this site is a co-production of Maarten van der Heijden and Bert Roest. ©

 

 

Abbas Joachim, In Concordia maiori de Novem Ordinibus, sic Scribit de Sancto Francisco (14th cent.)

Actus Beati Francisci et Sociorum Eius and Fioretti di San Francesco

Actus Beati Francisci in Valle Reatina

Ammaestramenti di morale cristiana

Annales Franciscanum Gorlicensium (1248-1508)

Annales Fratrum Minorum in Löwenberg (1248-1508)

Annales Gandenses (c.1308/10)

Annales Hamburgenses (c. 1265)

Annales Lubicenses (1264-1324)

Annales Minorum Prussicorum (c. early 14th cent.?)

Annales Turonenses (14th cent.?)

Antiphonaria Terrae Sanctae (14th-15th cent.)

Apologia sive Tractatus Defensorius (c. 1492)

Ars Praedicandi, Tractatus de Modo Praedicandi, Modus Colligendi Sermones, Octo Modi Dilatandi Materiam, Directoria Generalia Orandi et Collationandi

Bedudinghe op Cantica Canticorum (15th cent.)

Breviarium Decretorum (15th cent.)

Brevissimus Tractatus Septemplicis Distinctionis

Cartas Ficticias

Catalogus sanctorum fratrum minorum (ca. 1335)

Chronica conventus Luneburgensis (mid 15th cent.?)

Chronica conventus Ordinis Fratrum Minorum prope Isenacum (mid 15th cent.)

Chronica XXIV Generalium Ordinis Fratrum Minorum (Arnaud de Sarrant?, c. 1375/80)

Chronicon Parmense (early 14th cent., Franciscan provenance?)

Chronicon universale Hermanni Gygantis ordinis fratrum minorum, see: Flores temporum II

Chronik von Namslau (17th-later 18th cent.)

Collationes defunctorum, see under: Franciscus lector provinciae Calabriae Ordinis Minorum (letter F).

Collectio Sermonum de Dominiciis, de Festis et de Sanctis ad Usum Fratrum Minorum (14th cent.)

Commentarius in Apocalypsim (Pseudo Alexander Halensis)

Commentarius in Apocalypsim (Pseudo Bernardinus Senensis, late 13th century)

Commentarius in Apocalypsim (Pseudo Hugh of St. Cher/Pseudo Thomas Aquinas, between 1240-1244)

Commentarius in primum librum sententiarum Petri Lombardi (c. 1325)

Compendium de Virtute Humilitatis

Compilatio Assisiensis seu Legenda Perusina (c. 1244-1260?)

Compilatio Avenionensis (c. 1335)

Compilatio Exemplorum and Summa de Confessione (15th cent.)

Concilium Domini Mediolanensis Presbiter Cardinalis

Conciones/Sermones Mysticae

Considerazioni sulle Stimmate di San Francesco (late 14th cent.)

Constituciones que hizo la Observancia para los recoletos de España en Madrid (1502)

Crónica de la provincia Santa de Santiago (17th cent.)

Cronica minoritae Erphordensis (second half 13th cent.)

Cronica Sacriste Pysini Ordinis Minorum (an. 1380)

Declarationes Senece Moraliçate (1475)

De Confessione (mid 15th century)

De Consequentiis, De Suppositionibus, Sofismas (c. 1356-1374, Pseudo Albert of Saxony)

Defensorium contra Errores Johannis Papae(first half 14th cent.)

Defensorium Logicae Ockham (first half 14th cent.)

De inceptione vel fundamento Ordinis (Anonymus Perusinus)

De inclito Adolpho comite Holzacie, ordinis Minorum in Kyl

Den wijngaert van Sinte Franciscus vol schoonre historien, legenden, ende duechdelijcke leeringhen allen menschen seer profijtelijck (c.1514-1518)/Den Wyngaert van Sinte Franciscus

Der kersten Eeuwe (c. 1521)

Descriptio Terrae Sanctae/Description de la Terre Sainte (c. 1463)

Deutschenspiegel & Schwabenspiegel

De via eundi de Joppe, et de S. Sepulchro et aliis locis (13th cent.)

Devote Salutation des Membres Sacrez de la glorieuse Vierge Mère de Dieu (later 17th cent.)

Diarium Praedicationis (late 15th cent.)

Disputatio inter inimicum domesticum paupertatis et zelatorem paupertatis (mid 13th cent.?)

Dives et Pauper (early 15th cent.)

Doctrinae Bonaventurae de Modo Praedicandi (13th cent.)

Een cransken van minnen (1518)

Een devoot ende profitelijck boecxken, inhoudende veel gheestelijcke liedekens ende leysenen (1539)

Een wandelinghe der Kersten menschen met Ihesu den brudegom der sielen inden hof der bloemen (c. 1486-1497)

Eisenacher Franziskanerchronik (after 1407)

Encyclopedia Theologica, Elaborata ex Ioannis de Erfurt Tabula Originalium (15th cent.)

Estatutos por que se regián las casas de recolección de la Provincia (1523)

Fac secundum Exemplar, see: Speculum vitae

Fasciculus Mirre or Dat Cleyne Bondeken van Mirre (before 1517)

Fasciculus Morum (c. 1300, attributed to Robert Selke)

Fasciculus Mirrhe. El cual trata de la Pasión de nuestro redentor Jesucristo. (before 1524)

Fioretti, see: Actus beati Francisci et sociorum eius

Flores temporum (late 13th cent.)

Flores Temporum II/Chronicon universale Hermanni Gygantis ordinis fratrum minorum (c. 1340/50?)

Formalitates Doctoris Subtilis & Alius Tractatus et Brevior de Formalitatibus

Forma Predicandi incipit Benigne Jesu (15th cent.)

Gebete zu den Wunden des Hl. Franziskus (c. 1510)

Gesta beati Francisci confessoris (c. 1356)

Gesta Romanorum cum Applicationibus Moralisatis et Mysticis (late 13th cent., of Franciscan provencance?)

Glossa Tripartita super Cantica (c. 1300-1320)

Hetzpredigt gegen die Frauen (1702)

Italian Preaching Diary (c. 1500), see: Diarium Praedicationis

Historia de Landgraviis/Eccardiana (early to mid 15th cent. ?)

Kilkenny Chronicle (mid 14th cent.)

La giostra delle virtù e dei vizi (mid 14th cent.)

L’amore evangelico sopra la Regola di san Francesco

Lectionum de certis anni festis diligens sed tamen brevis descriptio

Legenda antiqua, see: Speculum vitae

Legenda Sancti Francisci per sermones disctincta and Legenda Sancti Ludovici per sermones disctincta

Legenda Trium Sociorum (c. 1241-1247?)

Libellus ad Petendam Restitutionem in Integram

Libellus Penitentalis

Liber de Accidentibus, Liber de Vestibus Sacerdotalibus, Liber de Nominibus Dei apud Hebreos, De Quatuor Synodis & Quaedam Catena (15th cent. ?)

Liber de Quolibet (Bernardinus de Agnone?, 15th cent.)

Liber exemplorum ad usum praedicantium (c. 1275/79)

Liber miraculorum et visionum (c. early 14th cent.)

Liber Sapientiae Spiritualis (first half 15th cent.)

Libro del conosçimiento (c. 1360?)

Libro llamado Fuente de vida (1527)

Meditatio Pauperis in Solitudine (c. 1282-1284)

Miracula Virginis Mariae - Collectio Exemplorum (c. 1400?)

Misterios de la devoción & Misterios de los angeles (before 1537/9)

Modus Reponendi Sermones (ca. 1507)

‘Ms. Little’

Necrologium conventus O.F.M. Coburgensis (1301-1525)

Necrologium Fratrum Minorum Hamburgensium

No more ne willi wiked be, poetry (14th cent?)

Pectorale Dominicae Passionis (c. 1486-1497)

Pharetra (14th cent?)

Poeta Carceratus (17th century)

Postillae Evangeliorum Dominicalium,Ferialium, et Quorundam Festivalium (c. 1450)

Practica Inquisitionis ad Usum Donati de Sanct'Agatha et Fratrum Minorum Provincie Romandiolae

Prediche sul Terz’Ordine (15th cent.)

Predigt des Barfüßer-Lesemeister (ca. 1340)

Processo delli morti in servitio delli appestati e di quelli che havendo servito, turravia vivono (1662)

Provinciale Omnium Ecclesiarum and related works

Quare detraxistis

Quaestio de Imagine Recreationis

Quaestiones disputatae 'De productione rerum', 'De imagine' et 'De anima' e schola bonaventuriana (ca. 1260))

Quaestiones super III Sententiarum (14th cent.)

Registrum Anglie, (c. 1325)

Sacrum Commercium Sancti Francisci cum Domine Paupertate

Saechsische Weltchronik (c. 1230-1255)

Scala divini amoris (c. 1300)

Schwarzwälder Predigten (13th cent.)

Scriptum super Hieremiam (mid 13th cent.)

Scutum Defensionis super Privilegiis Fratrum de Audiencia Confessionum et Sepultura (15th cent.)

Sendbrief an geistliche Kinder

Sermones de Festis Sanctorum (late 13th cent.)

Sermones de Sancta Clara

Sermones de Tempore Compilati ex Concionatoribus Franciscanis ut S. Bonav. Et Nicolao de Lyra (15th cent.)

Sermones Diversi, Sermones de T., Sermones de Passione et Resurrectione & Expositio Officii Missae (15th cent.)

Sermones Dominicales (15th cent.)

Sermones Evangeliares de Tempore (15th cent.)

Sermones Epistolares et Evangeliares (15th cent.)

Sermones, Partes VII-X Redactae a Quodam Frate Minore Saec. XIV (14th cent.)

Sermoon vande bekeerde sonderesse Maria Magdalena & Sermoon vande groote liefde van Maria Magdalena (after 1500?/1562 cent.)

Specchio dei religiosi (15th cent.)

Speculum humanae salvationis (14th cent.)

Speculum Laicorum (before 1300?, also attributed to John of Hoveden (see there))

Speculum Perfectionis (early 14th cent.)

Speculum Perfectionis Minus/Speculum Perfectionis Lemmens (late 13th cent.?)

Speculum vitae/Legenda antiqua/Fac secundum exemplar (c. 1322?)/Compilatio Avenionensis

Speigel der waren vnde rechten ynkere to gode (1508)

Spill de la Vida Religiosa/Espejo de Religiosos/Tratado llamado el Desseoso (early 16th cent.)

Spina et Rosa (15th cent.)

Spiraculum/Liber Distinctionum

Tabula Septem Custodiarum (c. 1309)

Tractatus contra Johannem XXII et Benedictum XII

Tractatus de Decem Preceptis ‘fratris Stanton’ (14th cent. or later ?)

Tractatus de bono modo predicandi (15th cent.)

Tractatus de Hedificatione Domus Spiritualis (15th cent.)

Tractatus Predicatione Evangelica (ca. 1523)

Tractatus de Significatione Litterarum Alfabeti & Tractatus contra Pestilentiam (15th cent.)

Tractatus de Universalibus

Tractatus Fraticellorum ad Rectores Urbis Romae (14th cent.)

Tractatus Fraticellorum Perusinorum

Tractatus Impugnatioris (c. 1484-1492)

Utrum Liceat Adiurare Demones

Vademecum (first half 14th cent.)

Venerabilis Agnetis Blannbekin (…) Vita et Revelationes Auctore Anonymus (1290)

Vergel de Virginidad, Misterio de los Angeles, Excelencias de la Fe, Misterios de Devoción (first half 16th cent.)

Vita Annae ducissae Silesiae (15th cent.)

Vitae sanctorum fratrum minorum provinciae Saxoniae (14th cent.)

Von der Gnade Gottes (15th cent.)

Von der göttlichen Liebe (14th cent.?)

 

 

 

 


 

 

 


 

 

 


 

 

 


 

 

 

Abbas Joachim, In Concordia maiori de Novem Ordinibus, sic Scribit de Sancto Francisco (14th cent.)

Apparently a fourteenth century Joachimist text.

editions

The work has apparently been edited in Juana Maria Arcelus Ulibarrena, Florensia 6 (1992), 45-54 (needs to be checked).

literature

J. Guadalajara Medina, Las profecías del anticristo en la edad media (Madrid, 1996).

 

 

 

 

Actus Beati Francisci et Sociorum Eius and Fioretti di San Francesco

The Actus Beati Francisci et Sociorum Eius, or the Quaedam notabilia de beato Francisco et sociis eius et quidam actus eorum mirabiles was probably compiled between 1327 and 1341. According to some, it was the product of Ugolino da Montegiorgo (see: David Flood, ‘The Domestication of the Franciscan Movement’, Franziskanische Studien 60 (1978), esp. 325-327). The work consists of about 70 anecdotes or episodes concerning Francis and his early followers. Many of these have a miraculous element and some include visions concerning the history of the order. These visions and the general message of many anecdotes reveal a spiritual point of view, according to which the order declined after the death of Francis and certainly after the abdication of minister general Giovanni of Parma in 1257. The Actus Beati Francisci et Sociorum Eius, which has come down to us in about 25 manuscripts, is the first text that two times presents Francis as alter Christus. The Actus became the main source text for the popular Italian Fioretti di San Francesco, which was created in the second half of the fourteenth century.

manuscripts

>>many mss. A.o.: Aix en Provence, Bibl. Comm. Méjanes, cod. 1445; Anger, Bibl. de la Ville, cod. 821; Assisi Bib. Comm. 679; Barcelona, Bib. Centr. 645; Barcelona, Bibl. Centr. 665; Berlin, Staatsbibl. Cod. Theol. Fol. 94; Berlin, Staatsbibl. Cod. Lat. Theol. F. 705; Berlin, Staatsbibl. Cod. Lat. Theol. Qu.22; Bonn, Universitätsbibliothek 364; Braunschweig, Stadsbibl. 136; Breslau, Städtische Bibl. Rehdiger 491; Brussel,Bibl. des Bollandistes 156; Brussel, Koninklijke Bibliotheek 7771-2; Brussel, Koninklijke Bibliotheek II 2326; Budapest, Ungarisches Nationalmuseum Med. Aev. Lat. 77; Capestrano, Biblioteca del Convento dei Frati Minori cod. X; Den Haag, Koninklijke Bibliotheek 73 H 35; Deventer, Athenaeum Bibliotheek 10w5; Düsseldorf, Landes-und Stadtbibliothek, cod. B. 85; Erperenburg, Bibliothek des Barons von Breken Cod. 7; Fribourg [Schwitzerland] Bibl. des Cordeliers 23.j.60; Greifswald Bibl. der Nikolaikirche X.E.37A; Leuven, Univ.Bibl. 174; Liège, Bibl. du Séminaire 6 f 12; Liège Bibl. de L'Université 343; Liegnitz, Bibliothek der Peter und Paul Kirche, 12; Lwów, Universitätsbibliothek 1 G 17; Magdeburg, Stadsbibliothek, XII.2.154; München, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Lat. 9098; Olomouc, Studienbibliothek, II.F.22; Oxford, Bodl. Cod. Canon. Miscell. 525; Oxford, Bodl. Cod.Lat. Theol. D. 23; Paris Bibl. de la Faculté de Théologie Protestante, cod. Rosenthal; Paris, Bibl. Mazarine 989; Paris, Bibl. Mazarine 1743; Rome, Bibl. del Collegio di Sant'Isidoro 1/72; Rome, Bibl. del Collegio di Sant'Isidoro, 1/142; S. Florian, Stiftsbibliothek XI.148; Sarnano, Biblioteca Comunale, E.n.60; Trier, Seminar Bibl. 105; Utrecht, Universiteitsbibl. 4.C.2; Vaticano, Bibl. Apost. Vat. Lat. 4354; Vienna, Nationalbibl. Lat. 4724

editions

Actus beati Francisci et Sociorum Eius, ed. Paul Sabatier, Collection d'Études et de Documents sur l'Histoire Religieuse et Littéraire du Moyen âge, IV (Paris, 1902). See also the comments in A.G. Little, ‘Description of a Franciscan Manuscripts, formerly in the Phillipps Library, now in possession of A.G. Little’, Collectanea Franciscana 1 (Aberdeen, 1914), 9-113 (the introduction) & B. Bughetti, ‘Descriptio novi codicis ‘Actus beati Francisci’ exhibentis’, AFH 32 (1939), 412-438; Actus beati Francisci et sociorum eius. Nuova edizione postuma di Jacques Cambell, ed. J. Cambell, M. Bigaroni & G. Boccali, Pubblicazioni della Biblioteca Francescana, Chiesa Nuova - Assisi, Testi 5 (Assisi, 1988); A l’origine des Fioretti. Les Actes du bienheureux François et de ses compagnons, trans. & ed. Armelle Le Huërou, Jacques Dalarun & Olivier Legendre (Paris: Les Editions du Cerf - Les Editions Franciscaines, 2008). See also Fonti agiografiche dell’Ordine Francescano: Passione dei santi frati martiri in Marocco. Dialogo sulle gesta dei santi frati Minori. Vite di Antonio di Padova: Vita prima o Leggenda “Assidua” – Vita seconda – Legenda “Benignitas” – Legenda Raimondina – Legenda Rigaldina. Vita Perugina – Vita Leonina – Detti del beato Egidio di Assisi, Atti del beato Francesco e dei suoi compagni, ed. Maria Teresa Dolso (Padua: Efr-Editrici Francescane, 2014) [Review in Collectanea Franciscana 85:1-2 (2015), 300-303]. A new edition of the Actus seems to be in prep. by Massimiliano Zanot. Arthur Fisher (1987), 6 stated with regard of the Actus: ‘… a compilation of stories purporting to have conserved through oral tradition certain tales and recollections treasured by Brother Leo and his circle, and including as well a group of stories by and about some of the more conservative of the Spirituals living in the area southwest of Fermo in the Marches in the late thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries. Much or perhaps all of the Actus in its surviving recensions is the work of one of these friars, Ugolino da Monte San Maria, now Montegiorgio, who appears as a witness testifying in a trial of 1331 and may have lived into the 1340’s. These final recensions seem almost certainly to have been done in the middle 1320s.’

Fioretti, the vernacular version/transformation of the Actus beati Franciscus et sociorum eius. It would seem that this Fioretti was the product of friars living at or near La Verna, where in 1224 the stigmata would heve been impressed on the body of Francis of Assisi. The Fioretti is not a mere translation of the Actus. It amounts to a thorough reworking, bent on transforming the Actus into a more orderly and accessible inspiration to piety, with even more emphasis on the stigmata and their spiritual meaning (and the role of Francis, presented as a figure of a new covenant with God, to clense the sins of mankind). The Fioretti has received several editions. Aside from the Fioretti text found alongside of the Actus edition of Cambell (1988), see: Les Fioretti de saint François d’Assise, trad. A. Masserron, illustr. J.S. Grinneiser, Éditions Franciscaines (Paris, 2002); Die Blümlein des heiligen Franziskus von Assisi. Aus dem Italienischen nach der Ausgabe der Tipografia Metastasio, Assisi 1901, trans. Rudolf G. Binding (Leipzig, 1911); I Fioretti di San Francesco. Riveduto su un nuovo codice, ed. Benvenuto Bughetti (Florence, 1926) and its revision in I Fioretti di San Francesco, ed. Riccardo Pratesi (Florence, 1958); Fonti Francescane 1441-1624; Die Fioretti, Legenden über Franziskus und seine Gefährten, trans. J. Schneider (Kevelaer, 2002). See review in CF 73 (2003), 689f. and Fioretti. Legenden um Franz von Assisi in Bild und Text, ed. Anton Rotzetter (Freiburg, 2002).

literature:

Giorgio Petrocchi, ‘Dagli ‘Actus beati Francisci’ al volgarizzamento dei ‘Fioretti’’, Convivium n.s. 22 (1954), 534-555, 666-677; Giorgio Petrocchi, Ascesi e mistica  trecentesca (Florence, 1957), 87-146; Arthur L. Fisher, ‘A reconsideration of the Fioretti, the little flowers of St. Francis’, Collectanea Franciscana 57 (1987), 5-24; Engelbert Grau, ‘Quellenkritische Einführung in die Probleme der Fioretti’, Wissenchaft & Weisheit 48 (1985), 101-112; Stefano Brufani, ‘Agiografia e santità francescana nel Piceno: gli Actus beati Francisci et sociorum eius’, in: Agiografia e culto dei santi nel Piceno: Atti del Convegno di studio svoltosi in occasione della undicesima edizione del ‘Premio internazionale Ascoli Piceno’; Ascoli Piceno, 2-3 maggio 1997, ed. Enrico Menestò, Atti del ‘Premio internazionale Ascoli Piceno’. Nuova serie, 8 (Spoleto, 1998), 123-152; Massimiliano Zanot, `Lo stato dell'edizione degli Actus Beati Francisci', in: Editori di Quaracchi, 100 anni dopo. Bilancio e prospettive, pp. 261-274; José-Maria Siciliani, L’art franciscain de raconter la sainteté d’après les Fioretti de saint François: une approche narrative de la théologie franciscaine de la conformité (Paris, 2003); Marco Esposito, ‘Conformitas, sequela e imitatio Christi negli Actus beati Francisci et sociorum eius’, Franciscana 7 (2005), 127-148; Enrico Menestò, Gli’Actus Beati Francisci et sociorum eius’: studio sulla tradizione manoscritta, Diss. (Florence: Dip. Di Studi sul Medioevo e il Rinascimento dell’Università di Firenze, 2005); A l’origine des Fioretti. Les Actes du bienheureux François et de ses compagnons, trans. & ed. Armelle Le Huërou, Jacques Dalarun & Olivier Legendre (Paris: Les Editions du Cerf - Les Editions Franciscaines, 2008); R. Feiter, ‘Franziskus und sein Gefährte: eine ekklesiogenetische Überlegung im Anschluss an das elfte Kapitel der ‘Fioretti”, in: Kommunikation des Evangeliums. Festschrift Udo F. Schmälzle (Berlin, 2008), 29-45; Federico Fascetti, ‘Note sulla presenza della ‘Legenda Maior’ volgarizzata nella tradizione manoscritta tre-quattrocentesca dei ‘Fioretti’ di San Francesco’, Studi Francescani 106 (2009), 255-265; J. Schneider, ‘Fioretti/Blümlein; Betrachtungen über die Wundmale’, in: Franziskus-Quellen. Die Schriften des Heiligen Franziskus, Lebensbeschreibungen, Chroniken und Zeugnisse über ihn und seinen Orden, ed. Dieter Berg, Leonhard Lehmann et al., Zeugnisse des 13. und 14. Jahrhunderts zur Franziskanischen Bewegung, Band 1 (Kevelaer: Butzon & Bercker, Ed. T. Coelde, 2009), 1333-1478; Federico Fascetti, ‘La tradizione manoscritta tre-quattrocentesca dei ‘Fioretti’ di San Francesco’, AFH 102 (2009), 419-468 & 103 (2010), 41-94; Paul van Heck & Sanne Noyon, ‘Traduzioni moderne dei Fioretti e degli Actus in lingua ollandese’, AFH 104 (2011), 147-182; Achim Wesjohann, Mendikantische Gründungserzählungen im 13. und 14. Jahrhundert: Mythen als Element institutioneller Eigengeschichtsschreibung der mittelalterlichen Franziskaner, Dominikaner und Augustiner-Eremiten, Vita Regularis. Ordnungen und Deutungen religiosen Lebens im Mittelalter, Abhandlungen, 49 (Münster: LIT Verlag, 2012), 119-121; Antonio Montefusco, ‘The History as a Pendulum: The Actus and the Fioretti’, Franciscan Studies 71 (2013), 361-373; Felice Accrocca, Un santo di carta. Le fonti biografiche di san Francesco d’Assisi, Biblioteca di Frate Francesco, 13 (Rome-Milan: Centro Culturale Aracoeli-Biblioteca Francescana, 2013); Daniele Solvi, ‘Spiritualità francescana dei Fioretti’, Vita Minorum 84:6 (2013), 47-126; Daniele Solvi, Uomini celesti e angeli terrestri. Una lettura francescana dei Fioretti, Presenza di san Francesco, 57 (Milan: Biblioteca Francescana, Milano, 2015); Filippo Sedda, 'Atti del beato Francesco e dei suoi compagni e Fioretti. Antologia di episodi minoritici edificanti', in: Storia della spiritualità francescana, I: secoli XIII-XVI, ed. M. Bartoli, W. Block & A. Mastromatteo (Bologna: Edizione Dehoniane, 2017), 347-364.

 

 

 

 

Actus Beati Francisci in Valle Reatina

This is an anonymous collection of notices concerning Francis of Assisi in the region of Rieti. The work has survived in a single manuscript from 1416. The work itself probably written at the beginning of the fourteenth century, and it is to a large extent a compilation of earlier sources, focusing on events from Francis's life that would have occurred in the Rieti valley. The work has strong spiritual tendencies and focuses on all kinds of local events that could be connected with miraculous actions and interventions of Francis.

editions

Anonimo Reatino, Actus beati Francisci in Valle Reatina, ed. Attilio Cadderi & Giovanni Boccali, Biblioteca Storico-Francescana, Chiesa Nuova - Assisi, 9 (S. Maria degli Angeli: Porziuncola, 1999).

 

 

 

 

Ammaestramenti di morale cristiana

This work was composed by an as yet unknown Observant Franciscan friar from Siena, who was active around 1460. The work, which survives in MS Siena Biblioteca Comunale cod. I.II.39 is addressed at lay women in particular, and resembles a bit Girolamo da Siena’s Regole della vita spirituale. The Ammaestramenti amount to a simplified vernacular theological summa, presenting in detail regulations for almost every aspect of Christian life (from prayer and fasting, to dress, personal hygiene and choice of reading matter.

manuscripts

MS Siena Biblioteca Comunale cod. I.II.39

literature

B. Paton, Preaching Friars and the Civic Ethos: Siena, 1380-1480, 68.

 

 

 

 

Annales Franciscanum Gorlicensium (1248-1484)

Short annals on the history of the Franciscan convent of Görlitz (Saxony province, Meißen diocese), running from 1248 to 1484.

editions

D. Büsching, 'Die Althertümer der Stadt Görlitz', Neues Lausitzisches Magazin 3 (1824), 181-185; Annales Franciscanorum Gorlicensium, ed. M. Köhler, in: Scriptores rerum Lusaticarum, Neue Folge, 1 (Görlitz, 1839) 309-313, 345, 348-350.

literature

Volker Honemann, 'Die Bibliothek des Görlitzer Franziskanerklosters im Mittelalter. Ein Beitrag zur weiteren Erforschung des franziskanischen Buchwesens', in: Europa und die Welt in der Geschichte. Festschrift zum 60. Geburtstag von Dieter Berg, ed. R. Averkorn et al. (Bochum, 2004), 364-375; Annales Franciscanorum in Görlitz http://www.geschichtsquellen.de/repOpus_00276.html, 2016-03-07 .

