this site is a co-production of Maarten van der Heijden and Bert Roest. ©

 

 

Dalmatius Kick (1703-1769)

Damasus Kun (d. 1737)

Damián Cornejo (1627-ca. 1675?)

Damianus Damiani (Damiano Damiani, 1763-1842)

Damianus de Jesu (Damián de Jesús, fl. mid 17th cent.)

Damián de Lugones (first half 17th cent.)

Damián Giner (fl. c. 1605)

Daniel Agricola (d. ca. 1540)

Daniel Anglus (13e eeuw?)

Daniel de Giussano?>> See: Marina Benedetti, ‘Un ex-heretico inquisitore: frate Daniele da Giussano’, in: ‘Ubi neque aerugo neque tinea demolitur’. Studi in onore di Luigi Pellegrini per I suoi settanta anni, ed. Maria Grazia Del Fuoco (Naples: Liguori Editore, 2006), 17-39

Daniel of Tabriz († after 17, 09, 1346)

Daniel Zielinski (fl. 17th cent.)

David ab Augusta (David von Augsburg, ca. 1200, Augsburg - 15/19, 11, 1272, Augsburg)

David Henra (Henrera, fl. ca. 1580/98)

Deodatus (midthirteenth cent.)

Deodatus a Bornato (1590-1671)

Deodatus Maria a Venetia (Adeodato Maria da Venezia/Girolamo Querini, 29 January 1701 – 4 February 1768)

Deodatus Turchi de Parma (1724-1803)

Desiderius Donadelli (Desiderio Donadelli da Lodi, fl. 1800)

Detmar of Lübeck († ca. 1400)

Detmarus (Costerboek/Dietmar von Costerboeck, fl. c. 1390)

Deutalleves de Mortula (d. 1275?)

Didacus ab Assumptione

Didacus de Aguirro, see: Diego de Aguirre

Didacus de Landa Caldéron (Diego de Landa Caldéron, d. 1579)

Didacus de Moxena (fl. ca. 1415)

Didacus Estella [Diego Estella/Diego de Ballesteros y Cruzat] ((1524, Estella (Navarra) - 1, 08, 1578, Salamanca)

Didacus Henricus (Diego Enríquez, fl. early 18th cent.)

Didacus Maria Tafuri (Diego Tafuri de Lequile, 1604-1673)

Didericus, see: Dietrich

Diego Alvarez (fl. ca. 1750)

Diego Andrés de la Rocha (fl. c. 1730)

Diego Antonio de Escobar (fl. ca. 1724)

Diego Bravo (fl. c. 1620/40)

Diego Bringas de Manzaneda y Enzinas (d. 1835)

Diego Camuñas (fl. ca. 1700)

Diego Careri (d. 1661)

Diego de Aguirre (fl. c. 1702)

Diego de Alburquerque (fl. 1613)

Diego de Alcalá (d. 1463)

Diego de Arce (d. 1616)

Diego de Béjar (fl. 16th cent.)

Diego de Careri, see: Diego Careri

Diego de Cea (fl. early 17th cent.)

Diego de Cogolludo, see: Diego López de Cogolludo

Diego de Córdoba Salinas (Diego de Córdova/de Córdoba y Salinas, fl. mid 17th cent.)

Diego de Estella, see: Didacus Estella

Diego de Fuensalida (fl. c. 1660)

Diego de Landa, see: Didacus de Landa Calderon

Diego de Lazcano (d. 1810)

Diego de la Vega (d. after 1622)

Diego de Leyba (fl. late 17th cent.)

Diego del Saz (1579-1645)

Diego de Madrid (fl. early 18th cent.)

Diego de Mendoça

Diego de Ocaña (d. 1680)

Diego de Oca y Sarmiento (Diego de Orensano, fl. mid 17th cent.)

Diego de Olmos (fl. 17th cent.)

Diego de Valencia (fl. early fifteenth cent.)

Diego de Zayas Sotomayor (fl. first half 17th cent)

Diego Enríquez, see: Didacus Henricus

Diego Fernandez (d. ca. 1550)

Diego García de Cartagena (d. 1794)

Diego García de León (fl. later 17th cent.)

Diego Girolamo da Lugano (fl. ca. 1750)

Diego González Mateo (fl. c. 1750)

Diego Hernández (Diego Fernández, d. 5 June, 1550)

Diego Hurtado Leonés (fl. second half 17th cent.)

Diego Izquierdo (fl. first half 17th cent.)

Diego José de Cádiz (fl. 18th cent.) sanctus

Diego José Fuente (d. 1742)

Diego Lequile, see: Didacus Maria Tafuri

Diego López de Cogolludo (Colludo, fl. late 17th cent.)

Diego López Serrano (fl. ca. 1600)

Diego Luis de Saaveda (fl. early 18th cent.)

Diego Maria Tafuri, see: Didacus Maria Tafuri above

Diego Miguel Bringas de Manzaneda y Encinas (fl. c. 1800)

Diego Múñoz (fl. late 16th cent.)

Diego Murillo (d. 1616)

Diego Naranjo y Rojas (fl. c. 1710)

Diego Nebot Fajardo (fl. c. 1745)

Diego Oddi da Vallinfreda?>> Umberto Vittorio Buttarelli, Fioretti di Fra Diego. In occasione della sollenne beatificazione del Venerabile Servo di Dio Fra Diego Oddi da Vallinfreda (Bellegra, 1998).

Diego Ordóñez (1491-1607?!)

Diego Pizarroso fl. mid 17th cent.)

Diego Tafuri, see: Didacus Maria tafuri

Diego Téllez (Diego Tello Lasso de la Vega, fl. early eighteenth century)

Diego Valades (1533-after 1582)

Dietmar Costerboek (fl. late 14th cent.), see: Detmarus

Dietrich (‘Bruder Dietrich’/Dietrich von Zengg, fl. c. 1420)

Dietrich Colde/Kolde/Koelde (d. 1515)

Dietrich de Apolda

Dietrich de Arnevelde (fl. ca. 1400?)

Dietrich Göllin (second half thirteenth century)

Dietrich Kammerer (Theodorich Kramer/Kauer, d. 1530)

Dionysius Bolle (fl. 1800)

Dionysius de Vira (Denis de Vire, d. 1658)

Dionysius de Werl (ca. 1640, Werl - 4, 03, 1709, Hildesheim)

Dionysius Foulechat (d. ca. 1385)

Dionysius Genuensi

Dionysius Pulinari de Florentia (da Firenze, d. 1582)

Domingo, see: Dominicus

Dominicus Alvarez de Toledo (Domingo Álvarez de Toledo, fl. late 17th cent.)

Dominicus Benaocaz (Domingo de Benaocaz, 1811)

Dominicus Biota (Domingo Biota, fl. c. 1566)

Dominicus Bonaventurae de Festo (mid 14th cent.)

Dominicus de Barta (d. 1343)

Dominicus de Briera (Domingo de Briera, fl. 17th cent.)

Dominicus de Cruce (Domingo de la Cruz Romero, fl. later 17th cent.)

Dominicus del Pico (Domingo del Pico. D. 1554)

Dominicus de Sancto Michaelo (Domingo de San Miguel, fl. later 17th cent.)

Dominicus de Sancto Petro de Alcantara (Domingo de San Pedro de Alcántara, fl. c. 1740)

Dominicus de Swats (OFM?> fl. ca. 1500)

Dominicus Germanus de Silezia (1588, Schurgast - 28, 09, 1670, El Escorial)

Dominicus Gonzalez (Gomingo González, fl. c. 1800)

Domenico Gubernatis (born in Sospel - 1690, Turin)

Dominicus Hernandus de Turre (Domingo Hernáez de la Torre, d. after 23 September 1716)

Dominicus Kochanowski (Dominik Kochanowski, d. 1562)

Dominicus Losada (Domingo Losada, fl. c. 1700)

Dominicus `Lo Sada' (16th cent>>?)

Dominicus Martinus (Domingo Martínez, fl. c. 1700)

Dominicus Mokos (Dominik Mokos, 1718-1776)

Dominicus Ruiz (Dominingo Ruiz, d. 1666)

Dominicus Soto (16th cent.)>>?

Donatus Brasavola de Ferrara (d. 1353)

Donatus de Loro Piceno (Donato da Loro Piceno,>>>>)

Donatus de Puteo de Mediolano (fl. c. 1450)

Donaus Moneyus (Donagh Mooney (early seventeenth century))

Dorotheus Betera (Doroteo Betera, 1552-1624)

Drogo de Provincia (Dreux de Provins, d. 1285)

Durandus de Alvernia

Durandus de Campagnia (Durandus of Champagne, d. ca. 1309?)

Durandus de S. Quintino


 

 

 


 

 

 


 

 

 


 

 

 

Dalmatius Kick (1703-1769)

OFMRif. German friar, born in Vohenstrauss on 19 March, 1703. Important Scotist order theologian and teacher, for instance active in the study house of Ingolstadt. Predominantly known for his large, six-volume Universa Theologia Dogmatico-Scholastica pro Sacrae Scientiae Studiosis et Amatoribus Concinnata, and for a number of other handbooks that reflect his teaching and disputation activities.

editions

Deus infallibiliter sciens, et decernens futura libera, absoluta et, et conditionata, Scotisticè (...) explicatus ac cum thesibus ex Universa Theologia Scotistica (...) publicae disputationi expositus (...) Preside, P.F. Dalmatio Kickh (...) Defendente, P.F. Godefrido Netter (...) (Ingolstadt: Joann Paulus Schleig, 1742). This edition is available via Google Books and via the digital collections of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Munich.

Dalmatius Kick was involved with several such scholarly disputation exercises that ended up in print, either as president or as one of the defendants in the dispute. Another example is the Appendix Ad Tabulam Votivam, Id Est: Quaestiones, ac variae Resolutiones De Juramentis, Cum Parergus ex Tractatu de Jure, et Justitia: Contractibus, et Restitutione ad Mentem Doctoris Subtilis Joan. Duns Scoti, Publicae Disputationi exposita, In Conventu, & Studio Generali Ingolstadiensi FF. Min. S. Francisco Reform. Praeside P.Fr. Adalbert Lährnpecher, dicti Ord. SS. Theol. Lectore Ordin. Defendentibus P.F. Aureo Leithner, & P.F. Dalmatio Kick Eijusdem Ordinis, & Studii. Die 23. Mensis Augusti Anno 1728 (...) (Ingolstadt: Typis Viduae Grassianae, 1728). Available via Google Books.

Revelationum agredanarum iusta defensio (Regensburg: Aegidius Bernardus Gastl, 1750). This edition is available via Google Books.

Continuatio justæ defensionis revelationum Agredanarum novæ sic dictæ demonstrationi & aliis recentioribus insultibus Amortianis opposita ac ad utilitatem et jucunditatem legentium condita variis resolutionibus scripturalibus theologicis (...) (1754).

Additiones novissimae ad theologiam moralem Analecti Reiffenstuel (...) a P.F. Dalmatio Kickh (...) (Munich: Matthias Luzenkirchen, 1756). This edition is available via Google Books. There are several other editions of Anacletus Reiffenstuel's Theologia Moralia with updates and additions by Dalmatius Kick and others, such as Massaeus Kresslinger.

Universa Theologia Dogmatico-Scholastica pro Sacrae Scientiae Studiosis et Amatoribus Concinnata, 6 Vols. (Augsburg-Innsbruck, 1765-1768). Partially available sur Google Books and Archive.org.

literature

Scriptores Provinciae Babariae Fratrum Minorum, 1625-1803 (Quaracchi, 1954), 64-65; DSpir VIII, 1723.

 

 

 

 

Damasus Kun (d. 1737)

OFMRif. Provincial minister of the Austrian province. Sent as a missionary to Bulgary where he was murdered by schismatics in 1737.

literature

C. Othmer, ‘De martyrio P. Damasi Kun, O.F.M., in Walachia (1737)’, AFH 21 (1928), 611-614.

 

 

 

 

Damián Cornejo (Damián Francisco García de Labra Cornejo, 1629-1707)

Born in Palencia. Entered the order at the age of 14 in the Ocaña friary. Subsequently studies of philosophy and theology in the study houses of Ciudad Real and Alcalá de Henares. Professor of theology at the university of Alcala de Henares, as well as preacher and order chronicles/hagiographer. Guardian of the convent of S. Diego de Alcalá in 1673. He was appointed bishop of Orense, and died in office on 29 April 1707. He wrote a number of hagiographical works, but is best known for his poetic works, many of which were collected and issued after his death. Some of these poetic works, which varied in form style, had an erotic or at least a burlesque satyrical quality. In the past a number of these poems were ascribed to Manuel León Marchante who was, in fact, a friend of Damián, and it seems that a number of poems were a joined production.

Manuscripts

Poesía: Madrid, Nac., 2100 ff. 232v; Madrid, Nac., 2245 ff. 1-201v; Madrid, Nac., 4135 & 4258 ff. 1-202 [Castro, Madrid, n. 116, 124, 247]; >> (see the edition of Klaus Pörtl).

editions

Crónica seráfica y vida del glorioso patriarca San Francisco y de sus primeros discípulos, 4 Vols. (Madrid: Juan García Infanzón, 1682-1698). These volumes saw several imprints and new editions in the course of the 18th and 19th century, sometimes under a different title, such as Vida del glorioso patriarca San Francisco de Asís, publicada por la V. Orden Tercera de Penitencia existente en el convento de religiosas franciscanas de la Puridad y S. Jaime de Valencia (Valencia: Imp. R. Ortega, 1884). Some volumes are available via Archive.org and via Google Books. Later friars made additions to this hagiographical/historical work. Four additional volumes were issued by Eusebio Gonzáles de Torres in the early 18th century (see there, under the letter E), and later Joseph Torrubir issued a ninth volume.

Obras de Fray Damián Cornejo. Ms 5566 de la BNM, ed. Danièle & Michel Maurel, MA Thesis (Université de Toulouse-Le Mirail, 1970); Das lyrische Werk des Damián Cornejo (1629-1707): eine kritische Edition der Handschriften von Roncesvalles, ed. Klaus Pörtl, Münchener romanistische Arbeiten, 50 (München: Wilhelm Fink Verlag, 1978).

literature

AIA 26 (1926), 404-407; AIA 33 (1930), 485 & 15 (1955), 261; Antonio Carreira, ‘La obra poética de Damián Cornejo: cuatro manuscritos más y uno menos’, in: La literatura española en tiempos de los novatores (1675-1726), ed. Alain Bègue & Jean Croizat-Viallet, Criticón, 103-104 (Madrid-Toulouse: Casa de Velázquez/Instituto Cervantes/Presses Universitaires du Mirail, 2008), 39-54 [See also: http://cvc.cervantes.es/literatura/criticon/PDF/103-104/103-104_039.pdf ]; Alain Bègue, ‘Poetas de la segunda mitad del siglo XVII’, in: Diccionario Filológico de Literatura Española. Siglo XVII, II, ed. Pablo Jauralde Pou, Nueva Biblioteca de Crítica y Erudición, 31 (Madrid: Editorial Castalia, 2011), 707-741.

 

 

 

 

Damianus Damiani (Damiano Damiani, 1763-1842)

Capuchin friar.

literature

Giosuè Berbenni, ‘L’organaro Damiano Damiani (1763-1842) frate cappucino’, Collectanea Francisana 79:1-2 (2009), 221-294.

 

 

 

 

Damianus de Jesu (Damián de Jesús, fl. mid 17th cent.)

OFMDisc. Member of the San José province.

literature

AIA 22 (1962), 229, 294, 696; José Simón Díaz, Bibliografía de la literatura hispánica, 11 Vols. (Madrid, 1960-1976) IX, no. 2277; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 106 (no. 254).

 

 

 

 

Damián de Lugones (Damián Lugones y Ramírez, first half 17th cent.)

OFM. Preacher of the Andalucia province.

manuscripts

Discurso dirigido a Francisco Pacheco: Madrid, Nac., 1713 ff. 96-102v [Castro, Madrid, no. 83]

editions

in: Francisco Pacheco, Arte de la pintura, ed. Francisco J. Sánchez Cantón (Madrid, 1956), 416-431.

literature

AIA 15 (1955), 337-338; AIA 21 (1961), 183; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 141 (no. 519).

 

 

 

 

Damián Giner (fl. c. 1600)

OFM. Member of the Valencia province. Custodian in 1600; provincial definitor in 1601. Refused to take on the office of provincial minister, when he was elected in 1605. Published an adapted edition of Scotus’ Oxoniense.

editions

Scriptum Oxoniense in quatuor libros sententiarum. Doctoris subtilissimi R.P. Ioannis Duns Scoti, Ordinis minorum, theologorum principis. Nunc denuo in commodiorem formam, ac facillimam methodum, quae communis est scriptorum ratio, redactum. Per P.F. Damianum Giner Sacri ordinis minorum regularis obseruantiae (...) (Valencia: ex typographia Aluari Franci in vico vulgo dicto de la Pelleria vieja, 1598; 1603). The 1598 edition is available via Google Books.

literature

Vicente Martínez Colomer, Historia de la provincia franciscana de Valencia de la regular observancia (...) (Valencia: Salvador Fauli, 1803) I 333-339; AIA 15 (1955), 296; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 121 (no. 362).

 

 

 

 

Daniel Agricola (Daniel Meyer, d. ca. 1540)

OFMObs. Member and lector/reading master of the Observant Franciscan convent in Basel (Strasbourg province). Theologian with humanist leanings, preacher and poet. Held a Latin lecture at the provincial chapter of Tübingen in 1510, when he was apparently also fulfilling other preaching assignments. In 1523, he is definitor and takes part in the provincial chapter of Kreuznach. Likewise, he takes part as definitor in the provincial chapter of Freiburg. Possibly guardian in Kreuznach, a friary in which he lived and worked from 1523 onwards. There he wrote predominantly anti-Lutheran works, including the so-called Obeliscus contra Lutherum (1528) and Wegfart mit sicherm gleid durch luttersche abweg (1529), which might never have reached the printing press. Aside from these Kreuznach production, he is predominantly known for his Tractatus de Passione Domini/passio domini nostri iesu christi (1519 etc.), for his involvement in the 1515 edition of the Liber Moralium of Gregory the Great (published in Cologne and Basel and reprinted in Lyon, in 1546). To Daniel are also attributed a Corona Doctorum ex Millibus Unus, a Corona XII Coronarum B.M.V., and a Corona Mystica B.M.V., and several other works (see esp. Sbaralea), most of which deal with the immaculate conception (see on these works Hain, Rep. II, n. 5745ff..) Yet these ascriptions can not be confirmed.

Manuscripts/editions

Sermones:>> [Sbar>?]

Obeliscus contra Lutherum (1528): MS Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek clm 9062.

Wegfart mit sicherm gleid durch luttersche abweg ein yden Christen Clar an tag gleit durch xl tagreiss auff den berg wares glaubes (Kreuznag, 1529): ?

Passio domini nostri iesu christi secundum seriem quattuor evangelistarum (Basel, 1509/ Basel: Adam Petri, 1511 [with illustrations by Urs Graf[]/Basel: Johann. Froben, 1512/Basel: Michael Furter, 1513/1516; Basel: Thomas Wolf, 1521). A version of the work was apparently also edited in the Postilla Guillermi super Epistolas et Evangelia per totius anni circumcitum, de tempore, sanctis et pro defunctis (Basel: Adam Petri de Langendorff, 1510). It is quite possible that Daniel’s motivation for writing the work was fully practical. Landmann (1927), 310-311 suggests: ‘Die Postilla Guillermi (…) ließ nämlich die Karwoche unberücksichtigt. So hat nun, wahrscheinlich auf Verlangen des Druckers Adam Petri, Daniel Agricola in ähnlicher Anordnung erstens einen erzählenden Evangelientext hergestellt, indem er die vier Leidensberichte unter genauer Quellenangabe miteinander verband, zweitens diesen Text mit einer reichen Interlinearglosse versehen, drittens eine eigene Erklärung mit Einleitung und Einteilung für die Predigt hinzugefügt und viertens die einzelnen Leidensereignisse mit einem anziehenden Kranz von Aussprüchen der Väter und großen Heiligen eingerahmt. (…) Wie die Postilla Guillermi sollte die Passion den einfachen Priestern dienen und wohl auch den Priesteramtskandidaten zur schulmäßigen Vorbereitung auf ihr Amt.’

Das leben des heiligen bychtigers vnd einsidlers sant Batten, des ersten Apostel des oberlands, Heluecia geheissen (Basel, 1511).

Directorium in Dominice passionis articulas (Basel, 1511).

Almi confessoris et anachorete Beati: Helveciorum primi evangelistae et apostoli: a sancto Petro missi vita: iam pridem exarata (Basel: Adam Petrus von Langedorff,1511). This works, which can be accessed via the digital collections of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Munich, also contains illustrations by Urs Graf.

Das leben vnsers erledigers Jesu Christi nach lauttung des heyligen Ewangeli mit vil andechtiger betrachtung, Auch mit beylauffung des lebens der junckfrawen Marie, von einem Barfuesser der obseruantz Also zusam gesetzt von anfang der kindthait Cristi biß auff sein himelfart vol suesser vnd andechtiger leer vnd betrachtung (Nuremberg, 1514). Accessible via the digital collections of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Munich, and via the digital collections of the Universitätsbibliothek Freiburg.

literature

Conrad Pellikan, Chronica, ed. Riggenbach (Basel, 1877), 41; Sbaralea, Supplementum (ed. Rome, 1908) I, 323; Zawart, 340, 346; Michael Bihl, ‘Agricola’, Dictionnaire d'histoire et de géographie ecclésiastiques I (1912), 1022; Florenz Landmann, ‘Zum Predigtwesen der Straßburger Franziskanerprovinz in der letzten Zeit des Mittelalter’, Franziskanische Studien 14 (1927), 297-332; F. Wagemans, ‘Agricola’, DSpir I, 255; Karin Marti-Weissenbach, ‘Agricola, Daniel’, Dictionnaire Historique de la Suisse I, 108a; András Vizkelety, ‘Agricola, Daniel’, in: Die deutsche Literatur: Biographisches und bibliographisches Lexikon, Reihe II: Die deutsche Literatur zwischen 1450 und 1620. Abteilung A: Autorenlexikon, ed. Jörg Jungmayr, Wilhelm Kühlmann, Hans-Gert Roloff & Johann Anselm Steiger (Bern-Frankfurt am Main-New York: Lang, 1985), 391-402; Karin Marti-Weissenbach, ‘Agricola, Daniel’, Dizionario Storico della Svizzera I, 113a.

 

 

 

 

Daniel Anglus (13th cent.?)

Theologian. A commentary on the Apocalypse by his hand still survives (Ms. Metz Bibl. cod. 262, ex Catalogo Montfaucon to. 2, p. 1382>> modern signature?).

edities:

>>

literatuur:

Sbaralea, Supplementum. I. 223

 

 

 

 

Daniel of Tabriz († after 17, 09, 1346)

Entered the Franciscan order ca. 1320. Took part in the synod of Sis (1345), and was commissioned to travel to pope Clemens VI in Avignon, to defend the orthodoxy of the Armenian church against the accusations of Narses Palentz. From his adversaries we have a report of his apostasy and sudden death. Daniel's defense of the Armenians (1341) survived.

Manuscripts

Responsio ad Errores Impositos Hermensis: Paris, BN, Lat. 3368 (14th cent.)

editions:

Responsio ad Errores Impositos Hermensis (Armensis), in: Recueil des Histoire des croisades. Documents arméniens, ed. Ch. Kohler (Paris, 1906), Vol. 2, 559-660.

Literature:

Golubovich, BBb, 4 (Quaracchi, 1923), 333-362; G. Petrowicz, `Fratres Unitores nella Chiesa Armena (1330-1360)', ED, 21 (1969), 328-332.

 

 

 

 

Daniel Zielinski (fl. 17th cent.)

Compiler of a convent chronicle of the Franciscan house of the Observant Alwernia convent near Cracow, in the Polish Immaculate Conception province.

literature/editions

Dominik Knapik, Bernardyni Alwernijscy. Dzieje klasztoru OO. Bernardynów w Alwerni 1616-2010 (Cracow: Ksiegarnia Akademicka, 2014). On the Franciscan house of the Observant Alwernia convent near Cracow, in the Polish Immaculate Conception province, partly based in the convent chronicle compiled by Daniel Zielinski (1616-1649) and Aniol Hlava (1757 to 1790). Review in Collectanea Franciscana 85:1-2 (2015), 316-319.

 

 

 

 

David ab Augusta (David von Augsburg, ca. 1200, Augsburg - 15/19, 11, 1272, Augsburg)

Theologian and preacher. Probably born in Augsburg between 1200 and 1210. Joined the order shortly after 1221 (when the order started to make progress in the German lands). Seems to have studied at the Studium of Magdeburg (founded in 1230). Around 1240, David became novice master in the Franciscan convent of Regensburg, a position he kept for many years. Several writings attest to this , for instance his famous De Ext. Et Int. Hominis Compositione. For a discussion of the evidence, see Stöckerl, (1914), 183-187). Aside from his activities as novice master, David also was active as preacher and confessor, engaging in a range of homiletic journeys (also als socius of Berthold of Regensburg, cf. MS Munich cgm 210 f. 79ra). In 1246, he became papal inspector (together with his former novice Berthold of Regensburg , friar Henry of Lerchenfeld and friar Ulrich of Dornberg) of female monasteries in Regensburg, and later (1250s) probably also active as inquisitor against the Waldensians (cf. the `spurious'? Tractatus de Inquisitione Haereticorum). Eventually returned to Augsburg, where he died on 15 or 19 November 1272. Throughout the later medieval period, he remained famous for his sermons (which apparently did not survive) and his many surviving ascetical teachings, many of which circulated widely in a large number of manuscript copies (both in Latin and in various vernaculars). Particularly his De Exterioris et Interioris Compositione had an enormous reception, and formed a source for many later medieval works of religious instruction, particularly within female religious communities alligned with the Franciscan order and the Modern Devotion movement (see the article of Ruh on David of Augsburg in Die deutsche Lit. des MA Verfasserslexikon II and the article of Domenico Pezzini).

His educative treatises abound in metaphors and similes drawn from daily life, building, craftmanship, labour, civil law, husbandry, commerce, travel, education and ecclesiastical life. [see in particular on this Schwab (1971), 202ff. and Claudia Rueg (1989), 42-43, 47ff.]

In the past, a long discussion has been taking place concerning the authenticity of David's German works. This disussion seems to have been decided by S. Francis Mary Schwab, who, in the study David of Augsburg’s ‘Paternoster’ and the Authenticity of His German Works (Munich, 1971), concluded (p. 175) ‘that the canon of David’s German works includes the following: ‘Die sieben Vorregeln der Tugend’; ‘Der Spiegel der Tugend’; ‘Von der Offenbarung und Erlösung des Menschengeschlechtes’ (including ‘Kristi Leben unser Vorbild’); ‘Die vier Fittiche geistlicher Betrachtung’; ‘Von der Erkenntnis der Wahrheit’; ‘Die sieben Staffeln des Gebetes’ (Version B), including the ‘postscript´to Version A, probably intended for B (A was translated from the Latin ‘Septem gradus orationis’, which, though ascribed to David and edited under his name, appears to be unauthentic because of marked stylistic differences), the ‘Paternoster’; and an ‘Ave Maria’.’

Schwab also comes to a general theological characterisation of David’s work (p. 180): ‘With regard to the doctrine contained in David’s writings, there are certain frequently recurring principles that contain the essence of his thought, such as the following: The goal of man is complete rest in God and union with Him. This state can be found only through purity of soul - that is, through freedom from all attachment to whatever is opposed to God. Sin has weakened the powers of man, destroyed his inner harmony, and hinders full union with God. It is the task of asceticism to overcome all obstacles to this union. When the faculties are well ordered and the body subjected to the spirit, and the spirit to God, complete harmony will again be restored and complete union with God attained. The more man approaches God through asceticism, the more God draws near to man through mystical graces. The close union of God with the soul of man leads finally to a ‘transformation in God’, in which lies the highest beatitude. God fills heaven and earth, but even more blessed and fruitful is the manner in which He remains in those souls ‘who resemble the heavens through the height of their heavenly contemplation and the breadth of their burning love’ (‘Paternoster’, lines 28-30). It is obvious that David of Augsburg’s writings deal with both ascetical and mystical aspects of the spiritual life; in fact, our author has been generally regarded as one of the first German ‘mystics’ to write in the vernacular. However, in the light of the present investigation it may not be amiss to suggest that his forte is essentially asceticism, in writing about which he expresses himself more freely and with greater originality than when treating of mysticism.’

manuscripts

De Exterioris et Interioris Hominis Compositione secundum triplicem statum incipientium, proficientium et perfectorum (written after 1240). This work actually comprises three different treatises: Formula de compositione hominis exterioris ad novitios; Formula de interioris hominis reformatione ad proficientes; De septem processibus religiosorum. De Exterioris (…) Compositione, which is deeply inspired by writings of Augustine, Gregory the Great, Bernard of Clairveaux, and William of St. Thierry (esp. Espistola ad Fratres de Monte Dei), has survived in many manuscripts, both partially and as a whole. The Quaracchi edition (see below) already lists more than 370 (Latin) manuscripts, and that list is not complete (to be added in particular many vernacular adaptations. See for instance Ruh, in VL3rd ed. II, 49 (on German versions) and 51 (on Dutch versions). Several Middle English manuscripts are discussed in Michael G. Sargent, ‘David of Augsburg’s De exterioris et interioris hominis compositione’, in Middle English, in: Satura: Studies in Medieval Literature in Honour of Robert R. Raymo, ed. Nancy M. Reale & Ruth E. Sternglantz (Donington: Shaun Tyas, 2001), 74-102 (mentioning for instance MSS Cambridge, Queen’s College 31; Cambridge, University Library Dd.2.33, written for Syon Abbey; Cambridge University Library Mm.5.37; Oxford, Bodleian Ashmole 41). For some Latin manuscripts, see a.o. Prague, UB I.E.13; Madrid, Nac. 569 ff. 145v-248; Augsburg, UB, Cod. II.1.2° 5 (ca. 1400-1450) ff. 202ra-226vb & II.1. 2° 51 (ca. 1428) ff. 178rb-196va; Budapest, Magyar Tudományos Akadémia Könyvtára K.425 (an. 1518) ff. 1-17v. (Prologus); Budapest, Országos Széchényi Könyvtár Lat. 500 (ca. 1400) ff. 48v-86r, 90v-100r, 101r-171r; Erbstorf, Klosterbibl. IV 15 (ca. 1465) ff. 148r-156v; Berlin, Hamilton 109; Brussels, Bibl. Royale IV 282; Colmar, Bibl. Publ. 116 ff. 136-161 [De Septem Processibus Religiosi]; Australia Ballarat Fine Art Gallery, Crouch 10 (16th cent.);>>Latin MSS in England: Cambridge, St. John's College, MS D.9 ; Cambridge, St. John's College, MS G.2; Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, MS 256; Durham, Cathedral Chapter library, MS V.iv.42; London, British Library Royal 5.A.v. (xiv); London, British Library Arundel 361 (xiv); London, British Library Arundel 512 (xiv); London, British Library Harley 3215 (xiv); Oxford, Bodley Canon 540 (xv); Oxford Bodley MS Laud Misc. 181 (xiv); Oxford Bodley MS Laud Misc. 167 (xvi); Oxford, Rawlinson C. 72 (xv);>>>

Formula Novitiorum [=first book of the Compositione; often surviving as separate treatise]: a.o. Uppsala, UB, C. 802 (15th cent.), ff. 1r-32r; Frankfurt a.M. Dominikanerkloster 31 ff. 1-50rb (15th cent.) [Pars III] & 18 ff. 54-66v & 96 (an. 1443) & 178 ff. 162-170; Würzburg, UB Benedikt. Provenienz M.ch.q. 157 ff. 48r-59r (15th cent.); Lüneb. Ratsbücherei, theol. 2° 92 ff. 322va-325vb (abbreviatio, an. 1460); Hamburg, S. Petrus Kirche MS Petri 26 ff. 227v-235v & MS Petri 41 ff. 54v-59v; Stuttgart Württemb. Landesb. HB 1 ff. 43r-53v (an. 1433); Colmar, Bibl. Publ. 103 ff. 235-237v ; Brussels, Bibl. Royale II. 3811 ff. 1r-129v (19-6, 1415); Vienna, Österr. Nationalbibl. Abendl. Handschriften Series Nova 3622 ff. 62v-82v; Freiburg UB 219 ff. 9r-33v [German translation of chapters 1-9, 11, 12, 14, part of 15, 16, 20 (in the Quaracchi edition), together with additional texts. This translation, which has been ascribed to Katharina Ederin, addresses female novices. This translation has been edited by K. Rieder, in Alemannia 25 (1898), 166-180. Cf. VL² II, 356; Kurt Ruh, Bonaventura Deutsch (Bern, 1956), 62: in the fifteenth century, David’s novice treatise in German spread over the whole German language area, alongside of other Franciscan popular theological texts]]

De profectu Religiosorum/Elaboratio Davidis de Augsburg Profectus Religiosorum: Frankfurt a.M., Dominikanerkloster 59 ff. 46v-47v; Namur, Musée Archéol. 105 (an. 1400); Brussels, Bibl. Royale 1795-6 (an. 1388) & 2891-92

Glosa super Regulam Fratrum Minorum: MS Munich, Staatsbibliothek cod. 8826 ff. 97-105v; MS Munich, Staatsbibliothek cod. 9068 ff. 169r-198r; Munich, Staatsbibliothek cod. 15312 ff. 266r-285v; Luzern, Kantonalbibliothek cod. 11, ff. 200r-271v; Trier, Stadtbibliothek, cod. 146/1189 ff. 100v-103v; Berlin, Staatsbibliothek Preußischer Kulturbesitz cod. theol. lat. qu. 45 f. 81v.

