with Zeno of Bougé the first Capucinian missionary post in Madras, India. Arrested by the Portugese, in 1649, he was held captive by the Portuguese inquisition for 22 months in Goa. Finally released after intervention of the king of Golconda. Polyglot (English, Arabic, Persian, Tamil)


Collectanea Franciscana 18 (1948), 373 [references to unedited documents concerning Ephrem's missionary actvities].


Rocco da Cesinale, Storia delle missioni III, 299, 302-306, 312-314, 316, 319f; Lexicon Capuccinum, 537-538 (With additional older bibliographical references); Leon Mirot, D'un Capucin Auxerro-Nivernais aux Indes: Le Père Ephrem de Nevers (Paris: Imprimerie National, 1951); P. Thomas, 'The Catholic Mission in Madras', in: The Madras Tercentenary Commemoration Volume (Madras: Asian Educational Services, 1994), 375-383; Arnulf Camps, Ephrem von Nevers', LThK 3 (1995), 710-711.

See also:





Erardus Radkersburgensis (Erard von Radkersburg, ca. 1740-ca. 1790)
OFMCap. Capuchin general


Remberto di Amorbach, Le visite generali di Erardo da Radkersburg (1776-1779 e 1783-1785), ed. Gabriele Ingegneri, Monumenta Historica Ordinis Minorum Capuccinorum, 27 (Rome: Istituto Storico dei Cappuccini, 2002).





Epiphanius de Moirano (Epifano de Moirans, d. 1689)

OFMCap. Member of the Burgundy province. Sent as a missionary to Venezuela and the Carribean. Anti-slavery author. Companion of the Capuchin friar Francisco José de Jaca (1645-1690), and they both campaigned against slavery in Havanna and elsewhere. Both were sent to Spain and suffered temporary imprisonment, and they were not allowed back into the Americas.


Servi libri seu naturalis mancipiorum libertatis iusta defensio (1682); Siervos libres. Una propuesta antiesclavista a finales del siglo XVII, ed. Miguel Anxo Pena González, C. Baciero, J.M. Soto, T. de Azcona & J. Labiano, Corpus Hispanorum de Pace, Segunda Serie, 14 (Madrid: CSIC, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, 2007/New edition Madrid: CSIC, 2012). See reviews in Collectanea Franciscana 78 (2008), 452f; Revista Española de Derecho Canónico 64 (2007), 1037f.; José Tomás López, ‘Dos defensores de los esclavos negros en el siglo XVII', Venezuela Mis. 68:624 (2007), 29-32. An English translation of Epifano's work was issued as: A just defense of the natural freedom of slaves : all slaves should be free (1682), trans. Edward Sunshine (Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press, 2007). A French translation was issued as: La liberté des esclaves: ou défense juridique de la liberté naturelle des esclaves, trans. Robert Lapierre, Mémoires de la Sociétét d'Histoire de la Martinique, 6 (Fort-de-France: Société d'histoire de la Martinique, 1995).

Sanctissimi patriarchae Joseph deiparae sponsi beatissime praerrogativae transcendentes, praeminentiae singulares et praeclares celsitudines.. (1684).


John M. Lanhart, 'Capuchin Champions of Negro Emancipation in Cuba, 1681-1685', Franciscan Studies 6 (1946), 195-217; Lexicon Capuccinum, 538-539; Richard Gray, 'The Papacy and the Atlantic Slave Trade: Loucenco da Silva, the Capuchins, and the decisions of the Holy Office', Past & Present 115 (1987), 52-68; Miguel Anxo Pena González, ‘Doctrina antiesclavista de Epifanio de Moirans en su ‘Servi libri”, Naturaleza et Gracia 52 (2005), 279-327; Miguel-Anxo Pena González, ‘Epifanio de Moirans (1644-1689): Misionero capuchino y antiesclavista', Collectanea franciscana 74:1-2 (2004), 111-146; Miguel-Anxo Pena González, ‘Evangelismo franciscano: Una apuesta por el hombre’, Ciencia Tomistica 133 (2006), 267-293; Christoph Krauß, Epifanio de Moirans OFM Cap. und sein Kampf gegen die Sklaverei Ein Frühaufklärer auf Kuba (Saarbrücken: VDM Verlag Dr. Müller, 2009); Patrizia Delpiano, La schiavitù in età moderna (Rome-Bari: Gius.Laterza & Figli Spa, 2009), passim; Luis Sala-Molins, Esclavage réparation: les lumières des capucins et les lueurs des pharisiens (Paris, 2014).





Epiphanius Lindsay (d. 1650)

OFMCap. Son of the noble Scottish Linday family, counts of Maine. Born around 1565, he studied with the Jesuits in Louvain and after a stint as missionary priest back in Scotland, he joined the Capuchins in Belgium. Back as a missionary in Scotland from 1620 onwards, remaining active there for circa 30 years. Probably died at the age of 84 in 1650.




Rocco da Cesinale, Storia delle missioni II, 401-404, 414, 417 Cyprien de Gamaches, Mémoires de la Mission des Capucins près la reine d'Angleterre (Paris, 1881), 330-354[work accessible via Google Books]; Lexicon Capuccinum, 538.





Erasmus Baumgartner (Erasmus von Bernhardzell/von Sankt Gallen, 1751-1827)

OFMCap. Swiss friar, born in the Baumgartner family. Joined the order in 1770. Preacher of the Solothurn Stift between 1789 and 1792. Provincial definitor and then, between 1808 and 1811, and again between 1813 and 1816 minister of the Swiss province. Between 1819 and 1821, he was chaplain of the Swiss guard at the Vatican, at the same time that he was general definitor for his order and subsequently assistant general vicar of the Capuchin Order. In 1824, he refused the title of Bishop of Sarsino-Bertinoro, to return to Switzerland, to act as the provincial archivist for his province in Luzern. He died on 25 September 1827.



Conciones et Vita B. Angeli ab Acri?