 

 

 

 

Annales Fratrum Minorum in Löwenberg (1248-1508)

Short chronicle, providing information on the foundation of the Löwenberg friary (1248), founded with the support of Duke Heinrich II der Jüngere of Schlesia, and also on the activities of Giovanni da Capestrano in 1453, alongside of predominantly urban and regional historical information.

editions

C. Grünhagen (ed.), 'Kurze Annalen der Franziskaner zu Löwenberg', Zeitschrift des Vereins für Geschichte und Altertumskunde Schlesiens 11 (1871), 209-210.

literature

W. Mrozowicz, 'Die mittelalterliche Geschichtsschreibung in Schlesien. Stand und Bedürfnisse im Bereich der Quelleneditionen', in: Die Geschichtsschreibung in Mitteleuropa. Projekte und Forschungsprobleme, ed. J. Wenta, Subsidia historiographica, 1 (Toru, 1999), 203-227 (223 nr. 44); Annales Fratrum Minorum in Löwenberg, http://www.geschichtsquellen.de/repOpus_00312.html, 2016-03-09 ; Volker Honemann, ‘Franziskanische Geschichtsschreibung’, in: Geschichte der Sächsischen Franziskanerprovinz, 1: Von den Anfängen bis zur Reformation, ed. Volker Honemann (Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2015), 812.

 

 

 

 

Annales Gandenses (c.1308/10)

Product of a Flemish friar Minor from the Ghent friary. He wrote between 1308 and 1310 a short chronicle on the town of Ghent and the County of Flanders, covering in annalistic fashion the period between 1296 and 1310. These annals give a partisan and engaged account of the struggle between Flanders and the French king Philip IV, and of the cumbersome alliance between Flanders and the English king Edward I. The author is very concerned about the fate of terra nostra Flandria.

editions

Annales Gandenses, ed. F. Funck-Brentano, Collection des textes pour servir à l'étude et à l'enseignement de l'histoire (Paris, 1899); ‘Notes additionelles à l'édition des Annales Gandenses’, in: Chronique artésienne (1295-1304). Nouvelle édition, et Chronique tournaisienne (1296-1314), ed. F. Funck-Brentano (Paris, 1899), xviii-xxiv; Annales Gandenses - Annales of Ghent, ed. & trans. Hilda Johnstone, Medieval Classics (Londen-Edinburgh-Paris-Melbourne-Toronto-New York, 1951)/Annales Gandenses: Annals of Ghent, ed. & trans. Hilda Johnstone, Oxford Medieval Texts, Reprint (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1985); De Annales Gandenses. Een eigentijdse kroniek van de Vlaamse vrijheidstrijd. 1297-1310, ed. & trans. Janick Appelmans, José Vanbossele & Niklaas Maddens (Kortrijk: De Leiegouw, 2008).

literature

H. van Werveke, ‘Bijdrage tot een nieuwe uitgave van de Annales Gandenses’, in: Dancwerc. Opstellen aangeboden aan Prof. dr. D.Th. Enklaar ter gelegenheid van zijn vijfenzestigste verjaardag (Groningen, 1959), 109-115; Herman van Goethem, ‘De Annales Gandenses: Auteur en Kroniek; enkele nieuwe elementen’, Handelingen der Maatschappij voor Geschiedenis en Oudheidkunde te Gent n.s. 35 (1981), 49-59; Marc Boone, ‘Der anonyme Minorit von Gent Annales Gandenses’, in: Hauptwerke der Geschichtsschreibung, ed. Volker Reinhardt, Kröners Taschenausgabe 435 (Stuttgart: Kröner, 1997), 14-17.

 

 

 

 

Annales Hamburgenses (c. 1265)

Thirteenth-century annals, which have survived in a late thirteenth-century manuscript from Hamburg. The annals start with the Annus gratiae 1 and provide more or less yearly entries until the 1250s/early 1260s, many of which focus on the northern German regions (esp. for the 12th and 13th cent.). It is not completely sure whether or not these annals are of Franciscan provenance, although are some indications that point in this direction. To a large extent it is an excerpt from the chronicle of Albert von Stade.

editions

Annales Hamburgenses, ed. I.M. Lappenberg, in: Monumenta Germania Historica Scriptores XVI (Hannover, 1859), 382-385 (only the additions to and differences from the Chronicle of Albert von Stade); Annales Hamburgenses, ed. Friedrich Reuter, in: Scriptores minores rerum Slesvico-Holsatensium. Erste Sammlung, Quellensammlung der Gesellschaft für Schleswig-Hols.-Lauenb. Geschichte, 4 (Kiel, 1875), 405-430 (complete text).

literature

Volker Honemann, ‘Franziskanische Geschichtsschreibung’, in: Geschichte der Sächsischen Franziskanerprovinz, 1: Von den Anfängen bis zur Reformation, ed. Volker Honemann (Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2015), 789-790.

 

 

 

 

Annales Lubicenses (1264-1324)

Annals that later were used by Detmar of Lübeck and other Franciscan authors.

editions

Annales Lubicenses, ed. I.M. Lappenberg, in: Monumenta Germania Historica Scriptores XVI (Hannover, 1859), 411-429.

literature

Volker Honemann, ‘Franziskanische Geschichtsschreibung’, in: Geschichte der Sächsischen Franziskanerprovinz, 1: Von den Anfängen bis zur Reformation, ed. Volker Honemann (Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2015), 791.

 

 

 

 

Annales Minorum Prussicorum (c. early 14th cent.?)

This conglomerate of texts (the title Annales Minorum Prussicorum was chosen by the editors) provides annalistic remarks on several Franciscan convents/loca in the Prussian region, such as Thorn, Kulm, Neuenburg, and Braunschweig. The last entry dates from 1308. The late 15th-century manuscript double leaf containing these notices, which have survived in the Stadtarchiv, has been edited by Strehle and Lemmens (see below).

editions

Annales Minorum Prussicorum, ed. Ernst Strehkle, in: Scriptores Rerum Prussicarum, ed. Theodor Hirsch, Max Toeppen & Ernst Strehlke, 5 Vols. (Leipzig, 1874) I, 647f Annales Minorum Prussicorum, ed. Leonhard Lemmens, Archivum Franciscanum Historicum 6 (1913), 702-704.

literature

Volker Honemann, ‘Franziskanische Geschichtsschreibung’, in: Geschichte der Sächsischen Franziskanerprovinz, 1: Von den Anfängen bis zur Reformation, ed. Volker Honemann (Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2015), 790-791.

 

 

 

 

Annales Turonenses (14th cent.?)

Annals created in the Franciscan friary of Thorn. The original annals, which might have started in the year 430 and continue until the year 1340, has not survived. What did survive were Latin excerpts, possibly a partly derivative set of Annales Turonenses edited by Strehlke in Scriptores rerum Prussicarum (Leipzig, 1866) III, 57-316), as well as a German translation, the creation context of which remains unclear, edited from a Cambridge manuscript by Herbert Ludat (see under editions).

editions

Annales Turonenses (German version), edited in: Herbert Ludat (ed.), 'Annalistische Aufzeichnungen zur Geschichte zur Geschichte des Deutschen Ordens im 14. Jahrhunderts', Zeitschrift für Ostforschung 5 (1956), 97-104.

literature

Volker Honemann, ‘Franziskanische Geschichtsschreibung’, in: Geschichte der Sächsischen Franziskanerprovinz, 1: Von den Anfängen bis zur Reformation, ed. Volker Honemann (Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2015), 791 [with more, albeit sometimes somewhat confusing information]

 

 

 

 

Antiphonaria Terrae Sanctae (14th-15th cent.)

A range of Franciscan antiphonaria and related liturgical texts and songs were produced in the Franciscan Jerusalem settlement under Ottoman rule during the fourteenth fifteenth century. They have been studied and at least in part edited in Elena Niccolai, 'Antifonari francescani di Terrasanta (1431-1492). 1. Betlemme, Monte Sion, Betania, Monte Oliveto, ‘Peregrinationes infra Ierusalem civitatem’, Valle di Giosafat', Storie e linguaggi 1:2 (2015), 205-258; Martina Cita, 'Antifonari francescani di Terrasanta (1431-1492). 2. Santo Sepolcro, Siloe, Montana Giudea, Ebron, Fiume Giordano, Joppe, Nazareth, Damasco', Storie e linguaggi 1:2 (2015), 259-308.

 

 

 

 

Apologia sive Tractatus Defensorius (c. 1492)

Flemish of Dutch treatise by an anonymous Franciscan friar.

literature

De Troeyer, Biobibliographia Franciscana Neerlandica ante Saec XVI I, 189

 

 

 

 

Ars Praedicandi, Tractatus de Modo Praedicandi, Modus Colligendi Sermones, Octo Modi Dilatandi Materiam, Directoria Generalia Orandi et Collationandi

A conglomerate of texts that might go back to a German Franciscan circle involved with the production of preaching manuals.

manuscripts

Tractatus de Modo Praedicandi: MS Eichstatt, 683, 4°, ff. 1-6v.

Tractatus de Modo Inveniendi Materias Praedicandi: MS Eichstatt, 683, 4°, ff. 225-226.

Ars Praedicandi: MS Eichstatt, 683, 4°, ff. 226-228.

Modus Colligendi Sermones: Lüneburg,Ratsbücherei Theol. 4°, 5.

Octo Modi Dilatandi Materiam: Bibl. Munich State Library, Lat. 8826 f. 3ff.

Directoria Generalia Orandi et Collationandi: Nuremberg, Germanisches Nationalmuseum, 27985, 2°

 

 

 

 

Bedudinghe op Cantica Canticorum (15th century)

A Dutch vernacular reworking of the Franciscan Glossa Tripartita super Cantica, which itself is a Franciscan text from the late thirteenth or early fourteenth century (in its final redaction possibly around 1320). This Latin commentary on the Song of Songs holds the middle ground between a fully academic commentary and a more devotionally oriented text. The Dutch Bedudinghe op Cantica Canticorum is a fifteenth century reworking that has survived in 43 manuscripts, and can be considered as part of the late medieval pseudo-bonaventurian cloud of texts that circulated in vernacular versions in Germany and the Low Countries.

editions/literature

Bedudinghe op Cantica Canticorum. Vertaling en bewerking van ‘Glossa tripartita super Cantica’. Teksthistorische studies en kritische editie, I: Teksthistorische studies, II: Kritische editie, ed. Kees Schepers, Miscellanea Neerlandica, 35 (Louvain: Peeters, 2006). Cf. Review in CF 77 (2007), 406f.

 

 

 

 

Breviarium Decretorum (15th cent.)

A late medieval German Franciscan Decretal compilaton for educative purposes in the Franciscan school network?.

manuscripts

Breviarium Decretorum: MS Sydney, Univ. Libr., Nicholson 16 (15th cent.)

 

 

 

 

Brevissimus Tractatus Septemplicis Distinctionis

Scotist treatise?.

manuscripts

Brevissimus Tractatus Septemplicis Distinctionis: MS Madrid,Biblioteca Nacional 2017 ff. 40v-43v.

 

 

 

 

Cartas Ficticias

manuscripts

Cartas Ficticias: Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional, 2341.

literature

M. de Castro, Manuscritos Franciscanos de la Biblioteca Nacional de Madrid (Madrid: Servicio de Publicaciones del Ministerio de Educacion y Ciencia, 1973), 127.

 

 

 

 

Catalogus sanctorum fratrum minorum (ca. 1335)

A catalogue of Franciscan saints following the provinces of the order. The work originated from the Provincia sancti Francisci and in several manuscripts also appears as part of the Fac secundum exemplar collection.

editions/literature

The work has been edited in Lemmens, Fragmenta Minoria. See also: Volker Honemann, ‘Das mittelalterliche Schrifttum der Franziskaner der Sächsischen Ordensprovinz unter besonderer Berücksichtigung deutschsprachiger Zeugnisse’, in: i>Geschichte der Sächsischen Franziskanerprovinz, 1: Von den Anfängen bis zur Reformation, ed. Volker Honemann (Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2015), 630-631.

 

 

 

 

Chronica conventus Luneburgensis (mid 15th cent.?)

Chronicle dealing with the thirteenth-century foundation and the fifteenth-century reform of the Lüneburg friary.

editions

Von dem Barfuesser Marienkloster zu Lüneburg, ed. Ludwig Albrecht Gebhardi, in: Idem, Historisch-Geneaologische Abhandlungen, IV (Lüneburg-Leipzig, 1767), 173-236 (textedition on pp. 203-214).

literature

Volker Honemann, ‘Franziskanische Geschichtsschreibung’, in: Geschichte der Sächsischen Franziskanerprovinz, 1: Von den Anfängen bis zur Reformation, ed. Volker Honemann (Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2015), 815-817.

 

 

 

 

Chronica conventus Ordinis Fratrum Minorum prope Isenacum (mid 15th cent.)

A chronicle of the Eisenach friary (Thüringen), compiled by an anonymous Franciscan friar from Eisenach c. 1450. The first part contains a wealth of more general historical entries running from 1393 to 1445. The second part is more clearly a convent chronicle for the period 1322-1441. This is not the only chronicle created in this friary. Another chronicle was written by Johannes Rothe.

editions

Chronica conventus Ordinis Fratrum Minorum prope Isenacum, ed. Serapeum 14 (Leipzig, 1853), 379-382 (second half); J. Kremer, 'Beiträge zur Geschichte der klösterlichen Niederlassungen Eisenachs im Mittelalter', Quellen Gesch. Fulda 2 (1905), 170-177.

literature

Neues Archiv der Gesellschaft für ältere deutsche Geschichtskunde 20 (1895), 408-409 (manuscript info provided by Oswald Holder-Egger); MGH Scriptores Rerum Germanicarum, 42 (Hannover, 1899), 141 (manuscript info provided by Oswald Holder-Egger); H. Patze, 'Landesgeschichtsschreibung in Thüringen', Jahrbuch für die Geschichte Mittel- und Ostdeutschlands 16/17 (1968), 119f.; Volker Honemann, ‘Franziskanische Geschichtsschreibung’, in: Geschichte der Sächsischen Franziskanerprovinz, 1: Von den Anfängen bis zur Reformation, ed. Volker Honemann (Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2015), 813-815 (further analysis of the text).

 

 

 

 

Chronica XXIV Generalium Ordinis Fratrum Minorum (Arnaud de Sarrant?, c. 1375/80)

The Chronica XXIV Generalium Ordinis Fratrum Minorum or Chronicle of the Twenty-Four Generals of the Order of Friars Minor might have been the work of the Franciscan friar Arnaud de Sarrant/Arnald de Sarrant, but this ascription is by no means secure (cf. Lützelschwab (2010) and the remarks in the works of Dolso mentioned below). The chronicle provides information on the order from its foundation by Francis of Assisi in 1209 to the 24th minister general (Leonardo Rossi, 1373–1378). Aside from information on minister generals, the work contains a host of other materials on Franciscan saints, theologians, provincial officials, as well as accounts of miracles and controversies. As such, it became a starting point for many later Franciscan chroniclers.

editions

Chronica XXIV Generalium Ordinis Minorum Cum Pluribus Appendicibus Inter Quas Excellit Hucusque Ineditus Liber de Laudibus S. Francisci Fr. Bernardi a Bessa..., in: Analecta Franciscana ad Historiam Fratrum Minorum Spectantia 3 (Quaracchi, 1897); Reprint: Chronica XXIV Generalium Ordinis Minorum Cum Pluribus Appendicibus Inter Quas Excellit Hucusque Ineditus Liber de Laudibus S. Francisci Fr. Bernardi a Bessa... (Nabu Press, 2011). An English version can also be found on url http://http://i-tau.com/franstudies/texts/chronica_final.pdf The latter is a pdf of: Arnald of Sarrant, Chronicle of the Twenty-Four Generals of the Order of Friars Minor [1369-1374], trans. Noel Muscat (Malta: TAU Franciscan Communications, 2016).

literature

Repertorium Fontium Historiae Medii Aevi, III, Rome 1970, 398-399; Maria Teresa Dolso, ‘Un nuovo manoscritto della ‘Chronica XXIV generalium Ordinis Minorum.’ Il codice 142 della Bibliothèque municipale de Strasburgo’, Franciscana 3 (2001), 191-200; Maria Teresa Dolso, La Chronica XXIV Generalium: il difficile percorso dell’unità nella storia francescana, Collana Centro Studi Antoniani, 40 (Padua, 2003); M.T. Dolso, ‘I manoscritti della Chronica XXIV Generalium Ordinis Minorum’, Franciscana 6 (2004), 185-261; Ralf Lützelschwab, ‘Chronica XXIV generalium Ordinis Fratrum Minorum’, Encyclopedia of the Medieval Chronicle, ed. Graeme Dunphy (Leiden: Brill, 2010), 451; Maria Teresa Dolso, 'La Chronica XXIV Generalium. Celebrazione della santità minoritica', in: Storia della spiritualità francescana, I: secoli XIII-XVI, ed. M. Bartoli, W. Block & A. Mastromatteo (Bologna: Edizione Dehoniane, 2017), 421-436.

 

 

 

 

Chronicon Parmense (early 14th cent., Franciscan provenance?)

This town chronicle relates the history of Parma in a vernacularized Latin from 1038 until 1309. Alongside Salimbene's Cronica, this anonymous town chronicle is the major narrative source for the history of Parma. The Franciscan provenance of this text is not secure.

editions

Chronicon Parmense, ed. L.A. Muratori, in: Idem, Rerum Italicarum Scriptores (Milan, 1723-51) IX, col. 756-880; Chronicon Parmense ab anno 1038 usque ad annum 1338, ed. Giuliano Bonazzi, in: Rerum italicarum. Nuova edizione (Istituto istorico italiano, 1902-1904).

literature

Girolamo Tiraboschi, Storia della letteratura italiana (N. Bettoni e Comp., 1833) II, 398-399.

 

 

 

 

Chronik von Namslau (17th-later 18th cent.)

Convent chronicle from Namslau (Saxony) compiled in the later 17th and 18th century, with the last entry covering the year 1754.

editions/literature

Lucius (Alfons) Teichmann, Die Franziskanerklöster in Mittel- und Ostdeutschland 1223-1993 (ehemaliges Ostdeutschland in den Reichsgrenzen von 1938), Studien zur katholischen Bistums- und Klostergeschichte, 37 (Leipzig, 1995), 154-156.

 

 

 

 

Collectio Sermonum de Dominiciis, de Festis et de Sanctis ad Usum Fratrum Minorum (14th cent.)

French Franciscan sermon collection from the fourteenth century.

manuscripts

Collectio Sermonum de Dominiciis, de Festis et de Sanctis ad Usum Fratrum Minorum: MS Paris, BN, Lat. 3302 ff. 1-96 (14th cent.)

 

 

 

 

Commentarius in Apocalypsim (Pseudo Alexander Halensis)

An Apocalypse commentary by an anonymous friar minor that in the past was assigned to Alexander of Hales (see also under his name elsewhere in this catalogue).

manuscripts

Comm. in Apocalypsim: MS Wolfenbüttel, Herzog Augustbibliothek Novi 960 ff. 69rb-94rb

 

 

 

 

Commentarius in Apocalypsim (Pseudo Hugh of St. Cher/Pseudo Thomas Aquinas, between 1240-1244)

An Apocalypse commentare with strong links with the co-workers of Hugh of St. Cher OP. The question is therefore also whether this work is indeed of Franciscan provenance, as is assumed by several scholars. The work eventually found its way in older editions of the works of Thomas Aquinas.

editions

Sancti Thomae Aquinatis Doctoris Angelici Ordinis Praedicatorum Opera Omnia (Parma, 1869) XXIII, coll. 326-511. [Yet the incipits of the text printed there are not the same as the fragments given by Smalley on the basis of MS Oxford, Bodl. 444 (2385), ff. 28r-177v]

literature

Stegmüller, Repertorium, no. 3771; B. Smalley, ‘John Russel O.F.M.’, Recherches de Théologie Ancienne et Médiévale. 23 (1956) 302; R.E.Lerner, ‘Poverty, Preaching, and Eschatology in the Revelation Commentaries of ‘Hugh of St. Cher’.’, in: The Bible in the Medieval World. Essays in Memory of Beryl Smalley, K. Walsh & D. Wood, Studies in Church History, Subsidia, 4 (Oxford, 1985), 157-189; David Burr, Olivi’s Peaceable Kingdom, >>!.

 

 

 

 

Commentarius in Apocalypsim (Pseudo Bernardinus Senensis, late 13th century)

An Apocalypse commentary by an anonymous friar minor that appears in several old editions of Bernardino of Siena. There are possibly connections with the Apocalypse commentaries of Vital du Four and William of Meliton.

editions

Sancti Bernardini Senensi Ordinis Seraphici Minorum in Apocalypsim beati Ioannis Commentarii. in: S. Bernardini Senensis Opera Omnia, ed. Joannes de la Haye (Paris 1635/Lyon, 1650/Venice, 1745) V, 1-177.

literature

Dionysius Pacetti, ‘Le postille autografe sopra l'Apocalisse di S. Bernardino da Siena recentemente scoperte nella Bibl. Naz. di Napoli’, Archivum Franciscanum Historicum 56 (1963), 40-70.

 

 

 

 

Commentarius in primum librum sententiarum Petri Lombardi (c. 1325)

This Sentences commentary on the first book of the Sentences of Lombard was the product of a Franciscan friar active at Paris in the 1320s. The work, probably composed in the context of fulfilling his degree obligations at the Franciscan Studium generale, interacts heavily with the works of dominant (predominantly Franciscan) theologians of the later thirteenth and early fourteenth century (esp. Peter Aureol and Duns Scotus)

manuscripts

In I. Sent [?]: Vienna, Oesterr. Nationalbibl. Palatinus 1439 ff. 1-55

literature

Russel L. Friedman & Christopher D. Schabel, ‘The Vitality of Franciscan Theology at Paris in the 1320s...’, Ad’HDLMA 63 (1996), 357-372.

 

 

 

 

Compilatio Assisiensis seu Legenda Perusina (c. 1244-1260?)

Ever since the early studies by Delorme after his discovery of the text in MS Perugia, Biblioteca Comunale Augusta 1046 ff. 94-127, this work has been discussed in modern scholarship under a variety of names, including Compilatio Assisiensis, Legenda Antiqua Sancti Francisci, I fiori dei tre compagni, Scripta Leonis, Rufini et Angeli Sociorum S. Francisci, and Legenda Perusina. This makes it very difficult for outsiders to identify the text and its connections with other sources discussed in the eternal ‘Franciscan question' debates. The complexity of the debate is also fuelled by the fact that the work seems to consist of at least three different parts, which not necessarily have a common origin. The work is certainly a compilation, and in all probability in part connected with the dossiers gathered by Leo and his group after 1244 at the request of general minister Crescenzio of Jesi. Based on one's evaluation of the status of this text, and its relation with other ‘works’ ascribed to the same circle, the supposed date of composition varies. Felice Accrocca (2013) and Alfonso marini (2015) consider the Compilatio Assisiensis the living voice of the companions of Francis. But as ever, scholarly evaluations of the work differ.

manuscripts

Perugia, Biblioteca Comunale Augusta MS 1046 ff. 94-127. This manuscript was until 1381 in the library of the Sacro Convento of Assisi, and was probably produced in that house between 1310 and 1312. Hence it goes back on older text witnesses that have not survived.

editions

I Fiori dei tre Compagni. Testi francescani latini ordinati, con introduzione e note, ed. Jacques Cambell., Versione italiana a fronte, trans. Nello Vian (Milan, 1966) [cf Rview of Edith Pásztor in Studi Medievali (1968), 252-264]; Scripta Leonis, Rufini et Angeli Sociorum Sancti Francisci, ed & trans. Rosalind B. Brooke (Oxford: Oxford UP, 1970); ‘Compilatio Assisiensis’ dagli scritti di fr. Leone e compagni su S. Francesco d’Assisi Dal. Ms. 1046 di Perugia, 2. edizone integrale riveduta e corretta con versione italiana a fronte e variazioni, ed. Marino Bigaroni, Biblioteca Francescana di Chiesa Nuova (Assisi: Porziuncola, 1992); Compilatio Assisiensis (Legenda seu Compilatio Perusina), in: Fontes Francescani (1995), 1471-1690.

translations

We Were With Saint Francis: An Early Franciscan Story, trans. Salvator Butler (Chicago: Franciscan Herald Pressm , 1976); Légende de Pérouse, trans. & introd. Damien Vorreux & Théophile Desbonnets’, in: Saint Francois d’Assise: Documents, écrits et Premières Biographies (Paris : Éditions franciscaines, 1981); Saint Francis of Assisi. Writings and Early Biographies. English Omnibus of the Sources for the Life of Saint Francis, ed. Marion A. Habig (Chicago: Franciscan Herald Press, 1973), 975-1091; Herinneringen aan broeder Franciscus, trans. M. Siert (Haarlem, 1985)The Assisi Compilation, in: Francis of Assisi: Early Documents, ed. Regis J. Armstrong, J. Wayne Hellmann, & William J. Short (New City Press, 2000) II, 111-220.

literature

Ferdinand Delorme, ‘La ‘Legenda antiqua sancti Francisci’ du MS. 1046 de la Bibliothèque Communale de Pérouse’, AFH 15 (1922), 23-70, 278-332; A. Gattucci, ‘Dalla ‘Legenda antiqua S. Francisci’ alla ‘Compilatio Assisiensis’. Storia di un testo piu prezioso che fortunato’, Studi Medievali 20 (1979), 790-807; Raoul Manselli, Nos qui cum eo fuimus. Contributo alla questione francescana, Bibliotheca Seraphico-Capuccina, 28 (Rome: Istituto storico dei Cappuccini, 1980); Felice Accrocca, ‘La Compilatio Assisiensis nella ‘Questione Francescana”, AFH 86 (1993), 105-110; Jacques Dalarun, La malavventura di Francesco d’Assisi. Per un uso storico delle legende francescana (Milan: Edizioni Biblioteca Francescana, 1996), 140-150; Emil Kumka, ‘La ‘Compilatio Assisiensis’. Una prova dell’analisi strutturale e concettuale’, Miscellanea Francescana 103 (2003), 233-306; Achim Wesjohann, Mendikantische Gründungserzählungen im 13. und 14. Jahrhundert: Mythen als Element institutioneller Eigengeschichtsschreibung der mittelalterlichen Franziskaner, Dominikaner und Augustiner-Eremiten, Vita Regularis. Ordnungen und Deutungen religiosen Lebens im Mittelalter, Abhandlungen, 49 (Münster: LIT Verlag, 2012), 100-101; Felice Accrocca, Un santo di carta. Le fonti biografiche di san Francesco d’Assisi, Biblioteca di Frate Francesco, 13 (Rome-Milan: Centro Culturale Aracoeli-Biblioteca Francescana, 2013); Emil Kumka, Io non smetterò di ammaestrare i frati: La pedagogia di Francesco nella “Compilatio Assisiensis” (Città del Vaticano: Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2014 & 2015) [Review in Collectanea Franciscana 85:1-2 (2015), 298-299, and in Studi Francescani 112:3-4 (2015), 555ff.]; John W. Coakley, ‘The Conversion of St. Francis and the Writing of Christian Biography, 1228-1263’, Franciscan Studies 72 (2014), 27-71; Alfonso Marini, Francesco d'Assisi, il mercante del regno, Frecce, 197 (Rome: Carocci editore, 2015). Review in Collectanea Franciscana 85:3-4 (2015), 748-751; François Delmas-Goyon, ‘Structure de la Compilation d’Assise’, Études franciscaines n.s. 11 (2018),

 

 

 

 

Compendium de Virtute Humilitatis

This work used to be ascribed to Bonaventure. Now, it is ascribed to an unknown Franciscan friar, who used a sermon of Bonaventure as his point of departure.

editions

Compendium de Virtute Humilitatis, edited in: Bonaventura Opera Omnia (Quaracchi, 1898) VIII Appendix (Opusculum V), 658-662.