Viginti Passus de Informatione Spiritualis Vitae: Vienna, Österr. Nationalbibl. Abendl. Handschriften Series Nova 3622 ff. 48r-61r;

De Dominica Oratione: Vienna, Österr. Nationalbibl. Abendl. Handschriften Series Nova 3622 ff. 167r-170r

Tractatus de Praeparatione ad Missam: Vienna, Österr. Nationalbibl. Abendl. Handschriften Series Nova 3622 ff. 172r-184r

De Officio Magistri Novitiorum: Munich Hof- und Staatsbibliothek Lat. 15312

Qualiter Novitius se Praeparat ad Horam: Munich clm 23444

Septem Gradus Orationis: MS Munich clm 9667 ff. 185ra-189b; Zisterzienserabtei Heiligenkreuz Cod. 2.1.C.e. (olim 222) ff. 83r-87v. [This Latin text, based on a German original (namely the one edited by Kurt Ruh in 1965), itself became the basis for another German version (known as version A, edited by Franz Pfeiffer in 1845) that is not the product of David’s own hands.]

(Pseudo) De Inquisitione Haereticorum: Augsburg UB, Cod. II.1.2° 85 (15th cent.) ff. 143ra-vb [De Haeresi Waldensium]

Rusticanus de Sanctis: Leipzig, Univ. Bibl. 498 & 496; >>

Sermones: Freibourg, Franciscan Library 117/I-II;>>

Die Sieben Staffeln des Gebets [German]: MS Munich cgm 176 ff. 206r-228r; Zürich Zentralbibliothek C 76 ff. 149va-158rb (‘B’ version, of which exist at least six additional manuscripts); Karlsruhe Landesbibl. St. Peter 85 ff. 42vb-44rb; St. Florian Stiftsbibl. XI 123 ff. 44v-54r; St. Gallen Stiftsbibl. Cod. 1033 ff. 57r-65r; St. Gallen Stiftsbibl. Cod. 1066 ff. 226b-231vb; Berlin (Marburg a./L.) Staatsbibl. germ. 4° 1596 f. 20v-36r; München Staatsbibl. cgm 7264 ff. 79rb-82ra [ for the Latin parallel text, see MS München Staatsbibl. Clm 9667 ff. 185ra-189b]

Erklärung des Vaterunser [German]: München Bayerisch. Staatsbib. cgm 176 ff. 228r-257r [late thirteenth or early fourteenth century. inc.: Pater noster, qui es in celis. Herre got, himlischer vater, du bist ein lebentiger brunne allez gutez…; expl.: Got bringe uns zu der hohster warheit offenunge; da ist aller freuden vollunge. Amen. this manuscript is a veritable treasure house for German and Latin works of David von Augsburg and Berthold von Regensburg, as well as related texts]; cgm 354 ff. 99va-107rb; cgm 7264; Heidelberg, Universitätsbibliothek Pal. Germ 567 ff. 207va-222ra, 254r-v; Berlin mgq 1596. [strong parallels between David’s Erklärung and passages in De Compositione and the Siebel Vorregeln. In De Compositione III, David discusses three types of prayer and their utility (which appear again in the Sieben Vorregeln der Tugend and also form the subject of the Latin treatise De Oratione, and the first three steps of the Sieben Staffeln des Gebetes/Septem Gradus Orationis). In his treatment of the second type, David illustrates by means of the seven pater noster petitions the role of human affactions and emotions in prayer, focusing on the conformity of the human will to the will of God and the ways to obtain a union with the Divine.

Erklärung des Ave Maria [German]: München Bayerisch. Staatsbib. cgm 176 ff. 257v-266v [inc.: Ave, Reiniu muter gotes und maget. Disen gruez brahte dir der hilg engel Gabriel von Got…; expl.: Daz du maget und muter bist des sunes, der ie got waz und immer ist, der dine libes edeliv fruht ist an ende gebenedict. Amen]; Heidelberg, Universitätsbibliothek Pal. germ 567 ff. 222ra-226va.

Works of David of Augsburg in Medieval Dutch, see: Ghent, UB 258; Hamburg, Stadtsbibl. Theol. 2194; Trier 811; Strasbourg, Univ. L. 179; Brussels, Bibl. Royale 5144; Den Haag, KB O.108 & X.51; Utrecht, UB 1019 & 1020; Amsterdam, UB I.G. 40 >>>>>>>

Baumgarten: Munich, cgm 6247, Munich cgm 210; Cod. Pal. Germ. 567

Betrachtungen und Gebete:>>

Die sieben Vorregeln der Tugend:>>

Der Spiegel der Tugend: MS Munich cgm 176 ff. 122r-155r [whereas the sieben Vorregeln present the principles and practices of Christian virtue, the Spiegel presents the model of all virtue, that is Christ himself.]

Kristi Leben unser Vorbild:>>

Die vier Fittige geistlicher Betrachtung:>>

Von der Erkenntnis der Wahrheit:>>

Von der Anschauung Gottes: MS Munich cgm 176 ff. 39v-52v

Von der unergründliche Fülle Gottes: MS Munich cgm 176 ff. 90r-104v; >>

Von der Offenbarung und Erlösung des Menschengeschlechts: MS Munich cgm 176 ff. 155r-170v

Traktat über die fleischliche Minne:>> MS Munich cgm 176>>?

Vom den Nutzen der Krankheit:>> MS Munich cgm 176>>?

For further genuine and spurious works of David of Augsburg, Berthold of Regensburg and their circle in Medieval German, see aside from the above-mentioned MS Munich cgm 176 also Salzburg, Benediktinerinnenstift NonnBerg 23 B 7 (26 A 17) ff. 92v-102r [Novizenspiegel] & ff. 165r-189r [Spiegel der Tugend ff. 165r-189r] & ff. 189r-212v [Die sieben Vorregeln der Tugend]; München, UB Deutsch, 8°, 279 ff. 100r-101r & 4° 479 f. 103r-v [=Pseudo>VII Nutzen der Krankheit] & 8°, 282 (15th cent.) ff. 179v-184v [=Pseudo>Krankenpflege, Ungeduld, Abendandacht]; München, Staatsbibliothek cgm [=Cod. Germ.] 6247 [contains predominantly spurious works: Von der Selbsterkenntniss; Von der Versuchung des Teufels; Wir selbst tragen oft die grösste Schuld an unseren seelischen Stürmen und Versuchungen & Mahnung zum mutigen Widerstande; Von einer dreifachen Weise Gott zu erkennen; Jesus unser Vorbild; Mahnungen zum tugendhaften Leben; Von der Geduld; Gebet um den wahren Frieden; Warum lässt uns Gott leiden?; Jesu Leiden für die Menschheit; Von dem wundersamen Orgelspiel der Seele; Vom Nutzen der Geduld] >>>>>endless. For an introduction, see esp. Ruh, VL² II, 53f and Steer (1987). The Augsburg Franciscan circle in which several of these ‘spurious’ works were produced was also responsible for the important ‘Erbauungsbuch für Nonnen’ Der Baumgarten geistlicher Leute.’ See: Geistlicher Herzen Baungart, ed. Helga Unger, MTU 24 (Munich, 1969).

editions of latin works:

De Exterioris et Interioris Compositione Hominis Libri Tres (Quaracchi, 1899); De Exterioris et Interioris Compositione Hominis, in: Bonaventura, Opera Omnia, ed. A.C. Peltier (Paris, 1868), XII, 292-442. For an Italian translation of the work, see: I mistici. Scritti dei mistici Francescani, secolo XIII, I, ed. L. Iriarte et. al. (Assisi, 1995), 171-280. See for editions of later vernacular adaptations also: Formula de Compositione Hominis Exterioris ad Novitios, ed. K. Ruh, in: K. Ruh, Franziskanisches Schrifttum im deutschen Mittelalter, I, 141-144. Another late vernacular version, which is ascribed to Katharina Ederin and addresses female novices, has been edited by K. Rieder, in Alemannia 25 (1898), 166-180. For more editions of vernacular versions, see Ruh, in VL² II, 49. Recently, De Exterioris et Interioris Compositione Hominis has been translated into German as David von Augsburg, Vom äußeren und inneren Menschen (De compositione exterioris et interioris hominis), trans. Marianne Schlosser et al. (Sankt Ottilien: EOS-Verlag, 2009). [o.a. reviews in CF 80 (2010), 323-326; AFH 103 (2010), 301f.]

Several letters to novices, of which two are incorporated in De Exterioris et Interioris Compositione as dedicatory epistles. For the others, namely De Officio Magistri Novitiorum and Qualiter Novitius se Praeparat ad Horam: ed. E. Lempp, ZKG, 19 (1899), 340-343 [on the basis of MS Munich Hof- und Staatsbibliothek Lat. 15312 and Munich clm 23444].

Tractatus de Oratione: ed. Lempp, Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschichte 19 (1899), 343-45.

Expositio Regulae: ed. D. Flood, `Die Regelerklärung des Davids von Augssburg', Franziskanische Studien, 75 (1993), 201-242. See also Flood, David (ed.) Early Commentaries on the Rule of the Friars Minor: 1242 Commentary, Hugh of Digne, David of Augsburg, John of Wales, Early Commentaries on the Rule of the Friars Minor, 1 (St. Bonaventure, NY: Franciscan Institute Publications, St. Bonaventure University, 2014). For an older, incomplete edition, see Lempp, Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschichte 19 (1899), 345-349. [In the introduction to his edition of the work, David Flood makes clear that David was asked repeatedly to provide for simple brethren and novices a concise, paraphrasing commentary on the Rule of Francis. Some elements are worth mentioning. In the prologue, David remarks, among other things (ed. Flood, 205): ‘Tribus autem de causis ordinem istum Deo revelante instituit. Primo ut esset portus salutis naufragantibus in saeculi pelago ut qui sine periculo non possunt in saeculari conversatione subsistere ad huius ordinis naviculam confugiant et salventur. Secundo ut esset desiderantibus ad altioris praemii gloriam pertingere quam communis salvandorum multitudo assequitur schola exercitationis in arduis virtutum studiis, scilicet, paupertatis humilitatis castitatis obedientiae patientiae et caritatis et internae devotionis et purae orationis et aliarum virtutum; quarum copiam plantandi opportunitatem habet qui voluerit in isto ordine magis quam alibi si fideliter ad hoc laborat, sicut ostendunt plurimi in ordine sanctificati et ad indicium suae sanctitatis gloriosis miraculis coruscantes, quorum pauci generaliter canonisati sunt in ecclesia, reliqui vero non inferiori gloria fulgent in caelo. Tertio ut ordo iste etiam aliis sit in aedificationem per praedicationis doctrinam et vivendi exemplum et orationis suffragium, ut hoc triplici funiculo qui difficile rumpitur peccatores extrahat de luto faecis et ad caelestia secum ducat.’ In the commentary on the tenth chapter of the rule (ed. Flood, 232-236), David deals at length with the various vices that stand in the way of a perfect religious life, as well as with the virtues of humilita and patientia. In his conclusion (ed. Flood, 239), David remarks: ‘Quia fratribus nostris illiteratis et novitiis regulam legere et exponere saepius a superioribus meis iussus sum, ut magis haberem in promptu quae dicerem ne oblivio tolleret simpliciter propter me notavi ista non propter alios qui nec indigent mea eruditione nec curant, cum unicuique per se intelligentia sua liceat utiliora et meditari et notare sine praeiudicio alicuius, quia magis intelligentes multo meliores regulae intellectus inveniunt quos etiam ego libenter amplectar ubi potero reperire. Si cui vero displicet quod notavi ad hoc non dissentio quia et mihi fateor in pluribus minus placere quam vellem. Ideo nulli vel scribendum vel legendum importune ingero sicut nemo ad potum aquae simpliciter cogi solet.’]

Septem Gradus Orationis: ed. J. Heerinckx, Revue d'ascétique et de mystique, 14 (1933), 146-170. [ascription still uncertain. Forms the basis of several vernacular versions]. A modern Italian translation by Taddeo Bargiel can be found in I Mistici. Scritti dei Mistici Francescani Secolo XIII, I (Assisi-Bologna, 1995), 261-280.

Tractatus de Inquisitione Haereticorum (spurious? ): ed. W. Preger, Abhandlungen der historischen Klasse der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 14 (1878), 181-235.

edition of `German' works

Die sieben Vorregeln der Tugend; Der Spiegel der Tugend; Kristi Leben unser Vorbild; Die vier Fittige geistlicher Betrachtung; Von der Anschauung Gottes; Von der Erkenntnis der Wahrheit; Von der unergründlichen Fülle Gottes; Betrachtungen und Gebete; Die sieben Stapheln des Gebetes (version A) are all edited in: Deutsche Mystiker des 14. Jahrhunderts, ed. Franz Pfeiffer (Leipzig, 1845), I, 309-397. The Kristi Leben unser Vorbild, together with Von der Offenbarung und Erlösung des Menschengeschlechtes, is also edited by F. Pfeiffer, in Zeitschrift für das deutsches Altertum 9 (1853), 1-55. Besides, there are editions of Die sieben Staffeln des Gebetes (B version, which is the original German version composed by David himself) ed. K. Ruh, in: Kleine deutsche Prosadenkmäler des Mittelalters, Heft 1 (München: Wilhelm Fink Verlag, 1965) & Franziskanisches Schrifttum, ed. K., Ruh, I, 221-247; Aus dem Baumgarten geistlicher Herzen, ed. K. Ruh, in: Franziskanisches Schrifttum, 148-154; the Pater Noster, in: F.M. Schwab, David of Augsburg's Paternoster (see literature), 90-106 [more focused on instruction than the more mystical Sieben Staffeln des Gebets. The German Pater Noster explication provides a to the point moral and theological elucidation of the pater noster text, and finishes with seven reasons why we should pray it frequently (lines 406-430 in the edition of Schwabb, pp. 104-105) ‘Daz ein ist, so wir bitten umbe das ubel, daz wir getan haben (…) Daz ander, so wir biten das uns got behuete vor chunftigen sunden (…) Das dritte ist, daz uns got erloes vor dem uebel, daz wir mit sunden verdienen (…) Das vierde ist, daz uns got fuege, des wir hie notdurftich sin zesel und ze libe (…) Daz funfte ist, daz uns got gebe alle zeit und an allen steten daz beste und daz wagiste zerchenen und zetuon nach sinem volbrahtem willen (…) Daz sehste ist, daz wir biten, daz got als suezchlichen und als genadichlichen in uns und als statichlichen hie mit uns won (…) Daz siebent ist, daz vor allen dingen des obristen chuniges er fur sich sol gen, und sin name gehoehet und geert sol werden nach siner gotlichen werdicheit im himel und uf erde, als daz zimlich und reht ist.’] ; the Ave Maria, in: Ruh, Ladisch-Grube & Brecht, Franziskanisches Schrifttum II, 283-289 & in: H. Unger, Geistlicher Herzen Baumgart (München, 1969), 280ff. [the Ave Maria explanation, gives a word for word explanation of the text Ave Maria gracia plena. Dominus tecum. Benedicta tu in muliribus et benedictus fructus ventris tui.]

An English translation of David’s Profectus Religiosorum for the nuns of Syon abbey has been edited as: David of Augsburg’s Profectus Religiosorum in the Middle English Translation for the Nuns of Syon Abbey, An Edition, ed. Stephen E. Hayes, Diss. U. of Nebrasca (Ann Arbos MI, 1997) UMI microfilms 9736932

[Kurt Ruh remarks: `David's deutsche Schriften bilden den Kern eines aszetisch-mystischen Schrifttums, das im Franziskanerkonvent Augsburg (und Regensburg) seine Mitte hat. Außer den in den aufgeführten Corpus-Hss. Übergelieferten `davidischen' Schriften gehören dazu: `Der Baumgarten geistlicher Herzen', die `Augsburger Klarissenregel', die Üebertragung der Regel Nikolaus IV. Von Jahre 1289, die Redaktion der sog. `Klosterpredigten' (Üeberlieferungsgruppe Z) Bertholds von Regensburg.' Verfasserlexikon, II, 57. Also other works in this context. Georg Steer (1987), 101ff has given an analysis of Die Sieben Staffeln des Gebets, basing himself on Ruh’s 1965 edition. Steer suggests that for David man is created in God’s image. Yet this similitude can not be reached with fasts and charitable works alone. Prayer is the only proper road (ein inganc ze gottis biwonunge). David’s depiction of the gates and roads of prayer leading to spiriual perfection is connected with the description of the entry in the tempel in Ezechiel 40, 22. The seven steps described by David are not just seven steps in prayer, but stand for mystical stages in the ‘einunge’ of man with God. The first grade is the ‘genote gebet mit dem munde’, that is intense prayer with attention for the words themselves. The heart has to be with the words, and should not be disturbed by ‘unstetekeit’ (the lack of constancy that David elsewhere in his works calls the evagatio mentis). The second grade focuses on seeking God in His word, by chewing and re-chewing His word in prayer (‘gotti wort kuwen und trueken mit deme gebette’), and so derive from it its sweet savour . In the third grade, the words of prayer are bypassed. And the heart now fills with the ‘begirde ze gotte.’ Even higher is the fourth grade, in which our mind is illuminated (‘Da wirt du verstantnisse erluhtet ze erkennende unsihtige und himelsche tougeni’) with many invisible and heavenly things, and in which we beget a deeper insight in the meaning of the Holy Scriptures. In the fifth grade, our heart gets intoxicated in the contemplation of God, and all the powers of the soul become ‘ein geist mit gotte.’ This leads to the sixth grade of prayer, the highest grade in this life, which truely is called contemplatio, and in which man is taken out of himself into heavenly silence and divine rest (‘ueber sich selben gezueket in eine himelsche stille und in eine gotliche ruowe’), at what point man is united with God in love. Due to his weakness, man can only maintain this stage for moments at a time. The final stage of prayer is equated with the visio beatifica in the afterlife, where the angels and the saints see God ‘von antlutze zu antluze.’]

literature:

E. Lempp, ‘David von Augsburg. Eine Studie’, Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschichte 19 (1899), 15-46; E. Lempp, ‘David von Agusgburg. Schriften aus der Handschrift der Münchener Hof- und Staatsbibliothek Cod. lat. 15312 zum erstenmal veröffentlicht’, Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschichte 19 (1899), 340-360; Schneyer, I, 817; F. Hecker, Kritische Beiträge zu Davids von Augsburg. Persönlichkeit und Schriften (Göttingen, 1905); D. Stöckerl, Bruder David von Augsburg. Ein deutscher Mystiker aus dem Franziskanerorden (Munich, 1914); M. Bihl, AFH 7 (1914), 765-769; C. Smits, `David von Augsburg en de invloed van zijn Profectus op de moderne devotie', Collectanea Franciscana Neerlandica, 1 (1927), 171-203; J. Heerinckx, `Theologia Mystica in Scriptis Fratris David ab Augusta', Antonianum, 8 (1933), 49-83, 161-192; J. Heerinckx, `Influence de l'Epistola ad Fratres de Monte Dei sur la composition de l'homme extérieur et intérieur de David d'Augsbourg', Études Franciscaines, 45 (1933), 330-347; K. Ruh, ‘David von Augsburg und die Entstehung eines franziskanischen Schrifttums in deutscher Sprache’, in: Augusta 955-1955. Forschungen und Studien zur Kultur- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte Augsburgs (München, 1955), 71-82; K. Ruh, `Zur Grundlegung einer Geschichte der franziskanischen Mystik', in: Altdeutsche und altniederländische Mystik, ed. K. Ruh (Darmstadt, 1964), 240-274; W.J. Einhorn, `Der Begriff der `Innerlichkeit' bei David von Augsburg', Franziskanische Studien, 48 (1966), 336-76; F.M. Schwab, David of Augsburg's `Paternoster' and the authenticity of his German Works, MTU, 32 (1971); B. Kosak, Untersuchungen zu den lateinischen und deutschen Fassungen der ‘Sieben Staffeln des Gebetes,’ Staatsprüfungsarbeit (Cologne, 1974); K. Ruh, `David von Augsburg', Die deutsche Literatur des Mittelalters. Verfasserlexikon, 2 (Berlin-New York, 1980), 47-48; K. Ruh, Franziskanisches Schrifttum im Deutschen Mittelalter (Munich, 1985), Vol. 2, 283-289; A. Barratt, `Works of religious instruction', in: Middle English Prose, ed. A.S.G. Edwards (New Brunswick, 1986), 413-432; G. Steer, `David von Augsburg und Berthold von Regensburg. Schöpfer der volkssprachigen franziskanischen Traktat- und Predigtliteratur', in: Handbuch der Literatur in Bayern vom Frühmittelalter bis zum Gegenwart, ed. A. Weber (Regensburg, 1987), 99-118; Kurt Ruh, Geschichte der abendländischen Mystik, II, 524-537; Claudia Ruegg, David von Augsburg. Historische, theologische und philosophische Schwierigkeiten zu Beginn des Franziskanerordens in Deutschland, Deutsche Literatur von den Anfängen bis 1700, Band 4 (Bern-Frankfurt a.M.-New York-Paris: Peter Lang, 1989); A. Matanic, `la `hominis compositio' tra la scuola vittorina e la prima scuola francescana', in: L'antropologia dei maestri spirituali, ed. C.A. Bernard (Cinisello Balsamo, 1991), 163-177; R. Meyer, `"Ein Lêraere des Weges ze dem Himelrîche", Zum heilsgeschichtlichen Grund der Nachfolger Christi bei David von Augsburg', Collectanea Franciscana, 63 (1993), 571-593; Cornelius Bohl, `…Habent tamen Desiderium Desiderii.' David von Augsburg und sein Werk `De Exterioris et Interioris Hominis Compositione (Rome, Pont. Ath. Anton, 1994); Domenico Pezzini, `La tradizione manoscritta inglese del De exterioris et interioris hominis compositione di Davide di Augusta', in: Editori di Quaracchi 100 anni dopo, 251-259; Cornelius Bohl, ‘David von Augsburg’, Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart II (4th ed.), 601f; Domenico Pezzini, ‘David of Augsburg’s ‘Formula Novitiorum’ in three English translations’, in: The Medieval Translator, 321-347; Pawel Krupa, ‘La communion fréquente à Prague au XIVe siècle. “Malo­granatum” III, I, 26: ses précurseurs et ses continuateurs’, Memorie Domenicane n.s. 30 (1999 (2000)), 219-258 [also with info on David von Augsburg]; C. Bohl, Geistlicher Raum. Räumliche Sprachbilder als Träger spiritueller Erfahrung, dargestellt am Werk De Compositione des David von Augsburg, Franziskanische Forschungen, 42 (Werl, 2000) [See reviews in Collectanea Francescana 71 (2001), 233-237 & Wissenschaft & Weisheit 64 (2001), 323-327]; Michael G. Sargent, ‘David of Augsburg's De Exterioris et Interioris Hominis Compositione in Middle English’, in: Satura: Studies in Medieval Literature in Honour of Robert R. Raymo, ed. Nancy M. Reale & Ruth Esther Sternglantz (Donington (Lincolnshire), 2001), 74-102; Cornelius Bohl, ‘David von Augsburg. ‘mache dir in deinem Herzen ein Bild von der Gesinnung und dem Verhalten Christi’’, in: Franziskanische Stimmen. Zeugnisse aus acht Jahrhunderten, ed. Paul Zahner (Munich: Kevelaer/Coelde verlag/Butzon & Bercker, 2002), 33-39; Frans N.M. Diekstra, ‘The Indebtedness of ‘XII frutes of the Holy Goost’ to Richard Rolle's ‘The form of living’ and to David of Augsburg's ‘De exterioris et interioris hominis compositione’’, English Studies. A Journal of English Language and Literature 83 (2002), 207-238; Bert Roest, Franciscan Literature of Religion Instruction before the Council of Trent (Leiden, 2004), passim; Dominik Dorfner, ‘David von Augsburg OFM († 1272)’, in: Jahrbuch des Vereins für Augsburger Bistumsgeschichte 39 (2005), 1-14; Barbara Faes de Mottoni, ‘Visioni e rivelazioni nel ‘De exterioris et interioris hominis compositione’ di Davide di Augsburg’, in: Itinéraires de la raison. Études de philosophie médiévale offertes à Marie Cândida Pacheco, ed. J.F. Meirinhos, Textes et Etudes du Moyen Age, 32 (Louvain-la-Neuve: FIDEM, 2005), 255-267; Die deutsche Literatur des Mittelalters. Verfasserlexikon XI, 343; Debra L. Stoudt, ‘David von Augsburg (1200/1210-1272)’, in: Key figures in medieval Europe: an encyclopedia, ed. Richard Kenneth Emmerson & Sandra Clayton-Emmerson (New York, 2006), 168; Mirko Breitenstein, Das Noviziat im hohen Mittelalter. Zur Organisation des Eintrittes bei den Cluniazensern, Cisterziensern und Franziskanern, Vita Regularis. Ordnungen und Deutungen religiosen Lebens im Mittelalter, Abhandlungen, 38 (Berlin: LIT Verlag, 2008), passim (esp. in section IV: Franziskaner); Krijn Pansters, ‘Profectus Virtutum. From psalm 83:8 to David of Augsburg’s Profectus religiosorum’, Studies in Spirituality 18 (2008), 185-194; Marianne Schlosser, ‘Die Leidenschaften der Seele bei David von Augsburg’, in: Passiones animae: die ‘Leidenschaften der Seele’ in der mittelalterlichen Theologie und Philosophie, ed. Christian Schäfer & Martin Thurner, Veröffentlichungen des Grabmann Institutes, 52 (Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 2009), 91-111; Mirko Breitenstein, ‘Der ‘Liber, qui dicitur informacio religiosi’ aus dem Paulinerkloster Grünwald: Eine bisher unbekannte Redaktion der ‘Formula novitiorum' des David von Augsburg’, in: Der Paulinerorden. Geschichte – Geist – Kultur ed. Gábor Sarbak (Budapest, 2010), 307-315; Michael Rupp, “Wan ir adel ist frihait’. Das franziskanische Ideal der Armut in der volkssprachlichen Verkündigung bei David von Augsburg, Berthold von Regensburg und Marquard von Lindau’, in: Gelobte Armut. Armutskonzepte der franziskanischen Ordensfamilie vom Mittelalter bis in die Gegenwart, ed. Heinz-Dieter Deimann, Angelica Hilsebein, Bernd Schmies & Christoph Stiegeman (Paderborn-Munich-Vienna-Zürich: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2012), 129-151;

Flood, David (ed.) Early Commentaries on the Rule of the Friars Minor: 1242 Commentary, Hugh of Digne, David of Augsburg, John of Wales, Early Commentaries on the Rule of the Friars Minor, 1 (St. Bonaventure, NY: Franciscan Institute Publications, St. Bonaventure University, 2014); Volker Honemann, ‘Das mittelalterliche Schrifttum der Franziskaner der Sächsischen Ordensprovinz unter besonderer Berücksichtigung deutschsprachiger Zeugnisse’, in: Geschichte der Sächsischen Franziskanerprovinz, 1: Von den Anfängen bis zur Reformation, ed. Volker Honemann (Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2015), 673; Wieslaw Block, 'Davide di Augusta: Elementi Basilari della vita spirituale', in: Storia della spiritualità francescana, I: secoli XIII-XVI, ed. M. Bartoli, W. Block & A. Mastromatteo (Bologna: Edizione Dehoniane, 2017), 219-230.