Lexicon Capuccinum (Rome, 1951), 545; Christian Schweizer, ‘Baumgartner, Erasmus’, Dizionario Storico della Svizzera II, 101a; Crosse et hallebarde: la Garde suisse pontificale 1506-2006, ed. Urban Fink & Hervé de Weck (Zürich: Theologischer Verlag, 2006), 365-366; Dieter Breuer, Die Aufklärung in den deutschsprachigen katholischen Ländern 1750-1800: kulturelle Ausgleichsprozesse im Spiegel von Bibliotheken in Luzern, Eichstätt und Klosterneuburg (Schöningh, 2001), 74, 77, 136 [with info on his sermons held in Solothurn]





Erasmus Schaltdorfer (Schaltdorffer, 1440-1536)

OFMConv & OFMObs. Studied at the Franciscan studium of Straßburg (1477). Active as preacher in the cathedral and in several churches. Also active in convents of Poor Clares and of the Friars Minor of Munich (1478). In 1478 he is also mentioned as lector in Schlettstadt, and from late September that year until late 1479 he is in Schaffhausen, where he held c. 70 sermons. In 1480, he apparently was back in Munich, only to leave temporarily when that convent was reformed the same year. Erasmus spent some months in Venice for study purposes, yet soon returned to Munich. The next decades he can be traced as Observant preacher in various houses of the Upper Germany province (for instance: 1486 in Landshut, 1486 in Bamberg, 1489 in Landshut, 1492 in Bamberg, and in Nürnberg parish churches, 1498 in Bamberg). In 1490 he apparently was guardian at Landshut. In 1495 he was vice-guardian in Munich, and in 1496 he was guardian in Ingolstadt.

Erasmus preaching activities in the 1480s and 1490s are well-known through his Latin sermon book (MS Munich clm 8940 [once in the possession of the Munich convent], which contains aside from his own sermons and sermons of other friars, a range of references and predicabilia/adiumenta.


F. Landmann, ‘Erasmus Schaltdorffer O. Min., ein Straßburger Klosterprediger aus dem Jahre 1477’, Archiv für elsässische Kirchengeschichte 7 (1932), 161-178; Volker Honemann, ‘Schaltdorfer, Erasmus OFM’, Die deutsche Literatur des Mittelalters. Verfasserlexikon² VIII (1992), 598-600.





Esprit Sabbathier (fl. 17th cent.)

Capuchin friar and harmonizing 'scientifico-mystical' writer with esoteric leanings. His untimely death prevented him to complete his Idealis umbra sapientiae generalis, only an outline of which was issued in 679



Idealis umbra sapientiae generalis, quae tum scientiarum, tum omnium Artium principia in unum generalem disciplinam, aut saltem ad unicam, & uniformem methodum cunctis accommodatum revocantur: tum quidquid in earum Universitate continetur, in certas classes distributum, claro ac natuarli digestum ordine, genuinis & amoenis in grandiori Tabula Symbolus habetur expressum; ut mira intelligibilium notitia visibilibus quibusdam formis per oculos, & phantasiam facilius, ac citius Christe Duce, ac clara luce valeat in mentem ascendere, cum duabus minoribus Tabulis, Latinae, & Gallicae explicationis, ed. François-Marie Jablier de Paris (Paris: apud Jablier, 1679); L'ombre idéale de la sagesse universelle (Paris: apud Jablier, 1679/Paris: Chamuel, 1897); L'ombre idéale de la sagesse universelle, Préface de François Secret (Milan: Arche-Paris: Fnac, 1998).


Juan de San Antonio, Bibliotheca Universa Franciscana III, 105; François Secret, Les Kabbalistes chrétiens de la Renaissance, 2nd Ed. (Paris: Arma Artis, 1985),?.





Eugenius de Sancto Josepho (Eugenio de San José, fl. c. 1700)

OFMDisc. Member of the San José province.


AIA 26 (1926), 184-185.





Eugenius Roger (Eugene Roger, fl. 17th cent.)

French Recollect friar. Author of a topographical treatise on the Holy Land, first issued in 1646 and re-issued in 1664.


Eugene Roger, La Terre Sainte ou Description Topographique tres-particuliere des saints Lieux, & de la Terre de Promission (Paris: Antoine Bertier, 1664).


Marianne Petra Ritsema van Eck, Custodians of Sacred Space: Constructing the Franciscan Holy Land through texts and sacri monti (ca. 1480-1650), PhD Thesis, University of Amsterdam (Amsterdam, 2017), passim.





Eulogius Schneider (Johann Georg Schneider, 1756-1794)