 

 

 

 

Compilatio Avenionensis (c. 1335)

A collection compiled shortly after 1335 at Avignon by a friar from the Saxony province, partly dependent upon Bonaventure’s Legenda major, but also including parts of the Speculum perfectionis, writings by Aegidius and other texts. This collection is also known as the Fac secundum exemplar collection (see there: these entries have to be corrected and re-assembled). A significant number of manuscripts were produced in the German lands.

manuscripts

Compilatio Avenionensis: Rome, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Vat. lat. 4354, ff. 106v-112v [edited in the study of Menestò mentioned below, on pp. 437-449]; etc.>>

literature

Enrico Menestò, 'La ‘Compilatio Avenionensis' una raccolta di testi francescani della prima metà del XIV secolo', Studi Medievali 33:3 (2003), 1423-1541 Enrico Menestò, ‘Una inedita micro compilazione trecentesca di racconti francescani dal ms. Vaticano Latino 4354’, in: Scritti di storia medievale offerti a Maria Consiglia De Matteis, ed. Berardo Pio, Uomini e mondi medievali, 27 (Spoleto: Centro italiano di studi sull'Alto Medioevo (CISAM), 2011), 413-450; Volker Honemann, ‘Das mittelalterliche Schrifttum der Franziskaner der Sächsischen Ordensprovinz unter besonderer Berücksichtigung deutschsprachiger Zeugnisse’, in: Geschichte der Sächsischen Franziskanerprovinz, 1: Von den Anfängen bis zur Reformation, ed. Volker Honemann (Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2015), 621ff.

 

 

 

 

Compilatio Exemplorum and Summa de Confessione (15th cent.)

Probably the work of one and the same Italian author. The Summa de Confessione is predominantly based upon the Summa Angelica, the Summa Pacifica, and on works of Francis Piazza of Bologna, Bernardino of Siena, Giovanni of Capistrano and Cherubino of Spoleto.

manuscripts

Compilatio Exemplorum: Naples, Biblioteca Nazionale, VIII.B.43 & XIV.C.35. Cf. Manoscritti francescani della Biblioteca Nazionale di Napoli, ed. Cesare Cenci, Spicilegium Bonaventurianum, 7-8 (Quaracchi, 1971) II, 816-7, 975-7.

Summa de Confessione Naples, Biblioteca Nazionale, XIV.E.29

 

 

 

 

Concilium Domini Mediolanensis Presbiter Cardinalis

Possibly written by the same author as the Utrum Liceat Adiurare Demones in the same manuscript.

manuscripts

Concilium Domini Mediolanensis Presbiter Cardinalis: MS Bologna, Coll. Hisp. S. Clemente 56.

 

 

 

 

Conciones/Sermones Mysticae

Product of a German Franciscan ‘lesemeister’.

literature

Kurt Ruh, Bonaventura deutsch. Ein Beitrag zur deutschen Franziskanermystik und scholastik (Bern, 1956), 52.

 

 

 

 

Considerazioni sulle Stimmate di San Francesco (late 14th cent.)

A rather popular text in the Italian vernacular that is based in part on the Actus beati Francisci et sociorum eius and by some is seen as an addition to the famous vernacular transformation of the Actus known as the Fioretti. However, the Considerazioni and the Fioretti are not necessarily the product of the same compiler/group of compiler-translators. Nevertheless, they often can be found together in early manuscript compilations, and they can also be found together in the oldest incunable edition of the Fioretti. The oldest known surviving manuscript witness of the Considerazioni seems to date to 1396. What is interesting about the Considerazioni is its focus on La Verna as a holy place.

editions

Considerazioni sulle Stimmate di San Francesco, ed. Nunzio Bianchi (Modugno: Stilo Editrice, 2013). There are also a number of old editions, starting with the text witness present in the 1476 incunable edition of the Fioretti.

literature

Benvenuto Bughetti, 'Alcune Idee Fondamentali sui ‘Fioretti di S. Francesco”, Archivum Franciscanum Historicum 29 (1926), 323-333; Bianchi (see under editions).

 

 

 

 

Constituciones que hizo la Observancia para los recoletos de España en Madrid (1502)

Spanish Observant constitutions.

editions

Constituciones que hizo la Observancia para los recoletos de España en Madrid (1502), ed. Meseguer Fernández, in: AIA 21 (1961), 29-31.

 

 

 

 

Crónica de la provincia Santa de Santiago (17th cent.)

Provincial order chronicle, with information on the Franciscan Santiago province from its beginnings in 1214 until 1614.

editions

Crónica de la provincia Santa de Santiago (1214-1614) (por un franciscano anónimo del siglo XVII), ed. Manuel de Castro (Madrid: AIA, 1971).

 

 

 

 

Cronica minoritae Erphordensis (second half 13th cent.)

This short chronicle is probably the work of a friar Minor who was active in the Erfurt friary, who more or less completed a first version of the text around 1261, reworking and adding materials until 1272. The work was subsequently continued in seven installments until the year 1330, an addition covering 1421-1426, and subsequent continuations (the so-called Annales Veterocellenses). The chronicle also shows that the author visited Rome several times and that he must have participated in the 1256 general chapter, held in the Aracoeli. The chronicle is built around a substantial chronological treatment of the gesta and statuta of subsequent popes from the times of the early Church until the author’s own time. The chronicle also deals more shortly in a chronological fashion with the gesta of subsequent emperors. Hence it is a pope-emperor chronicle that emphasizes papal history. It is predominantly a compilation, based on Orosius, Eusebius-Jerome, Bede, Lambert of Hersfeld, Petrus Comestor, canon law collections and existing hagiographical materials, grouped around a catalogue of popes.

editions

Cronica minoritae Erphordensis, ed. O. Holder-Egger, MGH SS Rer. Germ. XXIV (Hannover, 1899), 486-671. The various additions and continuations can be found on pp. 671-704. On the manuscripts available for the edition, which fall into several manuscript groups (more or less two manuscript of a so-called 'A version', quite a large number of manuscripts for a diversified B version, a C version etc.), see Holder-Egger's introduction, as well as the insightful remarks of Honemann (2015).

literature

Th.F. Bonmann, Die literaturkundlichen Quellen des Franziskanerordens im Mittelalter (Munich, 1937), 14; Wilhelm Wattenbach & Franz Josef Schmale, Deutschlands Geschichtsquellen im Mittelalter. Vom Tode Kaiser Heinrichs V. bis zum Ende des Interregnums (Darmstadt, 1976) I, 409f.; Dieter Berg, 'Studien zur Geschichte und Historiographie der Franziskaner im flämischen und norddeutschen Raum', Franziskanische Studien 65 (1983), 114-155; B. Roest, Reading the Book of History (Groningen, 1996), passim; Dieter Berg, Armut und Wissenschaft. Studien sur Geschichte der Bettelorden im Hohen und Späten Mittelalter (Kevelaer, 1998), passim; Volker Honemann, ‘Franziskanische Geschichtsschreibung’, in: Geschichte der Sächsischen Franziskanerprovinz, 1: Von den Anfängen bis zur Reformation, ed. Volker Honemann (Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2015), 780-788.

 

 

 

 

Cronica Sacriste Pysini Ordinis Minorum (an. 1380)

Italian Franciscan chronicle.

manuscripts

Cronica Sacriste Pysini Ordinis Minorum: MS Vienna, Österr. Landesbibl. 3284 (an. 1380).

 

 

 

 

Declarationes Senece Moraliçate (1475)

Anonymous Italian work, possibly made in the context of courses of moral theology.

manuscripts

Declarationes: Naples, Biblioteca Nazionale, I.H.39 f. 259v-264v; Erfurt Bib. Amplon. In Quart. 391 f. 25-33.

 

 

 

 

De Confessione (mid 15th century)

Fifteenth-century confessional text.

manuscripts

De Confessione: Naples, Biblioteca Nazionale, VII. E. 33

literature

G. Giovanardi, Studi Francescani 12 (1915), 49-67; Piana, AFH, 41 (1948), 247f, n. 4; Manoscritti francescani della Biblioteca Nazionale di Napoli, ed. Cesare Cenci, Spicilegium Bonaventurianum, 7-8 (Quaracchi, 1971) I, 522.

 

 

 

 

De Consequentiis, De Suppositionibus, Sofismas (c. 1356-1374, Pseudo Albert of Saxony)

These related texts are possibly the work of the so-called `calculators' of Oxford, and he might have been acquainted with John Sutton.

manuscripts

De Consequentiis, De Suppositionibus, Sofismas: a.o. MS Paris BN Lat. 14715, f. 59vb-78rb; Berlin Staatsbibl. Lat. F. 15rb-33vb.

editions

>>

literature

A. Muñoz García, `Un Ps. Alberto de Sajonia franciscano?', in: Editori di Quaracchi, 100 anni dopo, 227-238.

 

 

 

 

Defensorium contra Errores Johannis Papae(first half 14th cent.)

Text written in the context of the conflict between Pope John XXII and the Franciscans Michael of Cesena, Bonegratia of Bergamo and William of Ockham.

literature

Cl. Schmitt, AFH, 80 (1987), 466-471; F. Accrocca, Archivum Historiae Pontificae, 32 (1994), 329-341; F. Accrocca, `Il Defensorium', in: Editori di Quaracchi, 100 anni dopo, 333-335.

 

 

 

 

Defensorium Logicae Ockham (first half 14th cent.)

This defense of Ockham's logical positions was possibly the product of a Franciscan friar in Denmark.

editions

Robert Andrews, ‘The Defensorium Ockham: an edition’, Cahiers de l’institut du Moyen-Age grec et latin 71 (2000), 189-273 (probably written by a Danish Franciscan and preserved in MS Rome, Biblioteca Angelica, 1017).

literature

Sten Ebbesen, ‘A note on Ockham’s Defender’, Cahiers de l’Institut du Moyen-Age grec et latin 71 (2000), 275-277.

 

 

 

 

De inceptione vel fundamento Ordinis (Anonymus Perusinus)

Anonymous work from Perugia or its neighbourhood. Its full title is De inceptione vel fundamento Ordinis et actibus illorum fratrum Minorum qui fuerunt primi in religione et socii B. Francisci. The only medieval manuscript of the work is no longer in existence. Scholars are in disagreement over the question whether the work is based on (a version of) the Legenda trium sociorum or that it is the other way around (and that the Legenda is depended on the Anonymus Perusinus. Grau (1993), Wesjohann (2012), among others argue for the the former position. Di Fonzo, Causse, Dalarun and the translators of the Francis of Assisi: Early Documents volumes argue for the latter. Depending on this, the verdict on the date of composition also varies considerably. The work probably dated from the late 13th (or early 14th?) century. This dating, which also depends on when one wishes to date the Legenda trium sociorum is, of course, liable to change due to ongoing developments in the scholarly discussions on the so-called Francican question.

editions

A partial edition is included in Acta Sanctorum Oct. II, 549-560. Another, more complete edition appeared as Anonymus Perusinus, ed. F. van Ortroy, in: Miscellanea francescana 9 (1902), 33-48. Later, a new critical edition with contextual studies appeared as L. Di Fonzo, ‘L’Anonimo Perugino tra le fonti francescane del secolo XIII: Rapporti letterari e testo critico’, Miscellanea francescana 72 (1972), 117–483. Under the title De inceptione vel fundamento Ordinis et actibus illorum fratrum Minorum qui fuerunt primi in religione et socii B. Francisci (Anonymus Perusinus), the work can be found in: Fontes Franciscani, ed. Enrico Menestò, Stefano Brufani, Giuseppe Cremascoli, Giovanni M. Boccali et al, (Assisi: Porziuncola, 1995), 131-1351. The Latin text can also be found on url http://www.rilievo.poliba.it/bsc/bsc/st/cc/orm/francescani/index.html and on http://i-tau.com/wp/wp-content/uploads2/spirtuUhajja/spirtuUhajja87.pdf

translations

The Beginning or Founding of the Order and the Deeds of Those Lesser Brothers Who Were the First Companions of Blessed Francis in Religion, in: Francis of Assisi: Early Documents, ed. Regis J. Armstrong, J. Wayne Hellmann, & William J. Short (New City Press, 2000) II, 31-58. For a Dutch translation, see: Het begin van de orde der mindere broeders, trans. M. Siert in: Idem: Herinneringen aan broeder Franciscus (Haarlem, 1985), 153-180.

literature

Pierre B. Beguin, L’Anonyme de Pérouse. Un témoin de la fraternité franciscaine primitive, confronté aux autres sources contemporaines, Textes franciscains, 14 (Paris: Éditions franciscaines, 1979); Engelbert Grau, Die Dreigefährtenlegende des heiligen Franziskus von Bruder Leo, Rufin und Angelus und Anonymus Perusinus, Franziskanische Quellenschriften, 8 (Werl: Coelde, 1993), 187-219; Felice Accrocca, ‘Un’opera preziosa e a lungo dimenticata: ‘De inceptione vel fundamento Ordinis’, Frate Francesco 71 (2005), 169-201; L. Lehmann, ‘Johannes von Perugia (Anonymus Perusinus), Über die Anfänge des Ordens’, in: Franziskus-Quellen. Die Schriften des Heiligen Franziskus, Lebensbeschreibungen, Chroniken und Zeugnisse über ihn und seinen Orden, ed. Dieter Berg, Leonhard Lehmann et al., Zeugnisse des 13. und 14. Jahrhunderts zur Franziskanischen Bewegung, Band 1 (Kevelaer: Butzon & Bercker, Ed. T. Coelde, 2009), 571-601; Achim Wesjohann, Mendikantische Gründungserzählungen im 13. und 14. Jahrhundert: Mythen als Element institutioneller Eigengeschichtsschreibung der mittelalterlichen Franziskaner, Dominikaner und Augustiner-Eremiten, Vita Regularis. Ordnungen und Deutungen religiosen Lebens im Mittelalter, Abhandlungen, 49 (Münster: LIT Verlag, 2012), 97-100; Felice Accrocca, Un santo di carta. Le fonti biografiche di san Francesco d’Assisi, Biblioteca di Frate Francesco, 13 (Rome-Milan: Centro Culturale Aracoeli-Biblioteca Francescana, 2013); G. Miccoli, ‘De inceptione (o «Anonimo Perugino»)’, Vita Minorum 84:6 (2013), 7-46; Alfonso Marini, Francesco d'Assisi, il mercante del regno, Frecce, 197 (Rome: Carocci editore, 2015). Review in Collectanea Franciscana 85:3-4 (2015), 748-751 [Marini has a more negative view on De inceptione, than, for instance Roberto Rusconi].

 

 

 

 

De inclito Adolpho comite Holzacie, ordinis Minorum in Kyl

Early fifteenth-century prose latin text on County Adolph IV von Schauenburg, who joined the Franciscans in 1239, in accordance with a promise made to Saint Mary Magdalene, to whom he had appealed prior to the battle of Bornhöved (1227), in which he was victorious. He lived first in the convent of Hamburg, which he had help create, and then he transferred to the convent of Kiel, with the founding of which he also had been involved. He died there on 8 July 1261. Quite a number of German and latin prose and verse texts devoted to Adolph's conversion were made in the Franciscan Saxony province from the thirteenth century onwards. Not all of those texts were of Franciscan provenance (cf. Honemann (2015), mentioned below), but it would seem that the De inclito Adolpho comite Holzacie, ordinis Minorum in Kyl can probably be ascribed to the ambiance of the Franciscans of Hamburg. The work has survived in two fifteenth-century manuscripts, both of which originate from the Bordesholm monastery and can be assigned to the scribe Johannes de Naso (Ness).

manuscripts

De inclito Adolpho comite Holzacie: Kiel, Universitätsbibliothek, MS Bordesholm 61A; Wiener Neustadt, Neukloster, Stiftsbibl., MS XII. D. 21.

editions

W. Leverkus, 'Zum sechshundertjährigen Gedächtniss – Nachricht des Franziskanerklosters zu Kiel über das Leben des Grafen Adolf IV. von Holstein † 1261', Jahrbücher für die Landeskunde der Herzogthümer Schleswig, Holstein und Lauenburg 4 (1861), 374-377; De inclito Adolpho comite Holzacie, ordinis minorum in Kyl, ed. N. Beeck, in: Quellen für die Geschichte von Schleswig-Holstein 4:1 (1874), 223-227 (intro on pp. 207-222).

literature

See for starters the introduction by Beek mentioned in the section concerning the editions. Aside from that, see: C. Schirren, 'Die Prosa de inclito Adolfo', Zeitschrift der Gesellschaft für schleswig-holstein-lauenburgische Geschichte 7 (1877), 285-287; H. G. Walther, 'Die Entscheidung zur Gründung einer civitas holsatorum. Zum Verhältnis von Bettelordenskloster und Stadtgründung am Beispiel Kiels', in: Mare Balticum. Beiträge zur Geschichte des Ostseeraums in Mittelalter und Neuzeit. Festschrift zum 65. Geburtstag von Erich Hoffmann, ed. W. Paravicini, F. Lubowitz & H. Unverhau, Kieler Historische Studien, 36 (Sigmaringen, 1992), 125-135; H. G. Walther, 'Bettelordenskloster und Stadtgründung im Zeichen des Landesausbaus: Das Beispiel Kiel', in: Bettelorden und Stadt. Bettelorden und städtisches Leben im Mittelalter und in der Neuzeit, ed. Dieter Berg, Saxonia Franciscana, 1 (Werl: D. Coelde Verlag 1992), 19-32; N. Kruppa, 'Erinnerungen an einen Grafen – Adolf IV. von Schaumburg und seine Memoria', in: Adlige – Stifter – Mönche. Zum Verhältnis zwischen Klöstern und mittelalterlichem Adel, ed. N. Kruppa, Veröffentlichungen des Max-Planck-Instituts für Geschichte, 227 = Studien zur Germania Sacra, 30 (Göttingen, 2007), 183-223; Volker Honemann, ‘Franziskanische Geschichtsschreibung’, in: Geschichte der Sächsischen Franziskanerprovinz, 1: Von den Anfängen bis zur Reformation, ed. Volker Honemann (Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2015), 770-771 (for other texts on Adolph, some of which might also be of Franciscan provenance, see there pp. 767-771).

 

 

 

 

Den wijngaert van Sinte Franciscus vol schoonre historien, legenden, ende duechdelijcke leeringhen allen menschen seer profijtelijck (c.1514-1518)

This work is the product of an unknown Dutch friar, who seems to have been acquainted with Dirc Coelde. And it is quite possible that Matthias Weijnsen was involved with its publication. The Den wijngaert van Sinte Franciscus vol schoonre historien, legenden, ende duechdelijcke leeringhen allen menschen seer profijtelijck is a large vernacular compilation in three boeks and 856 pages of the major hagiographical and legendary texts concerning Francis, his early followers, and the major saints of the order, using the Legenda Trium Sociorum, the Speculum Perfectionis, the Actus Beati Francisci, the Opuscula Beati Francisci, the Liber de Conformitate, and related texts. The first book deals with the branches of the vine yard (Francis himself). The second book deals the flowers of the vine yard, that is with the saints of the order. The third book deals with the fruits or the grapes of the order: dealing with the greatness of the order, its important doctors, popes, cardinals, its royal and aristocratic members, the size of the order and its presence around the world, and the indulgences that can be earned on the feast days of the order. On the untimely publication of this work and the way it was received in subsequent decades, see the study of Goudriaan (2016).

editions

Den wijngaert van Sinte Franciscus vol schoonre historien, legenden, ende duechdelijcke leeringhen allen menschen seer profijtelijck (Antwerp: Hendrik van Homberch, 1518). This 1518 edition is now available via Google Books.

literature

Sbaralea, Supplementum I, 47; S. Dirks, Histoire littéraire et bibliographique des Frères Mineurs de l’Observance de St. François en Belgique et dans les Pays-Bas (Antwerp, 1885), 40; Bonaventura Kruitwagen, ‘Den Wijngaert van Sinte Franciscus’, Neerlandica Franciscana (1914), 43-72, 135-155; W. Schmitz, Het aandeel der minderbroeders in onze Middeleeuwse Literatuur. Inleiding tot een bibliografie der Nederlandse Franciscanen (Nijmegen, 1936), 61-63; B. de Troeyer, Bio-Bibliographia Franciscana Neerlandica Saeculi XVI, I: Pars Biographica (Nieuwkoop, 1969), 43-46; Koen Goudriaan, ‘The Vineyard of Saint Francis’, in: Religious Orders and Religious Identity Formation, ca. 1420–1620: Discourses and Strategies of Observance and Pastoral Engagement, ed. Bert Roest & Johanneke Uphoff (Leiden-Boston: Brill, 2016), 152-171.

 

 

 

 

Der kersten Eeuwe (late 15th cent./c. 1521>> two different works?)

Product of a Franciscan friar from the Cologne province, who wrote in a Brabant dialect and was active in the regions of Antwerp, Delft and Gouda. Der kersten Eeuwe, published in Antwerp around 1521 is a manual for living a Christian life, as also is indicated in it very first sentence: ‘Dit is den spieghel oft reghel des kersten gheloofs oft der kersten Eeuwe’. In 29 chapters, it provides concrete teachings on the Pater Noster, Ave Maria, the Ten Commandments, and the articles of faith. It battles superstition, and gives a ‘handful’ of advice, namely i.) to practice quick prayers for all occasions, ii.) to engage in daily examinations of conscience, iii.) to go monthly to confession, iv.) to go to communion on the four major feasts of the year and to engage mental communion during every mass, v.) and to make sure one has made a proper testament and paid one’s debts (hence to be ready for death). The works contains a wealth of additional admonitions and exemples on charity, and the importance of social peace.

editions

Der Kersten Eeuwe (Antwerpen: W. Vorsterman, ca. 1521).

literature

B. de Troeyer, Bio-Bibliographia Franciscana Neerlandica Saeculi XVI, I: Pars Biographica (Nieuwkoop, 1969), 51-53, 103-107 (two different works with same title? Check); Bio-Bibl. Francisc. Neerl. Incunab., ed. L. Mees, 87..

 

 

 

 

Descriptio Terrae Sanctae/Description de la Terre Sainte (c. 1463)

Possibly the work of a French or Burgundian friar, who visited the Holy Land and stayed with the friars in their Mount Sion convent in the mid-fifteenth century. He wrote for a prince who remained unnamed, but who might have to be identified with Philip the Good, the duke of Burgundy (1396-1467), who was a known patron of the Franciscans in Palestine.

editions

Descriptio Terrae Sanctae, edited in: Ch. Kohler, 'Description de la Terre Sainte par un franciscain anonyme 1463', Revue de l’Orient Latin 12 (1911), 1-67.

literature

Jacques Paviot, 'La devotion vis-à-vis de la Terre Sainte au XVe siècle: L’example de Philippe le Bon, duc de Bourgogne (1396-1467)', in: Autour de la première croisade. Actes du Colloque de la Society pour l'étude des Crusades et de L'Est Latin (Clermont-Ferrand, 22-25 juin 1995), ed. Michel Balard (Paris: Publications de la Sorbonne, 1996), 404, 410.