 

 

 

 

David Henra (Henrera, fl. ca. 1580/98)

OFM from Namen (Namur), mentioned for instance by Willot. Active as preacher for the Benedictine Canonesses of Andenne, for whom he allegedly (according to Willot) produced a French translation of the Latin life of St. Begga or Andenne. This translation was published by Jan Maes in Louvain between 1573 and 1598, but no exemplar of the work has been found.

literature

H. Willot, Athenae orthodoxorum (Liège, 1598), 100-101; Antonius Possevinus Mantuani S.J., Apparatus sacer ad scriptores veteris & novi testamenti (...), 3 Vols. (Venice: Apud Societatem Venetam, 1606) I, 386; B. de Troeyer,Bio-Bibliographia Franciscana Neerlandica Saeculi XVI I: Pars Biographica (Nieuwkoop, 1969), 354.

 

 

 

 

Deodatus (mid thirteenth cent.)

Provincial of Ireland in the 1250s and author of an exempla collection (did not survive?)

literature

D'Avray, The Preaching of the Friars, 67; J.-C. Schmitt, `recueils franciscains d'exempla…' Bibl. d'Ec. De Chartes, 135 (1977), 5-21(info?)

 

 

 

 

Deodatus a Bornato (1590-1671)

Capuchin friar. Born in 1590 in Northern Italy. Joined the order in the Milan province. In 1625, he became a missionary preacher in Switzerland, where he worked for 40 years. He died in Brescia in 1671. He left behind many notes on his rural missionary activities, but he also issued in three volumes a Subversio operum Joannis Molinei a Lavinio (Brescia, 1656), in which he defended the order against attacks on Francis of Assisi and his order.

literature

Lexicon Capuccinum 9-10.

 

 

 

 

Deodatus Maria a Venetia (Adeodato Maria da Venezia/Girolamo Querini, 29 January 1701 – 4 February 1768)

Capuchin friar. Born in Venice, he joined the order in 1726, making his profession at Bassano on 11 May 1727. Preacher, novice master, guardian and provincial vicar in the Venetian province. Refused several times to be candidate for the episcopate of Chioggia. Author of several works. Died in Treviso on 4 February 1768.

editions

Raccolta dell'istituzione di vani santuarii ad onore di Maria Vergine nello Stato Veneto (Trevigi-Trento, 1767).

Under Pseudonym (Damiano Ottavio Fredarezina): Tre quesiti di soggetto disingannato intorno ai moderni teatri... (Ferrara, 1757). This is an attack on the comedies of Carlo Goldoni.

literature

Necrologio dei frati minori cappuccini della provincia veneta (Venice, 1910) I, 35; C. Musatti, 'Le sfuriate d'un cappuccino veneziano del Settecento contro Goldoni', Ateneo veneto 38:2 (1915), 149-156; G. Crisostomo da Cittadella, Biblioteca dei frati minori cappuccini della provincia di Venezia (1535-1939) (Padova, 1944), 2; G. Crisostomo da Cittadella, 'Il Padre A. Querini e Carlo Goldoni', L'Italia Francescana 32 (1957), 234-246; Lexicon Capuccinum, 10; Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani I (1960) [http://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/adeodato-maria-da-venezia_(Dizionario-Biografico)/ ]

 

 

 

 

Deodatus Turchi de Parma (Adeodato Turchi/ Domenico Carlo Maria,1724-1803)

OFMCap. Born as Domenico Carlo Maria. Went to school with the Jesuits and joined the Capuchins at the age of 17 at Carpi, adopting the name Adeodato/Deodato. After his ordination and continuing studies, he became theology lector and preacher at Modena in 1754. He soon became a renowned preacher, leading to preaching invitations during the Lent season to Piacenza, Parma, Arezzo, Pisa, Florence, Genoa (1766), Rome and Naples (1767). In 1764, he also held a renowned speech on political secrets and prudence before the Senate of the Republic of Lucca. Also several times guardian of Capuchin convents, and in 1768 provincial minister. That same year he was appointed official court preacher at the court of Parma. Several years later, in 1778, Duke Ferdinand de Bourbon granted him the title of perpetual court preacher and counsellor of his envisaged successor, prince Louis. In 1788 appointed bishop of Parma by Pope Pius VI, accusations of Jansenism notwithstanding. Actively involved in the struggle against the anti-religious measures of Emperor Leopold. Supporter of Pius VII against the Synod of Pistoia. Near the end of his life, he tried to reach some type of accommodation with the short-lived Repubblica Italiana (1802-1805), which had been created by Napoleon. Many of his sermons, lectures and letters have seen the printing press in various collections.

editions

Epistola ill[ustrissi]mi ac rev[erendissi]mi D.D. fr. Adeodati Turchi ord. Minorum Cappuc. episcopi Parmensis ad clerum et populum civitatis ac diocesis Parmensis (Giambattista Bodoni, 1788).

Orazione funebre in morte dell'imperatrice Maria Teresa (...) composta dal P. Adeato Turchi (..) (Parma: Stamperia Reale, 1781). Available via the digital collections of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek and via Google Books.

Lettera pastorale dell'illustrissimo e reverendissimo monsignore fr. Adeodato Turchi dell'ordine de' cappuccini (...) al clero e popolo della sua diocesi (Parma: Stamperia Reale, 1789).

Omelia recitata al popolo da monsignore fr. Adeodato Turchi dell'Ord. dei cappuccini prelato domestico assistente al soglio pontificio e vescovo di Parma e conte nel solenne ingresso alla sua cattedrale il cinque novembre MDCCLXXXVIII (nella stamperia di Antonio Lami e comp., 1789).

Carta Pastoral del Ilmo. y Rmo. Señor D. Fr. Adeodato Turchi, del orden de Capuchinos (...) (Valencia: Martin Antonio Paris,1790). Available via Google Books.

Homilie über die evangelischen Räthe: gehalten von dem Hochw. Herrn Herrn Adeodatus Turchi aus dem Orden der Kapuziner Bischofen von Parma und Conte u. s. w. am Feste des heiligen Bernard, Kardinals der heil. Kirche, Bischofes und Schutzpatronen von Parma, im Jahre 1790 (...) (1791)?

Raccolta delle orazioni omelie e lettere di monsignore fra Adeodato Turchi dell'ordine dei Capuccini Vescovo di Parma e Conte ec., 3 Vols. (Turin, Dalle Stampe Soffietti, 1792-1793). At least in part available via Google Books.

Nuova raccolta di omelie, editti e indulti del all'illustrissimo e reverendissomo Monsignore Fr. Adeodato Turchi (...) (Pietro Pizzolato, 1792).

Omelia dall'ill[ustrissi]mo e rev[erentissi]mo monsignore fr. Adeodato Turchi dell'ordine de' cappuccini (...) recitata al suo popolo nel giorno di tutti i santi dell'anno MDCCXCIII sopra l'uguaglianza evangelica (Giambattista Bodoni, s.a.).

Homilia sobre la libertad christiana (Gibert i Tutó, 1793).

Editto pubblicato dall'illustrissimo e reverendissimo monsignore Fr. Adeodato Turchi (...) per l'ordinazione di pubbliche preghiere l'anno M.DCC.XCIV. (1794?)

Homilien und Hirtenbriefe des hochwuerdigsten Herren, Herrn Adeodatus Turchi (...): Aus dem Italienischen übersetzt (Augsburg: Matthias Riegers, 1795). Available via the digital collections of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek and via Google Books.

Indulto pubblicato dall'ill[ustrissi]mo e rev[erendissi]mo monsignore fr. Adeato Turchi dell'ordine de' cappuccini (...) vescovo di Parma e conte ec. per la quaresima dell'anno MDCCXCV (1795)?

Homilia sobre la tolerancia en asuntos de religion: recitada el Dia de San Bernardo del año M.DCC.XCV (...) (Oficina de Gibert y Tutó, 1790).

Omelie e lettere pastorali di Monsignore Adeotato Turchi (...), 2 Vols. (Parma: Dalla Stamperia Reale, s.a.?). At least in part available via the digital collections of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek and via Google Books.

Omelie lettere pastorali editti e indultidell'illustrissimo e reverendissomo Monsignore Fr. Adeodato Turchi dell'ordine de'Capuccini Vescovo di Parma e Conte ec.2nd Ed., 2 Vols. (Dalla Stampe di Giacomo Marsoner, 1796). Both volumes are ccessible via Google Books and via the digital collections of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek.

Orazioni, omelie pastorali editti e indulti dell'illustrissimo e reverendissomo Monsignore Fr. Adeodato Turchi dell'ordine de'Capuccini Vescovo di Parma e Conte ec., 2nd Ed., 2 Vols.? (Dalla Stampe di Giacomo Marsoner, 1796). First volume acessible via Google Books.

Orazioni funebri e Discorso sul segreto politico (Parma: Amoretti, 1796).

Orazioni funebri e Discorso sul segreto politico

Giubbileo concesso dal regnante sommo pontefice Pio VI allo stato di Parma (...) (dalla stamperia vescovile di Marco Rossi e Andrea Ubaldi, s.a.).

Omelia dall'illustrissimo e reverendissimo monsignore fr. Adeodato Turchi (...) diretta al suo popolo nel giorno di s. Bernardo dell'anno MDCCXCIII in difesa della vita contemplativa (Parma: Stamperia Reale, 1793?).

Notificazione pubblicata dall'illustrissimo e reverendissimo monsignore fr. Adeodato Turchi dell'ordine de' cappuccini prel. domest. assist. al solio pontif. vescovo di Parma e conte ec. al dilettissimo clero della sua diocesi nell'autunno dell'anno MDCCC (Parma: Stamperia Reale, 1800?).

Orazioni, omelie pastorali editti e indulti dell'illustrissimo e reverendissomo Monsignore Fr. Adeodato Turchi dell'ordine de'Capuccini Vescovo di Parma e Conte ec., 3rd Ed.?, 2 Vols.? (Aquila: Giuseppe Maria Grossi, 1800-1803). At least the first volume is accessible via Google Books.

Omelia dall'illustrissimo e reverendissimo monsignore Fr. Adeodato Turchi dell'ordine de' cappuccini (...) recitata nel giorno di tutti i santi dell'anno MDCCXCIV sopra l'amore di novita (Parma: Stamperia Reale, s.a.?).

Circolare dell'illustriss. e reverendiss. monsignore fr. Adeodato Turchi dell'ordine de' minori cappuccini prelato domestico, assistente al solio pontificio vescovo di Parma e conte al suo clero e popolo della campagna (Dalla Stamperia Vescovile di Marco Rossi e Andrea Ubaldi, 1800).

Omelia dall'illustrissimo e reverendissomo Monsignore Fr. Adeodato Turchi dell'ordine de'Capuccini prel. domest. assist al solio pontid., vescovi di Parma e Conte ec. Recitata al suo populo nel giorno di tutti i santi dell'anno MDCCXCIV (Parma: Dalla Stamperia Reale, 1801). Available via Google Books.

Omelia dall'illustrissimo e reverendissimo monsignore fr. Adeodato Turchi dell'ordine de'Capuccini prel. domest. assist al solio pontid., vescovi di Parma e Conte ec. diretta al suo popolo nel giorno di tutti i santi dell'anno MDCCC intorno all'influenza delle vesti su la morale cristiana (Parma: Stamperia Reale, s.a.).

Opere di Monsignore Adeodato Turchi, vescovo di Parma, Volume II: Prediche alla corte (Parma: Luigi Mussi, 1805). This volume is accessible via Google Books and via the digital collections of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek.

Omelie, Orazioni funebre, Lettere pastorali, edditi ed indulti di Adeodato Turchi (...), Edizione ultima completissima (Venice: Foresti & Bettinelli, 1819). Available via Google Books.

Colección de las homilias más interesantes (...), 2 Vols. (Madrid: Imp. Nuñez, 1823).

Opere edite di Monsignor Adeodato Turchi, vescovo di Parma, 12 Vols.? (Foligno: Giovanni Tomassino, 1823-1831). Volume 12 is available via Google Books. Volume 1 is available via Archive.org

Opere complete di Adeodato Turchi, ed. Giuseppe Antonelli, 20 Vols. (Venice, 1832-1834).

Prediche alla corte di Monsignore Adeodato Turchi,vescovo di Parma (Milan: Giovanni Silvestri, 1826). Available via Google Books. The work starts with an eulogy/vita.

Opere inedite de Mgr. Adeodato Turchi, 5 Vols.? (Modena, G. Vincenzi, 1819-1843). Partially available via Google Books.

Opere inedite de Mgr. Adeodato Turchi, 2nd Ed., 3 Vols.? (Foligno Tomassini, 1827). Second volume available via Google Books.

literature

Felice da Mareto, Biblioteca dei FF. MM. Cappuccini della Provincia Parmense (Parma, 1951), >>; http://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/carlo-maria-adeodato-turchi/

 

 

 

 

Desiderius Donadelli (Desiderio Donadelli da Lodi, fl. 1800)

OFM. Preacher and confesor

literature

Danilo Manzoni, ‘Desiderio Donadelli da Lodi. Polemiche e riflessioni d’un religioso lodigiano nel trienno giacobino’, Archivio Storico Lodigiano 125 (2006), 371-406 [with info on two unedited works of Desiderio].

 

 

 

 

Detmar of Lübeck († ca. 1400)

Teacher and historian. Entered the Franciscan order in 1363 (the St. Catherine convent in Lübeck). Reading master of the Lübeck convent between 1368 and 1380 (also known as member of that convent until 1394). On request of Thomas Muorkerke and Herman Langhe (judicial functionaries of the town of Lübeck) he wrote a continuation to the so-called Stades-Chronik of Joannes Rufus (Johann Rode). Detmar's work was conceived to provide moral guidance to men and women within the Lübeck patrician circles. At first, Detmar made a continuation for this Lübeck city chronicle for the years 1350-1386, with later additions until 1395, and with recourse to the (also Franciscan?) Annales Lubicenses. On top of that, he totally reworked his materials, with recourse to many universal-historical compilations, to produce different versions of a universal chronicle (first for the period 1105-1386 and later for the period 1101-1395). This universal chronicle itself was continuated by others until 1400.

manuscripts

Lübische Chronik: Hamburg, Univ. Bibl. Cod. Hist. 107 ff. 1r-263v (16th cent.; starts with the year 1277); Lübeck, Stadtbibliothek MS B. 1 (contains text from 1101 to 1395, with some continuations in another hand until 1400); >>

editions

Detmar von Lübeck, Chronik des Detmar von Lübeck, ed. Karl Koppmann, in: Chroniken der deutschen Städte des Spät-Mittelalters, Bd. 19 (Leipzig, 1884), 115-597 and Bd. 26 (Leipzig, 1899), 1-129. For older editions, see: Chronik des Franziskaner Lesemeisters Detmar, nach der Urschrift und mit Ergänzungen aus andern Chroniken, ed. Ferdinand Heinrich Grautoff, 2 Vols. (Hamburg, 1829-1830) [available on Archive.org: http://www.archive.org/details/chronikdesfranc00graugoog ]; Officials von Pomesanien, Chronik des Landes Preussen zugleich mit den auf Preussen bezüglichen Abschnitten aus der Chronik Detmar's von Lübeck, ed. Johanns von Posilge & Ernst Strehlke, Scriptores rerum Prussicarum III (1866), 13-57, 79-397.

literature

K. Koppmann, in: Chroniken der deutschen Städte des Spät-Mittelalters, Bd. 19 & 26 (Lübeck, 1884 & 1899), Einleitungen; F. Bruns, in: Zeitschrift des Vereinigungs für lübecker Geschichte und Altertumskunde 35 (1955), 85-104; J.B. Menke, `Geschichtsschreibung und Politik in deutschen Städten des Spät-Mittelalters', JKGV, 33-35 (1958/60), 93ff; J.B. Menke, ‘Geschichtsschreibung und Politik in deutschen Städten des Spätmittelalters (Schluß)’, Jahrbuch des kölnischen Geschichtsvereins 34/35 (1960), 83-194. For info on Detmar of Lübeck, see esp. pp. 93-95, 101-109; Rep. Font. IV 180f; Thomas Sandfuchs, ‘Detmar von Lübeck’, Die deutsche Literatur des Mittelalters. Verfasserlexikon² II (1980), 68-69 & XI (2004), 346; Heinz-Dieter Heimann, `Detmar', LThK, 3 (1995), 114; Jaroslaw Wenta, ‘Detmar von Lübeck und Preußen’, Jahrbuch der Oswald von Wolkenstein-Gesellschaft 10 (1998), 409-418; Christiane Leopold, Das Bild von Ludwig dem Bayern in der Chronik des Detmar von Lübeck, PhD. Thesis (University of Saarbrücken, 2002) [see http://ebooks.ciando.com/book/index.cfm/bok_id/76071 ]; Christine Putzo, ‘Detmar von Lübeck’, in: The Encyclopedia of the Medieval Chronicle I (2010), 193-194; Jörg Meyn, ‘Die Chronik Arnolds von Lübeck und die Detmar-Chronik im Kontext der Geschichtsschreibung Nordelbiens im Mittelalter: Annäherungen und Anmerkungen’, in: Das Herzogtum Lauenburg im Spiegel der Literatur, ed. Eckardt Opitz (Bochum, 2011), 15-52; Volker Honemann, ‘Franziskanische Geschichtsschreibung’, in: Geschichte der Sächsischen Franziskanerprovinz, 1: Von den Anfängen bis zur Reformation, ed. Volker Honemann (Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2015), 792-800.

 

 

 

 

Detmarus (Costerboeck/Dietmar von Costerboek, fl. c. 1390)

Franciscan preacher and provincial minister of Saxony (1388-1394). Author of several preaching collections that have survived in manuscripts in Lüneburg and Braunschweig.

Manuscripts

Sermones Evangeliares de Tempore: Lüneb. Ratsbücherei Theol. 2° 63 (ca. 1400) ff. 1ra-226rb; Münster, Studien- und Zentralbibliothek der Franziskaner MsOFM 16, ff…. [The same manuscript, which originally belonged to the medieval Franciscan library of Lüneburg, also contain several academic writings of Matthias Doering (see there).

Postilla in evangelia dominicalia: Braunschweig, Franziskanerbibliothek 72.

Postilla usque ad quadragesimam: Braunschweig, Franziskanerbibliothek 81.

Dialogi: Braunschweig, Franziskanerbibliothek 134 & 135 (written by Costerboek for the Poor Clares of Seußlitz.

literature

Glassberger, Chronica, 218; Luitgard Camerer, Die Bibliothek des Franziskanerklosters in Braunsweig, Braunschweiger Werkstücke Reihe A, 18 (Braunschweig, 1982), 28;  Eva Schlotheuber, ‘Bildung und Bücher. Ein Beitrag zur Wissenschaftidee der Franziskanerobservanten’, in: Könige, Landesherren und Bettelorden. Konflikt und Kooperation in West- und Mitteleuropa bis zur Frühen Neuzeit, ed. Dieter Berg, Saxonia Franciscana 10 (Werl, 1998), 430 (and note 54); Volker Honemann, ‘Das mittelalterliche Schrifttum der Franziskaner der Sächsischen Ordensprovinz unter besonderer Berücksichtigung deutschsprachiger Zeugnisse’, in: Geschichte der Sächsischen Franziskanerprovinz, 1: Von den Anfängen bis zur Reformation, ed. Volker Honemann (Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2015), 693.

 

 

 

 

Deutalleves de Mortula (d. 1275?)

Franciscan preacher, active in Bologna in the 1270s.

manuscripts

Sermones: Naples, Naz. VIII.AA.18, ff. 94v-101r

Opus Festivum: Sarnano Bibl. Com. Cod. 8 (E. 59) (see Abbate, Antichi Manoscritti, 488)

literature

B. Giordani, `Acta franciscana e tabulariis bononiensibus deprompta', AF, IX (Quaracchi, 1927), 52, 54, 57; Cenci, Napoli, II, 745

 

 

 

 

Didacus ab Assumptione

Sentensia de fre. Diego de la sension (an. 1603): Oxford, Bodl. Lyell Empt. 59 ff. 67-70v

 

 

 

 

Didacus de Landa Caldéron (Diego de Landa Caldéron, d. 1579)

OFM. Friar from Cifuentes, Spain. He entered the Franciscan order in the San Juan de los Reyes friary, Toledo (1541). In 1549 he traveled with Nicolás de Albalate to Yucatan, where he was assigned to the Izamal mission. Later he became in that region the first guardian of the new Franciscan friary. Immediately after his arrival, Diego began his studies of Maya (under Luis de Villalpando) and developed a keen interest in Indian culture, as can be seen in his treatment of Indian culture in his famous Relación (at the same time, Diego abhorred the surviving non-Christian practices among the natives). Following upon his guardian position, Diego served as provincial definitor and as the guardian of the Mérida friary. In the late 1550s, he was elected custos and represented the Yucatan Franciscans in Guatemala before the colonial government. On his return to Yucatan, he brought with him an image of Our Lady of Izamal, which became a highly venerated object. In 1561, he was elected the first provincial of the newly erected Yucatan and Guatemala province (separated from the Mexican Holy Gospel province in 1559). Shortly thereafter, he became involved with the inquisitorial proceedings against the Indian population of Yucatan, who were accused of idolatry. Diego came down rather hard on the Indians, which resulted into a conflict about alleged power abuse with the newly arrived Franciscan bishop Toral of Yucatan. Diego had to defend himself in Spain in 1563. The proces before the Council of the Indian mission and the Castilan Franciscan province took a number of years. He was only completely absolved from the charges against him in January 1569. When Bishop Toral died in 1571, Diego was appointed as his successor by King Philip II. He reached his new diocese in 1573. As a bishop, Diego had numerous conflicts with local governors, in particular regarding their treatment of the Indian population. In the context of one these disputes, Diego traveled to Mexico in 1576. After his return, Diego visited the Tabasco region, where he was again unpleasantly surprised by the evidence of sorcery and idolatry found among the locals. Diego died on April 29, 1579, in Mérida.

editions

Relación de las cosas de Yucatán por el P. Fray Diego de Landa, Obispo de esa diócesis, Héctor Pérez Martínez, 7th ed. (Mexico: Ed. Pedro Robredo, 1938); Relación de las cosas de Yucatán (Moscow: Institute of Ethnography of the Academy of Sciences, 1955); Relación de las cosas de Yucatán, 8th edition (Mexico: Porrúa, 1959); Relacion de las cosas de Yucatan, Cronicas De America (2002). There exist a number of older (partial) editions and a number of translations. The most important are: Manuscrito de Diego de Landa tomada directamente del único ejemplar que se conoce y se conserva en la Academia de la Historia, in the appendix to the Spanish version of Léon de Rosny, Essai sur le déchiffrement de l’écriture hiératique Maya (Paris, 1876/Madrid, 1884). This seems to be the oldest complete edition except for the maps found in the original manuscript (which can be found in the Academia de la Historia in Madrid); Yucatan Before and After the Conquest by Friar Diego de Landa, trans. William Gates, Maya Society Publications, 20 (Baltimore, 1937/Reprint 1978); Landa’s Relación de las cosas de Yucatán, trans. & annot. A.M. Tozzer, Papers of the Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard Univ., 18 (Cambridge Mass.: 1941).

Doctrina cristiana, Arte de la lengua maya, Vocabulario de la lengua maya, Sermones. Several of Diego’s works on language training and reports to the crown and the inquisition on his work as bishop of Yucatan have been gathered in F.V. Scholes & E.B. Adams, Don Diego Quijada, Alcalde Mayor de Yucatán, 1561-1565 (Mexico, 1938) I, 292, or can be found in several archives: Sevilla, Archivo General de Indias, Audiencia de México, legajo 369; Mexico, Archivo General de la Nación, Inquisición, Tomo 90. For more information, see the works of Manuel Serrano y Sanz, pedro Borges et al.)

literature

Manuel Serrano y Sanz, ‘Vida y escritos de Fr. Diego de Landa, OFM’, Revista de archivos, bibliotecas y museos 1 (Madrid, 1897), 54-60, 109-117; William Gates, Yucatan Before and After the Conquest by Friar Diego de Landa: with Other Related Documents, Maps and Illustrations (Baltimore: Maya Society, 1937) [See also the review of Eric Thompson in American Anthropologist (April–June, 1938), 309-310]; AIA n.s. 1 (1941), 308-314; A Bio-Bibliography of Franciscan Authors in Colonial Central America, ed. Eleanor B. Adams (Washington D.C.: Academy of American Franciscan History, 1953), 40-44; Paul Shirley, ‘En el cuarto centenario de la misión de Fr. Diego de Landa en América’, Revista de archivos, bibliotecas y museos 62 (1956), 379-386; Marshall E. Durbin, An Interpretation of Bishop Diego De Landa's Maya Alphabet, Philological and Documentary Studies, 2-4 (1969); Pedro Borges, ‘Diego de Landa, OFM’, Diccionario de historia eclesiástica de España, 4 Vols. (Madrid, 1972-1975) II, 1268; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 135 (no. 478); Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart V4, 59; Manuel de Castro y Castro, ‘Lenguas indigenas americanas transmitidas por los Franciscanos del siglo XVI’, in: Actas del II Congreso Internacional sobre los Franciscanos en el Nuevo Mundo (siglo XVI) (Madrid: DEIMOS, 1988), 520-521; David E. Timmer, ‘Providence and Perdition: Fray Diego De Landa Justifies His Inquisition Against the Yucatecan Maya’, Church History 66 (1997). 477-499; Inga Clendinnen, Ambivalent Conquests: Maya and Spaniard in Yucatan, 1517-1570, 2nd Ed. (Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2003), passim.

 

 

 

 

Didacus de Moxena (Diego de Moxena/Diego Moxena, fl. ca. 1415)

Spanish friar, probably from Castile. Member of the household of pope Benedict XIII in 1405, and took part in the Council of Constance. On 9 June 1415, he wrote a letter to Ferdinand I of Aragon explaining the Council's dealings, urging the king to attend and suggesting him to reconsider his support for Benedict XIII. This letter has become of interest for Petrarca scholars, as Diego apparently made use of Petrarch's Liber sine nomine.

literature

>>Isaac Vázquez Janeiro, `El maestro salmantino Diego de Moxena de Valencia, lector de Dante y Petrarca', Salmanticensis, 46 (1994), 397-432/J. Perarnau I Espelt, in: Arxiu de Textos Catalans Antics, 15 (1996), 793; Isaac Vázquez Janeiro, ‘Enrique de Villena o Diega Moxena de Valencia? En torno al autor de la primera traducción de la ‘Divina Commedia’’, Antonianum 84 (1999), 3-51; Íñigo Ruiz Arzalluz, ‘Diego de Moxeno, el Liber sine nomine de Petrarca y el concilio de Constanza’, Quaderns d'Italià 20 (2015), 59-87. there.

 

 

 

 

Didacus Henricus (Diego Enríquez, fl. early 18th cent.)

OFM Friar from Mallorca. Member of the San Diego province.

literature/editions

AIA 28 (1968), 181-183.

 

 

 

 

Didacus Portugalensis (Diego de Portugal, fl. ca. 1470)

Portuguese friar. Fulfilled his degree obligations in Cambridge, where he read the Sentences and took part in university disputations [Cf. MS Cambridge Peterhouse 64: Frater Didacus, natione Portugalensis, sententiarius Minorum, quondam replicans contra fr. Antonium de ord. Aug. Et extraneum, quesivit ab eo descriptionem formalitatum.

manuscripts and editions

Questiones super Ethicam: Oxford, Balliol College 93 & 117; Worcester Cathedral F. 89; Cambridge, Gonville and Caius College 369 ff. 143r-229r.

literature

V. Doucet, AFH 46 (1953), 105-109; John R.H. Moorman, The Grey Friars in Cambridge (1225-1538) (Cambridge, 1952)>>; B. Emden, A biographical Register of the University of Cambridge (Cambridge, 1963), 407; Clement Schmidt, AFH 57 (1964), 405-409; F.L. Lopes, ‘Franciscanos portugueses predentinos. Escritores, mestres e leitores’, Repertorio de Historia de las Ciencias Eclesiasticas en España 7 (Siglos III-XVI) (Salamanca, 1979), 478-479.

 

 

 

 

Didacus Estella (Diego Estella/Diego de Ballesteros y Cruzat/Diego de San Cristóbal y Cruzat, 1524 (Estella, Navarra) - 1, 08, 1578 (Salamanca))

OFM. Spanish friar, preacher and mystical writer. Born in Estella. Studied in Toulouse and Salamanca. He entered the Franciscan order in the San Francisco de Salamanca friary at the age of seventeen in 1541, taking the name Diego Estella. Between 1552 and 1554, he accompagnied infante Juana, the sister of Filip II of Spain, to Portugal. He might have returned to Spain in 1554, to become active as preacher and religious author. Thereafter, he lived in Toledo and, between 1560-69, as preacher at the court of Philip II in Madrid. Because of his criticism of high officials and the courtly way of life, and also because of his imprudent accusations against his fellow friar Bernardo Fresneda, bishop of Cuenca and royal confessor, he eventually was removed from the Spanish court. He was forced to retire to the Salamanca friary, but again was denounced after he had sent false accusations about others to Rome, leading to a legal process and a temporary exile to the Toro friary. He was allowed back to Salamance in 1573, where he became active as a preacher and produced many writings, which were printed with the support of his brother. His mystical works, all of which emphasise the Love of God (the only proper Good) and the importance of leaving behind all the incompatible and improper vanities of the world (in order to make proper contemplation and a proper movement of the will/heart towards loving God, the only Good, possible: hence we are dealing with purification as precondition for true love), were widely disseminated in Spain and translated in various languages, and he is regarded as one of the most important Spanish religious authors of his time. Some of his works, notably his ‘commentary’ on Luke, brought him into longstanding conflicts with the Spanish inquisition, especially between 1575 and 1578, the year of his death.

Manuscripts

Libro de la Vanidad del Mundo: Oxford, Bodl. Lyell Empt. 15A (an. 1606) (versio Anglica)

Obras: Madrid, Nac., 3620 ff. 3-62 [Castro, Madrid, n. 198]

editions

Tratado de la vida loores y excelencias del glorioso Apóstol y bienaventurado evangelista San Juan, el más amado y querido discípulo de Christo nuestro Salvador (Lissabon, 1554); Libro de las excelencias, y vida de S. Iuan euangelista. Compuesto por el muy R.P.Fr. Diego de Estella, de la orden de nuestro Seraphico padre S. Francisco. Corregido y añadido por el muy R.P.F. Christoual Moreno (...) Dirigido en esta segunda impression a la muy Reuerenda Señora Sor Luysa Casanoua, Religiosa de la Orden de S. Clara, en el conuento de la Concepcion de Valencia (...) (Valencia: Heredes de Iuan Nauarro, 1595). Accessible via Google Books.