OFM. Joungest son of a winegrower family in Wipfeld am Main (within the Prince-Bishopric of Würzburg). Destined for the clergy by his parents, he studied Latin at the local Heidenfeld monastery. At the age of twelve, he was accepted into a seminary/religious boarding house at Würzburg, also attending the local Jesuit Gymnasium. Notwithstanding problems with his teachers about his predelection for Sturm und Drang authors (such as Christian Fürchtegott Gellert and Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock), he finished his gymnasium training and at the age of 17 began studies in Philosophy and Law at the Julius-Maximilians-Universität in Würzburg. As this was against the wishes of his parents and his tutors, Schneider was expelled from the seminary. Moreover, when it came to light that he was having a love affair, he lost all support, and was forced to return to his parental home. Reconciled with his parents, Schneider began to study theology and entered the Observant Franciscan branch in Bamberg in April 1777, when he was 21 years old, adopting the order name Eulogius. He studied arts, metaphysics, natural and moral philosophy, and history at the order school in Bamberg and later in Salzburg, where he was ordained as a priest. Following a stint as philosophy lector in Augsburg, and making a name for himself as a preacher, Eulogius became in 1786 court chaplain at the court of Duke Carl II. Eugen of Württemberg. Elogius Schneider soon ran into trouble at the court, due to his appreciation of Enlightenment and Sturm und Drang authors. Fearing to be sent back to an enclosed monastic life, Eugenius obtained in 1789 a position as Professor of literature, rhetorics and art at the University of Bonn, where he taught, among others, Ludwig von Beethoven. In 1789, the year he started to teach at Bonn, Eulogius left the order, and with papal permission became a secular priest. Soon the published works of Eulogius created an outcry among the clery of the Archbishopric of Cologne. In the end, the Archduke of Austria first forbade the sale of Eulogius's books, and then fired him in June 1791. As he had sympathy for the revolutionary developments in France, Eulogius moved to Strassbourg, where he for a while still worked as a priest, seminary professor, episcopal vicar and as a preacher at Strasbourg cathedral, but soon became a public advocate for the revolution. He became the main editor of the revolutionary hebdomadaire Argos, oder der Mann mit hundert Augen, and became active in the local revolutionary tribunal, and as a supporter of the terror possibly co-signed circa 30 death sentences. He also translated the Marseillance into German. Late 1793, he married Sara Stamm, the daughter of a wine merchant, but he was apparently arrested a few hours or a few days after his wedding by partisans of Robbespierre in Strasbourg, who needed to forge new alliances after the eradication of the Girondines and partisants of Danton, and who suspected Eulogius of extremist social-revolutionary leanings associated with the sans-culottes and Jacques Hébert. Eulogius was accused of conspiracy, put on display at the revolutionary scaffold in Strasbourg (December 15, 1793), and then he was transported to Paris, where he was put to death on the guillotine on the first of April, 1794.


His post 1789 works were written after he had left the order. Prior to that, he had written for instance:

(with Florentius Meyer et al) Series Idearvm Theologicarvm (Stuttgart: Formis Typographiae Avlico Academicae, 1783).

De philosophiae in sacro tribunali usu commentatio (Stuttgart: Typis Academiae Carolinae, 1786). Available via Google Books.

Predigt über die christliche Toleranz auf Katharinentag 1785, gehalten zu Augsburg von Eulogius Schneider, damaligen Franziskaner-Lector, izt herzogl. Wirtembergischen Hofprediger (Stuttgart: Buchdruckeri der herzoglichen hohen Carlsschule, 1786). Available via Google Books.

Des heiligen Chrysostomus Kirchenvaters und Erzbischoffs zu Konstantinopel Reden über das Evangelium des heiligen Johannes, aus dem Griechischen uebersetst und mit einigen Anmerkungen versehen von Eulogius Schneider (...), 2 Vols. (Augsburg: Eberhard Kletts, 1786–1789). At least in part available via Google Books.

Freymüthige Gedanken über den Werth und die Brauchbarkeit der Chrysostomischen Erklärungsreden über das Neue Testament und deren Uebersetzung (Augsburg, 1787).

Oden eines Franziscaner Mönchs auf den Rettertod Leopolds von Braunschweig (Augsburg: herausgegeben von einem seiner Freunde, 1787).

After he left the order:

Ode an die verehrungswürdigen Glieder der Lesegesellschaft zu Bonn, als Das Bildnis Unsers Erhabnen Kurfürsten im Versammlungssaale feierlich aufgestellt wurde: Den 1. December 1789 (Bonn: Abshoven, 1789). Available via de Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek []

Rede über den gegenwärtigen Zustand, und die Hindernisse der schönen Litteratur im katholischen Deutschlande (1789). Also included in Gedichte (ed. 1812) & as such available via Google Books

Predigt über den Zweck Jesu bey der Stiftung seiner Religion (1790). Based on a lecture/sermon held in the Bonn court chapel on December 20, 1789).

Elegie an den sterbenden Kaiser, Joseph II. Von Professor Eulogius Schneider zu Bone (Bonn: J.P. Krauss bei I. Alberti, 1790). Availabie via Google Books.

Die ersten Grundsätze der schönen Künste überhaupt, und der schönen Schreibart insbesondere (1790).

Katechetischer Unterricht in den allgemeinsten Grundsätzen des praktischen Christenthums (Bonn, Johann Friedrich Abshoven & H.J. Simonis, 1790). Available via Google Books.

Patriotische Rede über Joseph II. in höchster Gegenwart Sr. kurfürstl. Durchl. von Cöln [Bonn, March 19, 1790] (1790).

Gedichte von Eulogius Schneider. Mit dem Portrait des Verfassers (Frankfurt am Main: In Commission der Andraïschen Buchhandlung, 1790/Frankfurt am Main: In der Andreaeschen Buchhandlung, 1801/Reprint 1985). The 1790 and 1801 editions are available via Google Books.

Die Quellen des Undankes gegen Gott, den Stifter und Gründer unserer weisen Staatsverfassung, dargestellt in einer Predigt über Luk. XVII, 17, am dreizehnten Sonntage nach Pfingsten (Strasbourg: Lorenz & Schuler, 1791).

Das Bild des guten Volkslehrers, entworfen in einer Predigt über Matth. VII, 15, am 17ten Sonntage nach Pfingsten (1791). Available via Google Books.

De novo rerum theologicarum in Francorum imperio ordine commentatio (Levrault, 1791).

Die Übereinstimmung des Evangeliums mit der neuen Staats-Verfassung der Franken. Eine Rede, bey Ablegung des feyerlichen Bürgereides, in der Domkirche zu Straßburg gehalten, am 10ten Heumonates, des 2ten Jahres der Freyheit (Lorenz und Schuler, 1791). Apparently based on a speech given when he swore a civic oath in in adherence to the Revolution.

Rede über die Priesterehe (1791). Based on a lecture for the Société des Amis de la Constitution, October 11, 1791.

Argos, oder der Mann mit hundert Augen, 4 Vols. (Strasbourg, 1792-1794/Reprint 1976). The last volume issued by Friedrich Butenschön and Johann Jakob Kämmerer.