 

 

 

 

Deutschenspiegel & Schwabenspiegel

Unknown whether these text were really of Franciscan provenance. What seems certain is that the Sachsenspiegel of the knight Eike von Repgow (ca. 1230) - a very influential German book of law - was reworked in or in the context of the Franciscan friaries of Magdeburg and Augsburg into the so-called Deutschenspiegel (ca. 1265/70) and the so-called Schwabenspiegel (title after the medieval period). It is unknown whether the Franciscan friars David of Augsburg of Berthold of Regensburg were involved in this. Nevertheless, according to Johanek, the transformation of the Sachsenspiegel did take place in the Augsburg friary.

literature

Ferdinand Doelle, 'Die Rechtsstudien der deutschen Franziskaner im Mittelalter (...)', in: Aus der Geisteswelt des Mittelalters (1935) 1037-1064 (1045-1049); Peter Johanek, 'Augsburger Sachsenspiegel', Die deutsche Literatur des Mittelalters. Verfasserlexikon I (1978), 527f; Peter Johanek, 'Rechtsschrifttum', in: Die deutsche Literatur im späten Mittelalter, 1250-1370, Geschichte der deutschen Literatur von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart, III,2 (Munich, 1987), 396-4341 (413); Peter Johanek, 'Schwabenspiegel', Die deutsche Literatur des Mittelalters. Verfasserlexikon VIII (1992), 896-907; Peter Johanek, 'Spiegel aller deutschen Leute', Die deutsche Literatur des Mittelalters. Verfasserlexikon IX (1995), 94-100.

 

 

 

 

De via eundi de Joppe, et de S. Sepulchro et aliis locis (13th cent.)

editions:

Biblioteca bio-bibliografica della Terra Santa e dell'Oriente Francescano, ed. Girolamo Golubovich (Quaracchi, 1906) I, 405-408.

literature:

A.-D. von den Brincken, Die ‘Nationes Christianorum Orientalium' im Verständnis der lateinischen Historiographie, Cologne-Vienna, 1973, 446.

 

 

 

 

Devote Salutation des Membres Sacrez de la glorieuse Vierge Mère de Dieu (later 17th cent.)

Devote treatise by a French Capuchin friar.

editions

Devote Salutation des Membres Sacrez de la glorieuse Vierge Mère de Dieu, ed. Claude Louis-Combet & Gilles Banderier (Trévoux: La Compagnie de Trévoux, 2005).

 

 

 

 

Diarium Praedicationis (late 15th cent.)

Preaching diary of an anonymous Franciscan preacher, active between 1484-1507, found in MS Biblioteca Comunale di Foligno, MS. C. 85. The work was first described in Mario Sensi, ‘Predicazione itinerante a Foligno nel secolo XV’, Picenum Seraphicum 10 (1973), 139-195 (esp. pp. 145-147 & 190-193). Sensi thought the preacher was maybe Bernardino da Foligno. More recently, the work has been studied in Yoko Kimura, ‘Predicazione “di routine” di fine Quattrocento. Il diario di un predicatore anonimo francescano (Biblioteca Comunale di Foligno, Ms. C. 85)’, AFH 106:3-4 (2013), 585-598 & Yoko Kimura, ‘The Bildungsroman of an Anonymous Franciscan Preacher in Late Medieval Italy (Biblioteca Comunale di Foligno, MS C. 85)’, Medieval Sermon Studies 58 (2014), 47-64. Kimura does not want to confirm Sensi's attribution but agrees that the diary was the work of an Observant Franciscan friar. The sermons referred to and partly recorded are general sermons to towns people (one de tempre cycle, 20 quaresimal cycles, 9 Advent cycles, and a few individual sermons), and sermons to groups of religious people (friars in chapter, nuns, tertiaries, confraternities, as well as sermons/preaching occasions in dominican and benedictine churches. The diary provides info on the towns in which the preacher preached and normally provides the theme and the divisiones, auctoritates, exempla info of the sermons, and also indicates how the preacher in question grew into his homiletic role.

 

 

 

 

Disputatio inter inimicum domesticum paupertatis et zelatorem paupertatis (mid 13th cent.?)

This worked used to be ascibed to Hugh of Digne, but recent scholarship has denied this ascription. See for more information the entry on Hugh of Digne, as well as: Damien Ruiz, ‘Hugues de Digne, OMin., est-il l'auteur de la Disputatio inter zelatorem paupertatis et inimicum domesticum eivs? Étude et texte’,  AFH 95,3-4 (2002), 267-350; Felice Accrocca, 'Un nuovo testimone volgare della 'Disputatio inter inimicum domesticum paupertatis et zelatorem paupertatis' in una singolare redazione dello 'Specchio della perfectione dello stato delli Frati Minori' (Roma, Biblioteca Vallicelliana, MS. B-131)', in: Litterae ex quibus nomen Dei componitur. Studi per l’ottantesimo compleanno di Giuseppe Avarucci, ed. Aleksander Horowski, Bibliotheca Seraphico-Capuccina, 104 (Rome: Istituto Storico dei Cappuccini, 2016), 179-205.

 

 

 

 

Dives et Pauper (early 15th cent.)

This prose dialogue-treatise from the early fifteenth century (ca. 1405) is probably the work of an English Franciscan friar. Pauper is a mendicant friar and preacher, who instructs a rich man (Dives) in the Ten Commandmends with recourse to a wide range of lively andectotes. A prologue underlines the importance of poverty. The treatise clearly presupposes a decent understanding of the biblical message. The work was for a long time (also in some of its early imprints) ascribed to several non-Franciscan and even Lollard authors, but since the study of Pfander, scholarship leans towards a Franciscan provenance. The work has survived in 12 manuscripts and in three early printed editions (1493, 1496 and 1536). A modern edition in two volumes appeared in the 1970s. Hudson & Spencer (1984) ascribe to the same Franciscan friars a number of early fifteenth-century sermons.

editions

Dives et Pauper, ed. P.H. Barnum, EETS OS, 275 & 280, 2 Vols. (1976-1978).

literature

Rossell Hope Robbins, ‘Dives et Pauper’, Lexikon des Mittelalters III, 1132A; Hudson & H.L. Spencer, ‘Old Author, New Work: The Sermons of MS Longleat 4’, Medium Aevum 53 (1984), 220-238 [See also: An Edition of Selected Sermons from MS Longleat 4, ed. Adrian Willot, Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis (University of Bristol, 1994)].

 

 

 

 

Doctrinae Bonaventurae de Modo Praedicandi (13th cent.)

Pseudo-bonaventurian work.

manuscripts

Doctrinae Bonaventurae de Modo Praedicandi: MS Naples, Biblioteca Nazionale VII.F.29

 

 

 

 

Een cransken van minnen (1518)

This work was compiled in the early sixteenth century by an Observant Dutch friar. Its full title is Een cransken van minnen is dit boecxken genoemt ende sijn al ghebedekens van die passie ons heren vergadert van eenen devoten broeder vander observancien, wiens naem geschreven moet staen in dat boeck des levens. This booklet, which is in fact a compilation of many late medieval sources, was printed in 1518 in Delft. The work does not limit itself to the passion of Christ in the strict sense of the word. The introduction to the work already makes that clear: ‘Dit is een boecxken van minnen ende is een rosecransken om dancberheit te tonen onsen heer iesum christum ende is roerende van dat beginsel sijns geboorte met sijn heilighe leven ende sijn bitter passie met die verrisenis ende opvaert. Met die seven ween ende seven blijscappen van Maria, elck vervolghende in sijn plaets. Welck boecxken heeft vergadert een broeder vander observancie uut veel devote boecken, en heeftse gedeelt in lv gebeden.’ Hence, it amounts to a series of 55 prayers/devotional considerations about the life of Christ and the Virgin. Many of the prayers are translations of medieval texts, brought into recycling in a new configuration.

editions

Een cransken van minnen (Delft: Henricz Lettersnijder voor Michiel Hillen van Hoochstraten te Antwerpen, 1518).

literature

W. Schmitz, Het aandeel der minderbroeders in onze Middeleeuwse Literatuur. Inleiding tot een bibliografie der Nederlandse Franciscanen (Nijmegen, 1936), 131; B. de Troeyer, Bio-Bibliographia Franciscana Neerlandica Saeculi XVI  I: Pars Biographica (Nieuwkoop, 1969), 41.

 

 

 

 

Een devoot ende profitelijck boecxken, inhoudende veel gheestelijcke liedekens ende leysenen (1539)

This collection of religious songs stemms from a Franciscan friary in Mechelen (Malines) or a neighbouring house. It was compiled in the 1530s and publushed in Antwerp in 1539 under the title Een devoot ende profitelijck boecxken, inhoudende veel gheestelijcke liedekens ende leysenen. It contains no less than 259 religious songs from the later medieval period to contemporary productions, with an emphasis on christmas songs, Maria songs, and religious love songs (both Franciscan and non-Franciscan). As such it is one of the most important Dutch collections of religious songs from the period.

editions

Een devoot ende profitelijck boecxken inhoudende veel ghestelijcke liedekens ende leynsenen (Antwerp: Simon Cock, 1539); D.F. Scheurleer, Een devoot ende profitelyck boecxken. Geestelijk liedboek met melodieën van 1539. Opnieuw uitgegeven en van een inleiding, registers en aanteekeningen voorzien (’s Gravenhage, 1889) [the many songs are grouped around the melodies they share. Sometimes, the profane provenance of some of the melodies are mentioned. The compilor is clear in his objectives. Instead of the ‘veel ontamelike, oneersame weerlike liedekens ende refereynen’, he wants to provide a stimulating corpus of religious songs for ‘leecke lieden, religiosen ende baghinen.’]

literatuur

J.G.R. Acquoy, ‘Het geestelijk lied in de Nederlanden voor de Hervorming’, Archief voor Nederlandsche Kerkgeschiedenis 2 (1887), 1-112 (esp. 18-20); J.A.N. Knuttel, Het geestelijk Lied in de Nederlanden voor de Kerkhervorming (Rotterdam, 1906), 70-73; AFH 5 (1912), 454; B. de Troeyer, Bio-Bibliographia Franciscana Neerlandica Saeculi XVI, I: Pars Biographica (Nieuwkoop, 1969), 168-169.

 

 

 

 

Een wandelinghe der Kersten menschen met Ihesu den brudegom der sielen inden hof der bloemen (c. 1486-1497)

This devotional treatise, also known as Die wandelinghe der bloemen or as Indica mihi (after the first words of the text), is the work of a Dutch-speaking Observant friar from the Cologne province. At the moment of writing the text (sometime between 1486-1497), the author was confessor of the female tertiary penitents of Amsterdam. Parts of the work were also published separately, a.o. as Die bloemkijns der passien. Een wandelinghe der Kersten menschen contains exercises of passion devotion for all days in the week, for the evening hours of Thursday evening to Friday evening, for the seven daily offices (getijden), with additional prayers and devotional exercises focusing on specific issues of the passion, and a treatise on the exercise of virtues (which freely follows Bonaventure’s Epistola continens viginti quinque memoralia, in: Bonaventura, Opera Omnia, ed. Quaracchi, VIII, 491-498.

manuscripts

Een wandelinghe der Kersten menschen: Archive of the Friars Minor at St. Truiden, MS MF 45. The end of the work gives an indication concerning the immediate intended public, namely the female tertiaries of Amsterdam: ‘Voleijndt dese teghenwoerdighe oefeninghe doer die begheerten der devoter biechtkinderen. Op dat si hen altijt souden moghen becommeren mitten brudegom der sielen Opten xvi dach van februario Int iaer ons heren xvc in die goede stadt van amstelredamme Bi mi die naem bekent moet wesen onder die observanten inden hemel alsoe hi nu bekent is inder aerden Jhesus Maria Barbara Disce mori B/V.’

editions

Een wandelinghe der Kersten menschen met Ihesu den brudegom der sielen inden hof der bloemen (Leyden: Jan Severz, 10 November 1503); Een wandelinghe der Kersten menschen met Ihesu den brudegom der sielen inden hof der bloemen (Amsterdam: Hugo Jansz. van Woerden, 1506 (2x)); Een wandelinghe der Kersten menschen met Ihesu den brudegom der sielen inden hof der bloemen (The Hague: Hugo Jansz. van Woerden, 1518); Een wandelinghe der Kersten menschen met Ihesu den brudegom der sielen inden hof der bloemen (Antwerpen: Simon Cock, 1530). A modern edition (based on the St. Truiden manuscript) appeared as: Indica mihi (…), handschrift der XVe eeuw, in het licht gegeven door P. Fr. Stephanus Schoutens, Minderbroeder (Hoogstraten, 1906).

literature

M. Verjans, ‘Het handschrift ‘Indica mihi’ (1503) en de drukjes ‘Wandelinge der kersten menschen’ (1503) of ‘Wandelinge der bloemen’ (1518)’, Ons Geestelijk Erf 8 (1934), 202-206; W. Schmitz, Het aandeel der minderbroeders in onze Middeleeuwse Literatuur. Inleiding tot een bibliografie der Nederlandse Franciscanen (Nijmegen, 1936); A. Stracke, Ons Geestelijk Erf 18:2 (1944), 74-76; W. van Eeghen, ‘Wandelinghe der Kersten Menschen (1503)’, De Brusselse Post 9 (1959), no. 2-3; B. de Troeyer, Bio-Bibliographia Franciscana Neerlandica Saeculi XVI, I: Pars Biographica (Nieuwkoop, 1969), 5-6.

 

 

 

 

Eisenacher Franziskanerchronik, II (after 1407)

Early fourteenth century chronicle compiled in the Franciscan friary of Eisenach, surviving in MS Dresden K.316. This work, its basis in the Historia Pistoriana and its complex relation with other convent chronicles and other annals (including the probably Franciscan Historia de Lantgraviis) has been studied by Oswald Holder-Egger.

literature

Oswald Holder-Egger, 'Studien zu Thüringer Geschichtsquellen', Neues Archiv 20 (1895), 373-421, 569-637 & 21 (1896), 235-297, 441-546; Volker Honemann, ‘Franziskanische Geschichtsschreibung’, in: Geschichte der Sächsischen Franziskanerprovinz, 1: Von den Anfängen bis zur Reformation, ed. Volker Honemann (Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2015), 801-802.

 

 

 

 

Encyclopedia Theologica, Elaborata ex Ioannis de Erfurt Tabula Originalium (15th cent.)

manuscripts

Encyclopedia Theologica, Elaborata ex Ioannis de Erfurt Tabula Originalium: Lüneburg, Ratsbücherei theol. 2° 46 ff. 2ra-275ra (15th cent.)

 

 

 

 

Estatutos por que se regián las casas de recolección de la Provincia (1523)

Spanish statutes for recollect houses of he immaculate conception.

editions

Estatutos por que se regián las casas de recolección de la Provincia (franciscana descalza) de la Immaculada Concepción (1523), ed Carrión, in: AIA 9 (1918), 264-272.

 

 

 

 

Fasciculus Mirre or Dat Cleyne Bondeken van Mirre (before 1517)

This work, the product of an Observant Dutch friar from the Cologne province has come down to us as the Fasciculus Mirre and as Dat Cleyne Bondeken van Mirre. It amounts to a treatise on the suffering of Christ influenced by Ludolf of Saxony’s Vita Jesu Christi ex IV Evangeliis. Point of departure of the Fasciculus is that the contemplation of the Passion is the most important element of a proper spiritual life, both for beginners and for the advanced. In three books, the work provides i.) an evocative description of the bodily and moral sufferings of Christ, ii.) a method for engaging in veritable Passion devotion exercises, iii.) ten chapters of seven and more articles each, in which are presented a long series of pious considerations and exercises, starting with the Last Supper and ending with Christ’s ascent into heaven. The exercises of the third book are spread out over the week and are organised in such a way that, depending on the disposable time, that can be performed in four (more concise or more extended) different ways. It is one of the few early sixteenth-century Passion devotion treatises that provide a systhematic elaboration of the exercises for each day of the week. As such the book had considerable success after its first edition in 1517, under the care of the Franciscan friar Matthias Weynsen, who continued to promote the book, thereby contributing to its success. The Fasciculus Mirre should not be confused with the Spanish Fasciculus Myrrhe (before 1524), which apparently also was of Franciscan provenance, nor with the Nyeuw Devoet Boecxken (c. 1550). Both these latter works apparently ended on the lists of prohibited books of 1550 and 1569. This was not the case with the Fasciculus Mirre/Dat Cleyne Bondeken van Mirre. Between 1517 and 1565, it received at least 24 editions. In 1677, it received a new lease on life (resulting in four additional editions until 1705), when the Franciscan friar Franciscus Cauwe re-edited it, updating its language and style.

editions

Fasciculus Mirre/Dat Cleyne Bondeken van Mirre (Delft: Hugo Jansz., 1517). For the other 27 editions until 1705, see B. de Troeyer, Bio-Bibliographia Franciscana Neerlandica Saeculi XVI, I: Pars Biographica (Nieuwkoop, 1969), 32-33

literature

B. de Troeyer, ‘Het Fasciculus Myrrhe’, Franciscana 14 (1959), 1-18; B. de Troeyer, Bio-Bibliographia Franciscana Neerlandica Saeculi XVI, I I: Pars Biographica (Nieuwkoop, 1969), 31-35

 

 

 

 

Fasciculus Mirrhe. El cual trata de la Pasión de nuestro redentor Jesucristo. (before 1524)

editions

Fasciculus myrrhe. El cual trata de la Pasión de nuestro redentor Jesucristo. Nuevamente impreso y corregido (Sevilla: Juan Varela de Salamanca, 1524/Sevilla: Dominico de Robertis, 1536/Antwerp: Martinus Nutius, 1553). A reprint can be found in Justas poéticas sevillanas del siglo xvi (1531-1542), Floresta: poéticas españolas VI (Oxford-Valencia, 1955).

literature

Isaías Rodríguez, ‘Autores espirituales españoles (1500-1700)’, Repertorio de Historia de las Ciencias eclesiasticas en España 3 (siglos xiii-xvi) (Salamanca, 1971), 433.

 

 

 

 

Fasciculus Morum (c. 1300, attributed to Robert Selke)

Preachers handbook. The work has been ascribed to various friars (especially to Robert Selke, see also there under the letter S) At least 32/28 manuscripts still survive. Cf. the 1989 edition of Wenzel, as well as the additions in Sharpe, Handlist, 572.

editions

Fasciculus Morum: A Fourteenth-Century Preacher’s Handbook, ed. & trans. Siegfried Wenzel (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1989). This edition clearly shows that the Fasciculus Morum is a handbook for preachers. Written in the early 14th century by an English Franciscan friar, and surviving in twenty-eight manuscripts, it contains a large mass of preaching material, complete with more than fifty short English poems within the otherwise Latin text. The materials are organized in the order of the seven deadly sins and their opposite virtues. Whereas its poems have attracted the attention of scholars of Middle English literature (as also is the case with Grimestone's commonplace book!), the remainder of the work has not drwn the same attention, even though it shows what popular preachers in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries would present their audiences: a combination of doctrinal and moral messages, replete with biblical references, quotations, similes, fables, stories, etc..

literature

S. Wenzel, Verses in Sermons: Fasciculus Morum and its Middle English Poems (Cambridge MA: The Medieaval Academy of America, 1978), 36-41; C. Casagrande & S. Vecchio, ‘La classificazione dei peccati tra settenario e decalogo’, in: Documenti & studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale 5 (Spoleto, 1994), 369; Sarah Anne Gray, "The use of "exempla" in 'Fasciculus morum'" (1995). Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive). Paper 110. http://scholars.wlu.ca/etd/110; A.S.G. Edwards, ‘Unrecorded verses from the Fasciculus Morum’, Notes and Queries n.s. 48,2 (2001), 108-109. (on verses from the preachers’ handbook found in MS Cambridge, University Library, ii.6.11).

 

 

 

 

Flores temporum (late 13th cent.)

Late thirteenth-century compilatory chronicle, written by an anonymous Swabian friar Minor (sometimes mentioned in the manuscripts as Hermannus or Martinus Minorita). It is a typical concise pope-emperor chronicle, but in contrast with the famous chronicle of Martin of Troppau OP, it contains also the history of the world before Christ. The Flores Temporum divide the history of the world in six ages, and provides information from the creation of the world until 1290 (Pope Nicholas IV and Emperor Rudolf of Habsburg). Universal history and more local/regional events from the Swabian world are intermixed. The emphasis is on the sixth age of the world, with more original and extensive information for the period after 1250. The work probably used Martin of Troppau's work as well as the Legenda aurea, alongside of other prior historical compilations. The structuring element is the double list of popes and emperors,treated separately. As the author mentions himself, the work is meant as an instrument for homiletics for mendicant preachers (cf. Roest, 1996). The work has survived in more than 100 manuscripts (full text) and an additional number of smaller and bigger excerpts, from all over Middle Germany and Eastern Europe. The work was frequently used as basis for later regional and other small universal chronicles in the German lands, including the chronicles of Johannes of Winterthur, Andreas of Regensburg and the so-called universal chronicle of Konstanz. There are also several continuations and elaborations of the Flores Temporum, some of which continue the timeline until 1349 (a so-called second redaction).

manuscripts

As said above, the work has survived in many manuscripts and both in full and partial versions, both in Latin and in the (German) Vernacular. The full text (Latin and/or German) can for instance be found in: Ansbach, Staatliche Bibliothek, Ms. lat. 88; Aschaffenburg, Hofbibliothek, Ms. 34; Augsburg, Stadtarchiv Schätze 121 ff. 2r-100v (German version); Augsburg, Universitätsbibliothek, Cod. II 1 2o 192; Basel, Universitätsbibliothek, Cod. D II 9, Cod. D IV 10 & Cod. E II 72; Berlin, Staatsbibliothek, Stiftung Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Cod. lat. fol. 179, Cod. lat. qu. 21, Cod. lat. qu. 368 & Cod. lat. qu. 409; Bernkastel-Kues, Bibliothek des St. Nikolaus-Hospitals, Cod. 158; Budapest, Orszàgos Szèchènyi Könyvtàr, Cod. 140; Cambridge (MA), Harvard University, Houghton Library, Riant Collection, Cod. 23; Colmar, Bibliothèque municipale, MSS 221, 248 & 594; Eichstätt, Universitätsbibliothek, Cod. 698; Erlangen, Universitätsbibliothek, Cod. 409; Frankfurt am Main, Stadt- und Universitätsbibliothek, Cod. Barth. 92 & Leonh. 9; Fulda, Hessische Landesbibliothek, Cod. B 11; Gdansk (Danzig), Biblioteka Gdanska Polskiej Akademii Nauk, Cod. 1955; Gniezno (Gnesen), Archiwum Archidiecezjalne i Bibilioteka Kapitulna, Cod. 42; Hamburg, Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek, Cod. hist. 4; Hannover, Niedersächsische Landesbibliothek, XIII 757a, Bd. 4 & XIII 762; Innsbruck, Universitätsbibliothek, Cod. 68 & Cod. 81; Klosterneuburg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 697 & 699; Koblenz, Landeshauptarchiv, Abt. 701, Nr. 198; Kraków (Krakau/Cracow), Biblioteka Muzeum Narodowego, Ms. 1310; Leipzig, Universitätsbibliothek, Cod. rep. II. 4o 129; Lindau, Stadtarchiv und Stadtbibliothek, Cod. P I 1; London, British Library, Arundel 371; Melk, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 945 (olim 406), München (Munich), Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, clm 502, clm 1222, clm 1802, clm 3070, clm 5106, clm 5524, clm 7021, clm 7522, clm 8977, clm 9503, clm 11463, clm 12276, clm 14281, clm 16223, clm 17833, clm 18377, clm 18439, clm 18464, clm 18770, clm 18775, clm 18776, clm 21664, clm 23724, clm 24020, clm 26737; München (Munich), Universitätsbibliothek, 4o Cod. ms. 311, Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Ms. lat. 4930, Ms. lat. 10344 & Ms. lat. 10770; Partridge Green, St. Hugh's, Parkminster, bb3 (B.71); Praha (Prague), Knihovna Metropolitiní Kapituli, Cod. C 41; Praha (Prag), Národní Knihovna Ceskí Republiky, Cod. IV. H. 18 & Cod. VII. E. 27; Przemysl, Archiwum Pánstwowe, Akta miasti Przemysla, Hs. 428; Regensburg, Fürstlich Thurn und Taxis'sche Hofbibliothek, Ms. pap. 156; Rottenburg, Bibliothek des Priesterseminars, Hs. 3; Salzburg, Stiftsbibliothek St. Peter, Cod. chart. a VII 38 & Cod. chart. b IX 19; Salzburg, Universitätsbibliothek, Ms. lat. V 1. J. 219; St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 953; Sigmaringen, Fürstlich Hohenzollern'sche Hofbibliothek, Hs. 22; Stuttgart, Württembergische Landesbibliothek, Cod. theol. 2o 100, HB III 39, HB V 86, Cod. hist. 2o 269, Cod. hist. 2o 270, Don. Cod. 506; Trier, Stadtbibliothek, Hs. 1197; Tübingen, Wilhelmsstift, Gb 692 2o; Rome, Vaticano, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Cod. Vat. lat. 10075, Cod. Pal. lat. 438, Cod. Pal. lat. 1356 & Cod. Ottob. lat. 2087; Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, cvp 2162, cvp 3284, cvp 3284*, cvp 3332, cvp 3402, cvp 3408, cvp 3456, cvp 4265, cvp 4573, cvp 12465 & Cod. ser. nov. 4844; Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, Cod. Helmst. 360 & Cod. Extravag. 110; Würzburg, Universitätsbibliothek, M. p. th. q. 60 & M. ch. q. 387. For a full listing that includes the excerpts as well, see http://www.uni-muenster.de/Geschichte/MittelalterSchriftlichkeit/ProjektF1/Manuscripts.html

editions

A partial edition by Oswald Holder-Egger can be found in the Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Scriptores XXIV. See also under Flores temporum II

literature

F. Baethgen, ‘Franziskanische Studien’, Historische Zeitschrift 131 (1925) 435-437; Peter Johanek, ‘Flores temporum (‘Martinus Minorita’)’, Die deutsche Literatur des Mittelalters. Verfasserlexikon II (Berlin-New York, 1980), 753-758; Anna-Dorothee von den Brincken, `Anniversaristische und chronikalische Geschichtsschreibung in den `Flores Temporum' (um 1292)’, in: Geschichtsschreibung und Geschichtsbewusstsein im späten Mittelalter, ed. Hans Patze, Vorträge und Forschungen XXXI (Sigmaringen, 1987), 195-214; Heike Johanna Mierau, Antje Sander-Berke & Birgit Studt, Studien zur Überlieferung der `Flores Temporum’, MGH Studien und Texte, 14 (Hannover, 1996); Hiram Kümper, ‘Flores temporum’, in: Encyclopedia of the Medieval Chronicle (Brill Online, 2013) Reference. 15 February 2013 http://referenceworks.brillonline.com/entries/encyclopedia-of-the-medieval-chronicle/flores-temporum-SIM_01014>

 

 

 

 

Flores Temporum II/Chronicon universale Hermanni Gygantis ordinis fratrum minorum (c. 1340/50?)