Libro de la vanidad del mundo (Toledo, 1562/ Salamanca, 1574/ed. Sagüéz Azcona, Madrid, 1980). [The 1562 edition counts 120 chapters. Its reworking from 1574 counts no less than 300 chapters. The work is divided in three parts, urging its readers to despise worldly matters, and to seek out God through love alone. The Libro de la vanidad del mundo had a large immediate success, to which also testify the many subsequent editions and translations. Italian translations appeared in Florence in 1573 and 1581. Latin translations of the first edition appeared in 1585 (De contemnendis mundi vanitatibus libri tres, trans. P. Bourguignon SJ (Cologne: Birckmann, 1585)) and 1617 (Contemptus Vanitatum Mundi (Cologne: Joannes Critius, 1617), both Latin editions accessible via Google Books). The first English translation (on the basis of a prior Italian translation) appeared in Douai (Doornik) in 1584: The contempte of the world and the vanities thereof. This English version was reprinted as The contempte of the world and the vanities thereof, English Recusant Literature, 1558-1640, Vol. 242 (Ilkley, 1975). A French translation of the first edition appeared in Lyon, in 1580, whereas a new French translation appeared as L’oeuvre entier et parfait de la vanité du monde, trans. G. Chappuis (Paris, 1587). There also are German (Cologne, 1586), Polish (1611), Syriac (1724) and Arabic (1739-1740), Flemish, and Chech translations.]

In Sacrosanctum Iesu Christi Domini Nostri Evangelium Secundum Lucam Enarrationes, Two Volumes (Salamanca, 1574-1575/Lyons, 1580/Salamanca, 1582); In sanctum Jesu Christi evangelium secundum Lucam enarrationes, 2 Vols. (Antwerp: Peter Beller, 1583. Re-issued in 1593, 1599–1600, 1606–1608, 1612; 1622, 1653–55); In Sanctum Iesu Christi Evangelium secundum Lucam, 2 Vols. (Lyon, 1592). In all, if we can believe P. Sagüéz Azcona, 'Fray Diego de Estella. Nuevos datos biobibliográficos sobre todas sus obras', Revista Española de Teología 44 (1984), 195-215, esp. 202-205, this commentary, which was also deliberately made for preaching purposes, went through seventeen editions until 1680. The 1582 Salamanca edition is now in any case available sur Google Books. An English translation of Diego’s commentary on Luke 15, 11-32 from the 1592 edition is given by Robert J. Karris, in Franciscan Studies 61 (2003), 97-234. [ This massive work, meant to facilitate the work of preachers, is an amalgam of exegetical, medieval theological and patristic information. Diego re-used parts of his Libro de la vanidad del mundo and furiously attacks the new heresies of the time, notably Protestantism, deriding as well the slackening morals of ecclesiastics and other authority figures. In that sense, Diego’s criticisms sometimes resemble the attacks of Erasmus (yet without the ironical undertone of the Humanist). For dogmatic and disciplinary reasons, the book drew the attention of the Inquisition, which censured the first two editions. Eventually, the ban was lifted, after which the work found a wide reading public during the late sixteenth and seventeenth century.]

Meditaciones devotísimas del amor de Dios (Salamanca, 1576). A modern edition by J.-B. Gomis appeared in Misticos Franciscanos Españoles Tomo III, Biblioteca de Autores Cristianos (Madrid, 1949), 55-367. [This work, in a way complementary to the Libro de la vanidad, provides some hundred practical and at the same time very affective meditative exercises. The whole book centres on the love of God. Diego used Juan de Cazalla’s Lumbre del Alma as a major source. The Meditaciones devotísimas, together with the Libro de la vanidad, are the most influential texts of Diego. The Meditaciones received translations into Italian (1584), French (by G. Chappuis, Paris, 1586), Latin (De Amor Dei Meditationes piissimae (Cologne: Balthasar Clipeus, 1602)), German (1607), and English (1873).]

Modo de predicar y modus concionandi (Salamanca, 1570-1576). This Spanish text was later translated (and transformed) into Latin [De Ratione Concionandi, sive rhetorica ecclesiastica (Salamanca 1576 & 1596/Venice, 1584 & 1598/Cologne, 1586, 1587, 1594, 1596 & 1611 (together with the Eclesiastica Rhetorica of Luís de Granada)/Lyons, 1592/Paris, 1635 (with the the Eclesiastica Rhetorica of Luís de Granada), Rome, 1693 (as: Introductio ad Lecturae Theologicae et Praedicationis Evangelicae Officium pro religionis seraphicae studentibus. Tractatus elementarius tripartitus, polemicus, biblicus, hierorhetoricus, videlicet, Summula Librorum Canobicum Sacrae Scriptura eiusque hostium catalogus. Notitia librorum canonicorum Sacrae Scripturae. Praxes Sacrae Concionis, editae a ff. Didaco Stella, & Francisco Panigarola. Haec recusa, caetera comportata per fr. Octaviam Iadertinum Dalmatam (...) Iussu, & Auspiciis reverendissimi patris Fr. Antonii ab Introduco Ird. Min. Reg. Obs. Lectoris Iubilati, ac in tota Cismontana Familia tàm Observantium, quàm Reformatorum Commissarii Generalis (Rome: Giuseppe Vannacci, 1693). This edition accessible via Google Books.)]. See on this also the modern edition of Pío Sagüéz Azcona of the Spanish version: Modo de predicar y modus concionandi. Estudio doctrinal y edición crítica, ed. Pío Sagüéz Azcona, 2 Vols (Madrid: Istituto Miguel de Cervantes, 1951). [advocates the patristic homily.]

Explanatio in Psalmum CXXXVI super flumina Babylonis. This text normally was printed together with the Modus Concionandi, for example in 1576: Modus Concionandi et Explanatio in Psalmum CXXXVI (Salamanca, 1576). [The Explanatio contains six Lenten sermons, preached at Salamanca. The themes of the sermons are in tune with the other works of Diego.

Avisos para Predicadores & Avisos provechosos para los que comiençan a predicar. See the modern edition of Sagüéz Azcona of the Modo de predicar y modus concionandi above.

literature:

Marqués de Vargas, ‘Fr. Diego de San Cristóbal o de Estella’, Revista de historia y genealogía española (1914), 207-217; AIA 2 (1914), 155; Atanasio López, ‘Bibliografía de Fr. Diego de Estella’, AIA 11 (64) (1924), 36-278; José Zalba, Fr. Diego de Estella. Estudio histórico (Pamplona: Imp. de la Vda M. Aramburu, 1924) [cf. AIA 23 (1925), 271-272]; P. Sagüés Azcona, ‘Estudio histórico critico sobre la vida y obras de Fr. Diego de Estella’, AIA 22 (1924), 5-278, 384-388 & AIA 24 (1925), 383-386; Francisco Rodríguez Calamo, ‘El Centenario del Ven. P. Estella (1524-1924). Notas bio-bibliográficas’, El eco franciscano 41 (1924), 27-28, 76-77, 131-136, 387-432 & 42 (1925), 8, 9, 232; A. Andrés, ‘Fray Diego de Estella. Causas, incidentes y fin de un processo’, AIA 2nd series 2 (1942), 145-158; Pío Sagüez, ‘Fr. Diego de Estella, maestro de sagrada elocuencia’, Verdad y Vida 2 (1944), 690-734; Harry Caplan & Henry H. King, ‘Latin Tractates on Preaching: A Book-List’, The Harvard Theological Review 42:3 (Jul., 1949), 190; Pío Sagüéz Azcona, Fray Diego de Estella (1524-1578). Apuntes para una biografía critica (Madrid, 1950) & AIA 11 (1951), 359-377; P. Jobit, ‘Un prédécesseur de saint François de Sales: Fray Diego de Estella (1524-1578)’, Cahiers de l’éducateur 5 (1950), 201-206, 270-277, 333-337, 523-529 & 6 (1951), 82-88, 142-146, 275-282, 335-342; Fidel de Lejarza, `Nuevos estudios y notas criticas (…) sobre Fr. Diego de Estella', AIA 2nd series 11 (1951), 359-377; P. Groult, ‘Un disciple espagnol de Thomas a Kempis: Diego de Estella’, Les lettres romanes 5 (1951), 287-304 & 6 (1952), 23-56, 107-128; Fidèle de Ros, ‘Frt. Diego de Estella, complemento bibliográfico’, AIA 2nd series 13 (1953), 110-112; Pío Sagüéz Azcona, ‘A propósito de unos estudios sobre Fray Diego de Estella’, El Eco Franciscano 70 (1953), 274-282; I.S. Révah, Une source de la spiritualité péninsulaire au xvie siècle: la ‘Théologie naturelle’ de Raymond Sebond (Lisbon, 1953); Donato de Monleras, ‘Dios, el hombre y el mundo en Alonso de Madrid y Diego de Estella’, Collectanea Franciscana 27 (1957), 233-231, 345-384 & 28 (1958), 155-210; Donat de Monleras, ‘Estella (Diego de San Cristóbal)’, DSpir IV, 1366-1370; Donato de Monleras, ‘Dios, el hombre y el mundo en Alonso de Madrid y Diego de Estella’, Collectanea Franciscana 28 (1958), 155-210; Pierre Groult, ‘Orozco et Stella’, Les lettres romanes 17 (1963), 223-240; J. Martinez de Bujanda, Fray Diego de Estella (1524-1578). Estudi doctrinal de sus obras espirituales (Madrid, 1970); J.M. de Bujanda, Diego de Estella (1524-1578). Estudio de sus obras castellanos (Rome, 1970) & Anthologia annua 17 (1970), 187-367; Manuel de Castro, ‘Fr. Diego de Estella’, Diccionario de historia eclesiástica de España, 4 Vols. (Madrid, 1972-1975) II, 879; Pío Sagüez Azcona, ‘Fr. Diego de Estella. Sobre algunas traducciones de sus obras. Contribución al IV Centenario de su muerte’, Revista española de teologia 37 (1977), 33-83; Pío Sagüéz Azcona, `Fray Diego de Estella. Nuevos datos biobibliografícos sobre todas sus obras', Revista Española de Teología, 44 (1984), 195-215; LThK, 3 (1995), 208; Jesús Llanos Garciá, ‘Un manuscrito inglés inédito del ‘Libro de la vanidad’ de Fray Diego de Estella’, AIA 58 (1998), 369-380; J. Llanos, ‘Felipe y fray Diego de Estella’, in: Felipe II y su época, >>> R. Karris, 'Diego de Estella on Luke 15: 11-32', Franciscan Studies 61 (2003), 97-234.

 

 

 

 

Diego Andrés de la Rocha (fl. c. 1730)

Franciscan historian, active in Latin America

literature

B.H. Slicher van Bath, De bezinning op het verleden in Latijns Amerika 1493-1820. Auteurs, verhalen en lezers (Groningen, 1998), passim

 

 

 

 

Diego Antonio de Escobar (fl. ca. 1724)

OFMDisc. Member of the San Diego of Mexico province.

literature/editions

AIA 15 (1955), 274-275.

 

 

 

 

Diego Bravo (1579-1651)

Spanish friar from the Los Angelos province (Andalusia). Born at Belalcazar. After his entrance in the order, he became a teacher of theology and subsequenty fulfilled several administrative charges within his province. Wrote several spiritual and theological works, as well as author catalogues.

editions

Manual de escribanos franciscanos tocantes á la orden de San Francisco (Sevilla, 1633 & 1640)

>>>

literature

R. Ramirez de Arellano, Ensayo de un catálogo biografico de escritores de la provincia de Cordoba (Madrid, 1922), 83; M. Alamo, ‘Bravo’, DHGE X, 461; DSpir I, 1926; AIA 35 (1932), 534-536; AIA 24 (1964), 267-269; José Simón Díaz, Bibliografía de la literatura hispánica, 11 Vols. (Madrid, 1960-1976) VI, nos. 5309-5318; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 95 (no. 180).

 

 

 

 

Diego Luis de Saaveda (fl. early 18th cent.)

Friar active in Yucatan. Mentioned as definitor and general procurator. Later, he was apparently transferred to the San Pedro e Paolo province (Michoacán).

editions

Sermon de N. Seraphico Padre S. Francisco, predicado en la ciudad de Santiago de Queretaro, con las circunstancias que se expressan en la salutacion (Mexico, 1728).

literature

J.T. Medina, La Imprenta en Mexico, 4 Vols. (Santiago de Chile, 1907-1912) I, 244-245; A Bio-Bibliography of Franciscan Authors in Colonial Central America, ed. Eleanor B. Adams (Washington D.C.: Academy of American Franciscan History, 1953), 70.

 

 

 

 

Diego Bringas de Manzaneda y Enzinas (d. 1835)

Mexican friar from Real de Minas de los Alamos. Studied at the University of Mexicco (in the 1780s?). After reaching the lectoriate in philosophy, Diego entered the Santa Cruz de Querétaro convent. Became chronicler for his order province. During the Mexican war of independence, Diego was the chaplain of the Vice-Roy of Mexico (the commander of the Spanish troups). After the defeat of the Spanish forces, Diego was forced to flee to Spain, where he died in or around 1835. Several of his works, most dating from the early 19th century, saw the printing press.

editions

Musa americana. Poema sobre los soberanos atributos de Dios, y tradute en castellano (Mexico, 1783).

Semanario mariano (Mexico, 1792).

Elogio de S. Juan Nepomuceno (Mexico, 1801).

Declamación moral contra la immodestia de los trajes (Mexico, 1802).

Sermón sobre la Constitución política de la monarquia española (Mexico, 1813).

Sermón político-moral sobre la injusticia de la insurreccion de la Nueva España (Mexico, 1813).

Indice apologético de las razones que recomiendan la ‘Mística Ciudad de Dios’, con varias cartas apologéticas escritas por algunos sabios franceses (Madrid, 1834).

literature

J.-M. Bover, Biblioteca de escritores baleares (Palma, 1864) II, 605; J.-M. Beristain, Biblioteca hispano-americana setentrional, 2nd ed. (Amecameca, 1883) I, 192; AIA 1 (1914), 291, 2 (1914), 533 & 5 (1916), 301; S. Eiján, Franciscanismo ibero-americano (Barcelona, 1927), 263; H. Diez, ‘Bringas de Manzaneda y Enzinas’, DHGE X, 748-749.

 

 

 

 

Diego Camuñas (fl. ca. 1700)

OFM. Friar of the Cartagena province. Lector, Custodian and provincial of the Cartagena province, visitator and apostolic preacher.

editions

Mystico Candelero de Oro, que resplandeze en el Tabernaculo de Dios. Vida admirable de la extatica virgen, y venerable madre sor Juana de la Cruz (...) (Orihuela: Jayme Mesnier, 1704). Accessible via Google Books.

Clamores apostolicos, y Ciegos alumbrados assuntos para dos missiones, que escrivia en dos tomos, y predicava el M.R.P. Fr. Diego Camuñas (...) de la Regular Observancia de N.S.P.S. Francisco (...) (Orihuela: Jayme Mesnier, 1710).

Explicacion clara, y compendiosa de toda la doctrina Christiana: distribuida en quarenta y seis platicas predicable para Mission, sobre el Symbolo de la Fè, Mandamientos de la Ley de Dios, y de nuestra Santa Madre Iglesia, y calidades de una buena confession, la señal de la Cruz, las oraciones del Pater noster, & Ave Maria, 2nd Ed. (Murcia: Vicente Llofriu, 1711). This second edition is accessible via Google Books. When did he first edition come out?

literature

AIA 21 (1924), 210-211; AIA 36 (1933), 117; AIA 15 (1955), 245; AIA 20 (1960), 132-133; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 98 (no. 197).

 

 

 

 

Diego Careri (Diego da Careri, d. 1661)

Franciscan sculptor.

literature

Giulia Francesca Perri, Il saio e lo scalpello. Vita e opere di Frate Diego da Careri, scultore francescano del XVII secolo (Reggio Calabria: Editore Baruffa, 2009).

 

 

 

 

Diego de Aguirre (fl. c. 1702)

OFMDisc. Active in the San Diego province in Mexico.

editions/literature

AIA 22 (1962), 372.

 

 

 

 

Diego de Alburquerque (Diego de Alburquerque Salazar, fl. 1613-1639)

OFM. Member of the Bética province

editions

Sermon que predico en el convento de S. Antonio de Sevilla, a las onras que hizo el insigne colegio de san Buenavantura en la muerte del p. general frai Juan del Hierro (Sevilla: Alonso Rodríguez Gamarra, 1613).

Sermon que predico en el insigne convento de san Francisco de Sevilla a los padres capitulares congregados para elegir ministro provincial, i difinidores de la provincia del Andaluzia año 1614 (Sevilla, Alonso Rodríguez Gamarra, 1614).

Sobre si convenga mas que el abad mayor de los beneficiados de Sevilla, sea perpetuo y temporaneo (Sevilla: s.n., 1633).

Question problematica, respondiendo a la duda, que en esta era, y año de 1636 se a levantado entre los señores beneficiados de la muy antigua, noble universidad de Sevilla, acerca de si convendra, que el oficio y preeminencia de abad mayor de ella, sea de por vida, o ad tempus, ad nutum electorem (S.l.: s.n., 1636).

Breve admonitoria a los señores beneficiados de Sevilla para recordacion de la obligacion que tienen a elegir en abad mayor de su universidad al mas digno que suceda vacante (S.l.: s.n., 1639).

literature

José Simón Díaz, Bibliografía de la literatura hispánica, 11 Vols. (Madrid, 1960-1976), nos. 255-256. See also the Universal Short Title Catalogue [http://ustc.ac.uk/index.php/search/cicero?tm_fulltext=&tm_field_allauthr=Alburquerque%20Salazar,%20Diego%20de&tm_translator=&tm_editor=&tm_field_short_title=&tm_field_imprint=&tm_field_place=&sm_field_year=&f_sm_field_year=&t_sm_field_year=&sm_field_country=&sm_field_lang=&sm_field_format=&sm_field_digital=&tm_field_class=&tm_field_cit_name=&tm_field_cit_no=&order= ]

 

 

 

 

Diego de Alcalá (d. 1463)

OFMObs. Spanish friar to whon were ascribed healing powers. Canonized. He would later become the model for the creation of a praying ‘automaton’, made by Juanelo Turriano.

literature

Lucius Maria Nunez, 'Documentos sobre la curación del principe Don Carlos y la canonización de s. Diego de Alcalà', Archivo Ibero-Americano 1:2 (1914), 424-446, 2:2 (1915), 374-387, 3 (1916), 107-126, 4 (1917), 421-431; José A. García-Diego Los relojes y autómatas de Juanelo Turriano. The Clocks and Automata of Juanelo Turriano (Madrid, 1982); Armin Zweite, 'Beobachtungen zu einem Vita-Retabel von Marten de Vos: die Heiligen Franziskus von Assisi und Diego von Alcala', Jaarboek van het Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten (1968), 81-129; Alejandro Recio Veganzones, 'Proceso de beatificación y canonización de S. Diego de Alcalá, conservado en el Ms. Vat. Lat. 7008 e instruido en 1567 por Ambrosio de Morales, su procurador en Alcalá de Henares', Archivo Ibero-Americano 2nd ser. 51 (1991), 767-797; Alejandro Recio Veganzones, ‘Ensayo biobibliográfico sobre San Diego de Alcalá’ [obs. † 1463], Archivo Ibero-Americano 60 (2000), 259-305; Thomas Dandelet, ‘‘Celestiali eroi e lo ‘splendor d’Iberia’. La canonizzazione dei santi spagnoli a Roma in età moderna’, in: Il Santo patrono e la città, 183-198; L.J. Andrew Villalon, 'The Miracle Book of San Diego de Alcalá, or, The Fifteenth Century Failure to Canonize the First Counter-Reformation Saint', Mediterranean Studies 10 (2001), 9-35; Luiz Pérez Simon, ‘San Diego de Alcalá. Religioso franciscano (1400-1463)’, in: Nuevo Año cristiano (Madrid: EDIBESA, 2001-2002) XI (Noviembre), 240-244 (13 Nov.); Mercedes Agulló Cobo, 'El convento de San Diego de Alcalá', Cuadernos de Arte e Iconografía 12 (2003), 7-76; Esteban Sarasa Sánchez, 'El tiempo histórico, político y cultural, de San Diego de Alcalá', Anales Complutenses 18 (2006), 31-44; Elizabeth King, ‘Perpetual Devotion: A Sixteenth-Century Machine That Prays’, in: Genesis Redux. Essays in the History and Philosophy of Artificial Life, ed. Jessica Riskin (Chicago-London: U. of Chicago Press, 2007), 263-292; Carlos Ros, Diego de Alcalá, el lego milagrero (Barcelona: Centre Pastoral Liturgica, 2009); Hipólito Barriguín, 'San Diego de Alcalá y su Capilla Real', Archivo Ibero-Americano 70 (2010), 357-390.

 

 

 

 

Didacus Maria Tafuri (Diego Tafuri de Lequile, 1604-1673)

OFMRec. Author of the Hierarchia Franciscana in quatuor facies historice distributa, 2 Vols. (Rome, 1664), in which he also also provided a number of autobiographical statements (pp. II, 549-556). From this we can gather that he was born in a family of ordinary people, and that his older friar, who died young, was a secular priest and professor of theology. Diego entered the order in 1622 in the Reformed St. Nicholas province. He made his profession on 8 November 1623. Following his philosophical and theological studies, he made name as a preacher, both in Italy and beyond, and also during the general chapter meetings of the order. Some of this can be seen in his Novo quaresimale ripieno di pensieri from 1650. In that year, the Archduke Ferdinand-Charles appointed him preacher in Innsbruck. As a result, Diego Lequile became for about eight years a court preacher, counselor, confessor and historian for the archduke and his family, starting from June 1651. During these years, Diego also wrote a songbook, set on the music of A.-M. Viviani, and a number of eulogical historical texts on the Habsburg family. As a remuneration for his services, Emperor Ferdinand III made him titular bishop of Almissa/Omis, in Dalmatia, in 1653. Six years later, in 1659, Archduke Sigmund-Franz, sent him with a letter of recommendation of the Emperor to Rome, where he became the personal theologian of Cardinal Girolamo Colonna. Diego joined the Roman reformed Franciscan province in 1665.

editions

La vite mariana di S. Antonio di Padoua. Le di cui somiglianze son compartite in dieci prediche, dedicate all'illus. e reuerendiss. D. Luiggi Pappacoda vescouo di Lecce dal M.R.P. fra Diego da Lequile lettore, e predicatore generale riformato di S. Francesco, e custode di sua prouincia in San Nicolo di Bari. Quarto volume in ordine (Lecce: Pietro Micheli, 1648). Available via Google Books.

Novo quaresimale ripieno di pensieri, e concetti eruditi con tutti li Sabbati delle prediche di Maria N. Signora del... Padre F. Diego da Lequile,.. (Venice: per Francesco Storti, 1650).

L'Anna rappresentata. Ouero la Grazia, e la bellezza in teatro guerregianti, festegianti, trionfanti. Con la sua prosa nel fine (Insbruck: Girolamo Agricola, 1651).

L' Arciduca d'Austria Fernando-Carlo, conte regnante del Tirolo: overo panegirici poetici in sua lode con le lor prose politiche. Con un essatto raconto delle opinioni più ò meno famose intorno l'augustissima Casa d'Austria (S.l., 1653).

Relazione delle principali curiosita di questo contado del Tirolo del P. Lequile : come anche di alcune cose ricreative accaudute [sic] all'autore nel Bagno di Egherdoch : e una replica e un miscuglio di raguagli ad una risposta ... (Innsbruck: Wagner, 1655).

Colossvs Angelicvs, Avstriacvs. Siue Avstriae Sobolis Admiranda Moles Apocalypsea, Religione constans. Maiestate Rara. Matrimoniis Ingens. Item Avstriacae Pietatis Per felicissima Coniugia, & omnia Catholica In vnico ex VII. interfecti Colubris reciso capite Triplex Trivmphvs, Nouo apparatu exhibitus (Innsbruck: Agricola, 1656).= volume 1 of the Pietas Austriaca.

Pietas Austriaca, secundo sibi Fortuna ac suae fortunata Posteritate in Matrimonialium Foederum ingenuitate: Colossus angelicus Austriacus (Insbruck: Agricola, 1656).

Piissima Atqve Avgvstissima Domus Austriaca Splendore coniugiorum ingenua. Seu Collectaneum Earum rerum Austriacarum, quae ad coniugia spectant, coniugumque ortus, sponsalia, nuptias, dotes, successiones ad varia, amplaque Dominia, Prolium numerum. Ac Deniqve Ad consortium obitus, maritorum Symbola, intitulationes: Quemadmodum & ad alienarum vutriusque sexus familiarum, vtrique pariter sexui Principum Austriae Matrimoniali affinitate copulatarum, Genealogias ... (Innsbruck: Wagnerus, 1659/Innsbruck, 1670). The 1659 edition is available via Google Books.

Piissima atque augustissima domus Austriaca una cum Borbonorum prosapia eadem in radice itala ac regia, vetustate illustris, seu Collectaneum earum rerum austriacarum... quae circa ejus claris sima initia versantur, suntque de origine, antiquitate ac nobilitate Austriacae familiae, nec non et de ejus unitate cum Borbonia regum Francorum sobole... authore F. Dida co de Lequile,.... (Innsbruck: apud Michaelem Wagnerum, 1660).

De rebus austriacis, 3 Vols. (Insbruck?, 1655-1660). Collective name for the various Austriaca volumes mentioned above.

Il Santo di Padova, dicerie miscellanee del Lequile, sopra le sue Epiche narrative... (Rome: G. Dragondelli, 1662).

Hierarchia Franciscana in quatuor facies historice distributa, 2 Vols. (Rome: ex typ. J. Dragondelli, 1664).

Relatio historica huius reformationis sancti nicolai - 1647, Historia Franciscana Sallentina, 2 (Lecce: Ed. del Grifo, impr. 2004).

Piissima atque augustissima domus Austriaca una cum Borbonorum prosapia seu collectaneum rerum Austriacarum... (Innsbruck, 1670).

literature

Allgemeines Gelehrten-Lexicon, ed. Ch.-G. Jöcher (Leipzig, 1750) II, 2391; Allgemeines Gelehrten-Lexicon. Fortsetzung und Ergänzungen zu Christian Gottlieb Jöchers allgemeinem Gelehrten-Lexicon, ed. Ch.-G. Jöcher & J.-Ch. Adelung (Delmenhorst, 1810) III, 1665; A. Coreth, Österreichische Geschichtsschreibung in der Barockzeit (1620-1740) (Vienna, 1950), 36; S. da Campagnola, Le origini francescane come problema storiografico, 2nd Ed. (Perugia, 1979), 119; DHGE XXXI, 860-861; Anna Coreth, Pietas Austriaca (Purdue University Press, 2004), 9-11 & passim.

 

 

 

 

Diego Alvarez (fl. ca. 1750)

Ofm. Preacher and order historian in the Castilia province.

editions

Memorial ilustre de los famosos hijos del real, grave y religioso convento de Sta. María de Jesus (vulgo San Diego de Alcala) primado Monasterio de esta ilustríssima ciudad (Alcalá: en la Imprenta de Doña María García Briones, 1753).

literature

AIA 37 (1934), 555-556

 

 

 

 

Diego de Arce (Diego de Arce Rodríguez, d. 1616)

OFMObs. Member of the Cartagena province. Preacher

editions

Francisco Henares Díaz, ‘Tres sermones del siglo de Oro sobre San Francisco: Fray Luis de Granada, fray Diego de Arce, Antonio Vieira’, Verdad y Vida 67 (2009), 637-663/

literature

AIA 38 (1935), 90-01; AIA 15 (1955), 228-229; José Simón Díaz, Bibliografía de la literatura hispánica, 11 Vols. (Madrid, 1960-1976) V, nos. 3882-3906; Juan Meseguer Fernández, ‘La bibliofilia del P. Diego de Arce y la biblioteca de San Francisco, de Murcia’, Murgetana 38 (1972), 5-32; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 87 (no. 117); F. Henares Díaz, Fray Diego de Arce. La oratoria sacra a fines del siglo XVI, Diss. (Murcia, 1999); Victor Sánchez, ‘Diego de Arce, OFM, predicador y escritor de la reforma catolica postridentina’, AFH 93 (2000), 341-375.

 

 

 

 

Diego de Béjar (fl. 16th cent.)

Spanish or Aquitanian friar who arrived in Mexico in 1538 with a group of friars led by Juan de la Cruz. Traveled back to Spain sometime in the 1550s and returned to New Spain in 1560 with a new group of missionaries. Apparently a connaisseur of the Otomí language.

manuscripts/editions

Doctrina en lengua otomí. This work is mentioned in Robert Ricard, La ‘conquête spirituelle’ du Mexique (Paris, 1933), 348 (appendix I).

literature

Manuel de Castro y Castro, ‘Lenguas indigenas americanas transmitidas por los Franciscanos del siglo XVI’, in: Actas del II Congreso Internacional sobre los Franciscanos en el Nuevo Mundo (siglo XVI) (Madrid; DEIMOS, 1988), 510.

 

 

 

 

Diego de Cea (fl. early 17th cent.)

Observant Franciscan and author of a Thesaurus Terrae Sanctae, 2 Vols. (Rome: Typis S. Congreg. de Fide Propaganda, 1639).

 

 

 

 

Diego de Córdoba Salinas (de Córdova/de Córdoba y Salinas, fl. mid 17th cent.)

Peruvian Franciscan preacher and order chronicler, active in the Doce Apóstoles province (Peru) from ca. 1630 onwards.

editions

Crónica franciscana de las provincias del Perú (Washington: Academy of American Franciscan History, 1957). [with an introduction of L. Gómez Canedo].

Vida, virtudes, y milagros del Apostol del Peru el B.P. Fr. Francisco Solano de la seráfica Orden de los Menores de la Regular Obseruancia, patron de la ciudad de Lima: sacada de las declaraciones de quinientos testigos (...) y de otras muchas informaciones (...) (Madrid: Imprenta Real, 1676). Available via Google Books.

literature

AIA 30 (1928), 34-44; Lino Gómez Canedo, ‘Un cronista peruano del siglo XVII: Fr. Diego de Córdoba y Salinas’, Revista de Indias 10 (1950), 477-505 & Miscellanea americanista 2 (Madrid, 1951), 9-38; Guillermo Lohmann Villena, ‘Fr. Diego de Córdoba y Salinas’, Revista de Indias 12 (1952), 343-345; Benjamín Gento Sanz, ‘Semblanza histórica del cronista peruano fray Diego de Córdoba y Salinas. Siglo XVII’, Revista de historia de América (Mexico) 40 (1955), 425-486; AIA 19 (1959), 398; B.H. Slicher van Bath, De bezinning op het verleden in Latijns Amerika 1493-1820. Auteurs, verhalen en lezers (Groningen, 1998), passim

 

 

 

 

Diego de Fuensalida (fl. c. 1660)

OFMDisc. Member of the San José province.

literature

AIA 25 (1926), 67; AIA 15 (1955), 290; AIA 22 (1962), 279-280; José Simón Díaz, Bibliografía de la literatura hispánica, 11 Vols. (Madrid, 1960-1976) IX, no. 3590; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 117 (no. 329).