Auf die Erklärung der National-Versammlung Frankreichs an die Völker Europa's und die ganze Menschheit, in Rücksicht des bevorstehenden Krieges vom 29. December 1791, Von einem deutschen Bauern am Rhein (Strasbourg: Hohann Heinrich Heitz, 1792). Available via Google Books.

Auf Leopolds Tod (Strasbourg: Johann Heinrich Heitz, Universitätsbuchdrucker, 1792 [im viertem Jahr der Freiheit]). Available via Google Books.

Discours sur l'éducation des femmes (1792). Apparently based on a lecture for the Strasbourg Société des Amis de la Constitution. Nothing known about his edition?

Jesus der Volksfreund (1792).?

Simoneau's Totenfeier (Strasbourg: Simon, 1792). Available via Google Books.

Gedächtnisrede auf Mirabeau vor der Gesellschaft der Constitutionsfreunde zu Straßburg, gehalten den 2ten April 1792 (1792).

Aufruf zur Vertheidigung des Vaterlandes: e. Predigt über Matth. VIII, 27 am 4. Sonntage nach Dreikönigentag in der Domkirche zu Straßburg gehalten (Strasbourg: Treuttel, 1792).

Réflexions sur la pétition du Conseil général de la commune de Strasbourg contre la destitution de Louis XVI, énoncées à la Société des amis de la Constitution de Strasbourg, par Euloge Schneider, (...) le 11 août 1792 (...) (1792).?

Politisches Glaubensbekenntnis (1792). Based on a lecture for the Strasbourg Société des Amis de la Constitution.

>Ein Wort im Ernste an die Buerger Strassburgs (...) (1792).?

Euloge Schneider, ci-devant accusateur public (...) à la prison de l'abbaye; à Robespierre l'aîné, représentant du peuple français (...) (1794).?

Ernste Betrachtungen über sein trauriges Schicksal, nebst flüchtigem Rückblick auf seinen geführten Lebenswandel kurz vor seiner Hinrichtung von ihm selbst geschrieben (Paris-Leipzig, 1794).

Der Guckkasten, ein komisches Gedicht in drey Gesängen. Aus den hinterlassenen Papieren des berühmten Eulogius Schneider (1795/ Frankfurt a.M.-Leipzig, 1796).



L. Oliger, Franz. Stud., 4 (1917), 368-394; 5 (1918), 192-206; 8 (1921), 292-297; Walter Grab, 'Eulogius Schneider - ein Weltbürger zwischen Mönchszelle und Guillotine', in: Demokratisch-revolutionäre Literatur in Deutschland, ed. Gert Mattenklott & Klaus Scherpe (1984), 61-138 & in: Ein Volk muß seine Freiheit selbst erobern. Zur Geschichte der deutschen Jakobiner (Frankfurt am Main—Ölten—Vienna, 1984), 109—166; Silvia Wimmer, 'Schneider, Eulogius (Taufname: Johann Georg)', Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon IX (1994), 547–551 (lists works and literature); L. Lütkehaus, ‘Der Marat von Straßburg. Das revolutionäre Leben und Sterben des Eulogius Schneiders’, Allmende 15, 46/47 (1995), 103-118; LThK³ IX, 191; Claude Betzinger, Vie et mort d’Euloge Schneider, ci-devant franciscain. Des lumières à la terreur, 1756-1794 (Strasbourg: La Nuée Bleue, 1997); Daniel Schönpflug, Der Weg in die Terreur: Radikalisierung und Konflikte im Straßburger Jakobinerclub (1790-1795) (Munich: Oldenbourg-Walter de Gruyter, 2002), 25, 95.

See also the lemma on Eulogius Schneider in: Epoche Napoleon, von der Bastille bis Waterloo [].





Eusebius de Ancona (Fardini, d. 1569)

OFM & OFMCap. Italian friar from the Marches of Ancona. Theologian and preacher. Began as an Observant friar but joined the Capuchins around 1533/34. He was provincial minister between 1535 and 1538, several times general definitor and general procurator and was elected order general in Rome in 1552. Headed the Capuchin order for seven years and retired to the Scapeziano friary in the Marches, after he refused a cardinal's hat. Known for a treatise on Franciscan poverty and devotional writings. None of these seem to have survived.


Boverio, Annales I, 494-496, 692-697; Flores Serafici I, 23-27; Sbaralea, Supplementum I, 246; Cimarosto Sigismondo da Venezia, Biografia serafica degli uomini illustri che forirono nel francescano istituto per santita, dottrina e diguita fino a nostri giorni (Venice: G.B. Merlo, 1846), 393; Collectanea Franciscana 3 (1933), 403-405; Italia Francescana 10 (1935), 268-270; Lexicon Capuccinum, 558 (with additional bibliographical references)





Eusebius González de Torres (Eusebio González de Torres, fl. ca. 1725)

OFM. Spanish friar. Lector and preacher in the Castilia province. Official order chronicler. Continuator of the Crónica seráfica y vida del glorioso patriarca San Francisco y de sus primeros discípulos, 4 Vols. (Madrid: Juan García Infanzón, 1682-1698) of Damián Cornejo.


Chronica Seraphica. Dedicada a N. Rmo. Fray Juan de Soto, Comissario General de toda la Orden de N.P. S. Francisco en esta Familia Cismontana, y de las Indias (...), Vols. 5-8 (Madrid: Viuda de Juan García Infanzon, 1719-1737). At least in part available via the webportal of Europeana Collections [], via Google Books, and via [].


AIA 26 (1966), 87-94; DSpir VI, 593-594; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 123 (no. 376); Antolín Abad Pérez, ‘Nuestra Señora de la Esperanza de Ocaña. Su cronista, el. P. Eusebio González de Torres’, Archivo Ibero-Americano 62:241-242 (2002), 225-250.