Polemical universal chronicle which also seems to incorporate in some of its surviving redactions many materials from the Flores temporum. See on this also the work of Gudrun Tscherpel within the German Sonderforschungsbereich 231/K. The work, sometimes ascribed to a certain Hermannus Gygas ordinis fratrum minorum but sometimes also to a certain Martinus Minorita, criticizes the Roman papcay, and in particular Boniface VIII and John XXII. The chronicle embraces the idea of universal imperial power and hails the reign of Louis of Bavaria. The author was probably part of the circle of Franciscan supporters of that ruler. There seem to be connections with the chronicle of Nicolaus Minorita and the compiter of Projectus est draco ille.

editions

Flores temporum, ed. J.C. Eccard, in: Corpus historicum medii aevi (Leipzig, 1723) I, 1551-1640; Hermanni Gygantis ordinis fratrum minorum Flores temporum seu Chronicon universale ab o. C. ad annum Christi 1349 et abhinc ad annum 1513 continuatum a Michaele Eysenhart presbytero Erythropolitano, ed. J.G. Meuschen (Leyden, 1743/2nd imprint 1750) [this edition also contains a continuation of the work of Michael Eysenhart from Rothenburg].

literature

Peter Johanek, ‘Flores temporum’ (‘Martinus Minorita’)’, Die deutsche Literatur des Mittelalters. Verfasserlexikon (Berlin-New York, 1980) II, 752-758; Gedeon Gál, ‘The chronicle of Nicolaus Minorita’, in: Editori di Quaracchi, 100 anni dopo (Rome, 1997), 337-344; R. Lambertini, ‘Projectus est draco ille: note preliminari all’edizione di un pamphlet theologico-politico di tendenzia Michelista’, in: Editori di Quaracchi, 100 anni dopo, 345-361.

 

 

 

 

Formalitates Doctoris Subtilis & Alius Tractatus et Brevior de Formalitatibus

manuscripts

Formalitates Doctoris Subtilis & Alius Tractatus et Brevior de Formalitatibus: MS Colmar Bibl. Publ. 59 (190), ff. 1-8 & 8-12.

 

 

 

 

Forma Predicandi incipit Benigne Jesu (15th cent.)

Apparently the work of a fifteenth-century Spanish Franciscan novice.

manuscripts

Forma Predicandi incip. Benigne Jesu: MS Sevilla, Columb. Library, Y, cod. 13017 (15th cent.).

literature

Anscar Zawart, ‘The history of Franciscan preaching and of Franciscan preachers (1209-1927): a bio-bibliographical study’, Franciscan Studies 7 (1928), 323; AFH 16 (1923), 373

 

 

 

 

Gebete zu den Wunden des Hl. Franziskus (c. 1510)

German prayer text on the wound of Christ.

manuscripts

Gebete zu den Wunden des Hl. Franziskus: MS Frankfurt a.M., Dominikanerkloster 12 ff. 94r-99r (ca. 1510).

 

 

 

 

Gesta beati Francisci confessoris (c. 1356)

A life of St Francis from the mid fourteenth century, based on the Legenda major and Legenda minor of Bonaventure and on additional Dominican liturgical legendary materials.

manuscripts

Gesta beati Francisci confessoris: MS Frankfurt a. Main, Universitätsbibliothek Barth. 4.

editions

Aleksander Horowski, ''Gesta beati Francisci confessoris': una compilazione postbonaventuriana della Collegiata San Bartolomeo in Francoforte sul Meno', Collectanea Franciscana 85:1-2 (2015), 19-57 [an edition with in-depth analysis of sources and relationships with other vitae of Francis].

 

 

 

 

Gesta Romanorum cum Applicationibus Moralisatis et Mysticis (late 13th cent., of Franciscan provencance?)

Gesta Romanorum cum Applicationibus Moralisatis et Mysticis can be seen, to paraphrase Brian Murdoch (2012), 140 as ‘...a cumulative compilation of entertaining tales with separate moralizating explanations, many of classical origin, though rarily to do with actual Roman history. It has been called a medieval bestseller, and its influenced writers from Shakespeare to Thomas Mann. As with many medieval works, however, it is impossible to speak of ‘the’ Gesta Romanorum, since the collection of between forty and nearly 200 stories survives in a variety of forms in a large number of different manuscripts and printed versions. It was also translated in a large number of European languages, again in varied forms. Its origins are disputed. It seems to have established itself in the last decades of the thirteenth century, perhaps in England, or it may have had an English compiler working on the Continent. Germany has also been proposed as the country of origin, and the independent emergence of versions in both countries also has been suggested.’ The earliest or one of the earliest surviving manuscripts, MS Innsbruck 310 (1342), ascribed the initial version of the work to a Franciscan friar, an ascription that has been confirmed by the latest editor of the text, Brigitte Weiske. The discussion is still ongoing, as there is no scholarly consensus on this matter.

manuscripts

There are many manuscripts and many versions. Most of them have been listed and compared in the 1992 edition of Weiske. See also the remakrs in more recent studies.

editions

Gesta Romanorum, ed. Adelbert Keller (Stuttgart: Cotta, 1842). This edition has been digitized and can be found in the Haithi Trust Digital library. http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=hvd.32044024455891;seq=2;view=1up; Gesta Romanorum: A Record of Auncient Histories Newly Perused by Richard Robinson, ed. John Weld (Delmar NY: Scholars’ Facsimiles and Reprints, 1973); Gesta romanorum, ed. by H. Oesterley (Berlin: 1872; reprinted: Hildesheim: Georg Olms, 1963); Die Gesta Romanorum, nach der Innsbrucker Hs. vom Jahre 1342 und vier Münchener Hss., ed. Wilhelm Dick (Erlangen: Deichert, 1890/Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1970), 148-159; Gesta Romanorum : das älteste Märchen- und Legendenbuch des christlichen Mittelalters, ed. Johann Georg Grässe & Herman Hesse (Leipzig: Löffler, 1905/Leipzig: Insel-Verlag, 1920). The current muster edition & study is the two-volume Gesta Romanorum, ed. Brigitte Weiske, Fortuna Vitrea, 3-4, 2 Vols. (Tübingen, 1992). See also review of Marianne Kalinke, in The Journal of English and Germanic Philology 93:4 (1994), 611-613 & of Nigel Harris in Medium aevum 64 (1995), 168.

literature (selection)

Walter Röll, ‘Zur Überlieferungsgeschichte der Gesta Romanorum’, Mittellateinisches Jahrbuch 21 (1986), 208-229; Volker Mertens, ‘Gesta Romanorum. II’, Lexikon des Mittelalters 4 (1989), 1409-1410; Nigel Palmer, ‘Das ‘Exempelwerk der englischen Bettelmönche’: Ein Gegenstück zu den ‘Gesta Romanorum’?’, in: Exempel und Exempelsammlungen, ed. Walter Haug & Burghart Wachinger (Tübingen, 1991), 137-172; C. Velay-Vallantin, ‘Gesta Romanorum’, in: Exempla médiévaux. Introduction à la recherche, ed. Jacques Berlioz & Marie Anne Polo de Beaulieu (Carcassonne: Garae/Hesiode, 1992), 245-261; Gabriela Kompatscher, ‘Die Gesta-Romanorum-Handschriften der Universitätsbibliothek Innsbruck’, Codices manuscripti 17 (1994),117-152; Genoveva García, ‘La colección ‘Gesta Romanorum’, receptora y transmisora de cuentos’, in: De Roma al siglo XX De Roma al siglo XX, Vol. 1 (Madrid, 1996), 291-295; María Victoria Fernández-Savater Martín, ‘La colección ‘Gesta romanorum’, receptora y transmisora de cuentos II’, in: De Roma al siglo XX De Roma al siglo XX, Vol. 1 (Madrid, 1996), 297-303; Jacques Cocheyras, ‘Le ‘Violier des histoires romaines’ (1521), traduction-adaptation des ‘Gesta Romanorum’’, in: Traduction et adaptation en France à la fin du Moyen Âge et à la Renaissance, ed. Charles Brucker (Paris, 1997), 133-139; Olaf Pluta, “Deus est mortuus’: Nietzsches Parole ‘Gott ist tot!’ in einer Geschichte der ‘Gesta Romanorum’ vom Ende des 14. Jahrhunderts’, in: Atheismus im Mittelalter und in der Renaissance, ed. Friedrich Niewöhner, Friedrich & Olaf Pluta, Olaf (Wiesbaden,1999), 239-270, Walter Röll, ‘Nachlese zur Überlieferung der ‘Gesta Romanorum’’, Beiträge zur Geschichte der deutschen Sprache und Literatur 121 (1999), 103-108; Raymond Graeme Dunphy, ‘Gesta Romanorum, in: Medieval Germany. An encyclopedia (1999), 271; Gesta romanorum: ‘exempla’ europeos del siglo XIV / Anónimo, ed. Ventura de la Torre Rodríguez, Jacinto & Lozano Escribano, Jacinto (Tres Cantos, 2004); Udo Gerdes, ‘Gesta Romanorum’, in: Die deutsche Literatur des Mittelalters. Verfasserlexikon XI (2004), 526; Philippa M. Bright, ‘Anglo-Latin Collections of the ‘Gesta Romanorum’ and Their Role in the Cure of Souls’, in: What nature does not teach: didactic literature in the medieval and early modern periods, ed. Juanita Feros Ruys (Turnhout: Brepols, 2008), 401-426; Brian Murdoch, Gregorius: An Incestuous Saint in Medieval Europe and Beyond (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012), 140-141.

 

 

 

 

Glossa Tripartita super Cantica (c. 1300-1320)

The Glossa Tripartita super Cantica is a Franciscan text from the late thirteenth or early fourteenth century (in its final redaction possibly around 1320). This Latin commentary on the Song of Songs holds the middle ground between a fully academic commentary and a more devotionally oriented text. It was eventually (in the 15th century) reworked into the Dutch vernacular as the Bedudinghe op Cantica Canticorum (see also under that title). For a study of the Latin Glossa Tripartita super Cantica, the Dutch Bedudinghe op Cantica Canticorum, the manuscript tradition of these texts and their position in the later medieval tradition of commentaries on the Song of Songs, see the 2007 study of Schepers.

manuscripts

Glossa tripartita super Cantica: MSS Oxford, Balliol College 19 [created in cologne, 1442-1444]; Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Clm 21244 (Um 44) [possibly written in South Germany before 1349]; Utrecht, University Library, 334 (3 D 13) [c. 1405]; Assisi, Sacro Convento 354 (Olim Biblioteca Communale, fondo antiquo) [c. 1300]. For additional info see the work of Schepers.

literature

Kees Schepers, ‘Bonaventura super Cantica Canticorum and its source text Glossa Tripartita super Cantica’, Archivum franciscanum historicum 88 (1995), 473-496; Kees Schepers, ‘The genesis of Glossa Tripartita super Cantica’, Revue d’histoire des textes 29 (1999), 85-139; Kees Schepers, Bedudinghe op Cantica Canticorum. Vertaling en bewerking van ‘Glossa tripartita super Cantica’. Teksthistorische studies en kritische editie. I. Teksthistorische studies. II. Kritische editie, Miscellanea Neerlandica, 35 (Louvain: Peeters, 2006), esp. I, 65ff. Cf. Review in Collectanea Franciscana 77 (2007), 406f.

 

 

 

 

Hetzpredigt gegen die Frauen (1702)

Peculiar sermon text.

manuscripts

Hetzpredigt gegen die Frauen vor August dem Starken von Sachsen: MS Kassel, Stadt- und Landesbibl. Murchard Bibl. Iuridica 39 IX f. 128, an. 1702.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Historia de Lantgraviis/Eccardiana (early to mid 15th cent. ?)

A chronicle on the Landgraves of Thuringia, included in a version of the chronicle of Martinus Polonus OP. The section of the Landgraves is probably of Franciscan provenance and is connected with the so-called Eisenacher Franziskanerchronik, II.

manuscripts

MS Jena, Prov. f. 39.

editions

Historia de lantgraviis Thuringie (Eccardiana), ed. Georg Eccard, in: Idem, Historia Genealogica principum Saxoniae superioris (Leipzig, 1722), 351-468.

literature

Oswald Holder-Egger, 'Studien zu Thüringer Geschichtsquellen', Neues Archiv 20 (1895), 373-421, 569-637 & 21 (1896), 235-297, 441-546; Volker Honemann, ‘Franziskanische Geschichtsschreibung’, in: Geschichte der Sächsischen Franziskanerprovinz, 1: Von den Anfängen bis zur Reformation, ed. Volker Honemann (Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2015), 800-805.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kilkenny Chronicle (mid 14th cent.)

A historical compilation made by a group of thirteenth-century Irish friars. The work has come down to us in three sections/redactions: I. years 1264-1312 (compiled in Castedermot); II. Years 1202-1264 (based on the Annales de Monte Fernandi and compiled in Lenister); III. 1316-1332 (produced in Kilkenny after 1330). See also the Annals of John Clyn and the relations with the Annals of Nenagh and the Annals of Ross.

manuscripts

Kilkenny chronicle: MS London, British Library, Cotton Vespasian, B. xi.

literature

B.A. Williams, The Latin Franciscan Anglo-Irish Annals of Medieval Ireland,Doct. Thesis U. of Dublin, 1991; Cotter, The Friars Minor in Ireland, 2ff.; Bernadette Williams, ‘The ‘Kilkenny Chronicle”, in: Colony and frontier in medieval Ireland. Essays presented to J. F. Lydon, ed. Terence Bernard Barry, Robin Frame & Katharine Simms, (Londen etc., 1995), 75-95.

 

 

 

 

La giostra delle virtù e dei vizi (mid 14th cent.)

Vernacular poem.

manuscripts

La giostra delle virtù e dei vizi: MS Naples, Biblioteca Nazionale, XIII.C.98

editions

Percopo, `La giostra delle virtù e dei vizi, poemetto marchigiano del sec. XIV', Il Propugnatore, 20:2 (1887), 3-63.

literature

V. de Bartholomaeis, Studi Medievali 15 (1962), 91-206; Manoscritti francescani della Biblioteca Nazionale di Napoli, ed. Cesare Cenci, Spicilegium Bonaventurianum, 7-8 (Quaracchi, 1971) II, 957-9.

 

 

 

 

L’amore evangelico sopra la Regola di san Francesco

Early Capuchin text with spiritual instructions concerning the Franciscan rule.

editions

L’amore evangelico sopra la Regola di san Francesco, in: I frati cappuccini. Documenti e testimonianze del primo secolo, ed. C. Cargnoni (Perugia, 1988) I, 538-583.

literature

Felice Accrocca, ‘Il libro secondo De Amore evangelico nel codice Vaticano Capponiano 207’, Collectanea Franciscana 81:3-4 (2011), 559-570 [>> Important article that sheds new light on early Capuchin texts and that helps to contextualize the L’amore evangelico sopra la Regola di san Francesco].

 

 

 

 

Lectionum de certis anni festis diligens sed tamen brevis descriptio

This work issued in 1543 by the Antwerp publisher Jan Steels in 1543, is the product of an unknown Franciscan from the Provinciae Germania Inferioris province, and amounts to an extended lectionary for the liturgical year. The author aimed to correct and add to existing Franciscan breviaries and the work apparently did have an impact on Franciscan liturgical works.

editions

Lectionum de certis anni festis diligens sed tamen brevis descriptio, adiecta in calce libelli tam breviarii quam missalis, utique non segni sed potius ac curatissima diversorum passuum castigatione (Antwerp: Jan Steels, 1543). An exemplar of the work is kept in the Provincial library of Leeuwarden (Friesland, The Netherlands), bound together with a Franciscan Calendarium Perpetuam from 1528 and a few short Franciscan manuscript works. Another exemplar is kept in the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Munich and has been digitized. It can now be viewed via Google Books.

literature

C. Sloots, ‘Een merkwaardig verzamelbundeltje', BGPMN 6 (1950), 405; B. De Troeyer, Bio-Bibliographica Franciscana Neerlandica saec. XVI, I: Pars biographica (Nieuwkoop: B. De Graaf, 1969), 170.

 

 

 

 

Legenda Sancti Francisci per sermones disctincta/Legenda Sancti Ludovici per sermones disctincta/Sermones de Sancta Clara etc.

Collections with sermons on Francis Louis of Toulouse, Clare of Assisi and other saints found in the medieval Franciscan library of Braunschweig, such as MSS 159 and 160. Signalled alongside of other comparable manuscripts by Honemann.

literature

Volker Honemann, ‘Das mittelalterliche Schrifttum der Franziskaner der Sächsischen Ordensprovinz unter besonderer Berücksichtigung deutschsprachiger Zeugnisse’, in: Geschichte der Sächsischen Franziskanerprovinz, 1: Von den Anfängen bis zur Reformation, ed. Volker Honemann (Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2015), 692.

 

 

 

 

Legenda Trium Sociorum (c. 1241-1247?)

This is not an anonymous work in the strict sense of the word, as it is traditionally ascribed to the ‘three companions’ of Francis: Leo of Assisi, Rufino (a cousin of Clare), and Angelo Tancredi from Rieti. In several late medieval manuscripts, the text is prefaced y a letter of the three companions, in which they explain that the created the dossier at the request of Crescencio of Jesi’s call for information on Francis at the general chapter of 1244, which eventually also would result in the Vita Secunda of Thomas of Celano. The question whether one accepts Leo’s, Rufino’s and Angelo’s authorship of the Legenda trium sociorum is heavily dependent on the question whether this prefatory letter and the text of the work belong together or not. Those scholars who do not accept this, frequently tend to give a late date for the work's composition, and sometimes even see the work as a complete falsification (following van Ortroy). Those who do accept the connection, tend to place the composition of the work early, for instance in the 1240s in connection with the appeal of Crescenzio. Those who accept the connection see the Legenda trium sociorum as a precious window on the early Franciscan movement (see also the polemic views on this by Sabatier). There is also scholarly discussion concerning the question whether the last chapters (XVII & XVIII (=Leg3Soc 68-73) on the stigmata, Francis’s death and beatification were part of the original composition or later additions. All such questions, including the relationship between this work, the Speculum Perfectionis and the Legenda Perusina/Compilatio Assisiensis are still under debate, although Jacques Dalarun (2009) claims to have a solution that fits the available evidence.

editions/translations

Legenda trium sociorum, ed. Théophile Desbonnets, in: Archivum Franciscanum Historicum 67 (1974), 38-144; Fontes Franciscani, ed. Enrico Menestò, Stefano Brufani, Giuseppe Cremascoli, Giovanni M. Boccali et al., First Edition (Assisi: Porziuncola, 1995), 1373-1445.

François d’Assise vu par les compagnions. Du commencement de l’Ordre. Légende des trois Compagnions, introd. & trans. Jacques Dalarun & François Delmas-Goyon, Sources Franciscaines (Paris: Éditions Franciscaines – Les Éditions du CERF, 2009. [o.a. reviews in CF 79 (2009), 699-701; AFH 102 (2009), 558];The Legend of the Three Companions, in: Francis of Assisi: Early Documents, ed. Regis J. Armstrong, J. Wayne Hellmann, & William J. Short (New City Press, 2000) II,59-110; Leggenda dei Tre Compagni, trans. Felice Accrocca, Letture cristiane del secondo millennio, 53 (Milan: Paoline Editoriale Libri, 2014) [Review in Collectanea Franciscana 85:1-2 (2015), 296-298].

literature

Salvatore Minocchi, ‘La ‘Legenda trium sociorum’. Nuovi studi sulle fonti biografiche di San Francesco d’Assisi -II. Critica comparata delle Leggende francescane’, Archivio storico italiano Ser. 5, 26 (1900), 81-134; François van Ortroy, ‘La légende de S. François d'Assise dite ‘Legenda trium sociorum”, Analecta Bollandiana 19 (1900), 119-19; Sophronius Clasen, Legenda antiqua S. Francisci: Untersuchung über die nachbonaventurianischen Franziskusquellen, Legenda trium sociorum, Speculum perfectionis, Actus B. Francisci et sociorum eius und verwandtes Schrifttum (Leiden: Brill, 1967); Guy Philippart, ‘Les manuscrits perdus de la ‘Legenda trium sociorum’ de S. François d’Assise’, Analecta Bollandiana 91 (1973), 357-362; Guy Philippart, ‘Le Bollandiste François Van Ostroy et la ‘Legenda trium sociorum’, in: La ‘Questione Francescana dal Sabatier ad oggi’. Atti del I Convegno internazionale, Assisi, 18-20 ottobre 1973 (Assisi: Società internazionale di studi francescani, 1974), 171-197; Chiara Frugoni, ‘La giovinezza di Francesco nelle fonti (testi e immagini)’, Studi Medievali 25 (1984), 115-143; Chiara Frugoni, ‘Die Traüme in der Legende der drei Fefährten’, in: Traüme im Mittelalter. Ikonologische Studien, ed. Agostino Paravicini Bagliani & Giorgio Stabile (Zürich, 1989), 73-90; Engelbert Grau, Die Dreigefährtenlegende des heiligen Franziskus von Bruder Leo, Rufin und Angelus und Anonymus Perusinus, Franziskanische Quellenschriften, 8 (Werl: Coelde, 1993); Felice Accrocca, ‘La Legenda trium sociorum: una peculiare attenzione all'umanità di Francesco’, Frate Francesco 71 (2005), 543-574 (reprinted as ‘La ‘Leyenda de los tres compañeros’: una atención peculiar a la humanidad de Francisco’, Selecciones de Franciscanismo 38 (2009), 87-118); Ilaria Montanar, ‘Il processo di conversione di Francesco d’Assisi e la ‘scoperta’ del Vangelo nella ‘Legenda trium sociorum”, Frate Francesco 75 (2009), 407-435; Jacques Dalarun, ‘La ‘Légende des trois compagnons’. Quelques réponses simples à des questions inutilment compliquées;, Hagiographica 16 (2009), 105-129; L. Lehmann, ‘Dreigefährtenlegende’, in: Franziskus-Quellen. Die Schriften des Heiligen Franziskus, Lebensbeschreibungen, Chroniken und Zeugnisse über ihn und seinen Orden, ed. Dieter Berg, Leonhard Lehmann et al., Zeugnisse des 13. und 14. Jahrhunderts zur Franziskanischen Bewegung, Band 1 (Kevelaer: Butzon & Bercker, Ed. T. Coelde, 2009), 602-653; Achim Wesjohann, Mendikantische Gründungserzählungen im 13. und 14. Jahrhundert: Mythen als Element institutioneller Eigengeschichtsschreibung der mittelalterlichen Franziskaner, Dominikaner und Augustiner-Eremiten, Vita Regularis. Ordnungen und Deutungen religiosen Lebens im Mittelalter, Abhandlungen, 49 (Münster: LIT Verlag, 2012), 77-92; Felice Accrocca, Un santo di carta. Le fonti biografiche di san Francesco d’Assisi, Biblioteca di Frate Francesco, 13 (Rome-Milan: Centro Culturale Aracoeli-Biblioteca Francescana, 2013); John W. Coakley, ‘The Conversion of St. Francis and the Writing of Christian Biography, 1228-1263’, Franciscan Studies 72 (2014), 27-71; Pietro Maranesi, 'Pietro di Bernardone nella vicenda iniziale di Francesco: Analisi della Legenda trium sociorum', Collectanea Franciscana 88 (2018), 5-52.

 

 

 

 

Libellus ad Petendam Restitutionem in Integram

Work of penitential theology.

manuscripts

Libellus ad Petendam Restitutionem in Integram: MS Bologna, Coll. Hisp. S. Clemente 56 ff. 29ra-29v. [This manuscript is in itself very interesting!]

 

 

 

 

Libellus Penitentalis

manuscripts

Libellus: Bologna, Coll. Hisp. S. Clemente 56 ff. 118ra-120va,

 

 

 

 

Liber de Quolibet (Bernardinus de Agnone?, 15th cent.)

Italian quodlibetal text, possibly the work of Bernardino de Agnone?

manuscripts

Liber de Quolibet: Naples, Biblioteca Nazionale, XII. F. 11 ff. 1r-22v.

literature

Manoscritti francescani della Biblioteca Nazionale di Napoli, ed. Cesare Cenci, Spicilegium Bonaventurianum, 7-8 (Quaracchi, 1971) II, 893.

 

 

 

 

Liber de Accidentibus, Liber de Vestibus Sacerdotalibus, Liber de Nominibus Dei apud Hebreos, De Quatuor Synodis & Quaedam Catena (15th cent. ?)

Collection of texts concerning liturgical and theological matters.

manuscripts

Liber de Accidentibus, Liber de Vestibus Sacerdotalibus, Liber de Nominibus Dei apud Hebreos, De Quatuor Synodis & Quaedam Catena: MS Bologna, Coll. Hisp. San Clemente 51 ff. 53-71vb.

literature

Piana, Antonianum 17 (1942), 118.

 

 

 

 

Liber exemplorum ad usum praedicantium (c. 1275/79)

Exemple collection made by a friar from the Irish province in the 1270s.

editions

Liber exemplorum ad usum praedicantium saeculo XIII compositus a quodam fratre minore Anglico de provinciae Hiberniae, ed. A.G. Little, British society of Franciscan studies, 1 (Aberdeen, 1908). The work has been digitized and can be read on-line via Archive.org.

literature

Anscar Zawart, ‘The history of Franciscan preaching and of Franciscan preachers (1209-1927): a bio-bibliographical study’, Franciscan Studies 7 (1928), 323; Nicolas Louis, ‘Entre vérité et efficacité: les stratégies de rédaction dans le ‘Liber exemplorum ad usum pradicantium’ (ca. 1275-1279)’, Revue Mabillon 19 (2008), 123-156.