 

 

 

 

Diego de Lazcano (c. 1750-d. 1810)

Basque Friar from Tolosa (Guipúzcoa province). Almoner of the Bridgettines of Azcoitia and Lasarte. Was accused of libertine and revolutionary French ideas and eventually left the order to live in France.

manuscripts/editions

Noticias del gobierno antiguo de Aragón, MS in BNF.?

Translation of work by others: Declaración del clero galicano (Madrid, 1777).

Translation: Barthélemy Jean Baptiste Sanadón Ensayo de la nobleza de los bascongados para que sirva a la historia general de aquellos pueblos, trans. Diego de Lasco (Tolosa: Francisco de la Lama, 1786). Available via Google Books.

Satisfacción a los cargos que se le hacen al presbítero Don Diego de Lazcano sobre la conducta que ha tenido desde la última invasión del ejército francés en la provincia de Guipúzcoa el 1 de agosto de 1794 (Bayonne, 1797). A defense against accusations that he was overly liberal and in favor of French revolutionary ideas, and a protest against his persecution by the inquisition. The work was nearly immediately placed on the index and again in 1817, seven years after Diego had died in exile in France.

literature

Enciclopedia General Ilustrada del País VascoXXIII, 520; DHGE XXX, 1283.

 

 

 

 

Diego de la Vega (d. after 1622)

OFM. Friar from the Castilia province. Lector and preacher, who published a significant number of sermon collections that had a wide circulation in the late 16th-early 17th century.

editions

Conciones Vespertinae Quadragesimales, Super Septem Pœnitentiales Psalmos. Per Fratrem Didacum de La Vega (...) (Alcala de Henares (Compluto): Vidua I. Graciani, 1595/Medina del Campo: apud Ioanne Godinez de Millis, 1603/Lyon: Horatio Cardon, 1600 & 1603 & 1605/ Venice: apud Societatem Venetam-Giovanni Guerigli, 1606/Cologne: Butgen, 1608). The 1603 Lyon edition is accessible via Archive.org. The 1595 and the 1603 medina del Campo edition are accessible via Google Books. Moreover the 1595 edition is also accessible via the Biblioteca Virtual Miguel Cervantes.

Quadragessimale opus pro omnibus dominicis, et ferijs, quæ comuniter in Ecclesia predicari solent a Septuagessima vsquè ad feriam secundam Resurrectionis & omnibus ferijs Hebdomadæ Sanctæ (...) (Toledo: Thomas Guzman, 1600).

R.P.F. Didaci de la Vega lectoris theologi Ord. S. Francisci Quadragesimales conciones a septuagesima vsque ad feriam secundam resurrectionis : opus elucubratum triplici addito indice rerum memorabilium locorum communium & authoritatum Scripturæ Sacræ (Brescia: apud Societatem Brixiensis, 1602/Venice: Hieronymus Polus, 1606).

Parayso de la gloria de los sanctos, donde se trata de sus prerogatiuas y excelencias: tomo primero (...) (Lisbon: Pedro Crasbeeck, 1603/Barcelona: Gabriel Graells & Giraldo Dotil, 1604/Medina del Campo, 1604).

Parayso de la gloria de los sanctos, donde se trata de sus prerogatiuas y excelencias: tomo segundo (...) (Lisbon: Pedro Crasbeeck, 1603/Barcelona: Gabriel Graells & Giraldo Dotil, 1604/Medina del Campo, 1604).

Empleo y exercicio sancto, sobre los euangelios de las Dominicas (...), 2 Vols. (Toledo: Thomas de Guzmán, 1604-1607/Madrid: Luis Sanchez, 1607/Burgos: Juan Baptista Varesio, 1608/Valladolid: Juan de Bostillo, 1608/Barcelona: Lorenço Deu, 1612).

Employ et sainct exercice sur les evangiles des dimanches de l'année, traduit de l'espagnol du R.P.F. Diego de la Vega (...) avec quelques sermons sur les principales textes de l'Avent et de Noël par le R.P.F.E. Materre (...) (Paris: Nicolas du Fosse, 1608).

R. P. F. Didaci de la Vega (...) Conciones et exercitia pia super Evangelia Dominicalia totius anni (...) a F. Henrico Paludano (...) in Latinum conversum (Apud Ioannem Crithium, 1610).

R.P.F. Didaci de la Vega, Toletani, Ordinis S. Francisci de Obseruantia, s. theologiae lectoris, Paradisus gloriae sanctorum: eorumque triumphus, conciones et exercitia pia super festa totius anni, opus nouum, multiplici eruditione resertium, in quo de eximijs sanctorum meritis luculenter agiter (Cologne: Apud Ioannem Crithium, 1610-1612).

Conciones Et Exercitia pia, super Euangelia Dominicalia totius Anni: Opvs Novvm, Mvltiplici Ervditione refertum: Concionatoribus ob vrberem materiae tractationem (...) vtilissimum. 1, Ab Adventv Domini Vsqve Ad festum Pentecostes (Venice: Bernard Giunta & Giovanni Battista Ciotti, 1611/Cologne: Crithius, 1612).

R.P.F. Didaci De La Vega, Toletani (...) Paradisvs Gloriae Sanctorvm, Eorvmqve Triumphus: Conciones Et Exercitia pia super Festa totius Anni; Opvs Novvm, Mvltiplici Eruditione reefertum (...) (Cologne: Crithius, 1612).

Discursos predicables sobre los Euangelios de todos los dias de la Quaresma (...) (Alcala: Luys Martinez Grande, 1611/Barcelona: Hieronymo Margarit, 1612).

Prerrogativas y excelencias de la Virgen Nuestra Señora, fundadas sobre los Eva[n]gelios q[ue] se predica[n] en sus Festividades, por otro no[m]bre Marial. Dedicado a la misma Virgen, y Reyna del Cielo (Alcala de Henares: Iuan Gracian, 1616).

Apologia sacra contra septem criminalia bitia et pro defensione birtutum (...) ( 1622)?

R.P. Didaci De La Vega Franciscani (...) Apologia Sacra Contra septem criminalia vitia & pro defensione virtutum. Tractantvr In Ea Aliqvi loci Communes (...) (Pont-à-Mousson: Cramoisy, 1623).

R.p.f. Didaci de la Vega (...) De vitiis virtvtibvsqve oppositis: tractatvs longe elegantissimi, qvi vberrimam vitiorum virtutumque materiam, volut per locos communes digestam continent (Cologne: sumptibus Petri Henningij, 1626).

literature

AIA 8 (1917), 105; AIA 15 (1955), 482-484; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 189 (no. 860); DSpir IX, 426-427; DSpir XVI, 341

 

 

 

 

Diego de Leyba (fl. late 17th cent.)

Franciscan Observant friar of criollo descent, active in Latin America. Preacher and provincial minister of the Santo Evangelio de México province. Hagiographer. Predominantly known for his life of Sebastián de Aparicio (1687).

editions

Vida de el Venerable Padre Fr. Diego Romeo de la Regular Observancia de N.S.P. Francisco. Por Fr. Diego de Leyba, Predicador de la Provincia de Santa Evangelio de Mexico (Mexico: J. de Riberra, 1684).

Virtudes y milagros en la vida y muerte del V.P. Sebastián de Aparicio (Sevilla: Imp. de Lucas Martin de Hermosilla, 1687). This became one of the most influential hagiographical works on Sebastián de Aparicio.

literature

B.H. Slicher van Bath, De bezinning op het verleden in Latijns Amerika 1493-1820. Auteurs, verhalen en lezers (Groningen, 1998), passim; Ronald Jay Morgan, Spanish American Saints and the Rhetoric of Identity, 1600-1810 (Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 2002), 43 & passim.

 

 

 

 

Diego del Saz (1579-1645)

Born in Chiapas and uncle of the Franciscan friar and linguist Antonio del Saz. At the age of ten, Diego came under the wing of friar Juan de Orduña, who organised his education and upbringing. At the age of 13 or 14, Diego traveled to Guatemala and took the habit in November 1593, to make his profession on October 3, 1595. Several years later, he traveled with Francisco Salcedo to Mexico, where he was ordained priest and continued his studies. Thereafter, he served first as the guardian of Gueiteupán, and subsequently as custos of Honduras, guardian of Comayagua, guardian of Guatemala and provincial definitor. By 1637, he moved to Nicaragua, as visitor of the S. Jorge province. He died in March 1645 at Santiago Atitlan. Eventually, his remains were transferred to Guatemala. (at the occasion of which a funerary eulogy was preached by the Mercedarian friar José Monroy: Panegyrico funeral, y piadosa aclamacion, que se hizo a la translacion del cuerpo del muy Venerable Padre Fr. Diego del Saz, Hijo del Convento de Guatimala, del Orden de N. Padre S. Francisco (…) (Mexico, 1651). Cf. Medina II, 290-291)

manuscripts

Siete libros de sermones. Mentioned in Vázquez III, 128, 145.

literature

J.T. Medina, Biblioteca Hispano-Americana, 7 Vols. (Santiago de Chile, 1898-1907) II, 290-291; Francisco Vázquez, Crónica de la Provincia del Santísimo Nombre de Jesús de Guatemala, 2nd Ed., Bibliotea “Goathemala”, 14-17, 4 Vols (Guatemala, 1937-1944) III, 122-150; A Bio-Bibliography of Franciscan Authors in Colonial Central America, ed. Eleanor B. Adams (Washington D.C.: Academy of American Franciscan History, 1953), 75-76.

 

 

 

 

Diego de Madrid (fl. early 18th cent.)

OFMDisc. Chronicler of the Ssan José province.

literature

AIA 22 (1962), 301-302; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 143 (no. 530).

 

 

 

 

Diego de Mendoça (Diego de Mendoza, fl. c. 1660)

OFM. Friar of the Province of San Antonio de los Charcas (New Spain). Wrote an important chronicle concerning the Franciscans and the Poor Clares in Upper Peru from the beginnings of the Province of San Antonio de los Charcas.

manuscripts/editions

Diego de Mendoza, Crónica de la Provincia de S. Antonio de los Charcas del orden de ñro seráphico P.S. Francisco en las Indías Occidentales, 2. Ed. (La Paz, 1976). [facs. edition. the first edition was published in or shortly after 1665]

literature

J.T. Medina, Historia del tribunal del Santo Oficio de la Inquisicion de Lima (1569-1820) (Santiago/Chili, 1887); Henry Charles Lea, The Inquisition in the Spanish Dependencies (New York, 1908); AIA 30 (1928), 49-51; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 148 (no. 570); B.H. Slicher van Bath, De bezinning op het verleden in Latijns Amerika 1493-1820. Auteurs, verhalen en lezers (Groningen, 1998), passim

With thanks to Robin Vose

 

 

 

 

Didacus de Ocana (Diego de Ocaña, d. 1680)

A Spanish friar from la Mancha. Took the habit in the Guatemala friary in 1627. Known for his knowledge of biblical theology and hagiographical lore. Also known for his knowledge of local languages. Provincial in 1676. He should not be confused with the Hieronymite friar of the same name, who died in 1608.

manuscripts

He apparently wrote a number of works in Cakchiquel, as well as a Descripción del lago Atitlán, but not much is known about their whereabouts. Cf. Sánchez García, 68-69.

literature

Vázquez, Crónica I, 166-172, 210; D. Sánchez García, Catálogo de los escritores franciscanos de la Provincia Seráfica del Santísimo Nombre de Jesús de Guatemala (Guatemala, 1920), 68-69; A Bio-Bibliography of Franciscan Authors in Colonial Central America, ed. Eleanor B. Adams (Washington D.C.: Academy of American Franciscan History, 1953), 60-61; Kenneth Mills, ‘Diego de Ocaña e l’organizzazione del miracoloso a Potosí (1600-1601)’, in: Il Santo patrono e la città, 372-390.?? Cannot be about the same friar; Manuel Castro y Castro, ‘Lenguas indigenas transmitidas por los Franciscanos del S. XVII’, in: Los Franciscanos en el Nuevo Mundo (siglo XVII), La Rábida, 18-23 septiembre de 1989 (Madrid: Editorial Deimos, 1992), 459.

 

 

 

 

Diego de Olmos (fl. 17th cent.)

Born in Cuzco and entered the order in Lima. Active as definitor and as provincial vicar (to replace the deceased provincial minister Francisco Román in 1653).

editions

Gramática de la lengua general del Cuzco (Lima, 1633/1883).

literature

Córdova Salinas, Crónica, 1007, 1017, 1021; Juan de San Antonio, BUF I, 303-304; Cipriano Muñoz y Manzano, conde de la Viñaza & Carmelo Sáenz de Santa Maria, Bibliografia Española de Lenguas Indigenas de America (Madrid, 1892/Reprint Madrid: Ediciones Atlas, 1977), 90-91; Manuel de Castro y Castro, ‘Lenguas indigenas americanas transmitidas por los Franciscanos del siglo XVI’, in: Actas del II Congreso Internacional sobre los Franciscanos en el Nuevo Mundo (siglo XVI) (Madrid: DEIMOS, 1988), 554.

 

 

 

 

Diego de Oca y Sarmiento (Diego de Orensano, fl. mid 17th cent.)

OFMDisc. Friar from the San Juan Bautista province (Valencia).

literature

AIA 8 (1917), 399; AIA 14 (1920), 278; AIA 27 (1927), 140; Boletín de la Real Academia Gallega 22 (1934-1942), 343-345; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 155 (no. 627).

 

 

 

 

Diego de Valencia (fl. early fifteenth cent.)

Jewish convert from Valencia and Castilian Franciscan friar. Probably born in the latter part of the fourteenth century. Received a doctorate in theology, and was renowned for his knowledge of medicine, asstrology and the mechanical sciences. He also was a noted poet, and a number of his poetic works entered in the Cancionero de Baena. Several of these poems even discuss his familiarity with local prostitites, whereas other attempted to ridicule Jews and Maranos like himself. A special target for his ridicule was a certain Juan de Espaã, a converted Talmudist, who had written after 1413 an account of his conversion, and became the subject of Diego's ridicule.

editions

Cantigas e Preguntas. Edited in between other poems in Alfonso de Baena, Cancionero, 3 Vols. (Madrid, 1966). Cf. El Eco Franciscano 34 (1917), 135; AIA 9 (1918), 13-14;

I. Vázquez Janeiro, Tratados castellanos sobre la predestinación y sobre la Trinidad y la Encarnación, del maestro fray Diego de Valencia OFM (siglo XV). Identificación de su autoria y edición critica, Bibliotheca Theologica Hispana Serie 2, Vol. 2 (Madrid, 1984);

literature

Manuel de Castro y Castro, Escritores de la Provincia Franciscana de Santiago. Siglos XIII-XIX, Liceo Franciscano. Revista de Estudio e Investigacion XLVIII (2a Epoca): 145-147 (Santiago de Compostella, 1996), 22.

 

 

 

 

Diego de Zayas Sotomayor (fl. first half 17th cent)

OFM. Preacher in the Granada province (1651?)

literature

AIA 15 (1955), 495; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 192 (no. 885).

 

 

 

 

Diego Fernandez (d. ca. 1550)

Portuguese friar. Theologian and preacher. Entered the order in the Santiago province. Eventually joined the Capucins of the St. Gabriel province. Not to be confused with Diego Fernández de Villalán OFM, who became bishop of Almería in 1553 and died in July 1556.

manuscripts and editions

Additiones ad Opera Ioannis Duns Scoti>>>>

literature

Juan de S. Antonio, BUF I, 297; Juan de la Trinidad, Chronica de la Provincia de San Gabriel (Sevilla, 1652), 376-383; Ilidio de S. Ribeiro, ‘Autores Franciscanos Portugueses’, Itinerarium 6 (1960), 223.

 

 

 

 

Diego García de Cartagena (d. 1794)

Franciscan botanist from Cartagena (Colombia).

literature

Luis Carlos Mantilla, Fray Diego Carcía, franciscano de Cartagena de Indias y su obra en la expedición botánica (Cartagena (Colombia): Universidad de San Buenaventura, 2005).

 

 

 

 

Diego García de León (fl. later 17th cent.)

OFM. Member of the Santiago province.

literature

AIA 28 (1927), 363-364; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 120 (no. 350).

 

 

 

 

Diego Girolamo da Lugano (fl. ca. 1750)

Capuchin friar. Professor of theology in or around 1725. Active in Monza in 1743. Immediately thereafter lector at Lugano (1743-1752), guardian of the Como friary (1752), guardian of the Capuchin SS. Concezione friary of Milan (ca. 1757), definitor, and provincial (elected at the provincial chapter of 1759). Renowned preacher and biblical scholar. Known to have preached a full Lenten cycle at Palermo in 1743 in the S. Ignazio (l'Olivella) Church, again in 1752 in Rome (Chiesa Nuova), in 1755 in Arezzo, in 1757 in Lugano, and in Mantua in 1758. He died on 20 August 1761 at Lugano. He issued several sermon collections as well as sonnets, some of which were incluided in the so-called Antologia poetica di Cappuccini Luganesi.

literature

Bibliografia luganese del Settecento: Fogli, documenti, cronologia, ed. Callisto Caldelari (Bellinzona: Edizioni Casagrande, 2002), 17; Christian Schweizer, ‘Maderni, Diego Girolamo (da Lugano), cap. (fl. 1725)’, Dizionario Storico della Svizzera 8 (2009), 66.

 

 

 

 

Diego González Mateo (fl. c. 1750)

OFM. Member of the Burgos province. Lector and definitor. Spanish Scotist theologian, and author of a multi-volume Theologia Scotica. Developed a demonology that gendered discussion among the theologians of Alcalá and elsewhere.

editions

Theologia Scotica. This is a multi-volume work, issued in several editions. See for instance:

- Theologia scotica in primum sententiarum magistri, ad mentem subtilis Doctoris Joannis Duns Scoti Explanata, 2 Vols. ((Madrid: ex Typographia Causae Venerabilis Matris Mariae à Jesu de Agreda, 1749). Partially available via Google Books & Archive.org.

- Theologia scotica in secundum sententiarum magistri, ad mentem subtilis Doctoris Joannis Duns Scoti Explanata (Madrid: ex Typographia Causae Venerabilis Matris Mariae à Jesu de Agreda, 1756). Available via Google Books.

- Theologia scotica in tertium sententiarum magistri, ad mentem subtilis Doctoris Joannis Duns Scoti Explanata (...) Opus posthumum (Logroño: Mateo Moreno, 1764). Available via Google Books.

Controversia de revelationibus agredanis explicata: cum epicrisi ad ineptas earum Revelationum Vindicias, editas à P. Didaco Gobzakez Mathéo & à P. Landelino Mayr (Augsburg-Würzburg: Martin veith, 1749). Available via Google Books.

Bellum theologicum adversus diabolicas violentias circa externa de se prava et turpia quatuor certaminibus & duabus dissertaionibus, Sacris Litteris, Doctrinis SS. Patrum, & Theologicis rationibus debellatas (Pamplona: Haeredes de Martinez, 1745/Madrid, 1746). Available via Google Books.

literature

AIA 15 (1955), 301-302; AIA 26 (1966), 66-76; DSpir VI, 592-593; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 122 (no. 374).

 

 

 

 

Diego Hernández (Diego Fernández, d. 5 June, 1550)

OFMObs. Spanish friar. Born in Palermo (Sicily, from Spanish parents). Studied philosophy and theology at the University of Salamanca, where commented on the Sentences in a Scotist fashion. After his studies, he joined the Friars Minors at the San Francisco convent of Salamanca. Continued to be active as theology teacher, and apparently lived a rather relaxed life, until he had a conversion experience, after which he entered the barefeeted OFMObs of the S. Gabriel province. Therafter, he embarked on a career as preacher in the Extremadura. (for more info on his later years, see the literature below). Died at Badajoz, on 5 June, 1550. Some Franciscan sources (such as Tognoletto) mention that he was beatified. Cf. also Mazarra and the Martyrologium Franciscanum (Rome, 1938), 209 (5th of June).

literature

J.B. Moles, Memorial de la Provincia de San Gabriel de la Orden de los Frailes Menores de Observancia (madrid, 1592), f. 148v, 159v-163r, 285r-v; Francisco Gonzaga, De Origine Seraphicae Religionis Franciscanae (Venice, 1603), 1114; Wadding, Annales, XVI (Quaracchi, 1933), 115 (an. 1519) & XVIII (Quaracchi, 1933), 285 (an. 1550); Pietro Tognoletto, Paradiso Serafico (Palermo, 1667), 67-73; Fortunatus Hueber, Menologium (Munich, 1698), col. 974; Benedetto Mazarra, Legendario francescano (Venice, 1722) VI, 54-57 & XII, 433; Jacobus de Castro, Arbol chronologico de la Santa Provincia de Santiago (Salamanca, 1727) II, 601-604; Sigismondo da Venezia, Biografia Serafica (Venice, 1846), 381; Verdad y Vida 3 (1945), 114; Manuel Rodriguez Pazos, Los estudios en la Provincia franciscana de Santiago (Madrid, 1967), 163; Crónica de la Provincia de Santiago 1214-1614 (Madrid, 1971), 214-215, 324; A. Martínez Albiach, ‘El beato Fr. Diego José de Cádiz en Mondoñedo’, Estud. Mind. 16 (2000), 525-532; Anselmo de Lagarda, ‘Bienheureux Diego-Joseph de Cadix. Missionnaire de la miséricorde’, in: Visages de saints et bienheureux capucins, 373-391.

 

 

 

 

Diego Hurtado Leonés (fl. second half 17th cent.)

OFM. Lector, synodal examiner for the Archbishop of Toledo, chronicler of the Castilia province, and guardian of the Colegio Mayor de S. Pedro y S. Pablo, University of Alcalá de Henares.

literature

AIA 28 (1968), 447-448; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 129 (no. 426).

 

 

 

 

Diego Izquierdo (fl. first half 17th cent.)

OFM. Theologian in the Burgos province.

literature

AIA 38 (1935), 363-364; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 131 (no. 442).

 

 

 

 

Diego José de Cádiz (José Francisco López-Caamaño y García Pérez, 1743–1801) beatus

OFMCap. Spanish friar from Andalusia, missionary. After the death of his mother, when he was nine years old, the family moved from Cadiz to Grazamela, when he entered a boys school served by Dominican teachers. Apparently José was not a very adept student. This also was observed by the local Observant Franciscans, who denied his entry among them because of his lack of intellectual prowess. José subsequently joined the Capuchins, at the age of 15, fulfilling his noviciate obligations in Sevilla, receiving the name Didacus Josephus. he made his full profession on 31 march 1759, and was ordained priest in 1766. After training in Capuchin schools, Diego became an itinerant preacher in and after 1771, team preaching in rural areas, especially in Andalusia, as part of the Capuchin rural mission effort. He apparently developed into a gifted preacher, and was an acknowledged propagator of traditional Catholicism in the face of new modernist enlightenment ideals. Although he at times drew the attention of the inquisition, he was invited to preach at the royal court in Madrid in 1783, discovering that he was unable to make the courtiers more devout and less devoted to worldly pursuits. Gradually, his growing reputation as a proponent of Catholic orthodoxy made that he was given a position as consultant of the Spanish inquisition, and as synodal examiner. He also was given honorary doctorates at the university of Granada. Apparently some 2500 of his sermons still survive in several collections. Diego was officially beatified by the Catholic Church in 1894.

editions

Sermon panegirico-dogmatico-moral: que en la funcion celebrada en obsequi de la gloriosa Santa Maria Magdalena (...) (Sevilla: Don Manuel Nicolas Vazquez, 1783).Available via Google Books.

Razonamiento que hizo en Latin el P. Fr. Diego Josef de Cadiz, misionero capuchino, en la esclarecida imperial universidad Granadina, con ocasion de haversele conferido en ella, los Grado de Maestro en Artes, y Doctor en Theologia, y Derecho Canonic. Traducido a el Castellano por el Dr. Don Pedro Manuel Prieto (...) (Sevilla: Don Manuel Nicolas Vazquez, 1784/Madrid, 1797). Available via Google Books.

Pláticas morales que el Venerable y M. R. P. Fr. Diego José de Cádiz, misionero apostólico Capuchino, predicó en la Ciudad de Zaragoza en los exercicios espirituales, que dió al ilustre clero secular, y regular, en el real seminario sacerdotal de S. Cárlos, en el año de 1786 (Madrid: Martinez Dávilas, 1817). Available via Google Books.

Colección de las obras del R.P. Fr. Diego José de Cádiz, misionero apostólico del Orden de Menores Capuchinos de la Provincia de Andalucía, 5 Vols. (Madrid, 1796)

Devota novena en obsequio del insigne conquistador y grande rey de España San Fernando, formada con especiales consideraciones sobre sus heroycas virtudes (...) (Sevilla: Hijos de Hidalgo & Gonzales de la Bonilla, 1796). Available via Google Books.

Arsenal de materias predicables, ed. Diego de Valencia (Sevilla: Editorial Católica Española, 1944).

vitae

Luis Antonio de Sevilla, Verdadero Retrato de un misionero perfacto, animado en la vida del V.P. Fr. Diego josé de Cadiz, sacerdote profeso del orden de menores capuchinos de N.P.S. Francisco (...) (Sevilla: D.A. Izquierdo, 1862).

literature

J.M. de la Torre, ‘Fray Diego José de Cádiz. Notas a su oratoria’, Estudios Franciscanos 96 (1995), 345-364 [see also other articles in the same volume]; Louis Châtellier, The Religion of the Poor: Rural Missions in Europe and the Formation of Modern Catholicism (1997), 217.

 

 

 

 

Diego José Fuente (d. 1742)

Friar from San Salvador. He taught philosophy and theology in Guatemala and was later active as a guardian in several friaries. He traveled as Procurador General to Spain in 1728 and from there went to the Franciscan general chapter in Milan (1729). He became General Commissioner of New Spain and the Philippines, but died before he could take up his office on 18 September 1742.

editions

Memorial al Rey del P.Fr. Diego Joseph de la Fuente, Procurador General de las Provincias de Indias del Orden de nuestro Padre S. Francisco, en que expresa las providencias que se juzgaron necessarias a fin de emprender las Misiones de los Talamancas (1737).

Fray Diego Joseph de la Fuente (…) dice: Que V. Mag. Por su Real Despacho de 15 de Octubre de 1733, etc. (1738).

Memorial historico de los sucedido el dia veinte de Marzo del año pasado de 1737 en el Cerro de la Sal, Reyno del Perú. See Medina, VI, 283.

literature

J.T. Medina, Biblioteca Hispano-Americana, 7 Vols. (Santiago de Chile, 1898-1907) VI, 283-284; A Bio-Bibliography of Franciscan Authors in Colonial Central America, ed. Eleanor B. Adams (Washington D.C.: Academy of American Franciscan History, 1953), 33.

 

 

 

 

Diego López de Cogolludo (Colludo, fl. late 17th cent.)

A Spanish friar from Alcalá de Henares. Took the habit there in 1629. Traveled to Yucatan in 1634. learned Mayan from Juan Coronel. Took up several administrative positions, such as guardian of Mani and Motul. Also active as a parish priest in pueblos in the region. Subsequently professor of theology at Mérida and provincial definitor. In 1663, he was elected provincial minister. He traveled with Luis de Vivar to Guatemala when the latter visited the Most Holy Name province, and in 1650 he accompanied for a comparable journey the Franciscan friar Antonio Ramírez. Diego used his own experiences as well as the stories of his colleagues and a wealth of documents for his Historia de Yucathán, which was published in Madrid after his death by Francisco de Ayeta, the general procurator for the Franciscan provinces in the West-Indies (and who had visited Yucatan in 1684).

editions

Historia de Yucathán (Madrid: Juan García Infanzón, 1688). Also incorporated in: Los tres siglos de la dominación española en Yucatán o sea historia de esta provincia desde la conquista hasta la independencia. Escribióla Fr. Diego López de Cogolludo Provincial que fué de la Orden Franciscana y la continua un Yucateco [Justo Sierra], 2 Vols. (Campeche (Mérida): José María Peralta [Vol. I] & Imp. de Castillo [Vol. II], 1842-1845); Los tres siglos de la dominación española en Yucatán o sea historia de esta provincia, 2 Vols. (Mérida, 1867-1868).

literature

AIA 27 (1927), 338-350; F.V. Scholes, ‘Franciscan Missionary Scholars in Colonial Central America’, The Americas 8 (1952), 396-398; A Bio-Bibliography of Franciscan Authors in Colonial Central America, ed. Eleanor B. Adams (Washington D.C.: Academy of American Franciscan History, 1953), 46-47; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 139 (no. 502); B.H. Slicher van Bath, De bezinning op het verleden in Latijns Amerika 1493-1820. Auteurs, verhalen en lezers (Groningen, 1998), passim; Carlos García-Romeral Pérez, Bio-bibliografía de Viajeros Españoles (siglos XVI-XVII) (Madrid: Ollero & Ramos, 1998), 134 (nos. 559-561).

 

 

 

 

Diego López Serrano (fl. ca. 1600)

OFM. Member of the Castilia province.

literature

AIA 32 (1929), 360; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 140 (no. 511).

 

 

 

 

Diego Miguel Bringas de Manzaneda y Encinas (fl. c. 1800)

OFM. Missionary in Mexico (Santa Cruz de Querétaro). Cartographer.

manuscripts

Testimonio de la visita efectuada por el Pere Diego Miguel (...), a los catorce pueblos que componen las ocho misiones de la Primería alta (...): Archivo Franciscano de la Provincia de Michoacán, Fondo Archivo de Querétaro, Celaya, Mexico (AFPM, AQ), Letter K, leg. 18, no. 17.

Diego Miguel Bringas y Encinas papers and maps, 1772-1795: MS Berkeley, Bancroft Library, BANC MSS M-M 1711 oversize folder, unit A.; BANC MSS M-M 1711 [see the catalogue of the Online Archive of California, http://www.oac.cdlib.org/search?style=oac4;titlesAZ=d;idT=UCb112402318 ]

editions

Musa americana: poema, que en verso heroico latino escribió un erudito americano, sobre los soberanos atributos de Dios (Mexico: Felipe de Zúñiga y Ontiveros, 1783).