Eustachius Atrebatensis (Eustache d’Arras/Huttacius/Huitacius, ca. 1225, Arras - 7, 08, 1291)

French friar: Theologian and preacher. Probably born c. 1225 in Arras. Pupil of Bonaventure of Bagnoregio and Guibert of Tournai. Taught and preached in Paris between 1260-1273: Licentiatus 1260-62. Regent master (as successor of Guibert de Tournai between 1263-66). Between 1269 and 1273, he continued to preach in Paris, both at the university, and at the royal court. Close relations with king Louis of France. Became bishop of Coutances on 4 November 1282. He died on 7 August, 1291. To him are ascribed a range of sermons, a Sentences commentary (fragments of which survived), three quodlibetal questions, and ca. 80 disputed questions.


In I-IV Sententiarum (fragments):>>>


Sermones de Sanctis et de Tempore: Paris, Bib. Nat. MS Fonds Latin 13466, 16481-16482 (according to Bériou, L'avènement des maîtres de la Parole II, 754-5 the sermons in this manuscript the work of friar Gossuin O.M.), 16499, 15956, 14952, 14923, 15034 ; Troyes, 1893; Milan Ambros. A.11 Sup.; Rouen, Bib. Municipale A. 560; Charleville, Bibl. Municipale 92; Sélestat, Bibl. Municipale 1162; Graz, Univ. 1578.

Sermo (Dominica Adventus): MS Naples, Naz., VIII.A.20, ff. 111d-112d (see Chiappini, Collectanea Franciscana, 28 (1958), 401f).


Quaestiones Quodlibetae de Illuminatione , in: P. Glorieux, `Maîtres franciscains de Paris. Fr. Eustache', La France Franciscaine 13 (1930), 125-171 [cf. Scholastik 6 (1931), 451-452; Collectanea Franciscana 1 (1931), 79-80].

Quodlibet 3, q. 21., ed. J. Leclercq, in: Documents sur les fugitifs, Analecta monastica, Textes et études sur la vie des moines au Moyen Age, 7e série, Studia Anselmiana, 54 (Rome, 1965), 135-137.

Quodlibet 3, q. 2 (De divina potentia), ed. H.J. Weber, in: Die Lehre von der Auferstehung der Toten in den Haupttraktaten der scholastischen Theologie von Alexander von Hales zu Duns Scotus, Freiburger theologische Studien 91 (Freiburg - Basel - Vienne, 1973), 369-371.

Quaestiones Septem de Aeternitate Mundi, ed. R.C. Dales & O. Argerami, Archives d'Histoire Doctrinale et Littéraire du Moyen Age 53 (1986), 116-137 & 54 (1987), 59-102. See also the editions ny O. Argerami in Patristica et Mediaevalia, 4-5 (1983-4), 101-1311; 6 (1985), 80-90 [=Q. 4] & 7 (1986), 83-87 [=Q. 5]

Quaestiones (de illuminatione), edited in: De Humannae Cognitionis Ratione Anecdota quaedam Seraphici Doctoris S. Bonaventurae et Nonnullorum Disciplinorum (Quaracchi, 1883), 183-195; A. Landgraf, Das Wesen der lässlichen Sünde in der Scholastik (Bamberg, 1923), 297-343; Questions at Paris c. 1260-1270 (cod. Flor. Bibl. Naz. Conv. Soppr. B.6 912), ed. I. Brady, AFH, 61 (1968), 434-461 & 62 (1969), 457-476; S. Bonaventurae Collationes in Hexaëmeron, ed. F. Delorme, Bibliotheca Franciscana Scholastica Medii Aevi, 8 (Quaracchi, 1934), 305-327; J. Leclercq, ‘Le magistère du prédicateur au xiiie siècle’, Archives d'histoire doctrinale et littéraire du Moyen Age, 21 (1946), 119-121 (partial edition quodlibetal disputation).

Sermo in Annuntiatione Beatae Mariae, ed. L.J. Bataillon, Freiburger Zeitschrift für Philosophie und Theologie, 37 (1990), 374-382 [Inc.: Facta est quasi novis institoris…']

Sermones de Sanctis: A sermon and another collation on Thomas the Apostle have been edited from MS Paris, BN Lat. 15034 by Jean Désiré Rasolofoarimanana, ‘Un sermon et une collation inédits en l’honneur de s. Thomas apôtre d’Eustache d’Arras, Omin (d. 1291). Etude et édition’, AFH 97:1-2 (2004), 111-132.

Some sermons and quodlibetal questions have been edited by Sophie Delmas in her 2006 thesis and in subsequent articles (I have to check which texts in particular). In 2013 appeared the edition of Delmas and Schabel of the Questio II de divinarum personarum distinctione. See: Sophie Delmas & Chris Schabel, ‘Le maître franciscain Eustache d’Arras et la théologie trinitaire. La question 2 de divinarum personarum distinctione édition et commentaire’, Archives d’histoire doctrinale et littéraire du Moyen Age 80 (2013), 247-275,