 

 

 

 

Liber miraculorum et visionum (c. early 14th cent.)

A collection of 35 miraculous stories, predominantly concerning friars of the Saxony province. The work has come down to us in two different manuscripts, one from the 14th and one from the 15th century. The work also mentions various Saxonia convents. Around the same time another collection of vitae/miraculae from the Saxony province was created as well. see for that collection under Vitae sanctorum fratrum minorum provinciae Saxoniae

manuscripts

Leipzig, Universitätsbibliothek MS 697 (14th cent., possibly from Leipzig), ff. 117va-134ra [the remainder of the MS predominantly sermons by Berthold von Regensburg]; Berlin, SBB-PK, theol. lat. fol. 94 (15th cent., originating from the Brandenburg friary).

literature

Leonhard Lemmens, 'Ex libro Miraculorum et Visionum in Provincia Saxoniae c. 1300 conscripto', AFH 2 (1909), 72-78; Michael Bihl, 'Franziskuswunder in Deutschland, besonders im Gebiet der alten sächsischen Provinz', Franziskanische Studien 17 (1930), 26-57 (37ff. also provides a few of the miracle stories); Volker Honemann, 'Ein spätmittelalterliches Visionen- und Mirakelbuch der Sächsischen Franziskanerprovinz', in: Für Gott und die Welt (2008), 67-76 (68f).

 

 

 

 

Liber Sapientiae Spiritualis (first half 15th cent.)

An Italian work that treats in a Bonaventurian fashion in seven steps with the ways of spiritual ascent and wisdom (the step of devout prayer, the step of perfect contrition, the step of holy confession, the step of penitence, the step of satisfaction, the step of almsgiving, the step of fasting and abstinence).

manuscripts

Liber Sapientiae Spiritualis: Naples, Biblioteca Nazionale, XIII.AA.8, f. 1r-79v.

literature

Alfonso Miola, ‘Le scritture in volgare dei primi tre secoli della lingua ricercate nei codici della Biblioteca Nazionale di Napoli (continuazione)’, Il Propugnatore 20:2 (Bologna: G. Romagnoli, 1887), 237-53 (250-253).

 

 

 

 

Libro del conosçimiento (c. 1360?)

The Libro del conosçimiento (c. 1360?) is apparenly the product of a Spanish friar. It amounts to a rather fictive geographical description of Europe, Asia and Africa. It offers a series of fictive travel routes, mostly based on other travel stories.

manuscripts

Libro del conosçimiento: o.a. Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional, 1997 & 9055.

editions

Sinica Franciscana, ed. A. van den Wyngaert I, 563-575; Libro del conosçimiento de todos los reynos y tierras y señorios que son por el mundo y de las señales y armas que han cada tierra y señorio por sy y de los reyes y señores que los proven, ed. M.J. de la Espada (Madrid, 1877); Book of the Knowledge of all the Kingdoms, Lands, and Lordships that are in the World, and the Arms and Devices of Each Land and Lordship, or the Kings and Lords who Possess them; Written by a Spanish Franciscan in the Middle of the XIV Century, trans. C. Markham, Hakluyt Society, Second Series, 29 (London, 1912).

literature

Anna-Dorothée von den Brincken, Die `Nationes Christianorum orientalium' im Verständnis der lateinischen Historiographie von der Mitte des 12. bis in die zweite Hälfte des 14. Jahrhunderts, Kölner historische Abhandlungen, 22 (Cologne: Böhlau, 1973), 450; B. Roest, Reading the Book of History, Ch. II; J. Richard,`Voyages réels et voyages imaginaires, instruments de la connaissance géographique au moyen-âge', Culture et travail intellectual médiévale dans l'occident médiéval, Bilan des `Colloques d'humanisme médiéval' (1960-1980) (Paris, 1981), 211-220.

 

 

 

 

Libro llamado Fuente de vida (1527)

This Spanish works contains a Doctrina cristiana que trata de los vicios y virtudes; Vita Christi muy devoto que trada de la vida virtuosísima de nuestro Señor Jesu-cristo y de nuestra señora su santísima madre; Declaración de los misterios de la misa; De los tres grados de la contemplación; Centiloquio; Escalera del paraíso que trata de los efectos que hacen en el ánima los vicios y las virtudes y de los cuatro novísimos. Some scholars attribute this work to Barnabas da Palma. Other mention (for some of these works) the Franciscan friars Juan de Cazalla and Francisco de Borja. The Escalera del paraíso can be found in several editions of the collected works of the latter.

manuscripts

Libro llamado Fuente de vida, hecho por un fraile de la Orden de nuestro seráfico padre San Francisco, y contiene este libro seys tratados muy devotos y muy provechos (Valencia, 1527/Burgos, 1528/Medina del Campo: Pedro de Castro, 1542).

literature

Isaías Rodríguez, ‘Autores espirituales españoles (1500-1700)’, Repertorio de Historia de las Ciencias eclesiasticas en España 3 (siglos xiii-xvi) (Salamanca, 1971), 433-434.

 

 

 

 

Meditatio Pauperis in Solitudine (c. 1282-1284)

There is much to do about the authorship of this late thirteenth-century meditative treatise, which is clearly the product of a well-educated man. The editor of the text, Ferdinand Delorme shows special points of contact with the Canticum Pauperis pro Dilecto, attributed to John Pecham, suggesting that the Meditatio is dependent on the latter. It is also clear that the work has strong doctrinal and methodological links with the works of Bonaventura da Bagnoreggio, as well as with the Defensio Fratrum Mendicantium of Guido della Marca (ca. 1274). According to David Flood (2002), this text should be ascribed to John of Wales. But the question has not yet been settled.

manuscripts

Meditatio Pauperis in Solitudine: MS Assisi, Biblioteca Comunale 422 ff. 61a-128 (this MS also contains the Breviloquium of Bonaventura); Assisi, Biblioteca Comunale 439 ff. 1r-49b (this MS also contains some spiritual works of Bonaventura)

editions/translations

Meditatio Pauperis in Solitudine, auctore anonymo saec. XIII, ed. Ferdinand Delorme, Bibliotheca Franciscana Ascetica Medii Aevi, 7 (Ad Claras Aquas, 1929). It has found an English translation in: Campion Murray, A Meditation in Solitude of One Who Is Poor (Box Hill, Australia: Franciscan Press, 1997). For an Italian translation, see: Meditaziones del Povero nella Solitudine, d. L. Temperino, in: I Mistici. Scritti dei mistici francescani secolo XIII, ed. L. Iriarte et. al. (Assisi, 1995), 883-987. The first part of the work (nos. 1-134 in Delorme’s edition) focuses on the themes of the conformity between Francesco d’Assisi and Christ and on evangelical perfection (following Celano, Bonaventura, and prefiguring the Fioretti, Bartolomeo da Pisa etc.). The second part of the work (nos. 134-269 in Delorme’s edition) identifies Francesco with the second angel who carries the sign of the living God (Apocalypse VII). The third part (nos. 269-365 in Delorme’s edition) deals with the virtues of the elect and the possible virtues of the true Franciscans. It is made clear throughout the work that Francesco d’Assisi has been conform with Christ in particular through his search for evangelical poverty, charity and humility. Christians who conform themselves to Francesco conform themselves with Christ.

literature

David Flood, ‘John of Wales’ Commentary on the Franciscan rule’, Franciscan Studies 60 (2002), 93-138.

 

 

 

 

Miracula Virginis Mariae - Collectio Exemplorum (c. 1400?)

Early fifteenth-century Italian exempla collection?

manuscripts

Miracula Virginis Mariae - Collectio Exemplorum: MS Naples, Biblioteca Nazionale, VIII.B.42

literature

Manoscritti francescani della Biblioteca Nazionale di Napoli, ed. Cesare Cenci, Spicilegium Bonaventurianum, 7-8 (Quaracchi, 1971) II, 815-6.

 

 

 

 

Misterios de la devoción & Misterios de los angeles (before 1537/9)

Spanish works apparently by one and the same friar.

editions

Misterios de la devoción (Burgos, 1537).

Misterios de los angeles, por un religioso de la orden de los menores (Burgos: Juan de Junta, 1539).

literature

Isaías Rodríguez, ‘Autores espirituales españoles (1500-1700)’, Repertorio de Historia de las Ciencias eclesiasticas en España 3 (siglos xiii-xvi) (Salamanca, 1971), 434.

 

 

 

 

‘Ms. Little’

This is a compilation of texts found by Andrew G. Little in an early fifteenth-century manuscript. It contains stories on Francis and his early companions but also on Anthony of Padua, several of which seem to have connections with the stories in the Speculum Perfectionis and sometimes seem to add materials to it. It also contains Latin versions of stories present in the Fioretti that are absent in the Actus beati Francisci et sociorum eius. According to some scholars, such as Moorman, some chapters of MS Little (such as chapters 153b, 154, 155, 187 , 194, 195 and 197) contain elements of Leo of Assisi’s Rotuli.

editions

Andrew G. Little, ‘Description of a Franciscan Manuscript, formerly in the Philipps Library, now in the possession of A.G. Little’, in: Collectanea Franciscana, I, ed. A.G. Little, M.R. James & H.M. Bannister (Aberdeen, 1914/Reprint Ridgewood, 1965), 9-113.

literature

John R.H. Moorman, The Sources for the Life of St Francis of Assisi (Manchester, 1940), 135; Felice Accrocca, ‘Un’inedita incompleta trascrizione del MS. Little ad opera di Paul Sabatier’, Archivum franciscanum historicum 90 (1997), 587-590; Achim Wesjohann, Mendikantische Gründungserzählungen im 13. und 14. Jahrhundert: Mythen als Element institutioneller Eigengeschichtsschreibung der mittelalterlichen Franziskaner, Dominikaner und Augustiner-Eremiten, Vita Regularis. Ordnungen und Deutungen religiosen Lebens im Mittelalter, Abhandlungen, 49 (Münster: LIT Verlag, 2012), 105-106.

 

 

 

 

Modus Reponendi Sermones per Artem Memorativam (ca. 1507)

This is an anonymous treatise on the art of memory in the context of preaching, originating from among the Polish Observants (Bernardines). The work has survived in MS Polish Academy of Sciences, Kornik Library 119, ff. 107v-109r, also known as the codex of Theophilus of Bydgoszcz (after the main scribe of the manuscript), and also in MS Petersburg, Russian National Library Lat. Q III 86. The Kornik manuscript was written around 1507 and is a typical miscellany. It probably originated from the library of the Observant convent of Bydgoszcz. Aside from the art of memory, it contains copies of papal letters, bulls and statements concerning Observant issues, excerpts taken from constitutions and statutes, excerpts from important authoritative authors (including (Aristotle, Plato, Sophocles, Socrates, Homer, Ovid, Demosthenes, Hesiod, Quintilian, Salomon, Gellius, Augistine, Isidore, Origenes, Terentius), a list of important historical figures who were members of the Franciscan order (entitled Tabula continens summam doctorum, magistrorum, baccalaureorum, summorum pontificum, cardinalium, regum et principum qui fuerunt de ordine fratrum minorum), a series of sermons, Bernardinus de Bustis’ De corona beatae Virginis, historical anecdotes concerning the Observance and a list of Observant convents in Poland; a poem De virtutibus monasticis, and several other works. For a more in-depth description see the literature mentioned below. The whole miscellany was probably compiled as a workbook/notebook by a Polish Observant friar, and was used chiefly as a notebook. He maybe should be identified with the manuscript compiler Theophilus of Bydgoszcz, but that ascription is not secure.

editions

The Art of Memory in Late Medieval Central Europe (Czech Lands, Hungary, Poland), ed. Farkas Gabor Kiss (Budapest-Paris: L'Harmattan, 2016),297-301.

literature

Rafal Wojcik, 'The art of memory in Poland in the Late Middle Ages (1400–1530)', in: The Art of Memory in Late Medieval Central Europe (Czech Lands, Hungary, Poland), ed. Farkas Gabor Kiss (Budapest-Paris: L'Harmattan, 2016), 65-106 (esp. 102-104. See also the introduction to the edition of the text mentioned above).

With many thanks to Farkas Gabor Kiss.

 

 

 

 

Necrologium conventus O.F.M. Coburgensis (1230/1301-1525/1600)

Necrology (deathbook) of the Coburg friary (Bavaria, Würzburg diocese). Continued an earlier text and was maintained until 1525.

manuscripts

MS Neustadt an der Aisch, Kirchenbibl. saec. xv. ?

editions

Das Totenbuch des Franziskanerklosters in Coburg ca. 1257-1525 (1600), ed. K. von Andrian-Werburg, Veröffentlichungen der Gesellschaft für fränkische Geschichte, Ser. IV, 10 (Neustadt an der Aisch, 1990).

literature

Necrologium conventus O.F.M. Coburgensis, http://www.geschichtsquellen.de/repOpus_03513.html, 2016-03-17

 

 

 

 

Necrologium Fratrum Minorum Hamburgensium

Necrology of the Hamburg Franciscans.

editions

Patricius Schlager (ed.), 'Das Nekrologium des Hamburger Franziskanerklosters', Beiträge zur Geschichte der sächsischen Franziskanerprovinz vom Heiligen Kreuze 3 (1910), 1-57.

 

 

 

 

No more ne willi wiked be, poetry (14th cent?)

English Franciscan religious poetry.

literature

D. Anderson, ‘‘No more ne willi wiked be’: religious poetry in Franciscan manuscript (Digby 2)’, in: Literature and Religion in the Later Middle Ages. Studies in Honor of Siegfried Wenzel, ed. R.G. Neuhauser & John A. Alford (New York, 1995), >>.

 

 

 

 

Pectorale Dominicae Passionis (c. 1486-1497)

Flemish work.

literature

De Troeyer, Biobibliographia Franciscana Neerlandica ante Saec. XVI I, 139-140.

 

 

 

 

Pharetra (14th cent?)

Pseudo-bonaventurian work.

manuscripts

Pharetra: MS Avignon, Bibliothèque Municipale 227 (an. 1490); Toulouse, Bibliothèque Municipale 175; Vienna, Österr. Landesbibliothek 4893 ff. 1-133 (an. 1377).

editions

Liber Pharetra Vocatus seu Scintillarium, edited in S. Bonaventure, Libri et Tractatus Varii (Cologne, 1484/5/ Strasbourg, 1489/ Brescia, 1497/ Venice, 1504/ Paris, 1517)

Liber salutaris beati Bonaventure, cardinalis Ordinis Fratrum minorum, Pharetra vocatus, ed. Johanned se Monte OFM (Paris: Berthold Rembolt, 1518).

Pharetra, edited in Bonaventura, Opera Omnia, ed. A.C. Peltier (Paris, 1866), VII, 3-231

 

 

 

 

Poeta Carceratus

An anonymous poetic work from the seventeenth century.

manuscripts

Poeta Carceratus: Naples, Biblioteca Nazionale., V. H. 112.

literature

Manoscritti francescani della Biblioteca Nazionale di Napoli, ed. Cesare Cenci, Spicilegium Bonaventurianum, 7-8 (Quaracchi, 1971) I, 241-3.

 

 

 

 

Postillae Evangeliorum Dominicalium,Ferialium, et Quorundam Festivalium (c. 1450)

A compilation of sermons and sermon outlines, with excerpts from the works of, among others, Bertrand de la Tour, Alexander of Hales, Nicholas of Lyra and Nicholas Gorran OP.

manuscripts

Postillae Evangeliorum Dominicalium,Ferialium, et Quorundam Festivalium: MS Liège, Grande Séminaire 6.H.7

literature

Anscar Zawart, ‘The history of Franciscan preaching and of Franciscan preachers (1209-1927): a bio-bibliographical study’, Franciscan Studies 7 (1928), 364-5

 

 

 

 

Practica Inquisitionis ad Usum Donati de Sanct'Agatha et Fratrum Minorum Provincie Romandiolae

French Franciscan Inquisitorial treatise?

manuscripts

Practica Inquisitionis ad Usum Donati de Sanct'Agatha et Fratrum Minorum Provincie Romandiolae: MS Paris, BN, Lat. 3373 ff. 1-21, 35-71v.

 

 

 

 

Prediche sul Terz’Ordine (15th cent.)

Anonymous sermons on the third order and its qualities.

editions

Prediche sul Terz'Ordine (15th cent.), edited in: Livarius Oliger, ‘VIImo centenario del Terz'Ordine Francescano’, Studi Francescani (1921), 62-68

literature

Anscar Zawart, ‘The history of Franciscan preaching and of Franciscan preachers (1209-1927): a bio-bibliographical study’, Franciscan Studies 7 (1928), 323; AFH 16 (1923), 429

 

 

 

 

Predigt des Barfüßer-Lesemeister (ca. 1340)

Sermon from a Franciscan friar-lector active in the Saxony province. This sermon is included in the German mystical sermon collection Paradisus anime intelligentis, produced in the Erfurt Dominican province in the 1340s, both to provide examples of preaching and to 'prove' the correctness of the Dominican position in a controversy between the Dominicans and the Franciscans concerning the role of knowledge/ratio and love/will in faith and obtaining beatitude.

literature

Kurt Ruh, 'Paradisus anime intelligentis', in: Die deutsche Literatur des Mittelalters. Verfasserlexikon VII (1989), 208-303; Burkhard Hasebrink, 'Studies on the Redaction and Use of the Paradisus anime intelligentis', in: De l'homélie au sermon. Histoire de la prédication médiévale, ed. Jacqueline Hamesse & X. Hermand (Louvain-la-Neuve, 1993), 143-158; Volker Honemann, ‘Das mittelalterliche Schrifttum der Franziskaner der Sächsischen Ordensprovinz unter besonderer Berücksichtigung deutschsprachiger Zeugnisse’, in: Geschichte der Sächsischen Franziskanerprovinz, 1: Von den Anfängen bis zur Reformation, ed. Volker Honemann (Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2015), 690-691.

 

 

 

 

Processo delli morti in servitio delli appestati e di quelli che havendo servito, turravia vivono (1662)

Anonymus Italian Capuchin work from 1662 on pest processions in 1656-1657.

editions

Processo delli morti in servitio delli appestati. Contributo di un codice cappuccino alla storia dell’epidemia del 1656-1657 in Abruzzo, ed. Luigi Del Vecchio, Documenti e studi, 1 (L’Aquila (Convento S. Chiara): Edizioni Frati Minori Cappuccini d’Abruzzo, 2006). Cf review in Collectanea Franciscana 77 (2007), 747-748.

 

 

 

 

Provinciale Omnium Ecclesiarum and related works

Collection of provincial and general order statutes and related materials.

manuscripts

Provinciale Omnium Ecclesiarum; Acta Conc. Gen. Lugdunensis; Debita, Consuetudines et Ceremonie (...); Constitutiones Cancellarie: MS Bologna, Coll. Hisp. S. Clemente 275 (saex. XV).

 

 

 

 

Quare detraxistis

Polemic work from Fraticelli circles. Probably from the period of the pontificate of Innocent VI, during heavy fraticelli persecutions. Sedda’s edition is based on the only surviving manuscript: Louvain, Catholic University, Theology Faculty Library, MS Grand Séminaire, 17. Sedda claims that the work is partly based on an older text, the so-called anonymous Veritatem sapientis. Yet Jan Ballweg (Picenum Seraphicum 20 (2001), 47-112 argues that Veritatem sapientis is based on the Quare detraxistis. In any case, the Quare detraxistis is a polemical work of a central Italian fraticello in the context of inquisitorial persecution. In Sedda’s opinion, the older Veritatem sapientis is itself composed some decade(s) prior to that in the cultual ambiance of Munich, where the party of friars was hovering near the court of Louis of Bavaria.

editions/literature

Quare detraxistis, see: Filippo Sedda, ‘Un testo fraticellesco dell’Italia Centrale. Edizione e studio di alcuni capitoli della ‘Quare detraxistis”, AFH 102 (2009), 135-174 & Quare detraxistis sermonibus veritatis. La disputa della povertà in un testo fraticellesco del XIV sec., ed. F. Sedda (Rome: Antonianum, 2011).>> Review in CF 82 (2012), 788-790.

 

 

 

 

Quaestio de Imagine Recreationis

‘Bonaventurian’ question.

manuscripts

Quaestio de Imagine Recreationis: MS Assisi, Bibl. Comm. 186 (ed. in prep. by F. Chavero Blanco).

literature

F. Chavero Blanco, ‘La Quaestio de imagine recreationis del Ms Assisi, Comunale, 186 ¿Un escrito bonaventuriano? = The «Quaestio de imagine recreationis» of the Ms Assisi, Comunale, 186. A Bonaventurian script?’, AFH 92:1-2 (1999), 3-58.

 

 

 

 

Quaestiones disputatae 'De productione rerum', 'De imagine' et 'De anima' e schola bonaventuriana (ca. 1260))

A number of disputed questions from MS Florence, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, Conv. Soppr. D.4.27, produced around 1260 in the ambiance of a Franciscan degree school (Paris?) and in line with Bonaventurian thought .

editions

Quaestiones disputatae 'De productione rerum', 'De imagine' et 'De anima' e schola bonaventuriana (codex Conv. Soppr. D.4.27 Bibliothecae Nationalis Centralis Florentiae), ed. Mikolaj Olszewki, Bibliotheca seraphico-capuccina, 101 (Rome: Istituto Storico dei Cappuccini, 2014). See review in Collectanea Franciscana 85:3-4 (2015), 760-761.

 

 

 

 

Quaestiones super III Sententiarum (14th cent.)

Scotist partial Sentences commentary on the third book in Scotist fashion.

manuscripts

Quaestiones super III Sent.., dist. 5-19, 29-40: MS Wolfenbüttel, Herzog Augustbibl. Extravagantes 20 (85ff, 14th cent.)

 

 

 

 

Registrum Anglie, (c. 1325)

A location list made by English friars of patristic works in libraries of the old orders.

manuscripts

Registrum Anglie: MS Cambridge, Peterhouse, 169; Oxford, Bodleian, Tanner 165.

literature

R. & M. Rouse, Authentic Witnesses. Approaches to Medieval Texts and Manuscripts (Notre Dame, IN, 1991), 423.

 

 

 

 

Sacrum Commercium Sancti Francisci cum Domine Paupertate

This partly allegorical and intriguing work sings the praises of the bond between Francis and ‘Lady poverty’. The authorship of the text is unknown. In the Chronica XXIV Generalium, the work is ascribed to Giovanni of Parma. Other friars mentioned as authors are Giovanni Parenti, Antonio of Padua, Crescenzio of Jesi and Caesarius of Speyer. None of these ascriptions can be fully ascertained. The date of composition is also highly contested. Although some of the manuscripts include a colophon suggesting that the work was written in July 1227, less than a year after Francis' death and before his canonization, the editor Stefano Brufani dates the work to the 1250s and therefore situates it in the context of the anti-mendicant polemics launched by the secular masters at Paris. For an evaluation of these various viewpoints, see also Wesjohann (2012), 115-119.

editions

Sacrum Commercium Sancti Francisci cum Domine Paupertate, ed. Stefano Brufani, Medioevo Francescano, Testi 1 (S. Maria degli Angeli-Assisi, 1990); Sacrum Commercium Sancti Francisci cum Domine Paupertatis, ed. in: Fontes Franciscani, ed. Enrico Menestò & Stefano Brufani (Assisi: Ed. Porziuncola, 1995), 1693-1732.

translations

Der Bund des heiligen Franziskus mit der Herrin Armut, Einführung, Übersetzung, Anmerkungen, ed. & trans. Kajetan Eßer & Engelbert Grau, Franziskanische Quellenschriften, 9 (Werl: Coelde Verlag, 1966).

literature

Paul Sabatier, ‘Kurze Bemerkungen zur historischen Bedeutung des Sacrum Commercium Beati Francisci cum Domina Paupertate’, Franziskanische Studien 13 (1926), 277-282; Martin Herz, Sacrum Commercium. Eine begriffsgeschichtliche Studie zur Theologie der röhmischen Liturgiesprache, Münchner Theologische Schriften, II. Systematische Abteilung, 15 (Munich, 1958); Auspicius van Corstanje, Gottes Bund mit den Armen, Biblische Grundgedanken bei Franziskus von Assisi, Bücher franziskanischer Geistigkeit, 10 (Werl: Coelde, 1964); Barbara Rosenwein & Lester K. Little, ‘Social Meaning in the Monastic and Mendicant Spiritualities', Past and Present 63 (1974), 4-32; David Flood, ‘The Domestication of the Franciscan Movement’, Franziskanische Studien 60 (1978), 311-327 (esp. 325-327); Engelbert Grau, ‘Das ‘Sacrum commercium sancti Francisci cum domina paupertate. Seine Bedeutung für die franziskanusche Mystik’, in: Abendländische Mystik im Mittelalter. Symposion Kloster Engelberg 1984, ed. Kurt Ruh, Germanistische Symposien, 7 (Stuttgart, 1986), 269-285; Stefano Brufani, ‘Il Sacrum commercium: l’identità minoritica nel mito delle origini’, in: Dalla ‘sequela Christi’ di Francesco d’Assisi all’apologia della povertà. Atti del XVIII convegno internazionale (Assisi, 18-20 ottobre 1990) (Spoleto: Società internazionale di studi francescani – Centro interuniversitario di studi francescani, 1992), 203-222; Marino Bigaroni, ‘Sacrum commercium Sancti Francisci cum Domina Paupertate. Nuova edizione critica’, Archivum franciscanum historicum 86 (1993), 99-103; Annette Kehnel, ‘Der freiwillige Arme ist ein potentiell Reicher. Eine Unterscheidung zwischen freiwilliger und unfreiwilliger Armut’, in: In proposito paupertatis: Studien zum Armutsverständnis bei den mittelalterlichen Bettelorden, ed. G. Melville & A. Kehnel, Vita Regularis – Abhandlungen, 13 (Münster: LIT Verlag, 2001), 203-228; Barbara Newman, God and the Goddesses: Vision, Poetry, and Belief in the Middle Ages, The Middle Ages (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2003), 3-9; Alviero Niccacci, ‘Riflessioni bibliche sul ‘Sacrum commercium sancti Francisci cum domina Paupertate”, in: Domini vestigia sequi: miscellanea offerta a p. Giovanni M. Boccali ofm. per il suo 75. di vita e 50. di sacerdozio, ed. Cesare Vaiani, Studi e ricerche, 15 (Santa Maria degli Angeli (Perugia), 2003), 99-129; Rosalind B. Brooke, The Image of St Francis: Responses to Sainthood in the Thirteenth Century, Reprint (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006), 157-159; Jean-Baptiste Auberger, ‘Presentación y análisis del Sacrum Commercium’, Selecciones de Franciscanismo 37 (2008), 95-106; Michael F. Cusato, ‘Commercium: From the Profane to the Sacred’, in: Idem, The Early Franciscan Movement (1205-1239) History, Sources and Hermeneutics (Spoleto: Centro Italiano di studi sull’alto medioevo, 2009); J. Schlageter, ‘Der hl. Bund des sel. Franziskus mit der Herrin Armut (Sacrum Commercium)’, in: Franziskus-Quellen. Die Schriften des Heiligen Franziskus, Lebensbeschreibungen, Chroniken und Zeugnisse über ihn und seinen Orden, ed. Dieter Berg, Leonhard Lehmann et al., Zeugnisse des 13. und 14. Jahrhunderts zur Franziskanischen Bewegung, Band 1 (Kevelaer: Butzon & Bercker, Ed. T. Coelde, 2009), 654-685; Achim Wesjohann, Mendikantische Gründungserzählungen im 13. und 14. Jahrhundert: Mythen als Element institutioneller Eigengeschichtsschreibung der mittelalterlichen Franziskaner, Dominikaner und Augustiner-Eremiten, Vita regularis - Abhandlungen, 49 (Münster: LIT Verlag, 2012), 115-119; Alfonso Marini, 'Sacrum Commercium Sancti Francisci cum Domina Paupertate: Rivendicazione della novità del movimento minoritico', in: Storia della spiritualità francescana, I: secoli XIII-XVI, ed. M. Bartoli, W. Block & A. Mastromatteo (Bologna: Edizione Dehoniane, 2017), 241-256.