Sermones panegyrico-morales (Mexico: Herederos del Lic. D. Joseph de Jauregui, 1792).

El maná de los christianos. Modo de prepararse para recibir la Sagrada Comunion, y dar gracias despues de ella. Vida de Jesu-Christo, Señor Nuestro. Deducida de los quatro sagrados evangelios (...) (Mexico: Herederos de J. de Jauregui, 1792).

Friar Bringas Reports to the King. Methods of Indoctrination on the Frontier of New Spain, 1796-1797, ed. Daniel S. Matson & Bernard L. Fontana (Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1977).

Sermon sobre la inmodestia de los vestidos, que en la mision hecha en la villa de San Miguel el grande por los padres misioneros del Colegio apostólico de propaganda fide de la Santa Cruz de Queretaro (México: D. Mariano de Zúñiga y Ontiveros, 1802).

Panegirico que en honra de Maria Santisima en su prodigiosa Imagen del Pueblito: en la funcion anual que en su proprio templo extramuros de la ciudad de Queretaro, le hace el vecindario de ella. Con asistencia de su ilustre Ayuntamiento (Mexico: Doña Maria Fernandez de Jauregui, 1807).

Sermón de la reconquista de Guanajuato, predicado por fray Diego Miguel Bringas el 7 de diciembre de 1810/Sermon que en la reconquista de Guanaxuato, predicó extemporaneamente (...) D.M. Bringas (Mexico, 1811). [See also: http://www.biblioteca.tv/artman2/publish/1810_115/Serm_n_de_la_reconquista_de_Guanajuato_predicado_por_fray_Diego_Miguel_Bringas_el_7_de_diciembre_de_1810.shtml]

Sermon de gracias por la sorpresa del castillo de San Fernando de Figueras hecha por el Dr. D. Antonio de Robira, al frente de 900 españoles el dia diez de abril de 1811 (Mexico: Arizpe, 1811).

Sermon que en la solemne funcion hecha por el noble Cuerpo de artilleros de la ciudad de Queretaro: en obsequio de su portentosa Patrona y Generala Maria Santisima del Pueblito, en accion de gracias por los sucesos prosperos de las armas españolas en la antigua y nueva España (Mexico: Doña Maria Fernandez de Jauregui, 1811).

Impugnacion del papel sedicioso y calumniante que baxo el titulo, Manifiesto de la nacion americana a los europeos que habitan en este continente, abortó en el Real de Sultepec el 16 de marzo de 1812, el insurgente relapso doctor D. José María Cos (...) (México: Doña Maria Fernandez de Jauregui, 1812).

Sermon que en la solemne funcion que en accion de gracias por la insigne victoria conseguida contra los insurgentes, en la toma del inexpugnable fuerte de Tenango del Valle, el sabado seis de junio de 1812, celebró en honor de Maria Santisima de Guadalupe, la division mandada por el se~nor don Joaquin del Castillo y Bustamante (...) predicó (...) el trece de junio del mismo año, F. Diego Miguel Bringas (...) (Mexico: Maria Fernandez de Jauregui, 1812).

Sermon que en la funcion solemne que hicieron el señor comandante general, señores oficiales y tropa que guarnece la ciudad de Queretaro, despues de haber jurado al constitucion politica de la monarquia española, al frente de sus banderas predicò el domingo 28 de marzo de 1813 en la iglesia del Convento grande de nuestro serafico padre San Francisco (Mexico: Arizpe, 1813).

Sermon politico-moral que para dar principio á la mision extraordinaria formada de venerables sacerdotes de ambos cleros, dirigida ã la concordia y union de los habitantes de esta America, y el restablecimiento de la paz, predicó en la plaza de Santo Domingo de Mexico el 17 de enero de 1813, y repitió a peticion de muchos sugetos celosos del bien público en la iglesia de Nuestra Señora de la Merced de la misma ciudad el 24 del propio mes (...) el P. Fr. Diego Miguel Bringas y Encinas (...) A expensas del alferez del regimiento urbano del comercio de esta capital D. Domingo de Ugarte y Hacha, que destina su producto al socorro de las actuales urgencias del religiosísmo convento de monjas de la Purisima Concepcion de la villa de Agreda (Mexico: Impr. de J.B. de Arizpe, 1813).

El triunfo de la religion sobre las ruinas de la impiedad: sermon eucaristico-panegirico-dogmático (Mexico: Doña Maria Fernandez de Jauregui, 1815).

Practica de las Estaciones de la Via Sacra (Mexico: Doña Maria Fernandez de Jáuregui, 1815).

Sermon eucaristico-apologetico, que en la solemnisma función de gracias a la Santisima Trinidad por la libertad de nuestro católic monarca, el señor Don Fernando de Borbon, septimo de este nombre, y su nueva exaltación al trono de las Españas: que costeo Don Tomas Antonio de las Cabadas, y celebró el Colegio de Misioneros Apostolicos de la Santa Cruz de la misma ciudad (...) muertos por los yunas en 1781, dixo en la iglesia del Colegio de Santa Cruz de querétena ... en 1794, en que se sepultaron sus cenizas (México: J.M. de Benavente, 1815/Madrid, 1819).

Sermon que en las solemnas honras celebradas en obsequio de los VV. PP. Predicadores apostólicos Fr. Francisco Tomás Hermengildo Garcés, Fr. Juan Marcelo Díaz, Fr. José Matias Moreno, Fr. Juan Antonio Barrenecche, misioneros del Colegio de Propaganda Fide de la Santa Cruz de Querétaro (...) (Madrid: Imprenta de Fermin Villalpando, 1819).

Indice apologetico de las razones que recomiendan la obra intitulada Mistica Ciudad de Dios escrita por la Ven, Madre Sor María de Jesus Coronel y Arana (...) Con varias cartas apologeticas escritas en defensa de la misma obra, por algunos sábios franceses (...) Un apéndice que contiene la supuesta y despreciable censura falsamente atribuida al Ilmo. Señor Bosuet, su impugnacion y notas. Ultimamente un resumen de la admirable vida y ejemplarísimas virtudes de la misma venerable Madre Sor María de Jesus (Valencia: D.F. Brusola, 1834).

Crónica apostólica y seráfica del Colegio de Propaganda Fide de la Sta. Cruz de Querétaro (Querétaro: Ediciones Cimatario, 1960).

literature

AIA 2 (1914), 258; Collectanea Franciscana Bibliographia franciscana 1 (1958-1963), 605-606 (no. 2531); Paul H. Ezel, ‘Fr. Diego Bringas, a forgotten cartographer of Sonora’, Imago mundi (Estocolmo) 13 (1956), 151-158; Jose De la Torre Curiel, Twilight of the Mission Frontier: Shifting Interethnic Alliances and Social Organization in Sonora, 1768-1855 (Berkeley; Stanford University Press, 2013), 19, 100, 237, 244.

 

 

 

 

Diego Muñoz (Múñoz, c. 1550-c.1626)

Franciscan missionary and author, active in Latin America. Born in Cholula c. 1550 and entered the order in Tzintzuntan. Active in the Purépecha region and later guardian of the Franciscan houses of Pátzcuaro and Querétaro (1590s). Two times provincial (the first criollo chosen into this office). Later inquisitorial deputy in Tancítaro and Acahuato.

editions

Reports on witchcraft in Celaya, included in Martin Austin Nesvig, Forgotten Franciscans: Works from an Inquisitorial Theorist, a Heretic, and an Inquistional Deputy, Latin American Originals, 5 (University Park, PA: Pennsylvania University Press, 2011), 79-101.

Chronicle/Memorial. See: Diego Muñoz, OFM, Descripción de la Provincia de los Apóstoles San Pedro y San Pablo en las Indias de la Nueva España, in Atanasio López, 'Misiones o doctrinas de Michoacán y Jalisco (Méjico) en el siglo XVI, 1525-1585', Archivo Ibero-Americano 18 (1922), 341-425. Also in Michoacán en la década de 1580, ed. J. Benedict Warren (Universidad Michoacana: Morelia, 2000), 67-125.

literature

Handbook of Middle American Indians, Volume 13: Guide to Ethnohistorical Sources, Part Two, ed. Robert Wauchope (University of Texas Press, 1973), 149; B.H. Slicher van Bath, De bezinning op het verleden in Latijns Amerika 1493-1820. Auteurs, verhalen en lezers (Groningen, 1998), passim; Martin Austin Nesvig, Forgotten Franciscans: Works froman Inquisitorial Theorist, a Heretic, and an Inquistional Deputy, Latin American Originals, 5 (University Park, PA: Pennsylvania University Press, 2011), 10ff, 97ff; Rodrigo Martínez Baracs, Convivencia y utopía: El gobierno indio y español de la "ciudad de Mechuacan" 1521-1580 (Mexico: Fondo de Cultura Economica, 2005), passim.

 

 

 

 

Diego Valades (1533- after 1582)

Mestizo friar from Tlaxcala. As a young man, he worked as a translator for Peter of Ghent (Pedro de Gante) in the school of San José. Joined the order himself in 1549. For twenty years, he worked as a missionary and language scholar in Latin America, well-acquianted with the mexican, tarasco and otomí languages. In 1571, he is found at the Franciscan general chapter of Rome, and when he became involved with preparing the Itinerarium of Focher for the printing press in Sevilla. In 1575, he is again in Rome. In that year he was made general procurator for the order. Four years later, in 1579, he published in Perugia his famous Rethorica christiana, which combined his knowledge of missioanry method, indigenous languages and humanist inclinations. He was, in fact, the first Mexican born person to have a book published in Europe.

editions

Rhetorica Christiana ad concionandi et orandi usum accommodata (Perugia: Petrus Jacobus Petrutius, 1574 & 1579/Perugia, 1583; Rome, 1587); Rhetorica Christiana, ed. Tarsicio Herrera, Esteban J. Palomera & Alfonso Castro (Mexico: FCE, 1989). This was an important work for later sixteenth- and seventeenth-century homiletics. Different editions can be accessed via Archive.org and Google Books.

Cronica Mexicana, ed, Esteban J. Palomera, in: Idem, Fray Diego Valadés o.f.m. evangelizador humanista de la nueva España, su obra (Mexico, 1962).

Itinerarium Catholicum>>

Catholicae assertiones, ed. Bengt Löfstedt & Scott Talkovic (Lund: Lund University Press, 1998).

literature

J.T. Medina, Historia del tribunal del Santo Oficio de la Inquisicion de Lima (1569-1820) (Santiago/Chili, 1887); Henry Charles Lea, The Inquisition in the Spanish Dependencies (New York, 1908); Ciriaco Pérez Bustamente, ‘Documentos de la colonización americana. La ‘Rhetorica christiana’, de Fr. Diego de Valadés’, Revista nacional de educación 1 (1941), 55-58; Livarius Oliger, ‘De vita et scriptis Didaci Valadés, OFM, missionarii in Mexico, et generalis procuratoris ordinis’, AFH 36 (1943), 32-53; Francisco de la Maza,‘Fr. Diego Valadés, escritor y grabador franciscano del siglo XVI’, Anales del Instituto de Investigaciones Estéticas 13 (Mexico, 1945), 15-44; G. Méndez Plancarte, Fray Diego Valadéz, humanista franciscano del siglo XVI (1946); Harry Caplan & Henry H. King, ‘Latin Tractates on Preaching: A Book-List’, The Harvard Theological Review 42:3 (Jul., 1949), 195; E.J. Palomera, Fray Diego Valadés o.f.m. evangelizador humanista de la nueva España, su obra (Mexico, 1962); Edwin Edward Sylvest Jr., Motifs of Franciscan Mission Theory in Sixteenth Century New Spain Province of the Holy Gospel (Washington, 1975); Manuel de Castro y Castro, ‘Lenguas indigenas americanas transmitidas por los Franciscanos del siglo XVI’, in: Actas del II Congreso Internacional sobre los Franciscanos en el Nuevo Mundo (siglo XVI) (Madrid: DEIMOS, 1988), 527; Esteban J. Palomera, Diego Valadés, evangelizador humanistica de la Nueva España. El hombre, su época y su obra (Mexico: Universidad Ibero-Americano, 1988); Paulino Castaneda Delgado & Hernandez Aparicio Pilar, La Inquisicion de Lima (1570-1696) (Madrid, 1989); I. Osorio Romero, La ensenanza del latin a los indios (Mexico, 1990); G. Roselli, `La Rhetorica christiana di Diego Valadés', in: 500 anni di Ameríche, ed. C. Finzji (Rimini, 1991); Bulmaro Reyes Coria et.al., Acerca de Fray Diego Valades: su Retórica cristiana (Mexico: UNAM, 1996); César Chapparo Gómez, 'Retórica, historia y política en Diegao Valadés', Norba. Revista de Historia 16 (1996-2003), 403-419; Linda Báez-Rubi, Die Rezeption der Lehre des Ramon Llull in der Rhetorica Christiana (Perugia, 1579) des Franziskaners Fray Diego de Valadés, Europäische Hochschulschriften Reihe 3: Geschichte und ihre Hilfswissenschaften, Band 1005 (Pieterlen-Frankfurt a.M.-Bern: Peter Lang, 2004) [cf. review in CF 76,1-2 (2006), 367-369]; César Chaparro-Gómez, ‘Emblemática y memoria, politica e historia en la ‘Rhetorica christiana’ de Diego de Valadés’, Rhetorica 23 (2005), 173-202; Linda Báez-Rubí, ‘Die ‘Rhetorica Christiana’ (Perugia 1579) des Fray Diego Valadés als Ausdruck franziskanischer Missionstheologie’, Zeitschrift für Missionswissenschaft und Religionswissenschaft 92 (2008), 330-349.

With thanks to Robin Vose

 

 

 

 

Diego Murillo (d. 1616)

OFM. Preacher, lector, guardian of the San Diego de Zaragossa Collegium, provincial definitor and poet in the Aragon province.

manuscripts

Poesías: Madrid, Nac., 1504 ff. 18-22

editions

Instruccion para enseñar la virtud a los principiantes, y escala espiritual para la perfeccion evangelica 2 Vols. (Zaragossa: Lorenzo de Robles, 1598). First volume accessible via Google Books. There also exist a early 20th-century edition of this work: Instruccion para enseñar la virtud a los principiantes, 2 Vols. (Barcelona: Gustavo Gili, 1907).

Discursos predicables sobre los Evangelios que canta la Iglesia en los Domingos y Ferias desde la Septuagesima, hasta la Resurreccion del Señor, 2 Vols. (Zaragossa: Angelo Tauano, 1601/Madrid: Luis Sanchez, 1602/Zaragossa: Angelo Tauano, 1603/Zaragossa: Angelo Tauano, 1605). In any case the 1602 Madrid edition and the first volume of 1605 edition are accessible via Google Books.

Discursos predicables sobre todos los Evangelios que canta la Iglesia en las Festividades de Christi Nuestro Redemptor (...) (Zaragossa: Angelo Tauano, 1607). Accessible via Google Books.

Discursos predicables sobre los Evangelios que canta la Iglesia en los quatro Domingos del Adviento, y fiestas principales que occurren en este tiempo hasta la Septuagesima (...), 2 Vols. (Zaragossa: Lucas Sanchez, 1610). Partially available on Google Books.

Vita y Excelencias de la Madre de Dios (...) Tomo Primero. Dirigido a la serenissima Señora Infanta Soro Margarita de la Cruz, Religiosa Descalza en el insigne Convento de Santa Clara de Madrid (Zaragossa: Lucas Sanchez, 1610). Accessible via Google Books.

Conciones quadragesimales quae praeterquam quod singulae singulis diebus accommodatae sint, sapidam planè doctrinam resipiunt, & ob pulcherrimorum conceptuum copiam, quibusvis Ecclesiastis probè deserviunt. Nunc primum latinitati donatae (...) (Cologne: Anton Boëtzerus, 1612). Available via Google Books.

Sermones quadragesimales in sacrosancta Dei Euangelia, in quibus varii conceptus, ut vocant, & discursus, tam scripturales, quam morales, exemplaresque non copiosè minus, quam methodicè & ad amussim trutinatae perpenseque traduntur. Cum allegoricis, anagogicis, ac tropologicis SS. Patrum expositionibus, piis meditationibus, & dignis consideratu ac imitatione exemplis (...) (Venice: Giacomo Sarzina, 1613). Accessible via Google Books.

Sermons rares et excellens sur toutes les festes principales de l'année préschés en divers lieux par le renommé Docteur le R. Père Diego Murillo avec l'octave du très saint sacrement de l'Eucharistie. Divisez en deux tomes. Traduits de l'espagnol en français (...) (Paris: Robert Foüet, 1614).

Fundacion milagrosa de la Capilla angelica y apostolica de la Madre de Dios del Pilar y excellencias de la Imperial ciudad de Zaragoça: dividese en dos tratados (...) (Barcelona: Sebastian Mateuad, 1616). Available via Google Books.

Il Moriglio, doppio e perfettissimo Quadragesimale (...) nel quale si contengono cento prediche (...) e dieci discorsi predicabili della Passione di N.S. per la Settimana santa, composto dal M.R.P.F. Diego Moriglio (...) nuovamente (...) tradotto dalla lingua spagnuola nella favella italiana dal Sig. D. Tomaso Galletti, (...) et aggiontevi del medesimo le scielte Considerationi scritturali sopra gl'istessi evangeli della Quaresima (...) et in questa ultima impressione accresciuto d'un Trattato del vero & perfetto predicatore dell'istesso signor Galletti (...) (Venice: Barezzo Barezzi, 1617).

AIA, 21 (1961), 175-178; Divina, dulce y provechosa poesia compuesta por el P. Fr. Diego Murillo, ed. Juan Caldéron (Zaragosa, 1616) [Madrid, BN R/31283]; Poesías del P. Fr. Diego Murillo, ed. Antonio Navarro (Valencia, 1906)

literature

Vicente Bardaviu, Fr. Diego de Murillo. Discurso leído en el Seminario Central Pontificio de Zaragoza (Zaragossa, 1901) [Madrid, BN 1/44846 & 2/72499]; Julio Aramendía, ‘Las oraciones afectivas y los grandes maestros espirituales de nuestro siglo de oro’, El Monte Carmelo 40 (1936), 51-57; A. López, `Introduccíon bio-bibliográfica sobre el P. Fr. Diego Murillo', Rev. Bibliografía y Documental, 5 (1951), 179-216; Vicente Gómez Vicharez, ‘Fr. Diego Murillo, OFM, poeta y predicador del siglo de oro’, in: Primeras jornadas de bibliografia (Madrid: Fundación Universitaria Española, 1977), 295-353; Manuel de Castro, ‘Diego Murillo’, Diccionario de historia eclesiástica de España, 4 Vols. (Madrid, 1972-1975) III, 1752-1753; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 152-153 (no. 603); Catálogo de obras impresas en el siglo XVII de la Biblioteca Histórica de la Universitat de València (Valencia: Universitat de València, 2005), 1027 (nos. 4692-4694).

 

 

 

 

Diego Naranjo y Rojas (fl. c. 1710)

OFM. Member of the Andalucia province. General commissioner of the missions in Peru.

literature

Archivo General de Indias, ES-AGI-41091-UD-1859528 - ES-AGI-41091-UD-156942; AIA 21 (1924), 206-207; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 153 (no. 606).

 

 

 

 

Diego Nebot Fajardo (fl. c. 1745)

OFM. Born in Cehegín (Murcia). Member of the Cartagena province.

editions

Vida prodigiosa y admirable de el esclarecido San Ginés de la Xara, hermosa lis y primor de las maravillas (Sevilla: Juan de Basoas, 1749).

literature

AIA 38 (1935), 87-89; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 154 (no. 618); Bibliografía de autores españoles del siglo XVIII VI (1991), 55.

 

 

 

 

Diego Ordóñez (1491-1607?!)

A Spanish friar from Salamanca. Was a precocious student, who started his study of theology at the age of twelve. Appointed archdeacon of Salamanca Cathedral still in his teens. In 1504 or 1505, he entered the Franciscan order in the San Francisco friary. He taught Scotist theology for fourteen years, to retire thereafter, in 1527, to the recollect friary of Villalón, serving intermittently as novice master and as guardian. In 1539/40, he would have traveled to Guatemala, together with other friars from the Santiago province. Worked there until 1600: active as custodian and in 1566 first provincial minister of the Guatemaa province. Made consultant for the inquisition in 1571, for which he transferred to Mexico. Back in Guatemala by 1575, when he began to be active as a religious author. At the age of 100 years, he went back to Spain to retire, only to return to Guatemala to continue his missionary work. He would have died at Zacatecas on 17 July 1607, supposedly at the age of 117 (maybe we should reconsider his birth date?)

manuscripts

Cuatro Tomos de Comentarios del Súbtil Dr. Scoto.>?

Sermones panegíricos y morales en lengua de Guatemala. See the remarks in Vázquez I, 26, 87-88 & II, 146.

Exhortaciones sobre la penitencia y comunión, en lengua de Guatemala.

Doctrina dogmática en lengua de Guatemala, para instruir a los indios.

He apparently also wrote dictionaries in Kachiquel and Zuhutil. Cf. Vázquez II, 146.

literature

Francisco Vázquez, Crónica de la Provincia del Santísimo Nombre de Jesús de Guatemala, 2nd Ed., Bibliotea “Goathemala”, 14-17, 4 Vols (Guatemala, 1937-1944) I, 26, 87-88, II, 146; A Bio-Bibliography of Franciscan Authors in Colonial Central America, ed. Eleanor B. Adams (Washington D.C.: Academy of American Franciscan History, 1953), 61-63; Manuel de Castro y Castro, ‘Lenguas indigenas americanas transmitidas por los Franciscanos del siglo XVI’, in: Actas del II Congreso Internacional sobre los Franciscanos en el Nuevo Mundo (siglo XVI) (Madrid: DEIMOS, 1988), 546.

 

 

 

 

Diego Pizarroso fl. mid 17th cent.)

OFM. Member of the Concepción province. Custodian and lector.

editions

Sermón a la Inmaculada, predicando en el Capitulo General de la Orden Franciscana celebrado en Toledo (1658).

literature

AIA 15 (1955), 401-402; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 165 (no. 687).

 

 

 

 

Diego Téllez (Diego Tello Lasso de la Vega, fl. early eighteenth century)

OFM. Spanish friar.

Manuscripts

Cursus philosophicus (1733-1735): MS Madrid Bib. Nac. 13677

editions

Vida, milagros, y martyrio, del gloriosissimo arzobispo de Sevilla San Laureano: con dissertaciones chronologico-historicas, en que se reducen à examen los puntos dudosos (Rome: C. Zenobio, 1722). Accessible via HahtiTrust and by Google Books.

San Laureano, obispo metropolitano de Sevilla, y martyr (...), 2 Vols. (Sevilla: Geronymo de Castilla, 1758-1760). Accessible via Google Books.

literature

Castro (1973), 552

 

 

 

 

Dietrich (‘Bruder Dietrich’/Dietrich von Zengg/Theodoricus Croata, fl. c. 1420)

Franciscan friar from Croatia (Zengg or Senj), known for his Practica, issued around 1420 a joachite prophecy about a strong new emperor and a renovation of the church in the years after 1500. His prophecy, which has survived in several manuscripts, was printed d. 1500 in Augsburg as ‘Einblattdruck’ by Johann Froschauer, after which several reprints followed throughout the sixteenth and early seventeenth century. There is some discussion concerning the attribution of the work.

Manuscripts

Practica: Munich clm 14668 ff. 41v-43v (c. 1500); Munich UB 2° 684 ff. 103v-106r (anno 1465); Vienna 13932 ff. 1r-6r (c. 1534); Cambridge Mass., Harvard Univ., Houghton Library, Ger. 74 ff. 42r-46r; Graz, UB 1748 (an. 1469) ff. 239v-240v (ff. 218v-219v old foliation) [manuscript of Ulrich Klenegker].

editions

Dise Practica hat gemacht ain bruder sant Franciscus orden, hat geheyssen mit namen Dietrich. Beschehen zu Zenng in Krauaten. Nach der gepurt Christi tausent vierhundert und zwaintzig iar (Augsburg: Johann Froschauer, c. 1500). See also: F. Lauchert, 'Materialien zur Geschichte der Kaiserprophetie im Mittelalter', Historisches Jahrbuch 19 (1898), 844-872. Several early editions can be accessed via digital portals. See for instance http://bildsuche.digitale-sammlungen.de/index.html?c=viewer&lv=1&bandnummer=bsb00016965&pimage=00016965&suchbegriff=&l=en

literature

Einblattdrucke, 130 (no. 516); Catalogus Codicum Latinorum Bibliothecae Regiae Monacensis (Munich, 1876) II/2, 213; VL² II, 102 & XI, 352-353.

 

 

 

 

Dietrich Colde/Kolde/Koelde (Theodoricus a Monasterio/Dierick/Didrick/Diederick/Dietrich von Münster/von Osenbruck, 1435 – Louvain, 1515)

OESA and later OMObs. Born in Münster in or around 1435. Joined the Austin Friars in Osnabrück in 1453 and studied at Cologne University. Studied the artes for two years and theology for five to six years, before he became cursor or reading master in 1482. By then, he had already a reputation as preacher in the Rhine valley and The Netherlands. Before 1480, he published some early versions of his De Kerstenen Spiegel (entitled: Een scoon spieghel der simpelre menschen). Between 1483 and 1486 he transfered to the Franciscan Observants of the Cologne province. Lived and preached for several years in the Bodendaal/Boetendaal convent, near Brussels. Very active in caring for the sick during the Plague outburst in the Brussels area in 1488/89-1491 (the town was besieged by Albert of Saxony). Also active as peace broker and convent reformer. Was appointed praedicator generalis for the Rhineland and Westphalia in 1491 by the Archbishop of Cologne. Guardian in the Observant Franciscan convents of Brussels (c. 1495), Brühl (near Cologna, 1497), Bodendaal/Boetendaal (1502), Antwerp (1508), and Louvain (1510). In between active as definitor for his order province (1502) Over the years he had good contacts with the court of bishop David of Burgundy and with many leading humanists, and was admired both for his learning and for his piety by Erasmus. Dietrich died in Louvain in 1515. Aside from the various versions of his Christenspiegel/Der Kerstenen Spiegel, a categetical ‘Andachtsbuch’ that received more than 45 editions in the Dutch and German vernaculars as well as in Latin (entitled: Manuale Simplicium) before c. 1560 (and therewith is one of the most succesful catechetical works of the period, maybe also because Dietrich incorporate many well-known prayers and devotional exercises, cf. Deschamps, (1970/71)), Dietrich is known for his sermons and a range of smaller Latin and vernacular religious texts that betray a special predilection for the passion of Christ and the sorrows of the Virgin Mary.

manuscripts

Der Kerstenen Spiegel: Münster Priesterseminar G. 210 ff. 1r-112v (damaged, c. 1490); Trier, StB 833 ff. 135r-143v (first ten chapters, 15th cent.)

Sermoenen: MS Brussels, City Archive MS 2915 ff, 71-79 & ff. 79-88 (c. 1500: two Dutch sermons on the love of God and Mary’s ascent into heaven)

Collacie: Stuttgart Württembergische Landesbibliothek Cod. Theol. 8° 141 ff. 21r-29r (late 15th cent.: Dutch collacie or sermon on Apocalypse 3,15, replete with admonitions on the importance of listening to sermons (as important as receiving the host) and on the ways in which to obtain divine grace; reaching back to Bonaventure’s Sermo de modo vivendi). Some other texts \ in this manuscripts might also be written by Coelde. Cf. De troeyer (1983), 198 & Historisches Jahrbuch 12 (1891), 56.

Boechelgen van ynwendiger oeffnungen: Brno (Brünn), Universitätsbibliothek 69 ff. 383r-419r (late fifteenth cent., inserted in book of hours)

Een hant vol wysheyden: Brussels, Royal Library 15003-15048 ff. 364 (no. 43, 16th cent.) Also survived in Latin, as the Doctrina Salutifera . MSS?>>

Dyt is eyn heylsam testament: Wolfenbüttel, Helmstedt 1308 ff. 1v-10r.

Die doernen Crone onses heren Ihesu Cristi: Darmstadt Landes- und Hochschulbibliothek 1742 (c. 1532)

Meditation on Anima Christi Prayer (Pope benedict XII): Brussels Royal Library 21665 ff. 113-116 (early 16th cent. inc: O heere Jesu Xre verhoort myn doer u grondelose barmherticheit…)

Spurious: Een prophetije gepreect by Dierick van Munster: Brussels, Royal Library 7588-7646 f. 246v.

editions

Een scoon spieghel der simpelre menschen (s.l., ca. 1477; Gouda: Geraerd Leeu, 1478; Cologne, Arnt ab Aich, c. 1480; etc.) [first (Dutch) version of his Der Kerstenen Spiegel, consisting of 19/24 chapters. It appeared together with Dietrich’s Sint Bernards Visioen and an Oratio op den soeten Naem Jesus. This version, as well as the first editions of the revised version (Der Kerstenen Spiegel) appeared during Dietrich’s Augustinian period]

Der Kerstenen Spiegel [reworked version of Een scoon spieghel, containing 46 to 52 chapters, depending on the edition] (Cologne: Arnold von Aachen, 1480? No exemplar of this edition is known. The oldest definite version that has survived is Der Kerstenen Spieghel (Antwerp: Gerard Leeu, 20 October 1485). Thereafter, a long range of new editions (a.o. Gouda, c. 1486-89/Antwerp: Gerard Leeu, c. 1486-88/Cologne, 1486/Delft: Christiaan Snelleart, c. 1487/s.l., s.a. c.1489/Cologne: Johann Kolhoff, 1489/Delft: Christian Snellaert, c. 1492 (2x)/Lübeck: Stephan Arndes, 1497/Schoenhoven, 1498/Cologne: Johann Kolhoff, 1498/Lübeck: Hermann Baumgart von Ketwich, 1500; Cologne: Sylvester, 1500/ Cologne, 1501/etc….). Albert Groeteken (1955), 394-396. also mentions a large catechism of no less than 122 chapters, entitled Spiegel des Christenglaubens. See for a survey of the printed editions until 1708 also P. Bahlmann, Deutschlands Katholische Katechismen bis zum Ende des sechzehnten Jahrhunderts (Münster, 1894), 18-19; B. De Troeyer (1970); B. De Troeyer (1974); B. de Troeyer, VL² V, 20-21, B. De Troeyer (1983), 187ff, and the appendices to the modern edition of Drees. For modern editions, see: Chr. Moufang, Katholische Katechismen des 16. Jahrhunderts in deutscher Sprache I (Mainz, 1881), I-L [in High German translation]; Der Christenspiegel des Dietrich Kolde von Münster, ed. Clemens Drees, Franziskanische Forschungen, 9 (Werl, 1954) [critical edition of the final version]. The Latin versions of the first version of the work (entitled Manuale Simplicium) was first printed in Cologne (1477), and also saw repeated reworked editions. Der Kerstenen Spiegel (the versions that contain 46 to 54 chapters) is a handbook for the lay, providing the reader ‘alle dat noet is te weten totter zielen salicheit.’ It comprises the apostolic creed, a catechetical explanation of the pater noster, the Ave Maria, the Ten Commandments, instruction about the basics of trinitarian theology, christology, and eschatology, prayers to strengthen the faith, a treatment of the sins and virtues, prayer and meditation exercises for the various times of the day (in the morning, at the table, at certain hours, in the evening), specific instructions for confession and communion, as well as guidelines for parents who want to raise their children. The remainder of the book includes an ars moriendi (that also appeared separately), and additional prayers. Benjamin De Troeyer (1983) writes on p. 186: ‘Man hat den ‘Kerstenspiegel unseren ersten Volkskatechismus genannt. Aber er ist mehr. Die Belehrungen wechseln ab mit Gebeten und frommen Übungen, in denen das Leiden Christi und die Marienverehrung einen bevorzugten Platz einnehmen. So ist in diesem Katechismus, der zugleich ein Gebetbuch ist, das Didaktische mit dem Aktiven und Affektiven verknüpft.’