For further editions, see Putallaz and Delmas


Wadding, Annales Minorum (Quaracchi, 1931) IV, 338-341; AASS August V (Antwerp, 1741), 507; A. Callebaut, ‘Lettres franciscaines concernant la Belgique et la France’, Archivum Franciscanum Historicum 7 (1914), 251-254; P. Glorieux, `Maîtres franciscains de Paris. Fr. Eustache', La France Franciscaine, 13 (1930), 125-171; P. Glorieux, Repertoire des maîtres en théologie de Paris au xiiie siècle (Paris, 1933) II, 77-82 & Supplement in AFH 27 (1934), 547; P. Glorieux, La littérature quodlibétique, Bibliothèque thomiste 21 (Paris, 1935) II, 77-81; F. Stegmüller, Repertorium Commentariorum in Sententias P. Lombardi (Würzburg, 1947) I, 95-96 & Supplement in AFH 47 (1954), 114; I. Brady, ‘Questions at Paris, 1260-70’, AFH 61 (1968), 434-461, 62 (1969), 357-376, 678-692; Dict. de Spir IV, 1698f; J. Leclercq, ‘Le magistère du prédicateur au xiiie siècle’, Archives d'histoire doctrinale et littéraire du Moyen Age, 21 (1946), 119-121 (partial edition of quodlibetal disputation).>>; F.-X. Putallaz, Figures franciscaines. De Bonaventure à Duns Scot (Paris, 1997), 155-156 [list of modern editions of his works]; L. Sileo & F. Zanatta, `I maestri di teologia della seconda metà del Duecento', in: Storia della teologia nel medioevo, III: la teologia delle scuole, ed. G. d'Onofrio (Casale Monferrato, 1996), 12-13, 132; Jean Désiré Rasolofoarimanana, `Un sermon et une collation inédits en l'honneur de S. Thomas apôtre d'Eustache d'Arras, OMin. (? 1291): Étude et édition', Archivum Franciscanum Historicum 97 (2004), 111-159; Sophie Delmas, Frère Eustache dans les débats universitaires de la seconde moitié du XIIIe siècle, PhD. Diss. (l'Université Lyon 2, 2006) (with an edition of sermons and quodlibetal questions); Sophie Delmas, ‘Les questions sur l’éternité d’Eustache d’Arras (o.f.m.): du commentaire des Sentences à l’œuvre magistrale?’, Franciscan Studies 65 (2007), 157-233; Sophie Delmas, ‘La question disputée ‘De equalitate animarum’ d’Eustache d’Arras dans les controverses universitaires de la seconde moitié du XIIIe siècle’, Archives d’Histoire Doctrinale et Littéraire du Moyen Age 75 (2008), 283-321; Sophie Delmas, Un franciscain à Paris au milieu du XIIIe siècle. Le maître en théologie Eustache d'Arras (Paris: Editions du Cerf, 2010). See reviews in AFH 103 (2010), 509ff.; Cahiers de recherches médiévales et humanistes 2010, [En ligne], mis en ligne le 06 juillet 2010. URL: consulté le 05 septembre 2011; Speculum 89:4 (2914), 1129-1132 [by Magdalena Bieniak]; Timothy B. Noone, ‘The Problem of the Knowability of Substance: The Discussion from Eustachius of Arras to Vital du Four’, in: Philosophy and Theology in the Long Middle Ages: A tribute to Stephen F. Brown, ed. Kent Emery Jr., Rusell L. Friedman, Andreas Speer & Maxime Mauriège (Leiden-Boston: Brill, 2011), 63-90; Sophie Delmas & Chris Schabel, ‘Le maître franciscain Eustache d’Arras et la théologie trinitaire. La question 2 de divinarum personarum distinctione édition et commentaire’, Archives d’histoire doctrinale et littéraire du Moyen Age 80 (2013), 247-275; Sophie Delmas, ‘Un séculier chez les mendiants, Godefroid de Fontaines († 1309), lecteur d’Eustache d’Arras (o.f.m.)’, Études franciscaines n.s. 11 (2018),>>

With thanks to Sophie Delmas





Eustachius de Curia (Eustache de Curie, d. 1488)

French friar from the Tours province. Received his licence of theology at Paris in 1475 and became master in October 1476 [Paris BN Lat. 5657a f. 24v].


Comm. in I-IV Sent.>>>


Bonifacius de Ceva, Firmamenta, I,1; Wadding, Annales XV 144; Sbaralea, Suppl. I, 246-247; Marianus de Florentia, Compendium, AFH 4 (1911), 331; Gonzaga, De Origine Seraphicae Ordinis (Rome, 1587), 131.





Eustachius de Normanville (ca. 1215-ca. 1270)

Chancellor of Oxford University in 1251. After his entrance in the order in 1251 he held posts as lector in Oxford and Cambridge. The sermons ascribed to him possibly are the work of Eustache d'Arras


Wadding, Script., 108; Sbaralea, Suppl., I, 232; Schneyer, II, 45; Moorman, Grey Friars in Cambridge, 30, 31, 143, 197.





Eustochia Calafato (Smeralda Calafato Colonna, 1434-1486) beata

Poor Clare from Messina. Entered the Poor Clares at Santa Maria de Basicò (Messina) against the will of her family, taking the name Eustochia. As she was dissatisfied with the relaxed lifestyle of her monastery, she obtained papal permission by pope Calixtus III to establish a new monastery where nuns could live according to the first rule (Privilegium Paupertatis) of Claire [BF II, n. 388 & 439]. After living some years in the old hospital of Santa Maria Accomandata (1460-1463), she eventually (1463) was able to transfer her community to Santa Maria di Montevergine. There she established a reputation of holyness as sister and abbess, renowned for her spiritual exhortations concerning the suffering Christ and her enthousiasm for the cult of Saint Francis, Saint Paul, Saint Jerome, and Saint Andreas. She died on 20 January 1486. Her grave became a cult site. An official inquiry was started in 1640, ending with her official beatification and a confirmation of her cult by Pius VI (1782). Her feast is celebrated in the order on the 27th or the 28th of February. She left behind some writings, predominantly prayers and fragments of religious conversations, a spiritual Libretto (which would include a Libro de la Passione) and a Monte de la orazione. Several fragments of these texts are collected in the Legenda compiled by her fellow sisters between 1487 and 1490 (see editions below)


Monte de la orazione. A manuscript of a Sicilian version survived as Lu libru di lu Munti di la sanctissima oracioni: MS Palermo, Bib. Comunale cod. 2 Qq. E. 19

editions (vitae etc.)

La leggenda della beata Eustochia da Messina, ed. G. Macrì (Messina, 1903); Vita Beatae Eutochii Abbatissae Cenobii Montis Virginum, Auctore Abbate Francisco Maurolico (d. 1577), ed. L. Bensaja (Messina, 1936); La leggenda della Beata Eustochia da Messina, testo volgare del sec. XV restituito all’originaria lezione, ed. M. Catalano (Messina-Florence, 1950).