 

 

 

 

Saechsische Weltchronik (c. 1230-1255)

German universal chronicle, composed in three different redactions between ca. 1225/1230 and ca. 1255? The text used materials from the universal chronicle of Albert von Stade and one version of this text was used by Alexander Minorita for the construction of his Apocalypse commentary. The question remains whether this chronicle was a Franciscan production or not. The scholarly discussions concerning this question are complex. It is possible that the work was conceived or at least copied in the Franciscan studium generale of Magdeburg and became a base for the construction of the Schwabenspiegel, but nothing is certain. The best up-to-date status quaestionis concerning this text is given in Honemann (2015), 734-739.

editions

Das Buch der Welt. Kommentar und Edition zur ‘Sächsische Weltchronik’, Ms. Memb. I, 90 Forschungs- und Landesbibliothek Gotha, ed. Hubert Herkommer (Luzern, 2000).

literature

Hubert Herkommer, Überlieferungsgeschichte der ‘Sächsische Weltchronik’, Münchener Texte und Untersuchungen zur deutschen Literatur des Mittelalters, 38 (M, 1972); Hubert Herkommer, ‘Eike von Repgows ‘Sachsenspiegel’ und die Sächsische Weltchronik’, Jahrbuch des Vereins für niederdeutsche Sprachforschung 100 (1977), 7-42; Michael Menzel, Die Sächsische Weltchronik. Quellen und Stoffauswahl, Vorträge und Forschungen. Sonderband, 34 (Sigmaringen, 1985); Hubert Herkommer, ‘Sächsische Weltchronik’, Die deutsche Literatur des Mittelalters. Verfasserlexikon VIII (1992), 473-500; Jürgen Wolf, Die Sächsische Weltchronik im Spiegel ihrer Handschriften. Überlieferung, Textentwickung, Rezeption, Münstersche Mittelalter-Schriften, 75 (Munich, 1997); Volker Honemann, ‘Franziskanische Geschichtsschreibung’, in: Geschichte der Sächsischen Franziskanerprovinz, 1: Von den Anfängen bis zur Reformation, ed. Volker Honemann (Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2015),734-739.

 

 

 

 

Scala divini amoris (c. 1300)

Spiritual text from Southern France with connection to the works of the beguine Mechthild of Magdeburg and Francis's Canticle of the Sun. Unclear whether the text was made by a man or woman connected with the Franciscan order or not. But Franciscan sensibilities are clear.

editions

Scala divini amoris - Stufen zur Gottesliebe. Ein mystischer Weisheitstext aus der Provence, trans. Kurt Ruh & ed. Simon Peng-Keller (Freiburg im Breisgau: Kreuz Verlag, 2013). Cf. Review in Collectanea Franciscana 85:3-4 (2015), 742-744.

 

 

 

 

Schwarzwälder Predigten (13th cent.)

This South German double sermon collection of Sunday sermons and sermons on saints from the late 13th century has been assigned to a secular cleric working in an urban environment (Ruh), but also to a Franciscan from either Agsburg, Ulm or Konstanz influenced by the sermons of Berthold of Regensburg & the Latin sermons of Conrad of Saxony (o.a. Franz, Schiewer and more cautiously Williams-Krapp). Others claim that the work might have been the work of an Augustinian Hermit (Cruel, Stamm). In any case these sermons do show considerable influence of Berthold of Regensburg & especially Conrad of Saxony. Aside from hat, the sermons on saints build on the Legenda Aurea, the Historia Scholastica, the Physiologus, and in particular the Old Testament. The text of the sermons contains many Latin citations, which is apparently quite exceptional for this type of vernacular collections. For a survey of the available manuscripts, see Werner Williams-Krapp (1978).

editions

The sermons were edited first in F.K. Grieshaber, Deutsche Predigten des 13. Jahrhunderts, 2 Vols. (Stuttgart, 1844-46); A number have been edited in Predigten des Schwarzwälder Predigers, ed. Gerhard Stamm, Kleine Deutsche Prosadenkmäler des Mittelalters, 12 (Fink, 1973), and in Fest- und Heiligenpredigten des ‘Schwarzwälder Predigers’, ed. Ulla Williams & Werner Williams-Krapp, Kleine Deutsche Prosadenkmäler des Mittelalters, 14 (Munich: Fink, 1982). Parts (?) have also been edited in Hans-Jochen Schiewer, Die ‘Schwarzwälder Predigten’. Entstehungs- und Überlieferungsgeschichte der Sonntags- und Heiligenpredigten. Mit einer Musteredition, MTU 105 (Tübingen: Niemeyer, 1996). See also Kurt Ruh, ‘Das Autograph des ‘Schwarzwälder Predigers'? Zu H.-J. Schiewer, ‘Die Schwarzwälder Predigten, MTU 105’’, Zeitschrift für deutsches Altertum und deutsche Literatur 129:1 (2000), 35-37.

literature

Anscar Zawart, ‘The history of Franciscan preaching and of Franciscan preachers (1209-1927): a bio-bibliographical study’, Franciscan Studies 7 (1928), 343; Linsenmeyer, Geschichte der Predigt, 354-364; Gerhad Stamm, Studien zum ‘Schwarzwälder Prediger’ (Munich: Fink, 1969); Werner Williams-Krapp, Das Gesamtwerk des sog. Schwarzwälder Predigers’, Zeitschrift für deutsches Altertum und deutsche Literatur 107 (1978), 50-80 [with edition of the Christmas sermon ‘De nativitate Domini’ on pp. 66-80]; Kurt Ruh, ‘Deutsche Predigtbücher des Mittelalters’, in: K. Ruh, Kleine Schriften, ed. V. Mertens, 2 Vols. (Berlin-New York, 1984) II, 296-317; Hans-Jochen Schiewer, Die ‘Schwarzwälder Predigten’. Entstehungs- und Überlieferungsgeschichte der Sonntags- und Heiligenpredigten, MTU 105 (Tübingen: Niemeyer, 1996); Kurt Ruh, ‘Das Autograph des ‘Schwarzwälder Predigers’? Zu H.-J. Schiewer, ‘Die Schwarzwälder Predigten, MTU 105’’, Zeitschrift für deutsches Altertum und deutsche Literatur 129:1 (2000), 35-37; Regina D. Schiewer, ‘Sub Iudaica Infirmitate – ‘Under the Jewish Weakness’: Jews in Medieval German Sermons’, in: The Jewish-Christian Encounter in Medieval Preaching, ed. Jonathan Adams & Jussi Hanska (Routledge, 2014), 59-87 (esp. 62-64).

 

 

 

 

Scriptum super Hieremiam (mid 13th cent.)

Mid thirteenth-century Joachimist text allegedly composed by Joachim of Fiore but in reality a product of a possibly Franciscan Joachimist author in Northern Italy. Although the work might also have been the product of a Venetian Augustinian (?). The work had quite an impact on the development of Joachimist thought within the Franciscan order and beyond an was printed at least two times in the early 16th century.

editions

Eximii profundissimique sacrorum eloquiorum perscrutatoris ac futurorum prenunciatoris Abbatis Joachim Florensis scriptum super Hieremiam prophetam (...) Revisum ac correctum (Venice, 1516); Interpretatio preclara Abbatis Ioachim in Hieremiam Prophetam (Venice, 1525).

literature

Marjorie Reeves, The Influence of Prophecy, passim; Bernard McGinn, 'Circoli gioachimiti venetiani', Cristianesimo nella storia 7 (1986), 19-39; Robert Moynihan, 'The Development of the 'Pseudo-Joachim' commentary 'Super Hieremiam': New Manuscript Evidence', Mélanges de l'École française de Rome. Moyen Age, Temps Modernes 98 (1986), 109-142.

 

 

 

 

Scutum Defensionis super Privilegiis Fratrum de Audiencia Confessionum et Sepultura (15th cent.)

See also a comparable work by Johannes Kanneman.

manuscripts

Scutum Defensionis super Privilegiis Fratrum de Audiencia Confessionum et Sepultura: MS Lüneburg, Ratsbücherei theol. 2° 49 ff. 37ra-65va.

 

 

 

 

Sendbrief an geistliche Kinder

An anonymous allegely Franciscan mystical-ascetical treatise in letter format found in two St. Gallen manuscripts.

literature

Kurt Ruh, Bonaventura deutsch. Ein Beitrag zur deutschen Franziskanermystik und scholastik (Bern, 1956), 52.

 

 

 

 

Sermones de Festis Sanctorum (late 13th cent.)

A collection of 211 sermons, divided over three sections: De proprio sanctorum, De communi sanctorum and De proprio sanctorum. Apart from a few laudatory textfragments taken from preachers such as Bonaventure and Gilbert of Tournai, most of these sermons have not yet been attributed, although some of them show kinship with sermons in other anonymous collections, such as those in MS Uppsala, University Library C.415a.

manuscripts

Sermones de Festis Sanctorum: MS Barcelona, Archivo de la Corona de Aragón, Ripoll 195.

literature

Aleksander Horowski, 'Sermoni francescani "De Festis Sanctorum" Della Fine Del XIII Secolo nel Ms. Ripoll 195', Collectanea Franciscana 85:1-2 (2015), 83-152 [with an edition of several sermons on Franciscan saints (Francis, Claire, Anthony of Padua etc.].

 

 

 

 

Sermones de Sancta Clara

Aside from sermons on Clare by acknowledged and well-known preachers and theologians, there also have survived a large number of sermons on Clare by unknown Franciscan authors. Their provenance is not always very clear.

manuscripts/editions

Sermones de Sancta Clara: Four anonymous sermons on Clare, found in MSS Assisi, S. Convento, Fondo Antiquo Comunale 434 f. 32v; Assisi, S. Convento, Fondo Antiquo Comunale 499 ff. 36v-38r; Assisi, S. Convento, Fondo Antiquo Comunale 466 ff. 84va-85r; Assisi, S. Convento, Fondo Antiquo Comunale 565 ff. 103va-104rb, and edited in Aleksander Horowski, ‘Chiara d’Assisi in alcuni sermoni medievali’, Collectanea Franciscana 81:3-4 (2011), 645-703.

Sermones de Sancta Clara: Two sermons on Clare of Assisi, one based on MS Troyes, Bibliothèque Municipale 1464 ff. 68va-69va, and another one based on MSS Assisi, S. Convento, Fondo Antiquo Comunale 540 ff, 172rv-172vb; Charleville-Mézières, Bibliothèque Municipale 92 ff. 176ra-176va; Monte Cassino, Biblioteca dell’Abbazia 213 ff. 142ra-142vb; Naples, Biblioteca Nazionale VIII.A.20 ff. 171vb-172va), edited in: Aleksander Horowski, ‘Chiara d’Assisi in alcuni sermoni medievali’, Collectanea Franciscana 81:3-4 (2011), 645-703.

 

 

 

 

Sermones de Tempore Compilati ex Concionatoribus Franciscanis ut S. Bonav. Et Nicolao de Lyra (15th cent.)

manuscripts

Sermones de T. Compilati ex Concionatoribus Franciscanis ut S. Bonav. Et Nicolao de Lyra: Lüneburg, Ratsbücherei theol. 2° 67 ff. 1ra-250va (15th cent.)

 

 

 

 

Sermones Diversi, Sermones de T., Sermones de Passione et Resurrectione & Expositio Officii Missae (15th cent.)

manuscripts

Sermones Diversi, Sermones de T., Sermones de Passione et Resurrectione & Expositio Officii Missae: Lüneburg, Ratsbücherei theol. 2° 70.

 

 

 

 

Sermones Dominicales (15th cent.)

manuscripts

Sermones Dominicales: Madrid, Nac., 4200.

literature

M. de Castro, Manuscritos Franciscanos de la Biblioteca Nacional de Madrid (Madrid: Servicio de Publicaciones del Ministerio de Educacion y Ciencia, 1973), no. 242.

 

 

 

 

Sermones Evangeliares de Tempore (15th cent.)

manuscripts

Sermones Evangeliares de Tempore.: MS Lüneburg, Ratsbücherei theol. 2° 66 ff. 1ra-212rb, 263ra-273ra (15th cent.)

 

 

 

 

Sermones Epistolares et Evangeliares (15th cent.)

manuscripts

Sermones Epistolares et Evangeliares: MS Lüneburg, Ratsbücherei theol. 2° 70.

 

 

 

 

Sermones, Partes VII-X Redactae a Quodam Frate Minore Saec. XIV (14th cent.)

French Franciscan sermon collection.

manuscripts

Sermones, Partes VII-X Redactae a Quodam Frate Minore Saec. XIV: MS Paris, BN, Lat. 3303

 

 

 

Sermoon vande bekeerde sonderesse Maria Magdalena & Sermoon vande groote liefde van Maria Magdalena (after 1500?/1562 cent.)

Two long sermons in the Dutch vernacular were printed in Antwerp in 1562. In both cases it concerned sermons on Mary Magdalen once made by an unknown Dutch friar Minor and edited/transformed by the canon Willem Frans Molaris, who was active at the St. Martin's church of Middelburg. Nothing else is known about the date and place of the initial composition of these texts.

editions

Een troostelic Sermoon vande bekeerde sonderesse Maria Magdalena ghemaect over veel iaren van eenen devoten Minnebroer ende met grooter neersticheyt oversien in vele puncten ghecorrigeert ende verandert byden eerwerdigen Heere ende Meester M. Willem Frans Molaris, Canoninck ende Pastoor van sinte Mertijns Kercke binnen Middelburch ghenaemt Westmonster in Zeelandt (Antwerp: Jan van Ghelen, 1562).

Een devotelijck ende seer costelijck Sermoon vande groote liefde van Maria Magdalena by den selfden Minnebroeder, ghetoghen wt die Omelye van Origines den Griecxen Doctoor opt Evangelie datmen leest tsondaechs inde Octave van Paesschen, in vele puncten gecorrigeert ende verandert by den Eer. Heere ende Meester M. Willem Frans Molaris, Canoninck ende Pastoor van sinte Mertijns Kercke binnen Middelburch (Antwerp: Jan van Ghelen, 1562).

literature

B. De Troeyer, Bio-Bibliographica Franciscana Neerlandica saec. XVI, I: Pars biographica (Nieuwkoop: B. De Graaf, 1969), 253.

 

 

 

Specchio dei religiosi (15th cent.)

Venetian text.

manuscripts

Specchio dei religiosi: MS Rovigo, Accademia dei Concordi, Silv. 376.

literature

Giorgia Bisio, ‘Un testimone della storia religiosa veneta del XV secolo: lo Specchio dei religiosi’, AFH 97:3-4 (2004), 347-378.

 

 

 

 

Speculum humanae salvationis (14th cent.)

manuscripts

Speculum humanae salvationis: MS Roma, Biblioteca dell’Academia Nazionale dei Lincei e Corsiniana 55.K.2.

literature

Chiara Frugoni & Francesca Manzari, Immagini di san Francesco in uno Speculum humanae salvationis del Trecento. Roma, Biblioteca dell’Academia Nazionale dei Lincei e Corsiniana 55.K.2, Biblioteca di Frate Francesco, 1 (Padua: Editrice Francescane, 2006). Review in CF 77 (2007), 670-674.

 

 

 

 

Speculum Laicorum (before 1300?, also attributed to John of Hoveden (see there))

For a description of the work, see Antonianum 2 (1927), 203-276

manuscripts

Speculum Laicorum: a.o. Rome, Vat. Ottob. Lat. 522 ff. 142-321; Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional, 94, 116 & 18465; El Escorial X.III.1

editions

Speculum Laicorum, ed. J.Th.Welter (Paris, 1914). Review by P. Gratien in Revue d’histoire de l’Église de France 6:31 (1920), 176-177

translations

El Especulo de los lejos, Texto inédito del siglo XV, ed. J.M. Mohedano Hernández (Madrid, 1951) [on the basis of mss Madrid, Nac., 94, 116 & 18465 & El Escorial X.III.1

 

 

 

 

Speculum Perfectionis (early 14th cent.)

Paul Sabatier, the first editor of the text, saw the Speculum Perfectionis as an early work of friar Leo of Assisi, and dated it in 1227. Therewith, it would have been a fundamental document for finding the ‘true’ spirit of the early Franciscan movement. Later research has established that the Speculum Perfectionis is younger than asserted by Sabatier. The current communis opinio seems to be that the work was probably compiled in or around 1318. The Speculum Perfectionis which consists of thirteen thematical chapters, might be in part dependent on the Legenda Perusina/Compilatio Assisiensis and also shows the influence of the viewpoints of Ubertino da Casale.

editions

Le Speculum Perfectionis ou Mémoires de frère Léon sur la seconde partie de la vie de saint François d’Assise, ed. P. Sabatier, 2nd ed. (Manchester, 1928); Anonimo della Porziuncola, Speculum Perfectionis Status Fratris Minoris, ed. Daniele Solvi, Edizione nazionale dei testi mediolatini, 16, Serie I, 9 (Tavarnuzze, Florence: SISMEL-Edizioni del Galluzo, 2006). See review in AFH 100 (2007), 565-570, and the lengthy reviews by Johannes Schneider, ‘Das Buch ‘vom Stand des Minderbruders’. Zur Neu-Edition des ‘Speculum Perfectionis”, Collectanea Franciscana 77 (2007), 621-631, and by Dalarun and Lambertini, in Frate Francesco 73 (2007), 613-639.

literature

DSpir XIV, 1116-1117; Michael Bihl, ‘Zur Kritik des Speculum Perfectionis gelegentlich der Neuausgabe desselben von P. Sabatier’, Franziskanische Studien 22 (1935), 113-148; Sophronius Clasen, Legenda antiqua S. Francisci: Untersuchung über die nachbonaventurianischen Franziskusquellen, Legenda trium sociorum, Speculum perfectionis, Actus B. Francisci et sociorum eius und verwandtes Schrifttum (Leiden: Brill, 1967); Maurice Causse, ‘La question franciscaine: Du Speculum Perfectionis aux rotuli de Frère Léon’, Revue d'histoire et de philosophie religieuses 69 (1989), 285-307; Daniele Solvi, ‘Lo Speculum perfectionis e i rotoli di frate Leone’, Studi medievali Ser. 3, 34 (1994), 595-651; Daniele Solvi, ‘Lo Speculum perfectionis e sue fonti’, Archivum franciscanum historicum 88 (1995), 377-471; Jacques Dalarun, ‘Lo Speculum perfectionis, specchio della questione francescana. A proposito di un’edizione recente’, Frate Francesco 73 (2007), 613-632; Johannes Schneider, ‘Das Buch ‘Vom Stand des Minderbruders’: zur Neu-Edition des ‘Speculum perfectionis”, Collectanea Franciscana 77 (2007), 621-631; Maurice Causse, ‘La ‘Légende des Trois Compagnons’, le ‘Spéculum Perfectionis’ et la Question franciscaine’, in: Ens infinitum: à l’école de saint François d’Assise. Exposition, Bibliothèque Nationale et Universitaire de Strasbourg, 19 mars - 30 avril 2009, ed. Claude Coulot & Maurice Causse (Strasbourg, 2009), 201-220; J. Schneider, ‘Spiegel der Vollkommenheit’, in: Franziskus-Quellen. Die Schriften des Heiligen Franziskus, Lebensbeschreibungen, Chroniken und Zeugnisse über ihn und seinen Orden, ed. Dieter Berg, Leonhard Lehmann et al., Zeugnisse des 13. und 14. Jahrhunderts zur Franziskanischen Bewegung, Band 1 (Kevelaer: Butzon & Bercker, Ed. T. Coelde, 2009), 1207-1332; Achim Wesjohann, Mendikantische Gründungserzählungen im 13. und 14. Jahrhundert: Mythen als Element institutioneller Eigengeschichtsschreibung der mittelalterlichen Franziskaner, Dominikaner und Augustiner-Eremiten, Vita Regularis. Ordnungen und Deutungen religiosen Lebens im Mittelalter, Abhandlungen, 49 (Münster: LIT Verlag, 2012), 101-105; Felice Accrocca, Un santo di carta. Le fonti biografiche di san Francesco d’Assisi, Biblioteca di Frate Francesco, 13 (Rome-Milan: Centro Culturale Aracoeli-Biblioteca Francescana, 2013).

 

 

 

 

Speculum Perfectionis Minus/Speculum Perfectionis Lemmens(late 13th cent.?)

This anonymous work, known both as the Speculum Perfectionis Minus and as the Speculum Perfectionis Lemmens, after its first editor, Leonardus Lemmens, who saw this text as a proto-version of the Speculum Perfectionis. Although the non-systhematic way in which the materials in the SPM are organised could be seen as an argument to see it as a precursor to the SP, which is much more systhematical and thematical in its approach, there remains uncertainty about the relationship between these works, both of which seem to represent a Franciscan spiritual outlook. Parts of the Speculum Perfectionis Minus are probably inspired by and drawn from an early version of the Legenda Perusina/Compilatio Assisiensis.

editions

Documenta Antiqua Franciscana, Pars II: Speculum Perfectionis (Redactio I), ed. Leonardus Lemmens (Quaracchi, 1901), 23-84; Speculum perfectionis (minus), ed. Marino Bigaroni, Biblioteca Francescana, Chiesa Nuova – Assisi, 3 (Assisi, 1983); Fontes Franciscani, 1745-1825.

literature

Massimiliano Zanot, Lo Speculum Lemmens fonte francescana (Rome, 1996); Achim Wesjohann, Mendikantische Gründungserzählungen im 13. und 14. Jahrhundert: Mythen als Element institutioneller Eigengeschichtsschreibung der mittelalterlichen Franziskaner, Dominikaner und Augustiner-Eremiten, Vita Regularis. Ordnungen und Deutungen religiosen Lebens im Mittelalter, Abhandlungen, 49 (Münster: LIT Verlag, 2012), 105; Felice Accrocca, Un santo di carta. Le fonti biografiche di san Francesco d’Assisi, Biblioteca di Frate Francesco, 13 (Rome-Milan: Centro Culturale Aracoeli-Biblioteca Francescana, 2013).

 

 

 

 

Speculum vitae/Legenda antiqua/Fac secundum exemplar (c. 1322?)

A compilation, probably made in Avignon, that has come down to us under different titles (Speculum vitae/Legenda antiqua/Fac secundum exemplar), and that incorporates many elements that we also find in the Actus beati Francisci and the Speculum Perfectionis, as well as sayings of Giles of Assisi, and materials taken from Francis's Testament and Admonitions (Cf. Walter W. Seton (1918/2010), 29-31). The Speculum vitae/Fac secundum exemplar was later apparently reworked into a Speculum Vitae Beati Francisci et Sociorum Eius, that saw the printing press in the early 16th century.

editions

Speculum Vitae Beati Francisci et Sociorum Eius (Venice: Simon de Luere, 1504/Paris, 1509)

literature

F. Ehrle, ‘Das Speculum vitae S. Francisci et Sociorum in den Handschriften', Zeitschrift für Katholische Theologie 12 (1888) 116ff; E. Lempp, Frère Elie de Cortone, Étude bibliographique, Collection d'études ... du moyen âge, 3 (Paris, 1898-1909), 163-169; P. Sabatier, ‘S. Francisci Legendae Veteris fragmenta quaedam. Ou de quelques chapitres de la compilation franciscaine connue sous le nom de Legenda Antiqua [circa 1322] qui paraissent provenir de la Legenda vetus [circa 1246]', in: Idem, Opuscules de critique historique I (Paris, 1903), 63-14; Walter W. Seton, Blessed Giles of Assisi, British Society of Franciscan Studies, 8 (The University Press, 1918/Reprint Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2010), 29-31; John Richard Humpidge Moorman, The Sources for the Life of S. Francis of Assisi (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1940), 5, 165; Rosalind B. Brooke, Early Franciscan Government, 28ff;

S. Clasen, Legenda Antiqua S. Francisci. Untersuchung über die nachbonaventuranischen Franziskusquellen (Leiden, 1967), 3200f. Gransden, Historical Writing in England, 489; Volker Honemann, ‘Das mittelalterliche Schrifttum der Franziskaner der Sächsischen Ordensprovinz unter besonderer Berücksichtigung deutschsprachiger Zeugnisse’, in: Geschichte der Sächsischen Franziskanerprovinz, 1: Von den Anfängen bis zur Reformation, ed. Volker Honemann (Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2015), 610-624.