Das Testament Eynes Waren Cristen Mynschen (Lübeck, before 1491?/Lübeck, 1492/ etc.). The work was included in some editions of the final Kerstenspieghel. Modern edition in Drees, Der Christenspiegel, 367-372. The work amounts to a manual to help the reader to prepare himself daily for his approaching death. Following the Franciscan idea that every person should make his spiritual testament in time, the work argues that the believer should testify from his own will that he wants to die in the faith, that he is prepared to confess his sins fully, and that he is willing to undertake the appropriate penance, and to make peace with possible enemies/opponents, including compensation for misdeeds. This whole religious teaching is grouped around similes in which Christ and the saints are central.

Een corte oefeninghe vander Passien ons heeren ihesu cristi uutgegeven by brueder Dierick van munster (Antwerp: Adriaan van Liesveld, 1498-1500). This is a very short work (only 8 pages in the printed edition. It contains a prayer to Christ (which begins: ‘O Herr Jesu Verhoore mij: Door Dijn grondelose barmherticheyt bidde ic dy…’) and a prayer to Mary (een schoon ghebet zu onser liever vrouwen). The first of these is an extended Dutch version of the already existing Anima Christi prayer. Contrary to the Latin original (which contains 12 verses), Dietrichs Dutch reworking contains 30 verses. Dietrich was not the first to rework the Anima Christi text into Dutch. His own effirt was followed by another ‘Franciscan’ Dutch translation of the text, which appeared in the 1518 edition of the Cransken van Minnen. A German translation of Dietrichs text appeared in Groeteken, Dietrich Kolde (1935), 129-130. The text was also edited as: ‘Meditation on Anima Christi Prayer,’ ed. Goyens, in: Un héros du Vieux-Bruxelles, 150-152.

Dit synt die seven getzide seyr devotelichen geprediget durch den gelarden und furigen geistlichen herren broder Dederich van Munster des observanten ordens (Cologne: Johann van Sollyngen, 1518/Cologne: S. Lupus, ca. 1526). This work was also included in chapter 25 of the final version of the Kerstenspieghel. It amounts to exercises in reciting the Pater Noster prayer, each time with short meditations on the Passion; meditations to be held at matins, primes, terts, sexts, nones, vespers, and complines. The booklet closes with additional prayers. Groeteken (1955), 400-402 has published these meditations in a modern German translation.

Sermoenen, ed. Goyens, Un héros du Vieux-Bruxelles. Le Bienheureux Thierri Coelde. Notes et documents, 55-75 [sermons on the love and compassion of God, faith, diligence, and Mary’s ascent into heaven. Goyens also presents additional texts (75-91), of which the ascription to Dietrich Colde can not be verified]; Sermoenen, ed. M.G. des Marez, Revue des bibliothèques et archives Bruxelles 5/5-6 (1907).

Collacie (on Apocalypse 3,15), ed. Ernsing, Historisches Jahrbuch 12 (1891), 56 [partial edition] & ed. K. Ruh, in: Franziskanisches Schrifttum II. See also: Werinhard Einhorn, ‘Dietrich Kolde (um 1435-1515). ‘Wärest du doch kalt oder heiß!’. Eine Predigt über Offenbarung 3,15’, in: Franziskanische Stimmen. Zeugnisse aus acht Jahrhunderten, ed. Paul Zahner (Munich-St. Anna: Edition Coelde-Butzon & Bercker, 2002), 101-105.

Boechelgen van ynwendiger oeffnungen, partial edition in: Der Kerstenen Spiegel (Cologne: Johann Kolhoff, 1489). Provides three devotional exercises for each day of the week.

Een hant vol wysheyden, ed. Schlager (1907), 21-24 & ed. M. Verjans, Ons geestelijk erf 7 (1933), 351-355. Reaching back to David of Augsburg’s Der geistliche Hand, the work provides guidelines for religious prayers, devotional acts, confession and the reception of the host during all hours, days, fortnights, months and years of man’s life.

Die doernen Crone onses heren Ihesu Cristi/Die Corte Doernen Crone ons heren Jhesu Christi, ter Gou tot die collatie broeders. The work was included as chapter 52 in the Deventer edition (1492-1500) of the Kerstenspieghel. It also was edited separately in Dutch. A.o.: Die corte doernen crone (Gouda, 1496); Dye corten doornen Crone (Amsterdam: Doen Pietersz., 1518-1532) etc. For a complete survey, see B. De Troeyer, (1983), 191-192. Modern edition appeared in Drees, Der Christenspiegel, 337-345. For a German translation, see also Groeteken (1935), 113-118. This work consists of a series of meditations on the suffering of Christ (and in particular on the crown of thorns), each of which start or finish with an Ave Christe formula: ‘Wees gegruet goedertieren ihesu criste, du biste vol ghenaden…’ Each of these meditations was meant to be undertaken on Sunday, ‘kniend oder stehend oder liegend vor dem Bilde unseres Herrn…’ Depending on the edition, the work contains 17 to 22 meditations. As such, the work might be a reworking of existing spirititual exercises, and Dietrich probably did not much more than reorganising them into one booklet.]

Eene sonderlinge lesse om in alle duechden toe te nemen, edited in the anonymous Wyngaert van Sinte Franciscus (Antwerp: Eckert van Homberch, 1518), f. 382. The kernel of this text is that man: ‘immer mit herzlichem Begehren verlangen soll, Gott zu gefallen, ihm treu zu dienen und mit ihm ewig zu regieren.’

Liedeken van devocien: Och edel ziele mercke (religious song), edited in several late fifteenth-, sixteenth- and seventeenth-century religious compilations, such as Een Schoon Suyverlijck Boecxken (Antwerp, 1508/ and many more editions. [See B. de Troeyer, Bio-Bibliografia Franciscana Neerlandica, Saeculi XVI, II, 302-304 (no. 20); De Troeyer (1983), 195. Modern edition in Drees, Der Christenspiegel, 332-337. See also: B. De Boer, ‘Dirk Koelde en het Liedboek: Dit is een suverlijc Boecxken’, BGPMN 10 (1959), 387-406. The Liedeken is a sung dialogue of 21 strophes between Christ the groom and the loving soul, who is called upon to imitate her suffering groom. Christ asks, sometimes with a complaining and sometimes even with a teasing voice, for reciprocated love, telling the soul all that he (Christ) has done for the soul’s welfare. In the end the soul gives in, announcing to be perpared to take on the cross. Then, Christ invites the soul, his bride, to kiss him.

Vander minnen Ihesu ende Marien/Vander glorien Ihesu ende Marien (s.l., c. 1485/Louvain, 1490/Antwerp, 1499) None of the printed copies seem to have survived. Cf. B. De Troeyer (1983), 192-193.

Meditation on Anima Christi Prayer, ed. Goyens, Un héros du Vieux-Bruxelles, 150-152. For a German translation, see also Groeteken (1935), 129-130.

vita

Arnold Raissius, Vita Theodorici a Monasterio (Douai/Doornik, 1631); J. Polius, Chronotaxis Vitae Theodorici (Antwerp, 1654). See on the latter the works of Schlager and Goyens.

literature

Trithemius, De Scriptoribus Ecclesiasticis (Paris, 1512), f. 208; Wadding, Scriptores, 321; Sbaralea, Supplementum III, 115-116; H. Hoffmann von Fallersleben, ‘De liederen van broeder Dirck van Munster’, De Dietsche Warande 3 (1857), 252-261; J.B. Nordhoff, ‘P. Dederich Coelde und sein Christenspiegel’, Picks Monatschrift für rhein.-westfäl. Geschichtsforschung und Alterth., 1 (Bonn, 1875), 66ff, 166, 351, 360, 560; S. Dirks, Histoire littéraire et réligieuse des Frères Mineurs (…) en Belgique et dans les Pays Bas (Antwerp, 1885), 18-24; R. Ernsing, ‘Zu dem Leben und den Werken Dietrich Koldes’, Historisches Jahrbuch 12 (1891), 56-68; F. Landmann, Das predigtwesen in Westfalen in den letzten Zeiten des Mittelalters, Vorreformationsgeschichtliche Forschungen 1 (Munster, 1900), 11ff.; P. Schlager, Zur Biographie des Theoderich von Münster (Münster, 1907); Erasmus, Opus Epistolarum, ed. P.S. Allen V, 249f & X, 124-138; AFH, 19 (1926); J. Goyens, Un héros du Vieux-Bruxelles. Le Bienheureux Thiérri Coelde (d. 1515). Notes et documents (Mechelen, 1929); A. Groeteken, Dietrich Kolde von Münster. Ein Held des Wortes und der Tat in deutschen Landen (Munster, 1935); K. Zuhorn, ‘Neue Beiträge zur Lebensgeschichte Dietrich Koldes’, Franziskanische Studien (1941), 107-116, 163-194; Der Christenspiegel des Dietrich Kolde von Münster, ed. Clemens Drees, Franziskanische Forschungen, 9 (Werl, 1954), 1*-95*; A. Groeteken, ‘Der älteste gedruckte deutsche Katechismus (…)’, Franziskanische Studien 37 (1955), 53-74, 188-217, 388-410; K. Zuhorn, ‘Weitere Untersuchungen zur Lebensgeschichte Dietrich Koldes’, Westfälische Zeitschrift 12 (1962), 53-61; A. Zumkeller, Manuskripten von Werken der Autoren des Augustiner-Eremitenordens in Mitteleuropäischen Bibliotheken, Cassiciacum 20 (1960), 371-374; Benjamin de Troeyer, Bio-Bibliographia Franciscana Saeculi XVI (Nieuwkoop, 1970), II, no. 281-307; Benjamin de Troeyer, Bio-Bibliografia Franciscana Neerlandica ante Saec. XVI (Nieuwkoop, 1974) I, 196-248; L. Mees, Bio-Bibliografia Franciscana Neerlandica ante Saec. XVI, II & III: Incunabula (Nieuwkoop, 1974), II, 45-55 (no. 1-21) & III, 7-40; B. De Troeyer, ‘Dietrich von Münster (um 1435-1515)’, Franziskanische Studien 65 (1983), 156-204; B. De Troeyer, Nationaal Biografisch Woordenboek, 11 (1985), 546-550; B. de Troeyer, ‘Kolde, Dietrich, von Osnabrück’, VL² V, 19-26 & XI, 859 (manuscript corrections); Friedrich Wilhelm Bautz, 'Coelde, Dietrich (latinisiert: Theodoricus a Monasterio; französisiert: Thierry de (um 1435-1515)', in: Biographisch-bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon I (1990), 1075-1077; B.-U. Hergemöller, `Dietrich Koldes Verklaringhe…', in: Vestigia Monasteriensia. Westfalen-Rheinland-Niederlande, ed. E. Widder et.al. (Bielefeld, 1995), 73-99; Dieter Berg, ‘Dietrich Kolde. Volksprediger und Literat’, in: Idem, Armut und Geschichte. Studien zur Geschichte der Bettelorden im Hohen und Späten Mittelalter, Saxonia Franciscana, 11 (Kevelaer: Coelde, Butzon & Bercker, 2001), 335-344; Benjamin De Troeyer, 'Kolde, Dietrich, von Osnabrück; von Münster', Verfasserlexikon XI (2004), 859; Volker Honemann, ‘Das mittelalterliche Schrifttum der Franziskaner der Sächsischen Ordensprovinz unter besonderer Berücksichtigung deutschsprachiger Zeugnisse’, in: Geschichte der Sächsischen Franziskanerprovinz, 1: Von den Anfängen bis zur Reformation, ed. Volker Honemann (Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2015), 675-676 (on presence of Kolde's work in the late medieval Franciscan Saxony province).

 

 

 

 

Dietrich de Apolda

>>>

manuscripts

Leben der hl. Elisabeth: Solothurn, Zentralbibl. S 353 f 209r [?]; etc.

Duae Orationes Germanicae ad Eandem [Elizab.]: Solothurn, Zentralbibl. S 353 f 250rv

editions

Das Leben der Heiligen Elisabeth, ed. Max Rieger (Stuttgart: Litterar. Verein, 1868). Available via the digital collections of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Munich; Die Vita der heiligen Elisabeth des Dietrich von Apolda, ed. Monika Rener, Diss. (Universität Marburg, 1993); Dietrich von Apolda, Das Leben der heiligen Elisabeth, ed. Monika Rener, Veröffentlichungen der Historischen Kommission für Hessen, 67:3 (Marburg, 2007); Die Legende der heiligen Elisabeth von Dietrich von Apolda: nach der Freiburger Klarissen-Handschrift von 1481, ed. Werner Heiland-Justi (Freiburg in Breisgau etc., 2015) [lengthy review by Hohnemann in Wissenschaft & Weisheit 78 (2015), 275-280.

literature

Monika Rener, ‘La formazione della Leggenda di Dietrich von Apolda’, Annuario 2002-2004. Conferenze e convegni (Rome: Accademia d’Ungheria in Roma, 2005), 233-239; Ekkart Sauser, ‘Dietrich von Apolda (1228-1297)’, in: Biographisch-bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon XXIII (2004), 268; Volker Honemann, ‘Die ‘Vita Sanctae Elisabeth’ des Dietrich von Apolda und die deutschsprachigen ‘Elisabethleben’ des Mittelalters’, in: Elisabeth von Thüringen - eine europäische Heilige. 3. Thüringer Landesausstellung ‘Elisabeth von Thüringen - eine Europäische Heilige’, Wartburg - Eisenach, 7. Juli bis 19. November 2007, ed. Dieter Blume & Matthias Werner, 2 Vols. (Petersberg, 2007), 421-430; Matthias Werner, Dietrich von Apolda: Biograph der heiligen Elisabeth (Apolda, 2008); Volker Honemann, ‘Das Bild der heiligen Elisabeth in der "Vita Sanctae Elisabeth" des Dietrich von Apolda’, in: Literaturlandschaften: Schriften zur deutschsprachigen Literatur im Osten des Reiches, ed. Volker Honemann (Frankfurt am Main-Berlin-Bern- Bruxelles-New York-Oxford- Vienna: Peter Lang, 2008), 167-186.

 

 

 

 

Dietrich de Arnevelde (Dietrich von Arnevelde/Theodoricus Arnevelde, fl. later fourteenth century?)

Active against literal millenarianism (such as that espoused by John of Rupescissa and Frederick of Brunswick). Author of the Silencium Contra Prophetias Prophetorum Saxonie. Is this the same person as Theodoricus Arnevelde, to whom are assigned a Commentarius in librum Sapientiae, a Sermo in Johannem 19,7 and Sermones de tempore, all found in MS Mühlhaus, Stadtarchiv Handschrift 60/12 (15th cent.) and other sermons in Lüneburg, RB Theol. 2o 54 (early 15th cent.) and Theol 4o 30, 2 (second half 14th cent.), and who is mentioned in Ludger Meier, Die Barfüsserschule, 97?

Manuscripts

Silencium..: Paderborn, Erzbischöfliche Akademische Bibliothek, BA. 5, item 6.

See also Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliotheek, Cgm f. 56v. This is a German list of eschatological 'errors', also pertaining to Friedrich of Braunschweig. Maybne also the work of Dietrich?

? Commentarius in librum Sapientiae, Sermo in Johannem 19,7; Sermones de tempore: MS Mühlhaus, Stadtarchiv Handschrift 60/12 (15th cent.)

? Sermons in Lüneburg, Ratsbucherei, Theol. 2o 54 (early 15th cent.) and Theol 4o 30, 2 (second half 14th cent.).

literature

Lerner, `The Medieval Return to the Thousand-Year Sabbath', in: The Apocalypse in the Middle Ages, ed. Emmerson & McGinn (Ithaca-London, 1992), 70, n. 71; Robert Lerner, The Feast of Saint Abraham. Medieval Millenarism and the Jews (Philadelphia, 2001), 89-100, 160-167

 

 

 

 

Dietrich Göllin (second half thirteenth century)

Lector in basel and provincial minister in Upper Germany, in 1280.>>>

literature

Conrad Eubel, Geschichte der oberdeutschen (Strassburger) Minoriten-provinz, (Würzburg: Bucher Verlag, 1886), 161-162.

 

 

 

 

Dietrich Kammerer (Theodorich Kramer/Kauer, d. 1530)

Austrian friar and bishop of Wiener Neustadt. Studied theology and obtained the doctorate. In 1507 provincial of the Austria province, the same year in which he became a member of the theology faculty of Vienna. Dean of this faculty in 1511 and 1515. Titular bishop of Saracovia in June 1517. Became a diplomat/counsellor for the Emperor Maximilian I, who promised him the bishopric of Wiener Neustadt, on the condition that Dietrich entered the Military Order of St George. Dietrich's eventual transfer to this order only took place during Christmas 1528, two years before his death on 28 August 1530. His successor as bisshop was Johann Fabri

literature

Th. Wiedermann, 'Beiträge zur Geschichte des Bistums Wiener-Neustadt,I', Osterreichische Vierteljahresschrift für Katholische Theologie 3 (1864), 525-538; J. von Aschbach, Die Wiener Universität und ihre Humanisten im Zeitalter Kaiser Maximilians (Vienna, 1877) I, 454-455; Geschichte der Reformation und Gegenreformation im Lande unter der EnnsI (Prague, 1879-1884) I, 5, 57; IV, 285-291; G.E. Friess, 'Geschichte der oesterreichischen Minoritenprovinz', Archiv für österreichische Geschichte 64 (1882), 161-162, 234-235; A. Wappler, Geschichte der Theologischen Facultät der kaiserlichen Universität zu Wien (Vienna, 1884), 374-474; G. Buttlar-Gerhartl, 'Wiener Neustadt-Bischofssitz von 1469 bis 1785', Jahrbuch für Landeskunde von Niederösterreich 52 (1986), 9-14; Die Bischöfe des Heiligen Römischen Reiches. 1448 bis 1648, ed. Erwin Gatz (Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 1996), pp. 350-351; J. Weissensteiner, ‘Kammerer’, DHGE XXVIII, 830-831.

 

 

 

 

Dionysius Bolle (fl. 1800)

OFMRec. Born in Santa Katharina (Cuerne) on 16 December 1736. Lector of theology in the Abbey of Eeckhoute in 1792. Forced to abandon his Franciscan house and his teaching activities, he hid himself after 1795 for the revolutionary authories in Luykhoek (Staden region, Belgium).

literature

Hildebrand van Hooglede, ‘Hoe een Lector in de Theologie [Dionysius Bolle, rec. fl. 1800] in zijn ouden dag Horlogemaker werd’, in: Idem, Miscellanea III, 1241-1242.

 

 

 

 

Dionysius de Vira (Denis de Vire, d. 1658)

OFMCap. Active as preacher in Rouen and the surrounding region>>>

editions

Cartel oft Beroep-brief vyt liefde ghesonden aende ghepretendeerde synode van Quevilly, ghehouden inde maent Mey in't jaer 1650 ende diensvolghens aende gantsche geuserije ofte herghefatsoeneerde religie, inwat plaetse datse ghevonden wordt (...) Vyt het François overgheset naer den sin tot gherief van onse Nederlanders, ende herdruckt (Antwerp: Fransoys Fickaert, 1651). This edition available via Google Books.

literature

Hildebrand van Hooglede, ‘Een Fransche Kapucijn en de “Herghe­fat­soeneerde Religie”, Dionysius van Vire’, in: Idem, Miscellanea II, 819-823.

 

 

 

 

Dionysius de Werl (Dionysius von Werl, ca. 1640, Werl - 4, 03, 1709, Hildesheim)

OFMCap since 1658. Was already a student in Münster (since 1654) when he joined the Capuchins in the Cologne province on 11 October 1658. He studied philosophy and theology in the Capuchin Paderborn studium (1662-1669), and worked for two years as preacher and confessor in Münster and Borken (1669-1670). Later, between 1674 and 1680, he was theology lector at the court of the converted Duke John-Frederic of Braunschweig-Lüneburg in Hannover. There Dionysius made his acquaintance with Leibniz. Subsequently, Dionysius spent most of his time at Hildesheim, where he also fulfilled a guardian position (1692), and he was at times involved with plans of Leibniz and others (Bossuet, Spinola etc.) to re-unify the Christian church, and published along these lines his Via Pacis inter homines per Germaniam in Fide dissidentes sive Tractatus irenicus (1686). In later works, such as the Catholischer Ehren-Retter, some of these ideas were phrased in a more confronting way.

editions:

Via Pacis inter Homines per Germaniam in Fide Dissidente sive Tractatus Irenicus (Hildesheim, 1686).

Novena S. Antonii de Padua, das ist, Kurtzer Bericht von der Andacht mit welcher viel Christglaubige zu der Ehr des H. Antonii neun Dingstag Beichten Communiciren, S. Antonii Altar besuchen und eine Mess hören (Helmstädt, 1675).

Philanton, sive Animadversio in Animadversionem, quam D. Herm. Coringius in Novenam S. Antonii de padua infelicissime attentavit (Hannover, 1676). Directed against the Helmstedt professor Hermann Conring, who had lambasted the Novena and questioned the veneration of saints in his Animadversio in libellum germanica lingua tituloque hoc latino praefixo: Novena S. Antonii de Padua Hanoverae nuper (...) (1675).

Philanton vindicatus, sive Herm. Conringius ob Andabaticam suam 1677. Helmstadii editam discussionem juste, sed misericorditer castigatus (Hannover, 1678). Renewed answer to objections of Herman Conring to the veneration of saints.

Pseudo-Poenitens correctus sive Doctrina Ecclesiae Cath. de vera Poenitentia (Cologne: Schlebusch, 1692/H. Hoyoux, 1705). The 1705 edition is accessible via Google Books.

Catholischer Ehren-Retter: In welches Erstem Theil gezeiget wird/ was Gestalt D. M. Luther/ Sowol der Lutherischen und Reformirten/ als der jetzigen Catholischen/ (...) Als Treu- und Ehrlose Verleugner Christi (...) Offentlicher allgemeinen Lehr halben/ Allemiteinander In Abgrund der Höllen verdammet habe; (...) Im 2. Theil aber wird erwiesen/ Daß Sie/ (...) immerdar Treu geblieben; (...) Auch/ daß die jetzige Ehrliche und Redliche Lutheraner und Reformirten/ (...) betrogen sind und werden / Ausgefertiget von Fr. Dionysio Werlensi, Provinciae Coloniensis Cappucino (Hildesheim: Johann Leonhard Schlegel, 1698). Available via Google Books and via the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek [https://www.deutsche-digitale-bibliothek.de/]

Meß-Berichter (Hildesheim, 1705).

Der einziger Mittler zwischen Gott und den Menschen Christus Jesus (Hildesheim, 1705).

literature:

G. Menge, `P. Dionysius von Werl, ein Ireniker aus dem Kapuzinerorden', Franziskanische Studien, 2 (1915), 314-317; P. Eisenkopf, Leibniz und die Einigung der Christenheit (Munich, 1975); LThK, 3 (1995), 249; H. Raab, `Kirchliche Reunionsversuche', in: Handbuch der Kirchengeschichte, ed. H. Jedin, 7 Vols. (Freiburg-Basdel-Vienna: Herder, 1962-1979/Reprint, 1992) V, 554-570.

 

 

 

 

Dionysius Foulechat (Denis Foulechat, d. ca. 1385)

Translator and editor of John of Salisbury's Policraticus, including book V, which is predominantly based on Plutarch's Institutiones Trajani. Foulechat translated this work at the behest of Charles V.

manuscripts

Le policratique de Jean de Salisbury: MS Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale Fr 24.287 [accessible via Gallica: http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b8449687z ]

editions

Le policratique de Jean de Salisbury: livres I-III, ed. Charles Brucker (Geneva: Droz, 1994).

Le policratique de Jean de Salisbury: livre IV, ed. Charles Brucker (Nancy: Presses Universitaires de nancy, 1985).

Le policratique de Jean de Salisbury (1372), Livre V, ed. & trans. Charles Brucker, Publications Romanes et Françaises, 242 (Geneva: Droz, 2006).

Étique chrétienne et philosophie antique. Le policratique de Jean de Salisbury, Livres VI et VII, ed. Charles Brucker, Publications Romanes et Françaises, 260 (Geneva: Droz, 2013).

literature

Wilhelm Berges, Die Fürstenspiegel des hohen und späten Mittelalters (Leipzig, 1938), 292f; Charles Brucker, ‘Les néologismes de Denis Foulechat d’après les trois premiers livres du Policratique’, Revue de linguistique Romane 3 (1969), 317-324; Charles Brucker, ‘Quelques aspects du style de Denis Foulechat, traducteur de Charles V’, Zeitschrift für französische Sprache und Literatur 80 (1970), 97-106; Charles Brucker, ‘Denis Foulechat, tyrans, princes et prêtres (Jean de Salisbury, Policraticus IV & VIII)’, Le moyen français 21 (1987), 105-110; Max Kerner, ‘Johannes von Salisbury im späteren Mittelalter’, in: Das Publikumn politischer Theorie im 14. Jh., ed. Jürgen Miethke, unter Mitarbeit von Arnold Bühler, Schriften des Historischen Kollegs, Kolloquien 21 (Munich, 1992), 25-47 (,39, note 93); Eric C. Hicks, ‘A Mirror for Misogynists: John of Salisbury's ‘Policraticus’ (8.11) in the Translation of Denis Foulechat (1372)’, in: Reinterpreting Christine de Pizan, ed. Earl Jeffrey Richards (Athens-London: University of Georgia Press, 1992), 77-107; Z. Kaluza, in: Rev. Sc. Philos. Théol. 80 (1996), 432-434. 

With thanks to Prof.dr. Jürgen Miethke.

 

 

 

 

Dionysius Genuensi (Dionisio da Genova, fl. 17th cent.)

OFMCap. Worked on the Bibliotheca scriptorum Ordinis minorum S. Francisci Capuccinorum.

editions

Bibliotheca Scriptorum Ordinis S. Francisci Capucinorum (Genua, 1691²); Bibliotheca scriptorum Ordinis minorum S. Francisci Capuccinorum (Venice: Apud Sebastianum Coleti, 1747).

 

 

 

 

Dionysius Pulinari de Florentia (Dionisio Pulinari da Firenze, d. 1582)

Tuscan friar from Florence. he translated into Italian a range of hagiographical and theological works (a.o. De Conformitate of Bartholomew of Pisa, the chronicle of Angelo Clareno, the Vita Jesu Christi of Landulfus of Saxony (these works in mss of the National library of Florence). In his translation works, he followed the lead of the Observant friar Antonio Bruni. Dionysius was a chronicler on the Observant movement in Tuscany in his own right and one of the sources for Wadding: At the request of the Franciscan minister general he compiled in 1580 the Cronache dei Frati Minori della Provincia Toscana, which was finally published in 1913.

editions

Cronache dei Frati Minori della Provincia di Toscana Secondo lo Autigrafo d'Ognisanti, ed. S. Mencherini (Arezzo: Cooperativa tipografica, 1913)

literature

S. da Campagnola, Le origini francescane come problema storiografico (Perugia, 1974), 92; Ottaviano Giovannetti, ‘Fra Dionisio Pulinari da Firenze’, Studi Francescani 99 (2002), 295-323.

 

 

 

 

Dominicus Alvarez de Toledo (Domingo Álvarez de Toledo, fl. late 17th cent.)

Franciscan missionary in Peru. Procurator for the missions in the Americas for the Spanish crown. Supported the position of the peninsulares over against the criollos with regard to leadership positions in the religious orders in the New World.

manuscripts

Copia de la espantosa carta, escrita por el P. Fr. Domingo Alvarez de Toledo, procurador general de la corte, de la Orden de N.P.S. Francisco, enviada desde la ciudad de Lima, al Reverendisimo Comisario General de este charque, que su fecha es de 29/10/1687, dandole cuenta de los lastimosos estragos, y desgracias que han sucedido en dicha ciudad: MS John Carter Brown Library >>>

literature

B.H. Slicher van Bath, De bezinning op het verleden in Latijns Amerika 1493-1820. Auteurs, verhalen en lezers (Groningen, 1998), passim; Alexandre Coello de la Rosa, 'La destrucción de Nínive: temblores, políticas de santidad y la Compañía de Jesús (1687-1692)', Boletín Americanista 58 (Barcelona, 2008), 149-169 (passim).

 

 

 

 

Dominicus de Barta (d. 1343)

Provincial minister of Aquitaine, author of a Postilla in Apocalypsim

manuscripts

Postilla in Apocalypsim: Florence, Laurenziana XII d 11, ff. 1-228.

editions

>>>

literature

Wadding, Scriptores. 72; Sbaralea, Supplementum. I. 235; Stegmüller, RB. II. no. 2163.

 

 

 

 

Dominicus Benaocaz (Domingo de Benaocaz, 1811)

OFMCap. Born at Benaocaz (1733). Joined the Capuchin order and distinguished himself as a preacher. Professor of theology ath Jaén, and subsequently guardian of the convents of Écija, Sevilla and Cadiz (Cadix). Was apointed Bishop of Ceuta (1785, entering his diocese in May 1786) after he had been proposed for that position by his fellow friar Diego de Cadiz and the Duchess of Medinaceli. Known for his pastoral visits and his adornment of churches in his diocese. He died on December 16, 1811, and was buried in his cathedral.

editions

Sermon de Jesus Nazareno predicado (…) en Leon en 1785 (Cadix, 1785).

literature

J. Xiquès, ‘Episcopologio de Ceuta’, Bollettino de la Academía de la Historia 18 (Madrid, 1891), 418-419; V. Martinez, ‘Benaocaz’, DHGE VII, 1028.