Wadding, Annales Minorum (Quaracchi, 1933) XIV, 577-589; AFH 19 (1926), 350-351, 370; G. Intersimone, La beata Eustochia Calafato, clarissa messinese (Rome, 1956); Clément Schmitt, ‘Eustochie Calafato (bienheureuse)’, DSpir IV, 1714-1715. See also the Franciscan women database for additional information.





Evangelista de Caunobio (Evangelista da Cannobio/Ferratina/Evangelista Ferratina da Cannobio,, 1511-1595)

OFMCap. Umbrian friar. Born as a member of the Ferratina family. After he had been ordained priest, he joned the order and became provincial minister in Umbria. Also took part in the Council of Trent (1562). Several times general definitor, order procurator and minister general between 1564 and 1567. He died in Perugia in 1595. Known for his knowledge of canon law. Prepared censures on behalf of the Index of Forbidden books against Ripanti's Circolo del divino amore [Caravale, 114ff].


Canon law works?

to be continued


Bullarium OFMCap II, 16-17, 305; Boverio, Annales II, 560; Bernardus de Bononia, Bibliotheca Scriptorum OFMCap, 81; Juan de San Antonio, Bibliotheca Universa Franciscana I, 336; Analecta Ordinis OFMCap 5 (1889), 78-79 & 12 (1896), 151, note 6; Valdemiro, I Cappuccini della Provincia milanese II, 26-27; Flores Seraphici II, 33-35; Collectanea Franciscana 3 (1933), 571-572 & 10 (1940), 524; Italia Francescana 19 (1944), 57; Lexicon Capuccinum, 559-560 (with additional references to older literature); Giorgio Caravale, Forbidden Prayer: Church Censorship and Devotional Literature in Renaissance Italy, trans. Peter Dawson, Catholic Christendom, 1300–1700 (Farnham: Ashgate Publishing Limited, 2011), 114-121.





Evangelista de Perusia



Regula Beate Clare Vulgarizata: Rome Curia Gen. O.F.M. Archivium Ordinis A. 60.


L. Oliger, AFH, 15 (192), 79.





Evangelista Marcellino (Lorenzo Selua Marcellino pistolese/Lorenzo Selua pistoiese da S. Marcello, 1530-1593)

OFM. Order chronicler, exegete and (in part conversionary) preacher in Rome (also in the pulpit of the Franciscan church of Santa Maria in Aracoeli), and other major Italian towns. Born in 1530 in San Marcello Pistoiese. For some of his publications he used the pseudonym Lorenzo Selva. He died in Rome in 1593.


Lezioni sopra Tobia: Rome, Biblioteca Casanatense, Ms. 1539, 1580-1600./


Il libro comedia di Lorenzo Selua pistoiese da S. Marcello (Padua: Lorenzo Pasquati, 1567).

Della conuersione del peccatore libri due: del r.p. Euangelista Marcellino, dell'ordine de'minori osseruanti (Venice: Gabriel Giolito de' Ferrari, 1577)/Della conuersione del peccatore libri due. Con l'annotationi non piu stampate. Del r.p.f. Euangelista Marcellino (Florence: Giorgio Marescotti, 1578)/Della conuersione del peccatore libri due, con l'annotationi di nuouo stampate, e corrette. Aggiuntaui di nuouo la Corona di dodici stelle alla Beata Vergine. Del r.p.f. Vangelista Marcellino dell'ordine de' Minori Osseruanti (Venice: Lucantonio Giunta il giovane, 1589).

Breue espositione del salmo 67. di Dauid, Exurgat Deus. Con la traslatione letterale in versi. Del r.p.f. Euangelista Marcellino, dell'ordine de' Minori Osseruanti (Camerino: Girolamo Strengari & gli heredi d'Antonio Gioioso, 1579).

Le cinque meditationi sopra i cinque giorni della creatione del mondo. Del r.p.f. Euangelista Marcellino, dell'ordine de' Minori Osseruanti (Camerino: Heredi d'Antonio Gioioso, et Girolamo Strengari, 1579).

Lettioni sopra Giona profeta. Del R.P.F. Euangelista Marcellino dell'ordine dei Minori Osseruanti (Bologna: Alessandro Benacci, 1579)/Lettioni sopra Giona profeta fatte in Roma nella chiesa di San Lorenzo in Damaso dal r.p.f. Euangelista Marcellino dell'ordine de' Minori osseruanti (Camerino: Girolamo Strengari veronese, & gli heredi d'Antonio Gioioso, 1581).

Della virtù dialoghi dodici, ne' quali il faticoso modo d'acquistarla, & il frutto che di lei si gusta: con breuità si ragiona. Del R. P. F. Euangelista Marcellino, dell'ordine de' Minori osseruanti (Florence: Stamperia di Giorgio Marescotti, 1580)/Della virtu dialoghi dodici, ne' quali il faticoso modo d'acquistarla, & il frutto che di lei si gusta con breuita si ragiona. Del r.p.f. Euangelista Marcellino dell'Ordine de' minori osseruanti (Florence: Stamperia di Giorgio Marescotti, 1581).

Della vanita del mondo dialoghi dodici, del r.p.f. Euangelista Marcellino dell'ordine de' minori osseruanti. Con un dialogo della pouerta (Camerino: Girolamo Strengari, & gli heredi d'Antonio Gioioso, 1580).