 

 

 

 

Speigel der waren vnde rechten ynkere to gode (1508)

Possibly the Low German product of a Franciscan friar from Braunschweig, based on a (likewise Franciscan?) High German treatise Von der wahren Einkehr.

editions

Speigel der waren vnde rechten ynkere to gode (Braunschweig: Hans Dorn, 1508).

literature

Volker Honemann, 'Der Spiegel der wahren und rechten Einkehr zu Gott', Niederdeutsches Wort 55 (2015), 71-91; Volker Honemann, ‘Das mittelalterliche Schrifttum der Franziskaner der Sächsischen Ordensprovinz unter besonderer Berücksichtigung deutschsprachiger Zeugnisse’, in: Geschichte der Sächsischen Franziskanerprovinz, 1: Von den Anfängen bis zur Reformation, ed. Volker Honemann (Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2015), 678.

 

 

 

 

Spill de la Vida Religiosa/Espejo de Religiosos/Tratado llamado el Desseoso (early 16th cent.)

The Spill de la Vida Religiosa (Barcelona, 1515), was quickly translated into Castilian, as the Espejo de Religiosos (Sevilla, 1533). It also appeared as the Tratado llamado el Desseoso (Toledo, 1536). The work had great succes in a range of European languages. It was claimed by the Hieronymites, who also took much effort in publishing Castilian editions and reworkings. Yet studies of J. Oriol seem to indicate that the first edition of the Spill de la Vida Religiosa, as well as the Libre de la Sancta Terçera Regla (published by the same publisher and in the same year as the Spill de la Vida Religiosa) are the work of an Observant friar minor from the Santa Maria de Barcelona convent. The Spill consists of two treatises, The first one tells the tale of a hermit, called Desitjós or Deseoso, a personification of the soul aspiring to reach perfection. At the beginning of his journey, he meets a sheep keeper who, as a real spiritual master, teaches Desitjós the means to arrive at his goal. The sheep keeper’s equipment, and the animals and plants surrounding him are symbols for the virtues leading to the love of God and for the vices that keep the soul away from is aspired goal. The remainder of the work is a journey via several additional personifications [cf. also the more in-depth analysis of Saturnino López Santidrian in DSpir XIV, 1136-1138]. The second treatise, which bears the title Psalteri de amor, explains how man (again the pilgrim Deseoso) can move from imaginative and discursive reflections towards affective prayer and an affective contemplation of human and divine love. The work uses the symbol of the psalterion (a musical instrument), that can only be played when one engages in proper charity, purifies oneself from mistakes, and builds on the base of humility. Then the psalterion will offer ten chords on which one can play to enlight the love of God. The ten chords themselves stand for a range of virtues, bringing about various degrees of love of/for God. It has been remarked that the Spill resembles externally the Blanquerna and the Félix of Ramon Llull.

editions

Spill de la Vida Religiosa (Barcelona, 1515/Valencia, 1529); Espejo de Religiosos (Sevilla, 1533/11 additional editions until 1588). For additional Latin, Italian, English, German, Danish, Dutch, Irish, and Portuguese translations and (expanding) reworkings, see especially F. López Estrada, Notas sobre la espiritualidad española de los siglos de oro. Estudio del tratado llamado el Deseoso (Sevilla, 1972), 13-26.

Libre de la Sancta Terçera Regla (Barcelona, 1515)

literature

Juan de San Antonio, Bibliotheca Universa Franciscana III, 18; N. Antonio, Bibliotheca Hispana Nova II, 333; J. Oriol de Barcelona, ‘Un anónimo franciscano del siglo XVI’, Estudios Franciscanos 16 (1922), 21-38; L. Alcina, ‘El ‘Spill de la vida religiosa’ de Miquel Comalada’, Studia Monastica 3 (1961), 377-382 [according to which the work is made by the Hieronymite friar Miguel Comalada]; I. Rodriguez, ‘Autores espirituales españoles (1500-1572)’, Repertorio de Historia de la Ciencias Eclesiásticas en España 3 (Salamanca, 1971), 432; F. López Estrada, Notas sobre la espiritualidad española de los siglos de oro. Estudio del tratado llamado ‘El Deseoso’ (Sevilla, 1972) & AIA 35 (1971), 170-171; M. Andrés, Los Recogidos (Madrid, 1976), 77-87; DSpir XIV, 1135-1139; Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 107 (no. 260).

 

 

 

 

Spina et Rosa (15th cent.)

A fifteenth-century abbreviation in 25 chapters of the Compedium Theologicae Veritatis of Hugo Ripelin OP.

manuscripts

Spina et Rosa: Naples, Biblioteca Nazionale XII. F. 33, f. 1-55; XII. G. 6, f. 81a-149d

 

 

 

 

Spiraculum/Liber Distinctionum

Scotist work.

literature

W. Hübener, ‘Robertus Anglicus OFM (…)’, in: Philosophie im Mittelalter, ed. J.P. Beckmann et al. (Hamburg, 1994), 333.

 

 

 

 

Tabula Septem Custodiarum (c. 1309)

This guide to exegetical passages in the works of the fathers was possibly the work of one or more Oxford Franciscan friar.

manuscripts

Tabula Septem Custodiarum: MSS Oxford, Harley, 3858; Oxford, Merton 205; Durham Univ. Cosin V.ii.4; Oxford, Balliol 217; Oxford, Magdalen, 78 & 150; Oxford, Balliol 26; Cambridge, Peterhouse 169; London, British Library Royal 3.D.i.

literature

R. & M. Rouse, Authentic Witnesses. Aapproaches to Medieval Texts and Manuscripts (Notre Dame, IN, 1991), 423 [info on the mss, scribes & owners]

 

 

 

 

Tractatus contra Johannem XXII et Benedictum XII

literature

Repertorium fontium historiae medii aevi primum ab Augusto Potthast digestum, nunc cura collegii historicum e pluribus nationibus emendatum et auctum, XI Vols (Rome: Istituto Storico Italiano per il Medio Evo, 1962-2007) XI/3-4, 221.

 

 

 

 

Tractatus de Decem Preceptis ‘fratris Stanton’ (14th cent. or later ?)

Treatise on the ten commandments by an English friar (‘friar Stanton’), which also has been ascribed to John of Wales, Peter Aureol and others.

manuscripts

Tractatus de Decem Preceptis: MS London, Gray’s Inn MS 15 (15th cent.) ff. 1r-72r.

literature

Bloomfield et.al., Incipits of Latin Works on the Virtues and Vices, 1100-1500 AD (Cambridge MA, 1979), no. 3266; P. Glorieux, Répertoire des maîtres en théologie de Paris au XIIIe siècle, 2 Vols (Paris, 1933-1934), no. 3510; Sharpe, Handlist, 832.

 

 

 

 

Tractatus de bono modo predicandi (15th cent.)

A preaching manual probably originating from the Franciscan friary of Brandenburg, where the manuscript was kept prior to its transferral to Berlin.

manuscripts

Tractatus de bono modo predicandi: Berlin, SBB-PK theol.lat.qu.45, ff. 46r-48r.

literature

Valentin Rose, Verzeichniss der lateinischen Handschriften der königlichen Bibliothek zu Berlin, II Volume in 4 Bands (Berlin, 1893-1905), 772, Nr. 762.

 

 

 

 

Tractatus de Hedificatione Domus Spiritualis (15th cent.)

Italian spiritual work.

manuscripts

Tractatus: Naples, Biblioteca Nazionale, XII.F.17 f. 94b-103a.

literature

Manoscritti francescani della Biblioteca Nazionale di Napoli, ed. Cesare Cenci, Spicilegium Bonaventurianum, 7-8 (Quaracchi, 1971) II, 897.

 

 

 

 

Tractatus de Predicatione Evangelica (ca. 1523)

Work created around 1523 in the Franciscan friary of Eger and now to be found as Prague, Cheb MS. 15/151 adl. 3.

literature

J. Marek, 'Stredoveke latinské Rukopisy z klastera frantiskanu v Chebu', Studie o rukopisech 42 (2012), 63-136 [there 130 (No. 41)].

 

 

 

 

Tractatus de Significatione Litterarum Alfabeti & Tractatus contra Pestilentiam (15th cent.)

Treatises by the same author?

manuscripts

Tractatus de Significatione: Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional, 480 ff. 198v-207.

Tractatus contra Pestilentiam: Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional, 480 ff. 207-217.

literature

M. de Castro, Manuscritos Franciscanos de la Biblioteca Nacional de Madrid (Madrid: Servicio de Publicaciones del Ministerio de Educacion y Ciencia, 1973),no. 40.

 

 

 

 

Tractatus de Universalibus

Scotist? treatise.

manuscripts

Tractatus de Universalibus: Lüneburg, Ratsbücherei, Theol. 2°, 45

 

 

 

 

Tractatus Fraticellorum ad Rectores Urbis Romae (14th cent.)

literature

Repertorium fontium historiae medii aevi primum ab Augusto Potthast digestum, nunc cura collegii historicum e pluribus nationibus emendatum et auctum, XI Vols (Rome: Istituto Storico Italiano per il Medio Evo, 1962-2007) XI/3-4, 220.

 

 

 

 

Tractatus Fraticellorum Perusinorum

editions

Tractatus Fraticellorum Perusinorum, ed. L. Oliger, AFH 4 (1911), 697-712.

 

 

 

 

Tractatus Impugnatioris (c. 1484-1492)

Product of an anonymous Flemish/Dutch friar.

literature

De Troeyer, Biobibliographia Franciscana Neerlandica ante Saec. XVI I, 188.

 

 

 

 

Utrum Liceat Adiurare Demones

The author of this text has also been mentioned as the outhor the Concilium Domini Mediolanensis Presbiter Cardinalis, which has survived in the same manuscript.

manuscripts

Utrum Liceat Adiurare Demones: MS Bologna, Coll. Hisp. S. Clemente 56 ff. 120v.

 

 

 

 

Vademecum (first half 14th cent.)

A kind of personal rapiarium of an unknown learned Franciscan, consisting of letters, letter forms, theological and legal notices, and additional remarks. In the words of Cesare Cenci: ‘Una raccolta di rare operette a servizio di un dotto francescano, che potevano servire alla sua formazione culturale - morale - canonica - sociale - oratoria, e probabilmente anche a suo insegnamento nelle scuole interne dell’ordine.’

editions

C. Cenci, ‘Il Vademecum di un dotto francescano della prima metà del sec. XIV, con formulari di lettere’, Studi Francescani, 94:3-4) (1997), 427-477.

 

 

 

 

Venerabilis Agnetis Blannbekin (…) Vita et Revelationes Auctore Anonymus (1290)

This work was written down by Agnes Bannbekin’s confessor, an un-known Viennese Franciscan in 1290. This text was copied in 1318 by the monk Ermenrich.

manuscripts

The Vita et Revelationes were preserved in several mss. A manuscript from Neresheim was used by Bernardus Pez as a basis for his 1731 edition, but this manuscript is lost today. A more or less complete manuscript copy of the text survived as Zwettl, Zisterzienserkloster 384 (Peter Dinzelbacher used this manuscript and the text published by Pez in 1731 to prepare his new edition). In 1990, apparently two additional manuscripts with a censored version of Blannbekin’s text were discovered and described in G. List and G. Powitz, Die Handschriften der Stadtbibliothek Mainz (1990). A manuscript containing a Middle High German version of the text, described in Joseph von Goerres, Die christliche Mystik, 4 Vols. (Mainz, 1836-1842) was probably destroyed in the fire of the Strasbourg Library in 1870. Franz Lacker (2010) describes another manuscript copy of the text, namely MS Lilienfeld, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 145,45ra-70rb. The Jesuits, who were scandalized by Blannbekin’s mystical extatic experiences in relation to the foreskin of Jesus, tried to surpress the text in the early modern period. This might have resulted in the destruction of several manuscripts. The first edition of the work by Pez ended up on the index of forbidden books.

editions/translations

Venerabilis Agnetis Blannbekin (…) Vita et Revelationes Auctore Anonymus, ed. Bernardus Pez (Vienna: Petrus Conrad Monath, 1731) [digitized and accessible via Google books]; Leben und Offenbarungen der Wiener Begine Agnes Blannbekin (+1315). Edition und Uebersetzung, ed. & trans. Peter Dinzelbacher & Renate Vogeler, Göppinger Arbeiten zur Germanistik, 419 (Göppingen: Kuemmerle-Verlag, 1994); Agnes Blannbekin, Viennese Beguine, Life and Revelations, trans. Ulrike Wiethaus (Cambridge: D.S. Brewer, 2002).

literature

Kurt Ruh, ‘Blannbekin, Agnes’, in: Die deutsche Literatur des Mittelalters. Verfasserlexikon I (1978), 887-890; Peter Dinzelbacher, ‘Agnes, Mystikerin († 1315)’, in: Lexikon des Mittelalters II (1983), 264; Peter Dinzelbacher, ‘Die ‘Vita et Revelationes’ der Wiener Begine Agnes Blannbekin (d. 1315) im Rahmen der Viten- und Offenbarungsliteratur ihrer Zeit’, in: Frauenmystik im Mittelalter, ed. P. Dinzelbacher & Dieter R. Bauer (Stuttgart: Schwabenverlag, 1985), 152-178; Anneliese Stoklaska, ‘Die Revelationes der Agnes Blannbekin: Ein mystisches Unikat im Schrifttum des Wiener Mittelalters’, Jahrbuch des Vereins für Geschichte der Stadt Wien 43 (1987), 7-34; Anneliese Stoklaska, ‘Weibliche Religiosität im mittelalterlichen Wien unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Agnes Blannbekin’, in: Religiöse Frauenbewegung und mystische Frömmigkeit im Mittelalter, ed. Peter Dinzelbacher & Dieter R Bauer (Cologne-Vienna: Böhlau, 1988), 165-184; G. Aron-Lewis, Bibliographie zur deutschen Frauenmystik des Mittelalters (Berlin 1989), 234f; Friedrich Wilhelm Bautz, ‘Blannbekin, Agnes (1250-1297)’, in: Biographisch-bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon I (1990), 612; Peter Dinzelbacher, ‘Die Wiener Minoriten im ausgehenden 13. Jahrhundert nach dem Urteil der zeitgenössischen Begine Agnes Blannbekin’, in: Bettelorden und Stadt. Bettelorden und städtisches Leben im Mittelalter und in der Neuzeit, ed. Dieter Berg, Saxonia Franciscana, 1 (Werl: Coelde, 1992), 181-191; Albrecht Classen, ‘The literary treatment of the ineffable: Mechthild von Magdeburg, Margaret Ebner, Agnes Blannbekin’, Studies in spirituality 8 (1998), 162-187; Christine Stöllinger-Löser, ‘Vita et revelationes ven. Agnetis Blannbekin’, Die deutsche Literatur des Mittelalters. Verfasserlexikon X (1999), 448-449; Albrecht Classen, ‘Die Suche nach dem Ich in der Gottheit: mystische Literatur als epistemologisches Phänomen im Spätmittelalter; zu Hildegard von Bingen, Mechthild von Magdeburg und Agnes Blannbekin’, Études médiévales. Revue 4 (2002), 21-34; Ulrike Wiethaus, ‘Street Mysticism: An Introduction to ‘The Life and Revelations’ of Agnes Blannbekin’, in: Women writing Latin: from Roman antiquity to early modern Europe, ed. Laurie J. Churchill, Phyllis Rugg Brown & Jane Elizabeth Jeffrey, 3 Vols. (New York, 2002) II, 281-307; Christina Landmann, ‘Agnes Blannbekin († 1315): lay female mysticism as a source of indigenous knowledge’, Acta patristica et byzantina 15 (2004), 219-232; Kurt Ruh, ‘Blannbekin, Agnes’, Die deutsche Literatur des Mittelalters. Verfasserlexikon XI (2004), 261; Franz Lackner, ‘Ein bisher unbeachteter Überlieferungsträger der Visionen der Agnes Blannbekin. Lilienfeld, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 145,45ra-70rb’, in: Code(x): Festgabe zum 65. Geburtstag von Alois Haidinger, ed. Martin Haltrich, Codices manuscripti. Supplementum, 2 (Purkersdorf, 2010), 68-76.

 

 

 

 

Vergel de Virginidad, Misterio de los Angeles, Excelencias de la Fe, Misterios de Devoción (first half 16th cent.)

These texts (Misterio de los Angeles, Excelencias de la Fe, Misterios de Devoción (dedicated to Catherine of Portugal)), as well as the Historia [abbreviata] del (...) conde Fernán González, seem to be the work of one and the same friar who was active in Salamanca and Toro, and who at times took a strong stance against Luther.

manuscripts

Vergel de Virginidad: Madrid, Bibliotec Nacional R.-11863; Escorial 31-V-40.

Misterios de devoción >??

Historia [abbreviata]>>?

editions

Vergel de Virginidad y Misterio de los Angeles (Burgos, 1539)

Excelencias de la Fe (Burgos, 1537)

literature

Saturnino López Santidrián, `Vergel de Virginidad', Dict. Spir, 16 (1994), 403-409; E. Asensio, `El erasmismo y las corrientes espirituales afinés', Rivista de Filologia Española, 36 (1952), 36-38; J. Fuster, Rebeldes y heterodoxes (Barcelona, 1972); M. Andrés, Los recogidos (Madrid, 1976), 246-67; P. Sainz Rodríguez, Antología de la literatura espiritual española, II (Madrid, 1983), 191-202, 301-309.

 

 

 

 

Vita Annae ducissae Silesiae (15th cent.)

Modern title of a late medieval vita of Duchess Anna of Schlesia (1204-1265), daughter of King Przemysl Ottokar I of Bohemia and spouse of Duke Heinrich II the Pious of Schlesia. The work has survived in two manuscripts from Breslau (Wroclaw). The text was created either in the Franciscan or in the Clarissan monastery of Breslau.

editions/literature

Vita Annae ducissae Silesiae, ed. Gustav Adolf Stenzel, in: Scriptores rerum silesiacarum, II (Beslau, 1839), 127-130; Volker Honemann, ‘Das mittelalterliche Schrifttum der Franziskaner der Sächsischen Ordensprovinz unter besonderer Berücksichtigung deutschsprachiger Zeugnisse’, in: Geschichte der Sächsischen Franziskanerprovinz, 1: Von den Anfängen bis zur Reformation, ed. Volker Honemann (Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2015), 636-637.

 

 

 

 

Vitae sanctorum fratrum minorum provinciae Saxoniae (14th cent.)

Two collections of vitae concerning brothers in the Saxony province. The first of these has survived in a late 14th-century manuscript from Greifswald (where it was kept in the convent library. Cf. Honemann). The surviving copy is not very well preserved. The collection was meant to contain both vitae of companions of Francis and vitae from holy brothers from the Saxony province, as well as a life of Giovanni di Pian del Carpine (the leader with Caesarius of Speyer of the successful mission of the friars into the German lands) and other provincial officials. The surviving manuscript only contains the German sections [?]. The second collection is a miscellaneous conglomerate from after 1375, which also was kept in the medieval library of the Greifswald convent and containing Legenda sociorum Sancti Francisci, indulgentiae, exempla & vitae sanctorum fratrum minorum provinciae Saxoniae, partly derived from the Actus beati Francisci and a host of other texts.

manuscripts

I. Vitae sanctorum fratrum minorum provinciae Saxoniae: MS Greifswald, Geistliches Ministerium, X.E.37a (late 14th cent.)

II. Legenda sociorum Sancti Francisci, indulgentiae, exempla & vitae sanctorum fratrum minorum provinciae Saxoniae: MS Greifswald, Geistliches Ministerium, XII.E.78, ff. 104rb-174rb (after 1375).

editions/literature

De vitis Sanctorum fratrum Minorum Provinciae Saxoniae, ed. Edwinus Auweiler, in: AFH 18 (1925), 211-225; 19 (1926), 46-62 & 181-193 [edition of the first text]; Volker Honemann, ‘Das mittelalterliche Schrifttum der Franziskaner der Sächsischen Ordensprovinz unter besonderer Berücksichtigung deutschsprachiger Zeugnisse’, in: Geschichte der Sächsischen Franziskanerprovinz, 1: Von den Anfängen bis zur Reformation, ed. Volker Honemann (Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2015), 632-636.

 

 

 

 

Von der Gnade Gottes (15th cent.)

Short anonymous treatise on the essence, origin and usefulness of grace. The work, based on Bonaventure’s definitio magistralis in Sent. II, dist. 26, dub. II, where grace is decribed as forma. The anomymous treatise translates that as zierlikait in der sel. According to Georg Steer (VL² III, 71), the structure of the work is reminding of the style of Conrad Bömlin and Maruard von Lindau.

manuscripts

Von der Gnade Gottes: MS Berlin, mgo 605 ff. 271r-273v (15th cent.); Berlin mgo 640 ff. 115r-117v (15th cent.)

editions

Von der Gnade Gottes, ed. G. Steer, in: Scholastische Gnadenlehre in mittelhochdeutscher Sprache, MTU 14 (1966), Texte IV, 124-125, as well as in Scholastikforschung, I, Theologie und Philosophie 45 (1970), 221.

literature

Die deutsche Literatur des Mittelalters. Verfasserlexikon² III, 71.

 

 

 

 

Von der göttlichen Liebe (14th cent.?)

This work, the product of an anonymous Franciscan author, is heavily dependent upon Bonaventure's De triplici via and his Itinerarium mentis in Deum. It also using elements from Scotus’s Sentences commentary and parts of the Psalm commentary of Nicholas of Lyra, which puts the production date of the text at least in or after the 1320s. Kurt Ruh situates its composition in the later fourteenth century. The work survives in an early sixteenth-century copy from the Clarissan house of Nuremberg (then led by the abbess Caritas Pirckheimer).

manuscripts

Von der göttlichen Liebe: MS Bamberg SB Msc. Lit. 178 (ed. VIII. 6) ff. 206r-227r. This manuscript was once kept in the Poor Clare monastary of Nuremberg (St. Klara). The manuscript dates from 1508, but it seems that the text itself dates from the later 14th century. There might be a connection with other manuscripts from the St. Klara monastery in Nuremberg, such as those containing the St. Klara-Buch. the work starts from the biblical phrase taken from Matthew 22,35-40 (You should love God with your whole heart) and then discusses Divine Love in nine chapters: 1. The nobility and origin of Divine Love; 2. The order of love, making it a veritable art; 3. What draws us to the love of God, namely the works of creation (God's visible gift to us) and our understanding that the world was made for us, which should entice us to love God above all; 4. The greatest love gift of God, namely the incarnation of Christ and His suffering; 5. The love for others (the command of charity); 6. The two eyes of the soul (eyes of reason and love), explaining in line with ideas by Bernard of Clairvaux, Thierry of Chartres and Bonaventure, the nature and dignity of love; 7. Three elements pertaining to prayer (acceptance of poverty, calling upon God's mercy and praise of God); 8. How one should approach and meditate upon the passion of Christ (mainly citations taken from Bonaventure, Nicholas of Lyra etc.); 9. On silence as expression of the three virtues of faith, hope and love (with reference to John Climacus' Scala paradisi.

editions

Von der göttlichen Liebe, ed. Ruh, Franziskanisches Schrifttum II, 232-247.

literature

K. Ruh, ‘Von der göttlichen Liebe’, Die deutsche Literatur des Mittelalters. Verfasserlexikon XI, 550-552.

 

 

 

 


 

 

 


 

 

 


 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 


 

 

 


 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 


 

 

 


 

 

 


 

 

 

Loose ends to pursue:

For other Spanish anonymous works, see: AIA 8 (1917), 102; 2 (1924), 224-231, 345-347; 23 (1925), 85, 89, 96-108; 32 (1929), 73-75, 350-364, 33 (1930), 69-80; 36 (1933), 141-44; 38 (1935), 98-99, 101-102; 11 (1951), 323-325; 15 (1955), 371-375, 376-377, 409-412; 22 (1962), 245-248. Found in Manuel de Castro, Bibliografía de las bibliografias franciscanas españolas e hispanoamericanas, Publicaciones de Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid: Ed. Cisneros, 1982), 85.

Wieslaw Wydra, ‘Bernardynski zespol modlitweny z pierwszej polowy XVI w.’, Studia Franciszkanskie 19 (2009), 387-403 [on a Polish Franciscan prayer collection from the first half of the 16th century].

MS Frankfurt a.M. Dominikanerkloster 92 ff. 201r-238r

The so-called `Overrheinische Klosterpredigten', sermons delivered at nunneries and later also before monks and friars. In all 60 sermons.

>>> Probably the same as the Cistercian St. Georgener Predigten!? Check.

Kurt Otto Seidel, Die St. Georgener Predigten": Untersuchungen zur Überlieferungs- und Textgeschichte Volume 121 van Münchener Texte und Untersuchungen zur Deutschen Literatur des Mittelalters, Münchener Texte und Untersuchungen zur Deutschen Literatur des Mittelalters (Munich: Beck, 2003); Die St. Georgener Predigten, ed. Regina D. Schiewer & Kurt Otto Seidel, Deutsche Texte des Mittelalters, 90 (Akademie Verlag GmbH, 2010). Eva Lüders, Zur Überlieferung der St. Georgener Predigten: Einleitung, Volume 1 (1958); Der sogenannte St. Georgener Prediger aus der Freiburger und der Karlsruher Handschrift, ed. K. Rieder, Deutsche Texte des Mittelalters 10 (Berlin 1908).

editions

In: W. Wackernagel, Altdeutsche Predigten und Gebete aus Handschriften (Basel, 1876)

literature

A. Franz, Drei deutsche Minoritenprediger (Freiburg, 1907), 42-45; Linsenmeyer, Geschichte der Predigt, 364-368.