 

 

 

 

Dominicus Biota (Domingo Biota, fl. c. 1566)

OFM. Friar of the Aragon province.

editions

Colloquio del pecador y del Crucifixo, con otros opusculos (...) traduzidos de latin en romance, por fray Domingo Biota (...) (Zaragossa: Pedro Bernuz, 1571).

literature

AIA 16 (1921), 355-359, 363-369; José Simón Díaz, Bibliografía de la literatura hispánica, 11 Vols. (Madrid, 1960-1976) VI, nos. 4403-4408; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 94 (no. 168).

 

 

 

 

Dominicus Bonaventurae de Festo (mid 14th cent.)

Franciscan friar from Fabriano, Italy. Nephew of Franciscus Fabrianensis. He wrote a biography of Franciscus Fabrianensis and a Chronica brevia Ordinis Minorum.

editions

Chronica Brevis Ordinis Minorum, in: Sbaralea, Supplementum, I, 235.

Vita S. Francisci Fabrianensis, AASS April, III, 89-95.

literature

Wadding, Scriptores. 72; Sbaralea, Supplementum. I. 235

 

 

 

 

Dominicus de Briera (Domingo de Briera, fl. 17th cent.)

Franciscan lay friar and explorer, active in latin America. He took part in evangelization and exploration/'pacification' expeditions to the north of Ecuador (to the north of Quito).

literature

Francisco María Compte, Varones ilustres de la Orden Serafica en el Ecuador: desde la fundacion de Quito hasta nuestros dias, 2 Vols., 2nd Ed. (Quito: Imprenta del clero, 1883-1885) I, passim; Mariano Cuesta Domingo, ‘Los exploradores franciscanos, Domingo de Briera y laureano de la Cruz’, in: Actas del III Congreso Internacional sobre Los Franciscanos en el Nuevo Mundo (siglo XVII), La Rábida, 18-23 de septiembre de 1989 (Madrid: DEIMOS, 1991), 1139-1178.

 

 

 

 

Dominicus de Cruce (Domingo de la Cruz Romero, fl. later 17th cent.)

OFM. Friar from the Andalusia province. Mistic.

literature

AIA 15 (1955), 422; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982),172 (no. 741).

 

 

 

 

Dominicus del Pico (Domingo del Pico, d. 1554)

OFMConv. Spanish friar. Preacher and theologian. One of the best-known preachers of his time. According to some sources also confessor of Emperor Charles V.

editions

Prima pars trilogii. De ordinaria conuersione peccatoris recedentis a Deo Patre: in parabola Lucae quintodecimo a saluatore proposita. Conciones à fratre Dominico del Pico doctore theologo desumptae (Zaragossa: in aedibus Bartholomaei de Nagera, 1549).

literature

M. de Castro, ‘Confessores franciscanos en la corte de Charles I’, Archivo Ibero-Americano 35 (1975), 276; Gonzalo Fernández-Gallardo Jiménez, ‘La supresión de los franciscanos conventuales de la corona de Aragón’, Archivo Ibero-Americano 60:236 (2000), 217-242 (226-227); Antonio Poppi, ‘Teologia e filosofia francescana nei sermoni di Domingo del Pico (1549)’, in: Los Franciscanos Conventuales en España: actas del II congreso internacional (…), ed. Gonzalo Fernández-Gallardo Jiménez (Barcelona: Franciscanos Conventuales, 2006), 673-790; Juan Vicente Valtueña, ‘La Sagrada Escritura en los sermones de fray Domingo del Pico’, in: Los Franciscanos Conventuales en España: actas del II congreso internacional (…), ed. Gonzalo Fernández-Gallardo Jiménez (Barcelona: Franciscanos Conventuales, 2006), 791-804

 

 

 

 

Dominicus de Sancto Michaelo (Domingo de San Miguel, fl. later 17th cent.)

OFMDisc. Member of the San Pablo province.

literature

AIA 32 (1929), 53-54; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 108 (no. 268).

 

 

 

 

Dominicus de Sancto Petro de Alcantara (Domingo de San Pedro de Alcántara, fl. c. 1740)

OFMDisc. Member of the San Gabriel province.

literature

AIA 15 (1955), 433-435; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 108 (no. 269).

 

 

 

 

Dominicus de Swats (OFM?> fl. ca. 1500)

Friar or Monk from Tyrol. Compiled an Arzneibuch (ca. 1500), which includes a herbal and distillatory guide. The MS that now is kept in the Wellcome Institute Library seemed to have belonged to the (Franciscan?) friar Panchratius de Hallis (in Brünn?)

manuscripts

Arzneibuch: London, Wellcome Institute Library 766.

 

 

 

 

Dominicus Losada (Domingo Losada, fl. shortly after 1700)

OFM. Spanish friar from Madrid. Lector at Alcala, provincial minister of the Castilian province, commissarius for the mission in the Indian Lands etc. Scotist philospher and theologian.

manuscripts

Logica parva: Madrid Bib. Nac 8035

Cursus philosophicus iuxta Subtilem mentem et doctrinam Mariani ac theologorum facile principis Ioannis Duns Scoti [c. 1701]: Madrid Bib. Nac. 8036

Expositio in octo libros phisicorum [c. 1703]: Madrid Bib. Nac. 8037

Opera philosophica (de generatione et corruptione, de anima) [c. 1704]: Madrid Bib. Nac. 8038

De Verbo incarnato [c. 1716]: Madrid Bib. Nac. 12261.

editions

Discussio theologica: super definibilitate proxima misterii Immaculatae Conceptionis Dei-Genetricis (...) (Madrid: Typografía Venerable Madre María Jesús de Agreda, 1733). Available via Google Books.

For a more complete listing of his works, see AIA 25 (1926), 205-207, 345; 15 (1955), 334-36

literature

Alvarez y Baena, Hijos de Madrid (Madrid, 1789) I, 386-388; Ballesteros Robles, DBM, 393; Antonio Couceiro Freijomil, Diccionario bio-bibliográfico de escritores gallegos (Santiago 1952) II, 337; Luis Arroyo, ‘Comisarios generales en India’, AIA 12 (1952), 284-289; ‘Obras (…)’, AIA 25 (1926), 205-207, 345; AIA 12 (1952), 284-289; 15 (1955), 334-36. Castro (1973), 367-370, 485; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 141 (no. 516).

 

 

 

 

Dominicus Germanus de Silezia (1588, Schurgast - 28, 09, 1670, El Escorial)

Born in Schurgast (Schlesia). Franciscan friar since 1624. Following his order education, he worked between 1630 and 1636 in Palestine. In 1636 he became teacher/professor at the mission college S. Pietro in Montorio, Rome, and made additional language study journeys to Palestine (Bethlehem). Also active as prefect for the missions in Samarkand/Isfahan (Central Asia, 1645). Helped with the preparation of the Arab Bible, published dictionaries, and commentaries on the Koran. From 1652 onwards, he worked as teacher and translator at the court of king Filip IV of Spain in El Escorial. He died at the Escorial in 1670.

editions:

Fabrica ovvero Dittionario della lingua volgare arabica et italiana (Rome: Sac. Congreg. de Prop. Fide, 1636). Accessible via Google Books.

Antitheses Fidei (Rome, 1638).

Fabrica linguae Arabicae cum interpretatione Latine, & Italica (Rome: Sac. Congreg. de Prop. Fide, 1639). Accessible via Google Books.

Interpretatio Alcorani. This work, although important for an inkling of the Franciscan approaches to the Koran in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries was only edited more recently: Interpretatio Alcorani litteratis, Parte I: La traducción latina; introducción y edición crítica, ed. Antonio García Masegosa, Nueva Roma: Bibliotheca graeca et latina aevi posterioris, 32 (Centro de Estudios Historicos Jerezanos, 2009.

literature:

A. Kleinhans, Historia studii linguae arabicae in conventu in Montorio erecti (Quaracchi, 1930), 75-87; B. Zimolong, `Neues zum Leben und den Werken …', Franz. Stud., 21 (1934), 151-170; 23 (1936), 426-431; Sophronius Clasen, `Dominicus Germanus de Silesia', in: Neue Deutsche Biographie IV (1959), 66f [See also: https://www.deutsche-biographie.de/gnd120105349.html#ndbcontent ]; Francis Richard, Le Franciscain Dominicus Germanus de Silésie, grammairien et auteur d'apologie en persan (1984); Fernando Domínguez, `Dominicus Germanus', LThK, 3 (1995), 322; Approaches to Arabic Linguistics: Presented to Kees Versteegh on the Occasion of his Sixtieth Birthday, ed. Everhard Ditters & Harald Motzki (Leiden-Boston: Brill. 2007), passim.

 

 

 

 

Dominicus Gonzalez (Domingo González, fl. c. 1800)

OFM. Member of the Andalucia province.

literature

AIA 21 (1924), 84-85; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 122 (no. 368).

 

 

 

 

Domenico Gubernatis, (Domenico De Gubernatis da Sospello, born in Sospel - 1690, Turin)

OFMRef. Member of the Saint Thomas Province. Wrote sermons and related literature, as well as rule commentaries and a historical-systematical encyclopedia of the Franciscan order, the Orbis Seraphicus, which only was partly published. The idea was to issue a programmatic encyclopedia on the Franciscan order families in ca 35 volumes. The plan for this work was submitted to the Franciscan general chapter of 1688, and later was published by the author (Idea Orbis Seraphici de Tribus Ordinibus a Seraphico Patrriarcha S. Francisco institutis (...) (1688).

editions

Prediche per le domeniche, e feste dell'Avvento e novena per l'aspettatione del divino verbo humanato. Del padre Fr. Domenico de Gubernatis da Sospello, teologo de'minori osservanti rifformati (1670).

Quaresimale del padre Domenico de Gubernatis: Da Sospello Teologo, e Predicatore Generale de'Minori Osservanti Riformati (...) (Milan: Antonio Malatesta, 1672).

Umbra illuminata: Commentarius ad Umbram apologeticam P. Ludovici Rozycii. De primo, & Genuino sensu Praecepti de Pecunia in Regula Minorum appositi (...) (Rome: Typografia Camaerae Apostolicae, 1687). Accessible via Google Books.

Idea Orbis Seraphici de Tribus Ordinibus a Seraphico Patriarcha S. Francisco institutis, deque illorum progressibus et honoribus per quatuor mundi partes Europam, Asiam, Africam, et Americam, in obsequium Jesu Christi et Ecclesiae Sanctae Romanae, pro defensione atque propagatione fidei catholicae reportatis, a Fr. Dominico De Gubernatis concepta et concinnata (Rome: Typografia Camaerae Apostolicae, 1688).

Orbis Seraphicus. Historia de tribus Ordinibus a Seraphico Patriarcha S. Francisco Institutis, Vol. 1-4 (Lyon-Rome, 1682-1685), Vol. 5 (Rome, 1689). Vol. 6 Quaracchi, 1886/1945). Most of these can now be accessed via Google Books and Archive.org

literature

Aniceto Chiappini, 'Orbis Seraphicus-A Bibliographical Note', The Americas 8:1 (July 1951), 77-81.

 

 

 

 

Dominicus Hernandus de Turre (Domingo Hernáez de la Torre, d. after 23 September 1716)

OFM. Spanish friar. Joined the Observants at Burgos. Fulfilled several functions in his province: professor of theology, preacher, spiritual counsellor, and official chronicler of his order province. He died before he was able to complete his Crónica de la Provincia de Burgos (written up to chapter 23 of book III). The work was finished by José Sáenz de Arquiñigo, and published as Primera Parte de la Crónica de la Provincia de Burgos (Madrid, 1722). Several of his sermons have been printed as well.

editions

Primera Parte de la Crónica de la Provincia de Burgos (Madrid, 1722)

Oración gratulatoria por el nacimiento del serenisimo Principe de Asturias (Burgos, 1707)

Sermón I de la Rogativa por el dichoso parto de la Reyna Doña Maria Luisa de Saboya (Burgus, 1707)

literature

Wadding, Annales XXXII (Rome, 1964), p. xvii/17; Juan de San Antonio, Bibliotheca Universa Franciscana I (Madrid, 1732), 316-317; AIA 2:21 (1942), 167-168; AIA n.s. 10 (1950), 166; AIA n.s. 17 (1957), 567; AIA n.s. 25 (1965), 312; AIA n.s. 41 (1981), 126; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 126 (no. 403); AIA n.s. 44 (1985), 258.

 

 

 

 

Dominicus Kochanowski (Dominik Kochanowski, d. 1562)

OFMObs. Polish friar.

literature

Wieslaw Murawiec, ‘Kochanowski Dominik OFMObs’, Encyklopedia Katolicka IX, 260.

 

 

 

 

Dominicus `Lo Sada' (16th cent>>?)

Franciscan canonist and missionary>>?

manuscripts

El libro de los privilegios de los misiones franciscanos en America: two mss (Madrid BN>>?; and Murcia Bibl. Inst. Theol. Francisc.>>?)

literature

A. García y García, `Los privilegios de los franciscanos en el nuevo mundo', in: Actes del II congresso internacional sobre los franciscanos en el nuevo mundo (Madrid, 1988), 369-389.

 

 

 

 

Dominicus Martinus (Domingo Martínez, fl. c. 1700)

OFMDisc. Member of the San Gregorio province. Chronicler of the Franciscan activities in the Philippines.

literature

AIA 28 (1927), 39-40; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 145 (no. 550).

 

 

 

 

Dominicus Mokos (Dominik Mokos, 1718-1776)

OFM. Observant Franciscan preacher.

editions

Sermones panegyrico-morales

literature

Angela Skovierová, ‘Die ethische und ästhetische Dimension der Franziskaner-Predigten im 18. Jahrhundert. Am Beispiel von P. Dominik Mokos OFM’, in: Plaude turba paupercula. Franziskanischer Geist in Musik, Literatur und Kunst. Konferenzbericht Bratislava, 4.-6. Oktober 2004, ed. Ladislav Kacic (Bratislava: Jana Stanislava SAV, 2005), 297-306.

 

 

 

 

Dominicus Ruiz (Dominingo Ruiz, d. 1666)

Friar from Guatemala. Joined the Franciscans there at the age of fourteen. Later taught theology. He died in February 1666, while on his way to Spain in order to retire into a Recollect hermitage.

editions

Elogio de la Inmaculada Concepción de la Santísima Virgen María, pronunciada en la celebración de la Bula de Alejandro VII: Sollicitudo omnium Ecclesiarum (Guatemala, 1662 or 1663).

literature

J.M. Beristain y Souza, Biblioteca Hispano Americana Septentrional, 3rd ed. 5 Vols in 2 (Mexico, 1947), passim; J.T. Medina, La Imprenta en Guatemala (Santiago de Chile, 1910), 4; A Bio-Bibliography of Franciscan Authors in Colonial Central America, ed. Eleanor B. Adams (Washington D.C.: Academy of American Franciscan History, 1953), 70.

 

 

 

 

Dominicus Soto (16th cent.)>>?

Theologian at the council of Trent>> Not a Franciscan?

literature

V. Heynck, Franz. Stud., 30 (1943), 53-73; 33 (1951), 137-179; 34 (1952), 146-205

 

 

 

 

Donaus Moneyus (Donagh Mooney/Donnchadh O Maonaigh, early seventeenth century))

Provincial minister of the Irish province in 1615 and subsequent years. On the basis of the notes taken during his visitation journeys he produced in Belgium (at the Irish Franciscan College of St. Anthony in Louvain) De Provincia Hiberniae S. Francisci (1617-18). This work was used by Wadding for his Annales.

editions

Brendan Jennings (ed.), `Brussels MS 3947: Donaus Moneyus, De Provincia Hibernica S. Francisci', Analecta Hibernica, 6 (1934), 12-138.

english Translation

The Franciscan Tertiary, 4-8 (1894-98).

literature

Cotter, The Friars Minor in Ireland, 7; Micheal Mac Craith, ‘Collegium S. Antonii Lovanii, quod Collegium est unicum remedium Ad conservandam Provinciam (Donnchadh O Maonaigh, 1617-18)’, in: The Irish Franciscans 1534-1990, ed. Edel Breathnach, Joseph MacMahon & John McCafferty (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2009), 233-259.

 

 

 

 

Dorotheus Betera (Doroteo Betera, 1552-1624)

OFMCap. Born at Brescia, where he joined the Capuchins. Fulfilled several different functions in his order province (preacher/theologian etc.), to end up as the theological consultant of the Congregatio de Propaganda Fidei. Died at Brescia or Rome, on May 31, 1624. Author.

editions

Sette ricordi principali necessari a qualsaso cristiano per camminare sicuramente nella via della salute (Brescia: Vincenzo Sabbio, 1590).

Un’esposizione della regola minorita>>> apparently saw several editions.

literature

Lucas Wadding, Scriptores (ed. Rome, 1906), 72; Sbaralea, Supplementum (ed. Rome, 1908) I, 239; Silvestro di Milano, Annales Ordinis Minorum Capuccinorum. Appendix ad Tomum Tertium (Milan, 1737), 397; Bernardo di Bologna, Bibliotheca Scriptorum Ordinis Minorum Capuccinorum (Venice, 1747), 76; V. Bonari, I conventi ed i cappuccini bresciani (Milan, 1891), 148-149; A. Teetaert, ‘Betera’, DHGE VIII, 1227; Lex.Cap.>>>

 

 

 

 

Donatus Brasavola de Ferrara (d. 1353), beatus

>>>Fraticellus>>>

editions

Speculum Profectus Spiritualis pro iis vere vitae religiosae ac perfectioni incumbere desiderant (Lucca, 1723) [in Italian!]

 

 

 

 

Donatus de Loro Piceno (Donato da Loro Piceno,>>>>)

>>>

literature

Gabrielli Bernardo Cappuccino, Padre Donato da Loro Piceno predicatore Cappuccino (Ancona: Provincia dei cappuccini delle Marche, 1976).

 

 

 

 

Donatus de Puteo de Mediolano (fl. c. 1450)

Friar from the Milan province. Baccalaureus Sententiarum by Papal bull in September 1432. Licenciate in December 1435 and regent master between 1436 and 1437. Active at the Council of Basel in 1437 and papal chaplain (appointment by Eugenius IV) at Florence. Pope Nicholas V appointed him procurator and chaplain to the Italian students of Paris in 1447. Also used by both Eugenius and Nicholas as Papal ambassador to the University of Paris. [For the various documents that chart his life and career, see Paris, BN Lat. 5657a f. 19r; CHUP IV 543, no. 2416; 593, no. 2492; 707, no. 2679; BF n.s. I, no. 624, no. 822, no. 1081; no. 1084, no. 1086; no. 1276]

manuscripts

Sermo prima dominica Adventus, Parisius, in Universitate factus per Magister Donatum ordinis Minorum: Paris, Bibliothèque de l’Arsenal 1030 ff. 148r-151v.

literature

J.Chr. Murphy, A History of the Franciscan Studium Generale the University of Paris in the Fifteenth Century, Diss. U. of Notre Dame (Notre Dame, Ind., 1965), 229-230.

 

 

 

 

Drogo de Provincia (Dreux de Provins, d. 1285)

Guardian of the 'Grand Couvent de Paris' in 1272 and administrator and provincial minister of Francia in 1279. In 1276 he received the title of magister theologia, and in 1282 he was magister regens (indeed?, check). Several sermons of him have survived.>

manuscripts

Sermones [held in 1272, when he was guardian]: Paris, BN Lat 16481 (see Bériou, L'avènement des maîtres de la Parole; Paris, BN Lat. 14947 & 15005; Worcester Cath. F 5, f. 5rb, 7ra, 93vb; Turin UB D.VI.1, f. 29, 53rb, 85va

literature

Sbaralea, Suppl., I, 25; Histoire Littéraire de la France 26, p. 440; Zawart, 300; AFH 10 (1917), 341-346 & 27 (1934), 550; Glorieux, Répertoire des maîtres II, no. 320; Schneyer, RLS I, 819-820; Nicole Bériou, L'avènement des maîtres de la Parole, passim.

 

 

 

 

Durandus de Alvernia

>>>Franciscan friar?>> See Weyers, Le travail intellectuel à la Faculté des arts de Paris: textes et maîtres (ca. 1200-1500), t. II: Répertoire des noms començant par C-F (Turnhout, 1996), 51-53

manuscripts

Scriptum super Yconomicum Aristotelis: Uppsala, UB C. 599 (an. 1481-86) ff. 92-97.

literature

>>>

 

 

 

 

Durandus de Campagnia (Durandus of Champagne, d. ca. 1309?)

Confessor of the queen of France (Jeanne de Navarra) in the early fourteenth century (at least between 1304 and 1307). Author of a Summa Confessionum pro Confessionibus Audiendis (also known as the Directorium), which he probably produced between 1311 and 1314. Also translated into French, for Jeanne of Navarra, a Mirroir de l’Âme. Some bibliographers mention that Durandus produced a (partial) Sentences commentary (Sbaralea, Supplementum>>), yet this cannot be confirmed.

manuscripts

Summa Confessionum: Vat. Lat. 2307; Paris BN. Lat. 3264 [once in the possession of Jean de la Tissenderie OFM, who became bishop of Rieux in 1324]; Paris BN Lat. 16891 [once in possession of the cordeliers of Paris]

Speculum Dominarum (ca. 1297-1300): MS Paris BN Lat. 6784 ff. 1-?? (manuscript copy of 1459). Queen Jeanne had made a French copy of the text, which had a considerable succes throughout the later medieval period, especially in French and Burgundian noble circles. See a.o: MS London British Library Additional 29986 (made on request of Jean, Duc de Berri); MS Brussels Bibl. Royale 9555 (made on request of Jean, Duc de Berry); MS Paris BN Français 610 (early 15th cent.); etc. There are also several copies of a not altogether succesful renaissance reworking of the text between 1526 and 1531 (reworking by Ysambert de Saint-Léger).

editions

Summa Confessionum. See: U. Neumann (ed.), `"Sacerdos sine Scientia est sicut ductor cecus..." Postulate zur charakterlichen und wissenschaftlichen Bildung des Beichtigers in der Summa Collectionum pro Confessionibus Audiendis des Durand von Champagne OFM', in: Universität und Bildung, Festschrift Laetitia Boehm zum 60. Geburtstag, ed. . Müller et.al. (Munich, 1991), 33-44. The incipit of the Summa goes as follows: ‘In nomine summae et individuae Trinitatis, incipit prologus in Summa collectionum pro confessionibus audiendis, edita a fratre Durando de Campania, ordinis Fratrum Minorum, confessore reginae Franciae et Navarrae. Work directed to simple clerics, who do not have time to read many books and do not have money to acquire many of them either: ‘…Ego in ordine fratrum Minorum minimus, simplex pro simplicibus, pauper pro pauperibus, qui tantam librorum multitudinem ex quibus collecta sunt habere prae paupertate non possent, vel [quibus] propter occupationes varias studere vel perlegere [non] liceret, etiam si haberent, praesens opus stilo rudi sed compendiosi, non de scientia mea sed de divino confisus auxilio, attemptare praesumpsi.’ The compiler took great care to include the latest canonist materials, such as those put forward by Boniface VIII in the Liber Sextus (1299), which immediately gives us a date post quem for the manual. Durandus makes clear why he is careful to be up-to-date: ‘Multa quoque a prioribus scripta a modernis doctoribus sunt suppleta, declarata lucidius et melius emendata, in tantum ut etiam ipse dominus Hostiensis in apparatu suo super Decretales de eadem quaestione dicat aliter quam in Summa, judicans posteriora prioribus praeferenda. Papa vero Bonifacius jura nova condidit et multa dubia declaravit. Propterea non superfluum, imo valde necessarium, judicavi novas casuum tangere quaestiones, modernorum opiniones, additiones, declarationes, seu correctiones exprimere de Sextu decretalium, in locis propriis et titulis explicare, prout in foro conscientiae videtur expediens pro consiliis animarum.’ [my quotes follow the transcription made by Neumann, which is much clearer than that of Dietterle]. This prologue shows the forward looking attitude of canonists. The work itself is divided into two large books. The first of these deals with i.) the qualities and obligations of the confessor, ii.) penitence and its parts (contrition, confession, satisfaction), iii.) the elements of satisfaction (alms, fasting, prayer, indulgences, and restitution), and iv.) the seven capital sins. Under the headings of the seven capital sins, however, Durandus deals in separate distinctions with a wide array of questions and problems. Hence under ira, he alo deals with the different qualities of ira as a sin (opens the road to speak about blasphemy, injruing people, violent accidents, intimidation, liberty and slavery, serfdom ec.) as well as with related issues, such as the nature of paternal correction, purgation, jurisdiction, issues of excommunication (replete with details about interdict, suspension etc.). Likewise, the sin of avaritia, gives Durandus the possibility to deal in detail with issues of donation, testamentary bequests, heriditary laws, rules pertaining to selling and buying products, loans and contracts, wages, deposits, bail, fiefs, usufruct etc.. After this lengthy first book, the second book deals in detail with the ten commandments, regularly referring back to passages in book one, where comparable issues are dealt with. The discussion of the ten commandments also gives Durandus the possibility to deal with specific issues of faith and morals. Hence, the first commandment (non adorabis deos alienos) is used by Durandus to write extensively on the articles of faith, the sacraments, the theological virtues, the liturgy and other issues of the religious cult (replete with attention for tenths, oblations , the persons employed in the liturgy and their roles, the dedication of churches, privileges and exemptions of clerics, sortileges, and superstitions the position of the jews in society, heretics, Sunday obervance etc.)

Speculum Dominarum. The text has received a first preliminary study by L. Delisle, Histoire littéraire de la France 30 (Paris, 1888), 311-333. In the 1980s, a modern edition was prepared by Anne Dubrulle: Le Speculum Dominarum de Durand de Champagne, ed. A. Dubrulle, Thèse, 2 Vols. (Paris: Ecole nationale des chartes, 1987-1988). The prologue (MS Paris BN Lat. 6784 f. 1; cf. Delisle, 311) reads as follows: ‘Ad honorem et gloriam summi regis et reginae gloriosae Virginis, matris ejus, aliqua verba et exempla salubria de scripturis sacris et libris santorum in hoc libello compendiose studui compilare, ad aedificationem et eruditionem excellentissimae dominae Johannae, Dei gratia illustrissimae reginae Franciae et Navarrae, necnon ad utilitatem omnium dominarum, ut sciant qualiter ad Deum et ad ea quae Dei sunt debeant ordinari, qualiter in regimine sui et suorum habere se debeant utiliter et prudenter, qualiter eas deceat cum omnibus irreprehensibilter conversari, tandem quibus meritis mereantur ad aeterni regni gloriam sublimari.’ The work apparently was dedicated to and written for Queen Jeanne of Navarra (d. 1305), the spouse of Philippe le Bel. The Speculum consists of three treatises. The first of these is called De Conditionibus Mulierum, and deals in three parts with i.) Quid sit mulier ex conditione naturae, ii.) Quanta sit mulier ex additione fortunae, and iii.) Qualis debeat esse regina ex infusione gratiae [by far the longest section of the work as a whole, covering ff. 27v-150v of MS Paris BN Lat. 6784]

The first of these (Quid sit mulier ex conditione naturae) relates the miserable condition of the female after the Fall. The second (Quanta sit mulier ex additione fortunae) explains the prerogatives of the queen, and explains that this position should be matched by the right behaviour and proper actions: prerogative comes with obligations with regard to composure, alms giving, visitation of monsteries and hospitals. She should visit and support the poor, listen to the supplications of the innocents and repair the damage and the injuries done by the great of the realm. Just as other humble themselves in her presence, so she should humble herself before God.. The third part of De Conditionibus Mulierum, the lenghty Qualis debeat esse regina ex infusione gratiae deals at length with the effects of divine grace on women and on queens in general, and interspices theological observations with behavioral adhortations concerning proper reading and action, and proper comportment during all hours of the day, condemning the luxuries of palaces and the buffoonery of court jesters etc..

The short second treatise of the work deals in 32 concise chapters with the properties and advantages of proper wisdom. This wisdom, it is made clear, results from proper instruction. Examples are given of the fruits of wisdom for all kinds of people in various professions. It is shown that the instruction of wisdom in iself is an unquenchable well of proper pleasure, which is contrasted with the material pleasures frequently sought after at the courts (like games and hunts). A plea for reading good books: the written word stays in the mind (verbum enim auditum transit, littera scripta manet. Hence: reading of great deeds of history commended. Ends with statement that a country lead by well-instructed leaders is a happy country

The third treatise of the work, De domo multiplici quam aedificare debet regina, vel quaelibet alia domina, deals with the exterior, interior, inferior and superior abode that the queen has to built for herself and others. In the exterior abode the queen accepts her guests. The interior one is her conscience, which she should adorn with the same care as she uses for her eternal house. The inferior abode is the place where the queen suffers and is tested, whereas the superior abode is heaven, where every christian should aspire to earn a place by leading a virtuous life. It seems that the Latin work had a limited success. It had more success (among the French and Burgundian aristocracy during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries) in a French translation, made on request of queen Jeanne, to whom the Latin original had been offered. This French translation apparently also was produced by a friar minor (cf. Delisle, 318-319). This translation follows in outline the Latin original. Cf. Mirroir de l’Âme, ed. L. Delisle, Histoire littéraire de la France 30 (Paris, 1888), 302-333.

literature

J. Dieterle, ‘Die Summae confessorum (sive de casibus concientiae) - von ihren Anfängen an bis zu Silvester Prierias - II’, Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschichte, 27 (1906), 70-78; U. Neumann, ‘‘Sacerdos sine Scientia est sicut ductor cecus...’ Postulate zur charakterlichen und wissenschaftlichen Bildung des Beichtigers in der Summa Collectionum pro Confessionibus Audiendis des Durand von Champagne OFM’, in: Universität und Bildung, Festschrift Laetitia Boehm zum 60. Geburtstag, ed. Winfried Müller, Wolfgang J. Smolka & Helmut Zedelmaier (Munich, 1991), 33-44; Geneviève Hasenohr, ‘Durand de Champagne’, in: Dictionnaire des lettres françaises: Le Moyen Âge, ed. Geneviève Hasenohr & Michel Zink (Paris, 1992), 394; Costant J. Mews & Rina Lahav, ‘Wisdom and Justice in the Court of Jeanne of Navarre and Philip IV: Durand of Champagne, the Speculum dominarum, and the De informatione principum’, Viator 45:2 (2014), 173-200.

 

 

 

 

Durandus de S. Quintino

Author of several sermons

manuscripts

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literature

Schneyer, I, 821.

 

 

 

 

Much more to follow...