Della metamorfosi cioe trasformatione del virtuoso. Libri quattro. Di Lorenzo Selua pistolese (Oruieto: Rosato Tintinnassi, 1582)/Della metamorfosi cioè trasformazione del virtuoso libri quattro. Di Lorenzo Selua Marcellino pistolese (Florence: Stamperia de' Giunti, 1583)/Della metamorfosi cioè trasformazione del virtuoso libri quattro. Di Lorenzo Selua Marcellino pistolese (Florence: Filippo Giunti, 1591)/Della metamorfosi, cioè trasformazione del virtuoso. Libri quattro. Di Lorenzo Selva Marcellino pistolese (Florence: Filippo Giunti, 1598)/Della metamorfosi cioè trasformazione del virtuoso. Libri quattro, di Lorenzo Selua Marcellino pistolese. Di nuouo ristampati, & ricorretti (Florence: Stamperia de' Giunti, 1608)/Della metamorfosi cioè trasformazione del virtuoso libri quattro di Lorenzo Selua Marcellino pistolese di nuouo ristampati e ricorretti (Florence: Stamperia di Cosimo Giunti, 1615)/Delle Metamorfosi, ouero trasformationi del virtuoso. Libri quattro. Nelle quali si contengono gli amori di Clori, & Acrisio. Spiegate con molta moralità, sentenze, concetti, & auertimenti piaceuoli. Di Lorenzo Selua Marcellino Pistolese (Venice: appresso Pietro Farri. 1616).

/Le metamorfosi, ouero trasformationi del virtuoso. Libri quattro. Nelle quali si contengono gli amori di Clori, & Acrisio. Spiegate con molta moralità, sentenze, concetti, & auertimenti piaceuoli. Di Lorenzo Selua Marcellino Pistolese (Venice: Pietro Farri, 1616)/Le metamorfosi di Lorenzo Selva (Venice: Gio. Parolari, 1818).

Sermoni quindici. Sopra il salmo centonoue. Fatti a gli Hebrei di Roma. Dal r. p. f. Euangelista Marcellino dell'ordine de' minori osseruanti (Florence: Giorgio Marescotti, 1583). A Conversionary preaching cycle.

Lettioni dodici sopra Abachuch profeta (Florence: Giorgio Marescotti, 1584)/Lettioni dodici sopra Abachuch profeta del r.p.f. Euangelista Marcellino dell'ordine minore di San Francesco (Florence: Giorgio Marescotti, 1585).

Predica del venerdi santo fatta nel duomo di Fiorenza, l'anno 1585. Dal molto r.p.f. Vangelista Marcellino de' minori osseruanti di San Francesco (Florence: appresso Giorgio Marescotti, 1585).

Predica del venerdi santo fatta nell'arciuescouato di Napoli, dal reu. p. fra vangelista Marcellino, de minori osseruanti. L'anno 1586. Stampata per opra del sig. Horatio Venetia v.i.d. et canonico della Chiesa di Napoli, per beneficio vniuersale. O vos omnes, qui transitis per viam, attendite, et videte si est dolor, sicut dolor meus .. (Naples: Horatio Saluiani, 1586).

Lezzioni diciannoue sopra Rut del r.p.f. Vangelista Marcellino de' Minori Osseruanti (Florence: Giorgio Marescotti, 1586)/Lezzioni diciannoue sopra Rut. del r.p.f. Vangelista Marcellino de' Minori Osseruanti (Florence: Giorgio Marescotti, 1587).

Lettioni sopra Tobia del r.p. Marcellino dell'ordine de minori osseruanti esposte da lui in Aracoeli l'anno 1586 (Rome: nelle case del Popolo Romano, appresso Giorgio Ferrari, 1587).

Fascetto di mirra nel quale si contengono due prediche della preparatione alla Passione del nostro signor Giesu Cristo con quella di essa Passione; fatte dal m.r.p. Vangelista Marcellino predicator apostolico, dell'Ordine de' Minori Osseruanti in Venetia nella chiesa di S. Francesco della Vigna la settimana santa l'anno 1589. Raccolte e mandate in luce nuouamente da don Zaccaria Conti cittadino vinitiano (Venice: Antonio Braida, 1590).

Lezioni sopra la cantica del molto r.p.f. Vangelista Marcellino de minori osseruanti. Fatte da lui in Roma l'anno 1579. E date oggi in luce dal p. fra Cosimo Sansonetti da s. Marcello suo nipote (Florence: Giorgio Marescotti, 1599).

Del ragioamento frà l'huomo, & l'angelo suo custode. Dialoghi tre. Ne quali della grandezza, della fede, delle pene dell'inferno, & della gloria del paradiso. Si ragiona. Composte dal m.r.p.f. Vangelista, Marcellino pistolese, ed. Cosimo Sansonetti (Pistoia: Andrea Felici, s.a.).

Lettioni sopra Daniele profeta del r.p.f. Vangelista Marcellino de min. osseruanti. Fatte in Roma, in Araceli, l'anno 1585. Nuouamente poste in luce. Con vna predica del Venerdi Santo, fatta nell'arciuescouado di Napoli, l'anno 1586 (Venice: Giunti, 1588).

Annotationi sopra il libro de' Giudici del r.p. fra Vangelista Marcellino de' Minori osseruanti. Cauate dalle lettioni da lui lette in Roma in Araceli l'anno 1587.- Nuouamente poste in luce (Venice: Lucantonio Giunta il giovane, 1589).

Annotationi del P.F. Euangelista Marcellino Minore osseruante, sopra l'Apocalisse. Fatte da lui doppo le lettioni lette nell'istesso libro. All'illustrissimo e reuerendissimo signore padron sempre colendissimo il sig. card. Borromeo arciuescouo di Milano (Oruieto: Zannetti, 1621).

Annotazioni sopra la storia di Giudit del m.r.p.f. Vangelista Marcellino da Pistoia, teologo eccellentissimo ... Opera molto gioueuole a' predicatori, e professori della Diuina Scrittura, ed. Iacopo Peri (Florence: Stefano Fantucci, 1622).


Emily Michelson, 'Evangelista Marcellino: One Preacher, Two Congregations', Archivio Italiano per la storia della pietà 25 (2013), 105-202; Emily Michelson, ‘How to Write a Conversionary Sermon: Rhetorical Influences and Religious Identity’, in: Religious Orders and Religious Identity Formation, ca. 1420–1620: Discourses and Strategies of Observance and Pastoral Engagement, ed. Bert Roest & Johanneke Uphoff (Leiden-Boston: Brill, 2016), 235-251.